COLLECTION GUIDES

1775-1783

Guide to the Microfilm Edition


Collection Summary

Abstract

This guide describes a microfilm edition of Revolutionary War orderly books taken from manuscript collections at the Mass. Historical Society. The microfilm contains approx. 45 books, including orders for the Continental Army, most by Mass. regiments, state militias, and a few by the British army. Individual persons, regiments, and locations represented on the microfilm are listed in the guide to the collection.

Introduction

This microfilm edition contains Revolutionary War orderly books selected from manuscript collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society. It does not contain books from collections that previously have been microfilmed, including the Artemas Ward, William Heath, and Winthrop Sargent papers. Loose orders found in manuscript collections at the Society also are not included.

This guide contains full descriptions of each orderly book including the name or number of each regiment, who the book was kept for, the dates of the book, where the book was kept, the engagements the regiment was involved in, the manuscript collection in which the book is found, and a description of its contents. Appendices to this guide index the books by year, geographic location/engagement, and names of record keepers, issuers of orders, and regiments.

Arrangement

The orderly books are arranged by regimental name or number. Regimental names were taken from lineages contained in The Continental Army by Robert K. Wright, Jr. (Washington, D.C.: Center of Military History, U.S. Army, 1983: hereafter referred to as Wright) and this reference book should be consulted for explanations of name changes. Regimental names are those for the period during which the orderly book was kept. Only name changes which occurred during the term of the book are noted as "later the [ ] regiment."

Microfilming Note

Due to fading and staining, several books contain faint handwriting and, therefore, produce faint images on the microfilm. Because of the large number of these cases, each instance has not been noted on the film.

Where possible, the books have been filmed in a chronological sequence. Books with pages out of order were filmed in one chronological sequence, if possible.

Select Bibliography

Berg, Fred Anderson. Encyclopedia of Continental Army Units: Battalions, Regiments and Independent Corps. Harrisburg, Pa.: Stackpole Books, 1972.

Boatner, Mark Mayo. Encyclopedia of the American Revolution. New York: David McKay Co., 1975.

Heitman, Francis B. Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army during the War of the Revolution April, 1775, to December, 1783. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1982

Marshall, Douglas W. and Howard H. Peckham. Campaigns of the American Revolution: An Atlas of Manuscript Maps. Ann Arbor, Mi.: University of Michigan Press and Maplewood, N.J.: Hammond, 1976.

Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors of the Revolutionary War. Boston: Wright and Potter, 1906.

National Society of the Daughters of the Revolution. DAR Patriot Index. Washington: 1966.

Nevenzahl, Kenneth. Atlas of the American Revolution. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1974.

Wright, Robert K. The Continental Army. Army Lineage Series. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Army, Center of Military History, 1983.

Detailed Description of the Microfilm

Massachusetts regiments

Massachusetts Continental Army, named regiments

John Bailey's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)

(Later part of the 23rd Continental Regiment, Mass.)

I.1. Orderly book, Roxbury, 12 December 1775-5 January 1776

Unit name/number: John Bailey's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)(later part of the 23rd Continental Regiment, Mass.)Recordkeeper: Anonymous

General, division? (General Artemas Ward), and regimental (Colonel John Bailey) orders kept at Roxbury, 12 December 1775-5 January 1776 during the siege of Boston. December orders from Washington's headquarters in Cambridge concern enlistment of new troops (since most enlistments ran out December 1775) or resigning of the present troops. January orders establish the Continental Army (superseding militia regiments from individual colonies) and publish new rules and regulations. Division orders emphasize better discipline for sentries and guards. Two regimental orders concern a court-martial and an inspection of Col. Bailey's regiment, now partly made up of recruits.

Reel IVol. 1
Unit name/number: John Bailey's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)(later part of the 23rd Continental Regiment, Mass.)Recordkeeper: AnonymousCall Number: Ms. S-789No. of frames: Approx. 25

Jonathan Brewer's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)

I.2. Orderly book, Cambridge, 19 June-4 September 1775

Unit name/number: Jonathan Brewer's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)Recordkeeper: Peter Bishop?

General, division (General Charles Lee), brigade (General Nathaniel Green), and regimental (Colonel Jonathan Brewer) orders, for Captain John Russell at Prospect Hill, Cambridge, 19 June-4 September 1775 during the Siege of Boston. The book opens with general and other orders of 29-31 July. It then reverts to general orders of 19-24 June (closely following the Battle of Bunker Hill on the 17th) concerning the state of alert at Prospect Hill and other fortifications, return of military gear picked up at Bunker Hill, and Washington's thanks to all who fought gallantly at Charlestown. Another order from Washington commends Major Benjamin Tupper for a raid destroying the assignments for Prospect Hill and Winter Hill (Somerville). A brigade order directs Brewer's regiment to serve picket duty at Plowed Hill in the designated area. The form for a return on Captain Harvey's company of the regiment is also included.

Reel IVol. 2
Unit name/number: Jonathan Brewer's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)Recordkeeper: Peter Bishop?Call Number: Ms. SBd-209 No. of frames: Approx. 60

Theophilus Cotton's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)

I.3. Orderly book, Roxbury, 21 June-22 November 1775

Unit name/number: Theophilus Cotton's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)Recordkeeper: Josiah Tomson

A regimental orderly book (Colonel Theophilus Cotton) kept by Sergeant Josiah Tomson of Captain John Bradford's Company during the Siege of Boston at Roxbury, 21 June-22 November 1775. Detailed orders for the regiment (barracked at a waterside farm) concern daily routine of the regiment from reveille to tattoos, orders for the sentries and the Colonel's guard, and attendance at prayer and exercise for the troops. Instructions forbid gaming, discharge of firearms within the camp, and eating of green corn. Also included in the book are lists of the officers, non-commissioned personnel, and privates of Bradford's company.

Reel IVol. 3
Unit name/number: Theophilus Cotton's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)Recordkeeper: Josiah TomsonCall Number: Ms. S-220No. of frames: Approx. 25

I.4. Ebenezer Francis' Regiment, Continental Army

[4 Books]No. of frames: 450 frames

(Formerly Francis' Regiment, Mass. State Troops; later Benjamin Tupper's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.) and 11th Mass. Regiment, Continental Army)

I.4.A. Orderly book, Dorchester Point, Boston, 16 August-7 September 1776

Unit name/number: Ebenezer Francis' Regiment, Mass. State TroopsRecordkeeper: Benjamin Shaw

District (General Artemas Ward) and regimental orders for Colonel Ebenezer Francis' Regiment kept by Sergeant-Major Benjamin Shaw, Regimental Adjutant, at Dorchester Point, Boston, kept for Lieutenant Moses Greenleaf 16 August-7 September 1776 following the evacuation of Boston by the British in March of that year. General orders from General Artemas Ward, commander of the Eastern District, cover rules and regulations for newly raised regiments, and specific orders covering daily inspection of quarters, unauthorized absence from camp, and transgressions against civilians. Francis' regimental orders reinforce these orders and cover appearance and proper drilling of guards, and reports by sergeants of the guard.

The book also contains a biography of Moses Greenleaf, a list of officers in the regiment 1 August-1 December 1776, and returns on the regiment and Captain Peabody's company. It is the first of four orderly books in a volume of Greenleaf's military papers, 1776-1780.

Reel IVol. 4.A
Unit name/number: Ebenezer Francis' Regiment, Mass. State TroopsRecordkeeper: Benjamin ShawCall Number: Ms. N-1333

I.4.B. Orderly book, Fort Ticonderoga (N.Y.), 23 March-4 April 1777

Unit name/number: Ebenezer Francis' Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)Recordkeeper: Anonymous

General orders (General Arthur St. Clair, Commander on Lake Champlain?) kept for Captain Moses Greenleaf of Colonel Ebenezer Francis' Regiment at Fort Ticonderoga (N.Y.), 23 March-4 April 1777 prior to its capture by the British in July. These orders list court-martial, warn the garrison against venturing forth, recruit men for repair of guns and service in boats, assign scouting and fatigue parties, give instructions for sentinels and guards, and order the gates and sally ports at Ticonderoga and Fort Miller to be closed each evening. Also included are accounts for clothing ordered for Capt. Greenleaf's company, and lists of deaths and desertions, deliveries of guns, and men sent to hospitals.

Reel IVol. 4.B
Unit name/number: Ebenezer Francis' Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)Recordkeeper: AnonymousCall Number: Ms. N-1333

I.4.C. Orderly book, West Point and Peekskill (N.Y.), 1 January-27 June 1779

Unit name/number: Benjamin Tupper's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)Recordkeeper: Anonymous

General and departmental (General Alexander McDougall, Commander of the Highlands) orders dept for Captain Moses Greenleaf of Colonel Benjamin Tupper's Regiment at West Point and Peekskill (N.Y.), 1 January-27 June 1779. Washington's orders from his headquarters at Middle Brook, New Jersey, enjoined officers to prepare quickly for the field, and also set up a Conductor of Military Stores for each regiment. McDougall's departmental orders concern cleaning up barracks, buying stores, issuing permits for boats traveling up or down the Hudson, bounties for soldiers enlisting for the duration, recruiting travel, and precautions against enemy attack. Also included is an "Alphabit" (index) of the orders contained in the book.

Reel IVol. 4.C
Unit name/number: Benjamin Tupper's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)Recordkeeper: AnonymousCall Number: Ms. N-1333

I.4.D. Orderly book, Moors House and Robinson House (West Point area, N.Y.), 19 November-23 December 1779

Unit name/number: 11th Massachusetts Regiment, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: Anonymous

General, Highlands District and garrison (General William Heath), brigade (General John Paterson) and regimental orders kept for Captain Moses Greenleaf of Colonel Benjamin Tupper's 11th Massachusetts Regiment at Moors House and Robinson House (West Point area, N.Y.), 19 November-23 December 1779. Orders from Washington's headquarters in Morristown (N.J.) concern officers absent without or overstaying leave, and a general inspection of the Army in 1780. District and garrison orders concern removal of Maryland and Pennsylvania troops to Morristown, completing barracks, checking the Hudson for enemy activity, and re-enlistment of Massachusetts soldiers. Brigade and regimental orders concern reports on personnel and furnishing the troops with bayonets.

Reel IVol. 4.D
Unit name/number: 11th Massachusetts Regiment, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: AnonymousCall Number: Ms. N-1333

John Glover's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)

I.5. Orderly book, Cambridge, 23 June-8 August 1775

Unit name/number: John Glover's Regiment, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: [William R. Lee?]

General and one division order (General Israel Putnam) kept for Captain William R. Lee of Glover's regiment in Cambridge during the Siege of Boston 23 June-8 August 1775. Orders from Washington's headquarters in Cambridge list his requirements for cleanliness, health, discipline, and state of alert for the troops; prescribe specific measures for strengthening the army's lines and redoubts; set forth the organizational plan for the besieging army; and even give the protocol for receiving a general officer into a camp, or receiving enemy envoys under a flag of truce. Other general orders emphasize regular reports on the status of troops ands supplies, the importance of good recruiting, and various logistical problems. Gen. Putnam's order recruits men experienced in handling whaleboats. The book includes a chart of the organization of the besieging army, and a number of accounts for officers of Lee's Additional Continental Regiment purchasing uniforms for themselves and their troops in 1777 and 1778.

Note: Although the cover page of this volume says that Lee was of the 23rd regiment, it is unclear what regiment is being referred to. Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors in the War of the Revolution and a brief description in the Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, Vol. IV, p. 152 refer additionally to Glover's Regiment as the 21st regiment. It is unknown whether the reference to the 23rd regiment reflects an earlier or temporary name for Glover's regiment or is another name for Lee's Additional Continental Regiment, formed in 1777.

Reel IVol. 5
Unit name/number: John Glover's Regiment, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: [William R. Lee?]Call Number: Ms. N-635No. of frames: Approx. 90

Henry Jackson's Additional Continental Regiment (Mass.)

(Later 16th Massachusetts Regiment, Continental Army)

I.6. Orderly book, Morristown (N.J.) and Peekskill (N.Y.), 23 May-1 August 1780

Unit name/number: Henry Jackson's Additional Continental Regiment (Mass.) (later 16th Massachusetts Regiment, Continental Army)Recordkeeper: Anonymous

General, division [General Friedrich von Steuben?], brigade [General John Stark?] and regimental [Colonel Henry Jackson?] orders kept at Morristown (N.J.) and Peekskill (N.Y.), 23 May-1 August 1780. Washington's orders include a commendation to Gen. Greene's troops for opposing an enemy advance on Springfield (N.J.), and a general order to all officers to require exact compliance in sentries' attention to soldierly deportment and to preserving good security. Division orders concern courts-martial, deployment and provisioning of troops, re-assignment of units, and preparations for battle. Brigade and regimental orders concern mainly duty assignments.

Reel IVol. 6
Unit name/number: Henry Jackson's Additional Continental Regiment (Mass.) (later 16th Massachusetts Regiment, Continental Army)Recordkeeper: AnonymousCall Number: Ms. SBd-244No. of frames: Approx. 75

II.1. Michael Jackson's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)

[6 books]No. of frames: Approx. 500

(Later the 8th Mass. Regiment, Continental Army)

II.1.A. Orderly book, Saratoga (N.Y.) and later the Valley Forge area, 5 September-4 December 1777

Unit name/number: Michael Jackson's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)Recordkeeper: Francis Tufts

General, brigade and regimental orders kept by Sergeant-Major Francis Tufts of the regiment near Saratoga (N.Y.) and later the Valley Forge area, 5 September-4 December 1777. A September 6th entry refers to a large force under Generals Lincoln and Ward about to march to the engagements of Saratoga. Much of the following text up to November 9th is faded. The brigade is preparing to march to the Valley Forge area (White Marsh, Pa.). Orders from November 23rd to December 4th concern the suppressing of "tippling houses" near the camp and issuing new uniforms daily.

Reel IIVol. 1.A
Unit name/number: Michael Jackson's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)Recordkeeper: Francis TuftsCall Number: Ms. N-1687

II.1.B. Orderly book, Valley Forge, 30 April-18 May 1778

Unit name/number: Michael Jackson's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)Recordkeeper: Francis Tufts

General (George Washington), brigade (General Ebenezer Learned), and regimental (Colonel Michael Jackson) orders as kept by Lieutenant Francis Tufts, adjutant for the regiment at Valley Forge, 30 April-18 May 1778. General orders concern daily returns on the muster roll, weekly divine service, strict uniformity in practicing maneuvers, a new oath of allegiance required by the Congress, and a bonus pension program for all officers and men serving for the duration. Brigade and regimental orders concern guard and duty details, care of the sick, and appointment of brigade inspectors.

Other items include a three-page fragment from a brigade order, a brief account of Tufts' military service by his son, two poems, and his son's account of his conversation from a career as a liquor distiller.

Reel IIVol. 1.B
Unit name/number: Michael Jackson's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)Recordkeeper: Francis TuftsCall Number: Ms. N-1687

II.1.C. Orderly book, West Point (N.Y.), 13 September 1779-31 January 1780

Unit name/number: 8th Massachusetts Regiment, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: Francis Tufts

General, departmental and garrison (Generals Alexander McDougall and William Heath), brigade (4th Massachusetts) and regimental (Colonel Michael Jackson) orders kept at West Point (N.Y.) by Francis Tufts, 13 September 1779-31 January 1780. General orders from Washington's headquarters in Morristown (N.J.) concern exact returns of non-commissioned officers and privates who signed on for the duration or other periods, winter furloughs, and an inspection of the entire army in December 1779. Department and garrison orders concern housing and defense of West Point and the surrounding forts, watch boats to detect enemy activities and weighing the chain boom across the river in winter. Brigade and regimental orders involve maneuver drills for the troops, forage details, and courts-martial. On December 2nd, General Heath takes over as commanding officer of the Highlands deportment. In November, the Maryland, North Carolina and Pennsylvania brigades march to Morristown for winter quarters.

Reel IIVol. 1.C
Unit name/number: 8th Massachusetts Regiment, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: Francis TuftsCall Number: Ms. N-1687

II.1.D. Orderly book, West Point and later Tappan (N.Y.), 1 June-9 August 1780

Unit name/number: 8th Mass. Regiment, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: Francis Tufts

General department and garrison (Generals Robert Howe, Alexander McDougall, and Benedict Arnold), Brigade (4th Mass. And later the 1st Mass.) and regimental (Colonel Michael Jackson) orders kept at West Point and later Tappan (N.Y.) from 1 June-9 August 1780. General orders from Washington in New Jersey concern uniform details for officers and non-commissioned officers and then for a corps of Light Infantry. Department and garrison orders deal with strengthening the fortifications around West Point, and, beginning in July, a shift of troops to the lower Hudson to exploit a possible move by the British inn New York City to attack Rhode Island. Brigade and regiment orders concern chiefly promotions, courts-martial, and detail of equipping the troops for their move south.

Reel IIVol. 1.D
Unit name/number: 8th Mass. Regiment, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: Francis TuftsCall Number: Ms. N-1687

II.1.E. Orderly book, West Point, (N.Y.), 30 May-19 July 1782

Unit name/number: 8th Mass. Regiment, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: Francis Tufts

General, department, garrison (General William Heath), brigade (General John Paterson) and regimental (Colonel Michael Jackson) kept by the regimental adjutant, Francis Tufts, 30 May-19 July 1782 in the West Point, (N.Y.) area. The book opens with a description of an elaborate plan for rejoicing on May 30th (with toasts, salutes, fireworks, etc.) honoring the birth of the Dauphin and Washington later circulates his letter of congratulations to the king of France. Orders at all levels stress drilling the troops. On June 18 Washington expresses satisfaction at the review of the Army by the brigades and thanks Major General von Steuben for the discipline he has instilled. Washington also reports that Congress has recommended discharge and pensions for men no longer able to serve in the field or in garrison. He later calls for inspection of all arms for possible defects and reminds the troops that further inspections of the army will view their maneuvers. This book also contains a two-page index and four pages of duty rosters for May through June for captains and subalterns of the regiment.

Reel IIVol. 1.D
Unit name/number: 8th Mass. Regiment, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: Francis TuftsCall Number: Ms. N-1687

II.1.F. Orderly book, near Newburgh (N.Y.), 9 December 1782-5 January 1783

Unit name/number: 8th Mass. Regiment, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: Francis Tufts

General, department, garrison (General Henry Knox), brigade (2nd Massachusetts), and regimental (Colonel Michael Jackson) orders for the regiment as kept by the adjutant, Francis Tufts, 9 December 1782-5 January 1783 near Newburgh (N.Y.). Washington's orders from Newburgh concerned furloughs for officers and actions by Congress in re-organizing the offices of Adjutant General, Paymaster General, the Quartermaster General and the Post Office (as it affects Army mail). Department, brigade and regimental orders concerned building housing for the troops, uniforms for the Mass. Regiments of the line, courts-martial, and various guard and fatigue details. Included are a number of sample forms for returns on rations and other expenses, and watch schedules for commissioned and non-commissioned officers of the regiment.

Note: Because this book was previously filmed, the target information is slightly different from other targets on the film.

Reel IIVol. 1.F
Unit name/number: 8th Mass. Regiment, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: Francis TuftsCall Number: Ms. N-1687

II. 2-3. Moses Little's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)

[3 books]No. of frames: Approx. 105

(Later the 12th Continental Regiment, Mass.)

II.2.A. Orderly book, Prospect Hill, Cambridge, 26 June-20 October 1775

Unit name/number: Moses Little's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)Recordkeeper: Anonymous

General, division (Generals Israel Putnam and Charles Lee), brigade (General Nathaniel Greene), and regimental (Colonel Moses Little) orders kept at Prospect Hill, Cambridge during the Siege of Boston, 26 June-20 October 1775. Includes orders from Washington's headquarters in Cambridge calling for regular reports on the status of troops and their ammunition, and stressing the need to keep them clean, well-drilled, disciplined, and on the alert. Division orders concern deployment of troops, furloughs, and the use of pickets; and brigade and regimental orders cover specific assignments for fatigue, picket and guard duty.

The book also includes a list of field officers established in November 1775, muster lists of companies in Little's regiment, lists of furloughs, desertions, and discharges, and regimental receipts for clothing, guns, and pay.

Reel IIVol. 2.A
Call Number: Ms. N-829 (Tall)Unit name/number: Moses Little's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)Recordkeeper: Anonymous

II.2.B. Orderly book, Boston and at New York City, 20 October 1775-31 May 1776

Unit name/number: Moses Little's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.) (later the 12th Continental Regiment, Mass.)Recordkeeper: Anonymous

General, brigade (General Nathaniel Greene) and regimental (Colonel Moses Little) orders kept for Colonel Little from 20 October 1775-31 May 1776 at the Siege of Boston and at New York City. Orders from General Washington's headquarters concerning the state of alert, the establishment of the Continental Army on January 1, 1776, entrance into Boston in March 1776, removal to New York City in April, and the details of establishing a new camp with a new alarm system and deployment arrangements in New York City and environs.

Reel IIVol. 2.B
Unit name/number: Moses Little's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.) (later the 12th Continental Regiment, Mass.)Recordkeeper: AnonymousCall Number: Ms. N-829 (Tall)

II.3. Orderly book, Prospect Hill (?), Cambridge, 29 June-9 July 1775

Unit name/number: Moses Little's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)Recordkeeper: [Benjamin Whipple?]

General and regimental orders kept for Colonel Little at Prospect Hill (?), Cambridge, 29 June-9 July 1775 immediately after the Battle of Bunker Hill. General orders from the headquarters of General Artemas Ward, and later (July 3) George Washington, in Cambridge concern state of alert of sentries, unauthorized absences from camp, the importance of responding immediately to any alarm and of good communications with headquarters. A regimental order from Colonel Little calls for tightened security in his unit, and proper cleanliness for each company's parade.

Note: Because II.3 is in a different collection than II.2.A-B., it has been given a different number and the dates are not in one chronological sequence.

Reel IIVol. 3
Unit name/number: Moses Little's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)Recordkeeper: [Benjamin Whipple?]Call Number: Ms. S-240No. of frames: Approx. 10

III.1. John Mansfield's Regiment, Continental Army

[2 books]No. of frames: Approx. 190

(Formerly Mansfield's Regiment, Mass. State Troops and later 27th Continental Regiment, Mass.)

III.1.A. Orderly book, Winter Hill (Cambridge), Dorchester (Mass.), and New York City, 19 May 1775-12 September 1776

Unit name/number: John Mansfield's Regiment, Mass. State Troops (later Mansfield's Regiment, Continental Army, Mass., and 27th Continental Regiment, Mass.)Recordkeeper: Anonymous

A brigade order (General John Sullivan) and regimental orders kept for John Mansfield and (after 15 September 1775) Colonel Israel Hutchinson's Regiment at Winter Hill (Cambridge) and Dorchester (Mass.), and New York City during sieges of Boston and New York 19 May 1775-12 September 1776. Gen. Sullivan's order concerns deployment of his regiments. Col. Hutchinson's orders concern courts-martial; returns on personnel, their clothing and arms; neglect of duty, discharging arms, or gaming; cleanliness; and prohibiting traffic with Boston for fear of small pox. Gaps exist between 2 June-16 August 1775, 16 August-28 September 1775, and 22 July-12 September 1776 (the only New York order).

The book contains a roster of officers and sergeants of the regiment and a list of men discharged July 1776; a list of colonels, lieutenant colonels, and majors in the Continental Army during the Siege of Boston; also various lists of deserters and prisoners taken by the British at the capture of Fort Washington November 16th.

Reel IIIVol. 1.A
Unit name/number: John Mansfield's Regiment, Mass. State Troops (later Mansfield's Regiment, Continental Army, Mass., and 27th Continental Regiment, Mass.)Recordkeeper: AnonymousCall Number: Ms. N-1459

III.1.B. Orderly book, Winter Hill, Cambridge, 13 August 1775-8 July 1776

Unit name/number: John Mansfield's Regiment, Continental Army, (Mass.) (later 27th Continental Regiment, Mass.)Recordkeeper: Anonymous

General, division (General Charles R. Lee), and brigade (General John Sullivan) orders kept for the regiment's commanders, Colonel John Mansfield (through 15 September 1775) and Colonel Israel Hutchinson, at Winter Hill, Cambridge during the Siege of Boston, 13 August 1775-8 July 1776. Orders from Washington's headquarters in Cambridge concern training, discipline, state of alert of the troops, and enlistments for 1776. Division and brigade orders concern barracking of troops, construction of fortifications at Prospect Hill, Plowed Hill, Lechmere's Point, and other points on the left wing of the siege. Following the British evacuation of Boston in March 1776, Col. Hutchinson's regiment is stationed in Boston, and later Dorchester Heights. General orders particularly concern precautions against the small pox in Boston, improvement of fortifications at Dorchester Heights, and constant vigilance against the British evacuation fleet, which lingered in Boston Harbor before setting out for Halifax.

The book also contains a descriptive list of 522 officers and men enlisted from Essex County, and a roster of carpenters in several regiments, listing their specific tools.

Reel IIIVol. 1.B
Unit name/number: John Mansfield's Regiment, Continental Army, (Mass.) (later 27th Continental Regiment, Mass.)Recordkeeper: AnonymousCall Number: Ms. N-1459

III. 2-3. John Nixon's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)

III.2. Orderly book, Winter Hill, Cambridge, 27 August-22 September 1775

Unit name/number: John Nixon's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)Recordkeeper: Samuel Frost

General, division (General Charles R. Lee), brigade (General John Sullivan), and regimental (Colonel John Nixon) orders kept by Sergeant-Major Samuel Frost of Capt. Thomas Drury's Company at Winter Hill, Cambridge, 27 August-22 September 1775 during the Siege of Boston. General orders from Washington's headquarters in Cambridge prohibit sale of liquor to the troops, detach 800 men for Benedict Arnold's attack on Quebec, and provide commissions for militia officers to serve in the Continental Army. A division order requests personnel returns from both of Lee's brigades. Brigade and regimental orders set duty assignments and order returns on personnel and equipment.

Reel IIIVol. 2
Unit name/number: John Nixon's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)Recordkeeper: Samuel FrostCall Number: Special Colls. Frost (original)Call Number: Ms. S-413 (photocopy)No. of frames: Approx. 25

III.3. Orderly book, Winter Hill, Cambridge, 5 October-30 December 1775

Unit name/number: John Nixon's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)Recordkeeper: [Capt. William R. Lee?]

General, brigade (General John Sullivan), and regimental (Colonel Nixon) orders for his regiment kept at Winter Hill, Cambridge, during the Siege of Boston, 5 October-30 December 1775. The general orders from Washington's headquarters in Cambridge concern the hygiene, discipline, and state of alert of the troops. Brigade and regimental orders concern re-enlistment of current troops for 1776 or recruitment of replacements, completing the fortification of Winter Hill and other strong points of the siege, and providing barracks and new regimental uniforms for the troops. Many pages contain calligraphy samples (with the orders overwritten). A few pages carry quotations (apparently from the Bible), or lists of names, including an October 1775 roster of Captain Abisha Brown's company showing round of cartridges needed per man.

Note: It is unclear why William Lee may have kept an orderly book for John Nixon's Regiment, when he was a member of John Glover's Regiment (later the 14th Continental Regiment, Mass.)

Reel IIIVol. 3
Unit name/number: John Nixon's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)Recordkeeper: [Capt. William R. Lee?]Call Number: Ms. N-635No. of frames: Approx. 60

Benjamin Tupper's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)

SEE I.4. Ebenezer Francis' Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)

Massachusetts Continental Army, numbered regiments

1st Massachusetts Regiment of Guards, Continental Army

III.4. Orderly book, Cambridge (Mass.), 4 April-26 June 1778

Unit name/number: 1st Mass. Regiment of Guards, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: Erastus Harris

Eastern Department (General William Heath) and regimental (Colonel Jonathan Reed) orders kept by Sergeant Harris of Captain John Homes' Company from 4 April-26 June 1778 in Cambridge (Mass.). The regiment served as guards for the Convention Army of British soldiers captured at Saratoga in 1777. General orders from General Heath in Boston concern alarm stations for the small departmental garrison, repair of local forts and redoubts, and also a number of orders regarding the transfer of prisoners from Cambridge to another camp, limits of parole for both officers and men of the Convention Army, and courts of inquiry into incidents between the British prisoners and their guards. The book also contains a roll of Captain Homes' Company, a brief write-up of Harris's participation in two wars and various personal items.

This book appears at the end of a volume that includes Harris' orderly book from the French and Indian War.

Note: Serving May 4, 1758 to May 5, 1760 in Colonel Joseph Frye's Regiment of Massachusetts Militia at Fort Cumberland, Nova Scotia, this orderly book has been divided for this film to include only the Revolutionary War material. The colonial orders can be found elsewhere.

Reel IIIVol. 4
Unit name/number: 1st Mass. Regiment of Guards, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: Erastus HarrisCall Number: Ms. N-1365No. of frames: Approx. 140

7th Continental Regiment (Mass.)

III.5. Orderly book, Sewall's Point, Brookline and Governor's Island (N.Y.), 1 January-19 May 1776

Unit name/number: 7th Continental Regiment (Mass.)Recordkeeper: Johnson Moulton

General, brigade (General William Heath), and regimental (Colonel William Prescott) orders kept for Lieutenant Colonel Moulton of the regiment at Sewall's Point, Brookline and Governor's Island (N.Y.), 1 January-19 May 1776 during the Siege of Boston and the New York campaign. Orders from Washington's headquarters in Cambridge hail the establishment of the Continental Army and its rules and articles (January 1), and deploy his forces for the siege. A brigade order assigns the 7th Regiment to Sewall's Point. Regimental orders tighten up routines for guard duty and barracks inspection. Following the British evacuation of Boston in mid-March, orders to the occupying Continental Army concern precautions against small pox and strengthening fortifications against a surprise attack from the British fleet still lingering in the bay. General orders from Washington's later headquarters in lower Manhattan (April 10-May 19) repeat the process of deploying troops, strengthening fortifications and guarding against smallpox. Prescott's regiment was initially stationed on Governor's Island to set up positions there.

Reel IIIVol. 5
Unit name/number: 7th Continental Regiment (Mass.)Recordkeeper: Johnson MoultonCall Number: Ms. N-2180No. of frames: Approx. 90

12th Continental Regiment (Mass.)

SEE II.2. Moses Little's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)

14th Continental Regiment (Mass.)

III.6. Orderly book, New York City, 8 September-29 November 1776

Unit name/number: 14th Continental Regiment (Mass.)Recordkeeper: William R. Lee

General, division (Generals Nathaniel Greene and Charles R. Lee), and brigade (General Samuel H. Parsons) orders for the 14th Continental Regiment (John Glover's as kept for Major William R. Lee during the New York City Campaign, 8 September-29 November 1776. Includes orders from Washington's headquarters in New York City and White Plains (N.Y.) and Hackensack (N.J.) concerning straggling, plundering, care of the wounded, and deployment and supply of forces to maintain constant readiness against enemy action. Division orders reinforce these points, and Brigade orders assign daily picket, guard and fatigue duties.

Reel IIIVol. 6
Unit name/number: 14th Continental Regiment (Mass.)Recordkeeper: William R. LeeCall Number: Ms. N-635No. of frames: Approx. 75

23rd Continental Regiment (Mass.)

SEE I.1. John Bailey's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)

27th Continental Regiment (Mass.)

SEE III.1. John Mansfield's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)

8th Massachusetts Regiment, Continental Army

SEE II.1. Michael Jackson's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)

11th Massachusetts Regiment, Continental Army

SEE I.4. Ebenezer Francis' Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)

16th Massachusetts Regiment, Continental Army

SEE I.6. Henry Jackson's Additional Continental Regiment (Mass.)

Massachusetts State troops

Nicholas Dike's Regiment, Mass. State Troops

III.7. Orderly book, Dorchester Heights, 23 December 1776-30 March 1777

Unit name/number: Nicholas Dike's Regiment, Mass. State TroopsRecordkeeper: Anonymous

District (General Artemas Ward and after 20 March 1777, General William Heath) and regimental orders kept for Colonel Dike at Dorchester Heights, 23 December 1776-30 March 1777 nine months after the British evacuation of Boston. District orders concern state of alert of troops, keeping forts at the Heights ready for action, and avoiding the smallpox in Boston. Regimental orders cover guard details and procedures, returns on personnel, payroll sheets, discharge of men enlisting in the Continental Army, etc. The book also contains a tally of Americans taken prisoner in the New York City are campaign, a separate tally of General Howe's British troops, a patriotic war song, and figures on the Army's monthly pay scales and provision allowances.

Reel IIIVol. 7
Unit name/number: Nicholas Dike's Regiment, Mass. State TroopsRecordkeeper: AnonymousCall Number: Ms. N-1314No. of frames: Approx. 25

Ebenezer Francis' Regiment, Mass. State Troops

SEE I.4. Francis' Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)

John Mansfield's Regiment, Mass. State Troops

SEE III.1. Mansfield's Regiment, Continental Army (Mass.)

Nathaniel Wade's Regiment, Mass. State Troops

III.8. Orderly book, West Point (N.Y.), 28 July-28 September 1780

Unit name/number: Nathaniel Wade's Regiment, Mass. State TroopsRecordkeeper: Ephraim Stearns

Brigade, garrison and regimental orders kept by Captain Ephraim Stearns at West Point (N.Y.), 28 July-28 September 1780. Garrison orders concern Benedict Arnold taking command at West Point on August 3, 1780, an edict against crossing the Hudson River after dark, and the formation of a detachment of light infantry. Brigade and regimental orders concern the initial movement of Colonel Wade's troops from Great Barrington (Mass.) to West Point, daily guard or fatigue assignments, and courts-martial. On September 25, 1780 Arnold's treason became known, and deployment orders on September 26 of the garrison to reinforce forts and redoubts. The book contains a roster and a return of Capt. Stearns' company.

Reel IIIVol. 8
Unit name/number: Nathaniel Wade's Regiment, Mass. State TroopsRecordkeeper: Ephraim StearnsCall Number: Ms. N-958No. of frames: Approx. 45

Massachusetts Brigades

Nathaniel Green's Brigade, Continental Army (Mass.)

IV.1. Orderly book, Prospect Hill, Cambridge, 6 February-13 March 1776

Unit name/number: Nathaniel Greene's Regiment, Continental Army, (Mass.)Recordkeeper: Anonymous

General and brigade orders for General Greene's Brigade kept at Prospect Hill, Cambridge, during the Siege of Boston, 6 February-13 March 1776. Includes orders from Washington's headquarters in Cambridge allowing militia to join Continental Army units and also about recruiting, colors, and equipment, and duty posts during alarms. Brigade orders include duty detail and assignments for officer of the day.

Reel IVVol. 1
Unit name/number: Nathaniel Greene's Regiment, Continental Army, (Mass.)Recordkeeper: AnonymousCall Number: Ms. N-1532No. of frames: Approx. 20

John Sullivan's Brigade, Continental Army (Mass.)

IV.2. Orderly book, Winter Hill, Cambridge, 18 July 1775-27 March 1776

Unit name/number: John Sullivan's Brigade, Continental Army (Mass.)Recordkeeper: Anonymous

General, division (General Charles R. Lee), and brigade orders for General Sullivan's brigade kept at Winter Hill, Cambridge, 18 July 1775-27 March 1776 during the siege and occupation of Boston. General orders from Washington's headquarters in Cambridge concern training, discipline, and state of alert of the troops, and the occupation of Boston in March 1776. The few division concern deployment of troops and arrangements of camps. Sullivan's orders to his unit cover in more detail the housing, drilling, and disposition of his regiments, The include regular reports of the Officer of the Day and the Captain of the Main Guard.

The book also contains a ranked list of field officers in the American army, a list of field officers in Canada, daily returns for each regiment, and very detailed charts of the activities and status of officers and non-commissioned soldiers through June 1776.

Reel IVVol. 2
Unit name/number: John Sullivan's Brigade, Continental Army (Mass.)Recordkeeper: AnonymousCall Number: Ms. N-839 (Tall)No. of frames: Approx. 215

New Hampshire Continental Army regiment

2nd New Hampshire Regiment, Continental Army

IV.3. Orderly book, Wyoming and Easton, Pennsylvania, 27 May-25 July 1779

Unit name/number: 2nd New Hampshire Regiment, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: William Mordaunt Bell

General, division (General John Sullivan), brigade (General Enoch Poor), and regimental (Colonel George Reid) orders kept by Regimental Adjutant Bell, at Wyoming and Easton, Pennsylvania, 27 May-25 July 1779 when General Sullivan was organizing an expedition against the Iroquois. General orders from Washington in New Windsor, New York, establish a uniform system of maneuvers and discipline, and announce appointments to his staff. Division orders concern provisioning, discipline, and deployment of troops. Brigade and regimental orders amplify these orders and make specific assignments. The book also includes a report of the guard on a brief skirmish with the enemy 20 July (bound after orders of 20 June), and the complement of guards for Fort Cass, Fort Chase, and other guard posts at the Wyoming camp.

Reel IVVol. 3
Unit name/number: 2nd New Hampshire Regiment, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: William Mordaunt BellCall Number: Ms. N-1828No. of frames: Approx. 80

Connecticut regiments

Connecticut Continental Army regiments

1st Connecticut Regiment, Continental Army

IV.4. Orderly book, West Point, 4 January-10 February 1782

Unit name/number: 1st Connecticut Regiment, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: Anonymous

General extracts, district (General William Heath) and division orders for the 1st Connecticut Regiment (made up of the former 3rd and 4th Connecticut Regiments) kept at West Point, 4 January-10 February 1782. General orders (extracted by General Edward Hand, Adjutant General) from Washington's headquarters in Philadelphia concern officers' furloughs and servants. Highlands District and division orders concern monthly returns, administrative reports, and courts-martial. The book also contains lists of men furloughed by the 3rd and 4th Connecticut, and counts of French and American troops killed or wounded in the siege of Yorktown. Unrelated material includes genealogical records of Joseph R. Fay (born 1778) and other members of the Fay family of Bennington, Swanton, and Cornwall, Vermont. Also included are sheet music for two songs, a poem, and commonplace-like jottings.

Note: The spine of this volume identifies this as the 3rd Continental Regiment. It is thought that a 3rd Con. Regiment (Connecticut) marking was mistaken for a Continental regiment. The 3rd refers to the 3rd Connecticut, a part of what later became the 1st Connecticut Regiment, the name of this regiment at the time the orderly book was kept.

Reel IVVol. 4
Unit name/number: 1st Connecticut Regiment, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: AnonymousCall Number: Ms. S-785No. of frames: Approx. 25

3rd Connecticut Regiment of 1775, Continental Army

IV.5. Orderly book, Boston, 14 June-11 September 1775

Unit name/number: 3rd Connecticut Regiment of 1775, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: Daniel Tyler

General, brigade (General Israel Putnam) and regimental (General Israel Putnam and later Colonel Experience Storrs) kept for Daniel Tyler, Adjutant, 1st Company of the Regiment 14 June-11 September 1775 during the Siege of Boston. In this period immediately after the Battle of Bunker Hill, general orders from Artemas Ward post guards on the road to Bunker Hill and ordered detailed returns on all regiments. Later orders from General Washington announced the organization of the besieging army into brigades and the "grand divisions" and call for courts-martial of several officers accused of dereliction of duty at Bunker Hill. Brigade orders send troops to Prospect Hill (Cambridge) and to Sewall's Point (Brookline). Regimental orders assign duty stations and prescribe daily exercise for the troops. The book also contains returns on Captain Waterman's company (the 1st company of the regiment) and lists of personnel.

Note: This regiment was not identified in Wright, The Continental Army. The name was taken from Berg, Encyclopedia of Continental Army Units, p. 19.

Reel IVVol. 5
Unit name/number: 3rd Connecticut Regiment of 1775, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: Daniel TylerCall Number: Ms. SBd-210 No. of frames: Approx. 70

Connecticut State troops

Comfort Sage's Regiment, Conn. State Troops

IV.6. Orderly book, Harlem Heights, White Plains (N.Y.), and Hackensack (N.J.), 17 September-22 November 1776

Unit name/number: Comfort Sage's Regiment, Connecticut State TroopsRecordkeeper: Anonymous

General orders and a few brief division orders (General Joseph Spencer) for this regiment during the New York City campaign 17 September-22 November 1776. General orders-presumably from Washington's headquarters at Harlem Heights, White Plains (N.Y.), and later Hackensack (N.J.)-commend two officers killed at Harlem Heights, and also concern straggling, plundering, and deployment and supply of his forces to maintain constant readiness against enemy action. Division orders reinforce these orders and assign daily duty officers. A partial set of weekly returns on the status of personnel of the regiment (between September 20 and December 13, 1776) is included.

Reel IVVol. 6
Unit name/number: Comfort Sage's Regiment, Connecticut State TroopsRecordkeeper: AnonymousCall Number: Ms. SBd-243No. of frames: Approx. 60

Rhode Island regiments

Rhode Island Continental Army regiment

Daniel Hitchcock's Regiment, Continental Army (R.I.)

(Formerly Hitchcock's Regiment, R.I. State Troops)

IV.7. Orderly book, Boston, 5 June 1775-18 November 1775

Unit name/number: Daniel Hitchcock's Regiment, Continental Army (R.I.) (formerly briefly Hitchcock's Regiment, Rhode Island State Troops)Recordkeeper: Bella Whipple

General, division (General Charles Lee) and brigade (General Nathaniel Greene) orders for the regiment as kept by Adjutant Bella [erroneously listed on spine label as Benjamin] Whipple at the Siege of Boston, 5 June 1775-18 November 1775. General orders from Washington concern drilling and organizing troops under three grand divisions make up of six brigades. Gen. Lee deploys his two brigades and issues lengthy warnings against lack of discipline and dereliction of duty. Greene also deploys his regiments, makes duty assignment, and oversees details of building strong lines and redoubts.

Note: Entries between 28 June and 19 July are interspersed with the entries for later July in a confusing order. A few brigade orders by General John Thomas of another division also appear.

Reel IV
Unit name/number: Daniel Hitchcock's Regiment, Continental Army (R.I.) (formerly briefly Hitchcock's Regiment, Rhode Island State Troops)Recordkeeper: Bella WhippleCall Number: Ms. N-255No. of frames: Approx. 130

Rhode Island State regiments

Daniel Hitchcock's Regiment, R.I. State Troops

SEE IV.7. Hitchcock's Regiment, Continental Army (R.I.)

Artillery, Continental Army

V.1. Crane's Continental Artillery Regiment (later the 3rd Continental Artillery Regiment)

[2 books]No. of frames: Approx. 220

V.1.A. Orderly book, Morristown (N.J.) and en route to Brandy wine (Pa.), 25 March-7 September 1777

Unit name/number: 1st Connecticut Regiment, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: Anonymous

General, division (General Nathaniel Greene), and brigade (General Henry Knox) orders as recorded for Captain Benjamin Frothingham's company 25 March-22 April, 24 May-29 July, 6 August-19 August, and 27 August-7 September 1777 at Morristown (N.J.) and en route to Brandy wine (Pa.). General orders concern regular drill of troops, preparations for battle, and the army's march to Brandywine amid increasing intelligence regarding the British plan to take Philadelphia. Division orders request regular returns from their brigades. Brigade orders cover deployment of artillery throughout the camp, and duty officers in case of action. The book also contains brief returns on ammunition and personnel of Frothingham's company in January 1777.

Note: Orders for the 40th regiment, British (VI.1.) appear both before and after the above orders in this book, but have been filmed separately with other British units.

Reel VVol. 1.A
Unit name/number: 1st Connecticut Regiment, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: AnonymousCall Number: Ms. N-198

V.1.B. Orderly books, West Point (N.Y.) and Morristown (N.J.), 9 August 1779-31 March 1780

Unit name/number: 3rd Continental Artillery Regiment (Crane's)Recordkeeper: Samuel Shaw

General, Highlands Department (General Alexander McDougall) and brigade (General Henry Knox) orders, kept mainly by Samuel Shaw, First Lieutenant of the regiment, 9 August 1779-31 March 1780 at West Point (N.Y.) and Morristown (N.J.). General orders (George Washington) concern officers' commissions and pensions, announcements of American victories, marching orders for regiments moving to winter quarters in Morristown, and inspection of the Army. Department orders cover improvement of fortifications and deployment of guard boats at West Point. Brigade orders concern courts-martial, assignment of artillery units and examination and repair of canon ammunition.

Reel VVol. 1.B
Unit name/number: 3rd Continental Artillery Regiment (Crane's)Recordkeeper: Samuel ShawCall Number: Ms. N-198

3rd Continental Artillery Regiment

V.2. Orderly book, West Point and Albany (N.Y.), 5 August-25 November 1782

Unit name/number: 3rd Continental Artillery Regiment (Crane's)Recordkeeper: Thomas Seward

General, department (General William Heath, and later General Henry Knox), garrison (General Knox), and regimental (Colonel John Crane) orders kept at West Point and Albany (N.Y.), 5 August-25 November 1782 for Captain Seward of the regiment during the next-to-last year of the war. General orders from Washington's headquarters in Newburgh concern awards to soldiers for long or meritorious service, pillaging by troops, a reorganization of regiments in late 1782, organization of the light infantry, and assignment of commands for the different forts and other units on the Hudson. District orders stress the importance of perfecting the troops in maneuvers. Garrison and regimental orders concern mainly duty lists, work on the barracks, and courts-martial.

Note: Sections of this book are not in chronological order. Included are returns for Seward's company on food, clothes, personnel, and weapons and accoutrements. Also a few personal accounts from 1783.

Reel VVol. 2
Unit name/number: 3rd Continental Artillery Regiment (Crane's)Recordkeeper: Thomas SewardCall Number: Ms. SBd-215No. of frames: Approx. 90

Corps of Artillery, Continental Army

V.3. Orderly book, Dobbs Ferry (N.Y.), 1 January-8 August 1781

Unit name/number: Corps of Artillery, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: Anonymous

General orders, two brigade orders to the Corps (General Henry Knox) and two orders by Major General Lord Stirling (to the left wing of the Army) kept at West Point and Dobbs Ferry (N.Y.), 1 January-8August 1781. General Washington's orders concern reorganization of the Corps of Artillery and the deployment of brigades into divisions, recruitment and training of new troops and preparations both for a new campaign by the British from New York and for a linking up with Rochambeau's troops in July. General Knox's orders call for new items for returns by the Corps and for assignment of his artillery by divisions. Lord Stirling orders a sharp watch from Dobbs Ferry on enemy shipping and a fatigue party to help embark cannon from that port.

Reel VVol. 3
Unit name/number: Corps of Artillery, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: AnonymousCall Number: Ms. N-198No. of frames: Approx. 60

Miscellaneous Continental Artillery Regiments

Quartermaster Artificer Regiment (Baldwin's)

V.4. Orderly book, Morristown (N.J.), 2 January-13 February 1780

Unit name/number: Quartermaster Artificer Regiment (Baldwin's)Recordkeeper: Phineas Parker

General orders issued from Morristown (N.J.) as kept by Captain Parker, orderly to Colonel Jeduthan Baldwin's Quartermaster Artificers Regiment 2 January-13 February 1780. These orders provide full pay for soldiers being discharged, set forth the daily ration for the troops, and prescribe that all soldiers be equipped with bayonets. Washington orders severe punishment for soldiers plundering civilians, and warns that officers absent without leave who are captured by the British will be exchanged as late as possible. He also decries the shortage of arms caused by sloppy practices in discharging soldiers.

Reel VVol. 4
Unit name/number: Quartermaster Artificer Regiment (Baldwin's)Recordkeeper: Phineas ParkerCall Number: Ms. SBd-48No. of frames: Approx. 25

Headquarters, Continental Army

Headquarters, Highlands Department, Continental Army

V.5. Orderly book, Robinson House, Fishkill, and West Point (N.Y.), 8 February -24 June 1780

Unit name/number: Headquarters, Highlands Department, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: John Brooks

General, district and garrison orders (Generals William Heath and Robert Howe), kept at Robinson House, Fishkill, and West Point (N.Y.), 8 February -24 June 1780 by Lieutenant Colonel Brooks of the Inspector-General's staff. General orders from Washington's headquarters in Morristown, New Jersey, request status reports on the troops and announce appointments to his staff. District orders cover movement of troops, confirming their alarm posts, completing and provisioning forts and redoubts around West Point, and readying the boom across the Hudson to block any British attack. Garrison orders concern enlistments and discharges, fatigue details, courts-martial and logistics. Col. Brooks was later appointed Brigadier General, and later served as Governor of Massachusetts from 1816 to 1823. There is also a typescript transcription of this book that follows the original on the microfilm.

Reel VVol. 5
Unit name/number: Headquarters, Highlands Department, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: John BrooksCall Number: Ms. N-167No. of frames: Approx. 135

Washington's Headquarters, Main Army, Continental Army

V.6. Orderly book, Newburgh (N.Y.), 28 April-17 August 1783

Unit name/number: Washington's Headquarters, Main Army, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: Anonymous

General and special orders from Washington's headquarters at Newburgh (N.Y.), 28 April-17 August 1783 during the period of inactivity prior to the formal Peace Treaty. These orders enjoin vendors from selling rum to the troops, and urge the troops not to sell their pay chits at a discount to speculators. They also provide for furloughs to soldiers enlisted for the duration, and authorize a Badge of Merit award for important services. Numerous courts-martial and desertions reflect the restlessness of the troops.

Reel VVol. 6
Unit name/number: Washington's Headquarters, Main Army, Continental ArmyRecordkeeper: AnonymousCall Number: Ms. SBd-245No. of frames: Approx. 45

British Army

40th Regiment, British

VI.1. Orderly book, New York City, 6 October-27 December, 1776

Unit name/number: 40th Regiment, BritishRecordkeeper: Anonymous

General, division, brigade (General James Grant?), and regimental orders kept for the 40th Regiment, British, 6 October-24 November 1776 in New York City and environs during the New York City campaign. Also included are orders for 23-27 December 1776, kept apparently also for the 40th Regiment at Hillsboro (N.J.). General orders from Commander-in-Chief William Howe concern organization and deployment of his troops for engagements on Long Island, at Forts Independence and Washington, and at White Plains. Division, brigade, and regimental orders cover courts-martial and duty assignments. Brigade and regimental orders at Hillsboro concern discipline and provisioning of the regiments stationed there.

Note: Orders for the 40th Regiment, British appear both before and after the orders for Crane's Continental Artillery Regiment (American, V.1.A.), but have been filmed here for placement with other British units.

Reel VIVol. 1
Unit name/number: 40th Regiment, BritishRecordkeeper: AnonymousCall Number: Ms. N-198No. of frames: Approx. 55

74th and 82nd Regiments, British

VI.2. Orderly book, Majabigweduce (Castine, Me.), 11 July 1779-21 February 1780

Unit name/number: 74th and 82nd Regiments, BritishRecordkeeper: [William] Lawrence

Brigade (General Francis McLean) and regimental orders (Lieutenant Colonel [John] Campbell of the 74th and Lieutenant Colonel Wilson of the 82nd) kept by Lawrence (a corporal in the 82nd?), 11 July 1779-21 February 1780 in Majabigweduce (Castine, Me.) (listed in the orderly book as Majabigweduce, N.H.). A book among the papers of Brigadier General Solomon Lovell, a commander of the militia involved in an unsuccessful attempt (July-August 1779) to capture the strong point the British were establishing at the mouth of Penobscot Bay. Gen. McLean's orders concern a state of alert for a "rebel" attack, efforts to complete Fort George as soon as possible, and orders for regular foraging parties sent out to obtain lumber and presumably food. Gen. McLean and the 82nd regiment return to Halifax in November, leaving the 74th to winter in Castine and guard against further attacks by the rebels.

Reel VIVol. 2
Unit name/number: 74th and 82nd Regiments, BritishRecordkeeper: [William] LawrenceCall Number:Ms. N-1597No. of frames: Approx. 45

St. Andrews Regiment (Grenada Militia), British

VI.3. Orderly book, St. Georges and Port Royal (Grenada), 18 December 1778-5 January 1779

Unit name/number: St. Andrew's Regiment (Grenada Militia), BritishRecordkeeper: Anonymous

General and regimental (Colonel Samuel Williams) orders kept for Captain Samuel Cary of the First Company of the regiment, 18 December 1778-5 January 1779 in St. Georges and Port Royal (Grenada). The island was apparently expecting a French attack-perhaps by D'Estaing's fleet. General orders concern brigading of regiments, guard duties and state of alert of the troops, and the requisitioning of slaves from the

Reel VIVol. 3
Unit name/number: St. Andrew's Regiment (Grenada Militia), BritishRecordkeeper: AnonymousCall Number: Ms. N-1997No. of frames: Approx. 30

Headquarters, British Army

VI.4. Orderly book, New York City, 7 November 1778-5 August 1779

Unit name/number: Headquarters, British ArmyRecordkeeper: Anonymous

General and garrison orders kept at New York City, 7 November 1778-5 August 1779. General orders from General Henry Clinton, Commander-in-Chief, initiate troops movements which led to the British raids on the Connecticut coast in March and July, the capture of Stony Brook and Verplank's Point on the Hudson in June, and the raid on Poundridge (N.Y.), also in July. Others concern courts-martial, promotions of officers, and the King's commendation for the Army's masterful withdrawal from Philadelphia through New Jersey in June-July 1782. A few garrison orders concern duty assignments and garrison routine.

Reel VIVol. 4
Unit name/number: Headquarters, British ArmyRecordkeeper: AnonymousCall Number: Ms. SBd.-238No. of frames: Approx. 120

British Marines

VI.5-6. 1st Battalion, Marines, British

[3 books]No. of frames: Approx. 295

VI.5.A. Orderly book, Charlestown (Mass.), 3 July-30 August 1775

Unit name/number: 1st Battalion, Royal Marines, BritishRecordkeeper: Anonymous

General, battalion and barracks orders kept for the battalion in Charlestown (Mass.), 3 July-30 August 1775 immediately after the Battle of Bunker Hill and during the Siege of Boston. General orders from the Commander-in-Chief (General Thomas Gage) in Boston concern laxness of sentries, reports of supply of ammunition, and constant alert against nearby rebel units. Battalion and barracks orders (by General William Howe?) from Charlestown Heights organize the regiments encamped there. Set up deployment arrangements in case of alarm, and also concern promotions and returns of the number of women and children belonging to the battalion.

Reel VIVol. 5.A
Unit name/number: 1st Battalion, Royal Marines, BritishRecordkeeper: AnonymousCall Number: Ms. SBd-188

VI.5.B. Orderly book, Halifax (Nova Scotia), 27 May-9 August 1776

Unit name/number: 1st Battalion, Royal Marines, BritishRecordkeeper: Anonymous

General and garrison (General [Eyre] Massey), brigade, and battalion (Lieutenant Colonel [Arthur Tooker] Collins) orders for an overlapping period 27 May-10 June and 28 May-29 June 1776, and also orders 1 July-9 August 1776, all of them kept for the battalion in Halifax (Nova Scotia). Orders from General Massey concern raising additional companies, courts-martial, preparations for a line of battle and for alarm stations, and such humanitarian projects as starting a school for children and arranging inoculations for them against smallpox. Brigade and battalion orders concern excessive drunkenness among the troops, and assignments for guard picket, and working party duties.

Reel VIVol. 5.B
Unit name/number: 1st Battalion, Royal Marines, BritishRecordkeeper: AnonymousCall Number: Ms. SBd-188

VI.6. Orderly book, Charlestown and later Boston, 25 March 1775-26 January 1776

Unit name/number: 1st Battalion, Marines, BritishRecordkeeper: John Waller

General (Generals Thomas Gage and William Howe), division (?) (Generals Howe and John Burgoyne), brigade (General [Valentine] Jones), and battalion (Colonel [James] Agnew?) orders kept by Lieutenant Waller, adjutant of the battalion, 25 March 1775-26 January 1776 at Charlestown and later Boston before and after the Battle of Bunker Hill and during the Siege of Boston. General orders concern the promotion of Howe, Clinton, and Burgoyne as Major-Generals, a new order of battle with Burgoyne and Clinton commanding the left and right wings, alarm procedures, the formation of the two Tory companies, and winter orders under which all regiments patrol specific districts in Boston, and rotate in manning Charlestown Heights. Division orders concern improvement of fortifications and deployment of troops in Charles town. Brigade and battalion orders concern chiefly with courts-martial and duty assignments.

Includes a partial table of contents on the last two pages. Also, order of March 25 and 29 cover rules and regulations aboard transports heading for Boston.

Reel VIVol. 6
Unit name/number: 1st Battalion, Marines, BritishRecordkeeper: John WallerCall Number: Ms. N-837 (Tall)No. of frames: Approx. 135

Name Index

Names listed below include recordkeeper or individual for whom records were kept, issuers of orders at every level, and names included in names of units. Not included are those individuals only mentioned in descriptions, and George Washington who appears too often to merit indexing.

Name Reel Location(s)
Agnew, Colonel [James] (British) VI.6
Arnold, Benedict (1741-1801) II.1.D.
Bailey, John (1730-1810) I.1.
Baldwin, Jedutham (1730-1788) V.4.
Bell, William Mordaunt IV.3.
Bishop, Peter I.2.
Bradford, John (1748-1807) I.3.
Brewer, Jonathan (1753-1784) I.2.
Brooks, John (1751-1825) V.5.
Burgoyne, John (1722-1792) (British) VI.6
Campbell, [John] (British) VI.2.
Cary, Samuel (1742-1812) (British) VI.3.
Clinton, Henry (1739-1812) (British) VI.4
Collins, [Arthur Tooker] (British) VI.5.B.
Cotton, Theophilus (1716-1782) I.3.
Crane, John (1744-1805) V.1.
Dike, Nicholas (1722-1817) III.7.
Drury, Thomas (11747-1836) III.2.
Fay, Joseph R. (b. 1778) IV.4.
Fay family IV.4.
Francis, Ebenezer (1743-1777) I.4.A-B.
Frost, Samuel (1751-1817) III.2.
Frothingham, Benjamin (1734-1809) V.1.A.
Gage, Thomas (1721-1787) (British) VI.5.A.; VI.6. VI.5.A.; VI.6.
Glover, John (1732-1797) I.5.; III.6.
Grant, Christopher (1743-1818) III.7.
Grant, James (1720-1806) (British) VI.1.
Greene, Nathaniel (1742-1786) I.2.; II.2.; III.6.; IV.1.; IV.7.; V.1.A.
Greenleaf, Moses (1755-1812) I.4.
Hand, Edward (1744-1802) IV.4.
Harris, Erastus (1731-1806) III.4.
Heath, William (1737-1814) I.4.D.; II.1.C.; II.1.E.; III.4-5.; III.7.; IV.4.; V.2.; V.5.
Hitchcock, Daniel IV.7.
Homes, John III.4.
Howe, Robert (1732-1796) II.1.D.; V.5.
Howe, William (1729-1814) (British) VI.1.; VI.5.A.; VI.6.
Hutchinson, Israel (1727-1811) III.1.
Jackson, Henry (1747-1804) I.6.
Jackson, Michael (1734-1801) II.1.
Jones, [Valentine] (British) VI.6.
Knox, Henry (1750-1806) II.1.F.; V.1-3.
Lawrence, [William] (British) VI.2.
Learned, Ebenezer (1728-1801). II.1.B
Lee, Charles R. (1731-1782) I.2.; II.2.A.; II.1.B.; III.2.; III.6.; IV.2.; IV.7.
Lee, William R. (1745-1824) I.5.; III.3.; III.6.
Little, Moses (1724-1798) II.2-3.
Lovell, Solomon (1732-1801) VI.2.
McDougall, Alexander (1732-1786) I.4.C.; II.1.C-D.; V.1.B.
McLean, Francis (British) VI.2.
Mansfield, John (1748-1823) III.1.
Massey, [Eyre] (1719-1804) (British) VI.5.B.
Moulton, Johnson (d. 1793) III.5.
Nixon, John (1727-1815) III.2-3.
Parsons, Samuel H. (1737-1789) III.6.
Parker, Phineas V.4.
Paterson, John (1744-1808) I.4.D.; II.1.E.
Poor, Enoch (1736-1780) IV.3.
Prescott, William (1726-1795) III.5.
Putnam, Israel (1718-1790) I.5.; II.2.A.; IV.5.
Reed, Jonathan (1729-1790) III.4.
Reid, George (1733-1815) IV.3.
Russell, John I.2.
St. Clair, Arthur (1737-1818) I.4.B.
Sage, Comfort (1731-1799) IV.6.
Seward, Thomas (d. 1800) V.2.
Shaw, Benjamin I.4.A.
Shaw, Samuel V.1.B.
Spencer, Joseph (1714-1789) IV.6.
Stark, John (1782-1822) I.6.
Stearns, Ephraim (1739-1808) III.8.
Stirling, Lord V.3.
Storrs, Experience IV.5.
Sullivan, John (1740-1795) III.1-3.; IV.2-3.
Tomson, Josiah I.3.
Tufts, Francis (1756-1823) II.1.
Tupper, Benjamin (1738-1792) I.4.C-D.
Tyler, Daniel (1750-1832) IV.5
Von Steuben, Friedrich (1730-1794) I.6.
Wade, Nathaniel (1749-1826) III.8.
Waller, John (British) VI.6.
Ward, Artemas (1727-1800) I.1.; I.4.A.; II.3.; III.7.
Whipple, Bella IV.7.
Whipple, Benjamin II.3.
Williams, Samuel (British) VI.3.

Engagement/Location Index

Engagements listed below were taken from Wright and were expanded upon for this project. See Wright for a complete list of campaigns with descriptions and dates. In cases where orderly books were not kept during particular campaigns, geographic locations were used. Reel location refers to the reel and number location on the film.

Engagement/location Reel location(s)
Albany (N.Y.) (location) V.2.
Boston (location) I.4.A.; II.1.B.; III.4.; III.7.
Boston, Siege of I.1-5.; II.2-3.; III.1-3.; III.5.; IV.1-2.; IV.5.; IV.7.; VI.5.A.; VI.6.
Defense of Philadelphia SEE Philadelphia, Defense of
Grenada (location) VI.3.
Halifax (N.S.) (location) VI.5.B.
Hudson Highlands (location only; includes locations along Hudson River from Newburgh to Stony Point) (SEE ALSO West Point (N.Y.); Newburgh (N.Y.)) I.4.C.; I.6.; II.1.D.; V.3.; V.5.
Iroquois-1779 (campaign against) IV.3.
New Jersey-1780 I.6.; V.1.B.; V.4.
New York City (location) VI.4.
New York City campaign II.2.B.;III.1.A.; III.5-6.; IV.6.
Newburgh (N.Y.) (location) SEE ALSO Hudson Highlands; West Point (N.Y.) II.1.F.; V.6.
Northern New Jersey V.1.A.; VI.1.
Penobscot Expedition (Castine, Me.) VI.2.
Philadelphia, Defense of (includes Valley Forge) II.1.A
Philadelphia-Monmouth II.1.B.
Saratoga II.1.A.
Siege of Boston SEE Boston, Siege of
Ticonderoga (N.Y.) (location) I.4.B.
West Point (N.Y.) (location) SEE ALSO Newburgh (N.Y.); Hudson Highlands I.4.C-D.; II.1.C-F.; III.8.; IV.4.; V.1.B; V.2-3. V.5.; VI.1.

Year Index

Orderly books kept for more than one year are listed under each year.

1775 I.1-3.; I.5.; II.2-3.; III.1-3.; IV.2.; IV.5.; IV.7.; VI.5.A.; VI.6.
1776 I.1.; I.4.A.; II.2.B.; III.1.; III.5-7.; IV.1-2.; IV.6.; VI.1.; VI.5.B.; VI.6.
1777 I.4.B.; II.1.A.; II.7.; V.1.A.
1778 II.1.B.; III.4.; VI.3-4.
1779 I.4.C-D.; II.1.C.; IV.3.; V.1.B.; VI.2-4.
1780 I.6.; II.1.C-D.; III.8.; V.1.B.; V.4-5.; VI.2.
1781 V.3.
1782 II.1.E-F.; IV.4.; V.2.
1783 II.1.F.; V.6.

Preferred Citation

Revolutionary War orderly books at the Massachusetts Historical Society.

Access Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in ABIGAIL, the online catalog of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Researchers desiring materials about related persons, organizations, or subjects should search the catalog using these headings.

Organizations:

Great Britain. Army--Order-books.
United States. Continental Army--Order-books.

Subjects:

Orderly books.
Massachusetts--History--Revolution, 1775-1783.
United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--American forces.
United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--British forces.
United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Campaigns.
United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Order-books.