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Founded in 1791, the Massachusetts Historical Society is an independent research library and an invaluable resource for American history, life, and culture.

Looking at the Civil WarOctober 1864

“Men cannot be soldiers without being free…”

Massachusetts native and newlywed Fanny (Chapin) Hooper writes to her cousin Lilian Freeman Clarke with thoughts on recent state elections, Union prisoners of war, and news of family and friends. More »


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