By Susan Martin, Processing Archivist & EAD Coordinator
On February 20 1933, the U.S. Congress proposed the 21st Amendment to repeal Prohibition. I’d like to take advantage of this auspicious day to introduce you to one of the most entertaining collections here at the MHS.
It’s not often that I laugh out loud at a collection, but I
found myself doing just that when I cataloged the diaries of James
Thomas Robinson of North Adams, Mass. To give you a taste—and to commemorate
this 86th anniversary of the end of Prohibition—here’s what young Robinson
wrote on the night of 16 May 1844:
I am in the old store with Quin, drunk! He is drunk also and trying to scribble in his journal. The fact is “old Quin” has got a cask of damn good brandy here, and we have been drawing on it, sucking it from the bung, through a spike stem. This would look like having a strong desire for liquor, but the fact is I wanted to see how it would feel to be drunk. I never was really cocked before, since I can remember. How curious I feel! My head swims, my body feels warm, I am top heavy. Quin is dashing away like a steam boat, though he dont know what in hell he is writing. […] Drunk! Drunk! Why in hell cant I be a Byron, or more! Why cant I immortalize my name before morning? I dont think much of this heavy drunk after all that is said about it. I dont think tis very pleasant, this allmighty dizzyness. I cant seem to write. S**t.
His handwriting is almost illegible by the end of the entry.
I’m calling it “drunk-journaling.” The following morning, in neater
handwriting, Robinson wrote:
It seems that I was drunk last night, from the preceeding page. Well I suppose it must be so, though I have no very distinct recollection of it, and now, on reflection, I cant say I am very proud of it, either as an instance of romance, or a circumstance of pleasure. No, on the whole I think it was a foolish freak, extreemely foolish, in this day of light and truth, and I dont think I shall cut such a caper again. To-day, as was to be expected, I’ve feel dull and spiritless. Slept on the chairs, eyes heavy and red, appetite gone.
I’ve been wanting to blog about this collection for some
time, but it’s hard to know where to start. Robinson was both a good writer and
an interesting guy, so his diaries are chock full of terrific content and cover
a wide range of subjects. When he had his “foolish freak” above, he was a
21-year-old student at Williams College and a great sower of wild oats. He
described a number of salacious peccadillos and sexual experiences, and some scenes
played out like slapstick comedy—in one close call, Robinson had to hide under a
woman’s bed to escape detection.
Robinson was sometimes infatuated, jealous, melodramatic, alternately
thoughtless and empathetic, manipulative and manipulated—in other words, fairly
typical! In fact, there’s something very modern and “unplugged” about his
diaries that makes them distinctive. Equally fascinating are later entries,
which contain some introspection and reflections on himself as a younger man.
What else is there, you ask? There’s family drama (he hated
his stepmother and resented his half-brother), local gossip (his cousin Harriet
was jilted by Henry L. Dawes, later a U.S. congressman), a political awakening
(Robinson became a member of the anti-slavery Free Soil Party), and eventual
maturity (he developed a close friendship and great admiration for his
sister-in-law, poet Caroline Atherton Mason).
In his diaries, Robinson is often likeable, or at least relatable,
and at other times irritating and hypocritical. For all his genuine pity for
Harriet’s heartbreak, his own treatment of women leaves a lot to be desired.
Case in point: poor Lucy, a young woman who apparently worked for the family
and with whom Robinson had a fling. The power dynamic worked in his favor, and while
for him the relationship was casual, she felt differently. He eventually
realized this and regretted his insensitivity.
One more thing makes discussing this collection a challenge:
it’s difficult to find a family-friendly passage to quote! Robinson liked his
language a little blue, and his free use of four-letter words is also unusual in
19th-century material. Personally I find his conversational style
The five diaries of James
Thomas Robinson date from 1842 to 1853, with gaps. Robinson graduated from
Williams College in 1844 and worked as a lawyer in North Adams, like his
father. He served in several public positions, including Massachusetts state
senator and judge of probate and insolvency for Berkshire County, and co-owned
and wrote for the local paper. He and his wife Clara (Briggs) Robinson had
three sons. He died in 1894 at the age of 72.
My best guess is that “Quin” was Josiah Quincy Robinson, Robinson’s first cousin once removed. He was a few months older than Robinson.