COLLECTION GUIDES

1944-1985

Guide to the Collection

Restrictions on Access

The bulk of the Francis W. Hatch, Jr. papers are stored offsite and must be requested at least one business day in advance. Contact the Library at library@masshist.org or (617) 536-1608 to request materials. Please discuss your request with the reading room staff before requesting cartons by barcode.

There are restrictions on the use of this collection. Users must sign an agreement stating that they understand these restrictions before they will be given access to the collection.


Collection Summary

Abstract

This collection consists of the papers of prominent Massachusetts Republican Francis W. Hatch, Jr., relating primarily to his unsuccessful bid against Edward J. King to become the state's governor in 1978. Campaign records, including correspondence, clippings, ephemera, and press releases, represent virtually all aspects of his gubernatorial bid, including fund raising, strategic planning, staffing, volunteers, and the media. In addition, the collection contains papers related to Hatch's successful attempt in the late 1970s to publicize state tax delinquent lists when he took the Mass. Department of Corporations and Taxation to trial. Additional subjects include the Massachusetts House of Representatives, the Republican Party in the state, and 1978 incumbent governor Michael S. Dukakis.

Biographical Sketch

Francis Whiting Hatch, Jr., the son of Francis W. Hatch and Marjory Kennard Hatch, was born May 6, 1925 in Cambridge, Mass. Educated at Noble and Greenough School and Harvard College, he was consecutively a reporter for the Minneapolis Star & Tribune, Vice President of Suburban Centers Trust and Mutual Life Insurance Co. In 1957, he was elected to the first of three terms as alderman for Beverly, Mass. He resigned from business to become a full-time legislator upon his election as state representative from the third Essex [County, Mass.] district in 1962, a position he held until 1978. He served as Republican floor leader from 1971 to 1978.

He announced his candidacy for governor of Massachusetts on October 27, 1977. At the Republican convention in May 1978, he lost the nomination to Edward J. King, but won over King in the September primary. He was defeated in the general election in November by Edward F. King, the former director of Massport, who had defeated incumbent governor Michael Dukakis in the Democratic primary.

Collection Description

The collection is divided into six series: Personal; Political: 1978 campaign; Political: Hatch Act; Political: Miscellaneous; Clippings; and Photographs. The photographs in the latter series have been physically removed from the collection to be housed with the M.H.S. photograph collection.

The collection is housed in 5 record cartons and one oversize box. The record cartons are stored offsite and must be requested by barcode number at least 24 hours in advance. The oversize box remains onsite.

The bulk of the papers in the collection relate to Francis W. Hatch, Jr.'s campaign for governor in 1977-78. The papers illustrate: 1) how such a campaign is put together (e.g. fund raising, strategic planning, staff organization, volunteer networks, press relations); 2) the day-to-day activities of the candidate; 3) the evolution of dominant issues; and 4) the changing attitude of the press, constituencies, and individuals toward the candidate.

The collection also provides insight into such aspects of Massachusetts political history as ticket splitting; friction between the liberal and conservative wings of both the Democratic and Republican parties; the ascendancy of conservative ideology with the Republican hierarchy; and perceived weaknesses of Governor Dukakis by Hatch and other candidates.

Included in the collection are incoming correspondence (some with replies); form letters from Hatch to individuals and constituencies; memoranda and instructions from headquarters; drafts of speeches, press releases, and copy for fliers; lists of workers and invitees to campaign parties; press releases; interviews; campaign ephemera; photographs; and press clippings.

In addition to materials related to the 1978 campaign, the collection also includes papers of Hatch's battle in the late 1970's to publicize state tax delinquent lists. Hatch won the right to obtain these lists when he took the Mass. State Department of Corporations and Taxations to trial, having claimed that millions in revenue were owed to the state because of political favoritism and dishonest tax filing. If newspapers published these lists, he reasoned, debtors would be compelled to make good on their debts or face more immediate legal action. Disclosure of the lists had far-reaching effects in both the public and private sectors, and Hatch received a great deal of praise, as well as criticism, as a result and the issue of taxation became an important one for the state gubernatorial race of 1978.

The files in this series have been arranged topically, by those individuals and businesses which were most affected by the "Hatch Act" as it was called. For the most part, they consist of correspondence to or about individuals and businesses, as well as legal documents both collected and current to the legal action since many of those concerned faced or initiated litigation as a results of the publication of the tax delinquent lists. Where it was possible to consolidate types of materials (such as "invoices"), this has been done. Researchers should be aware that material in these more general files may relate directly or indirectly to any of the more specific subject-matter files. See references are noted in the contents list following where a direct link between two or more files exists. Also included here are other miscellaneous or unidentified notes and press releases related to the entire subject. The files have been arranged alphabetically by title.

The third series, Political: Miscellaneous contains a few items related to Hatch's other political campaigns and other political papers not related to his campaign for Governor in 1978 or the "Hatch Act".

The newspaper clippings relate primarily to the 1978 campaign for governor, the issue of the "Hatch Act" and the publication of the delinquent tax lists, specifically as it related to the campaign. To reduce the bulk of newspaper clippings, articles that did not provide information about Hatch or his campaign, and duplicates (e.g. wire service stories and syndicated articles or press releases running in more than one paper) were discarded. Random sampling was used in the choice of which newspaper's story to keep; in the case of differing versions of the same story, all were retained. Though random sampling does not show the range or extent of papers across the state ran a particular story, it does reveal a cross-section of the coverage of Hatch's campaign.

The clippings are organized chronologically within subjects, most being about the campaign in general. A few of the original office headings have been used, however, notably the Division of Corporations and Taxation. This issue is separated here, as in the general papers of the collection, however because the issue was extremely important in Hatch's campaign against his anticipated opponent, Michael Dukakis, the two subjects cannot be completely separated.

Finally, also included are a group of misc. clippings from 1973-74, filed in chronological order, relating to general legislative actions. These clippings are unsorted and contain a significant amount of duplication.

The following is a list of highlights from the correspondence. All letters are in the 1978 campaign correspondence unless otherwise noted.

  • George Bush, 19 April 1978
  • Michael Dukakis (in Political: Hatch Act), 3 August 1978
  • Jack Lemmon, 9 March 1978
  • Charles Mathias, 4 October 1978
  • Governor Robert Ray (Iowa), 11 October 1978
  • Governor Francis Sargent (Mass.), 12 September 1978
  • Governor Richard Snelling (Vermont), 13 October, 6 November 1978
  • Caspar Weinberger, 22 September 1978

Acquisition Information

The Francis W. Hatch, Jr. papers were assembled in part by him and his family and largely by his office staff during his campaign for governor of Massachusetts in 1978.

The Francis W. Hatch, Jr. papers were donated to the Massachusetts Historical Society in 1990.

Restrictions on Access

The bulk of the Francis W. Hatch, Jr. papers are stored offsite and must be requested at least one business day in advance. Contact the Library at library@masshist.org or (617) 536-1608 to request materials. Please discuss your request with the reading room staff before requesting cartons by barcode.

There are restrictions on the use of this collection. Users must sign an agreement stating that they understand these restrictions before they will be given access to the collection.

Restrictions on Use

The Massachusetts Historical Society does not claim ownership to the literary rights (copyright) of letters and manuscripts written by individuals other than Francis W. Hatch, Jr. in this collection. The Massachusetts Historical Society cannot give permission to publish or quote from documents by individuals for whom it does not hold copyright. Use of these materials does not imply permission to publish. It is the sole responsibility of the researcher to obtain formal permission from the owners of the literary rights (copyright) to publish or quote from documents in this collection.

Photocopies are for personal use only. Personal use photocopies may not be donated or deposited in other libraries or archives, or made available to other researchers without the written permission of the Massachusetts Historical Society.

Detailed Description of the Collection

NOTE: The box numbers listed below refer to the former box numbers used prior to the transfer of materials to record cartons for offsite storage. Users should refer to the carton and barcode numbers for retrieval from offsite storage. Folders are still labeled with the former box and folder number and those numbers should be used to locate a folder within a carton.

I. Personal

Carton 1SH 13ET 6Box 1Folder 1
Correspondence, Hatch and family and others, 1953-1977
Carton 1SH 13ET 6Box 1Folder 2
Offices and directorships, 1964-1966
Carton 1SH 13ET 6Box 1Folder 3
Citations and awards, 1977
Carton 1SH 13ET 6Box 1Folder 4
Beverly Conservation Commission Order, 1985
Carton 1SH 13ET 6Box 1Folder 5
Programs (Tavern Club, etc.), 1953-1966
Carton 1SH 13ET 6Box 1Folder 6
Clippings, 1959-1982

II. Political: 1978 Campaign

A. Correspondence

General correspondence

Carton 1SH 13ET 6Box 1Folder 7-20
n.d., Jan. 1977-Aug. 1978
Carton 1SH 13ET 6Box 2Folder 1-13
Sep. 1978-6 Oct. 1978
Carton 1SH 13ET 6Box 3Folder 1-17
7 Oct. 1978-1979
Carton 1SH 13ET 6Box 3Folder 18
George Hatch correspondence, 1978

B. Subject files

Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 4Folder 1-3
Memoranda to Hatch and others, regarding management and strategies of campaign, 1977-1978
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 4Folder 4-5
Drafts of speeches (including concession speech), fliers, press releases

Campaign parties

Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 4Folder 6-7
Invitations and lists, 1977-1978
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 4Folder 8
Guest book, n.d.
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 4Folder 9-10
Notices and instructions to office staff, 1978
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 4Folder 11-14
Notices and instructions to local area volunteers, 1978
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 4Folder 15
Notices and instructions to convention volunteers, 1978
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 4Folder 16-17
Youth coordinators, instructions, press releases, etc., 1978
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 4Folder 18
Lists of workers
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 5Folder 1
Form letters in support of Hatch, 1978
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 5Folder 2-3
Form letters, Hatch to individuals, 1977-1978
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 5Folder 4-5
Form letters, Hatch to constituencies, 1977-1978
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 5Folder 6-10
Press releases, 1977-1978
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 5Folder 11
Press releases (endorsements), 1978
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 5Folder 12
Advertisements, 1978
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 5Folder 13
Bills rendered, 1978

Brochures and fliers

Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 5Folder 14
n.d.
OS BoxFolder 1
n.d.Stored ONSITE at Ms. N-183 (oversize)
OS BoxFolder 1
Campaign posterStored ONSITE at Ms. N-183 (oversize)
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 5Folder 15
Hatch's weekly article for Republican House members, 1978
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 5Folder 16-19
Mass. House of Representatives, William Robinson communications, Aug.-Oct. 1978
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 5Folder 20
Republican State Committee and Republican Club of Mass. memoranda, 1978
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 5Folder 21
Replies from mailings and ads (including hate mail)

III. Political: Hatch Act

A. Subject files

Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 6Folder 1
Acts (legal), 1978
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 6Folder 2
Bennie Cotton, Inc., 1966
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 6Folder 3
Boston Financial Technical Development Corporation, 1970-1974
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 6Folder 4
Boston Waterfront Development Corporation, 1975
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 6Folder 5
Boston in-fill, n.d.
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 6Folder 6-7
Burdo, Earl and Beverly, 1979
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 6Folder 8
Civil actions, 1977-1978
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 6Folder 9
Clarke, Owen, 1977
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 6Folder 10
Development Corp. of America, 1954-1973
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 6Folder 11
Dukakis, Michael, 1975-1978
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 6Folder 12-13
Fitzmaurice, Laurence D., 1976-1978
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 6Folder 14
Form letters, 1978

Gevyn Construction Corp.

Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 6Folder 15
Claims against, 1969-1970
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 6Folder 16
Accounting records, 1967-1970
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 6Folder 17
Goodwyn, Procter, and Hoar, 1977-1978

See also Clark, Owen.

Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 6Folder 18
Invoices, 1978
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 6Folder 19
Kline, Sydney and Melvin, 1969-1977

Letters

Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 6Folder 20
Misc., 1978
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 6Folder 21
To Hatch with responses, 1977
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 6Folder 22
To Hatch with responses, 1978
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 6Folder 23
To Hatch (unsolicited, con), 1978
Carton 2SH 13EU 7Box 6Folder 24
To Hatch (unsolicited, pro), 1977-1978
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 7Folder 1
McGlynn, John, 1977-1978
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 7Folder 2
McKee-Berger-Mansuetto, 1970

B. Massachusetts

Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 7Folder 3
Administration and finance, 1978
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 7Folder 4
Attorney general, 1978

Auditor

Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 7Folder 5
Letters, 1978
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 7Folder 6-8
Reports re: Mass. Port Authority, 1965-1971
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 7Folder 9
Reports re: Department of Corporations and Taxation, 1977

See also Mass. corporations and taxation.

Corporations and taxation

Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 7Folder 10-11
Reports, 1975-1978
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 7Folder 12
Misc., 1975-1977
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 7Folder 13
Motor vehicles/insurance, 1977

See also Sci-Tek.

Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 7Folder 14
Personnel administration, 1978

See also Clarke, Owen.

Miscellaneous

Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 7Folder 15
Businesses (alphabetical), 1952-1976
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 7Folder 16
Lists, n.d.
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 7Folder 17
Notes and information, 1977-1978
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 7Folder 18
North American Development Corp., 1969-1975
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 7Folder 19-20
Press releases, 1970-1980
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 8Folder 1
Report on taxation, n.d.
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 8Folder 2
Resumes and job-related material, 1977-1978

See also Fitzmaurice, Leonard.

Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 8Folder 3
Rizzotto, Guy J., n.d.
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 8Folder 4
Sci-Tek, 1977-1978

See also Mass. motor vehicles/insurance.

Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 8Folder 5
Steak Place, Inc., 1978
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 8Folder 6-7
Transcript, court, 1978
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 8Folder 8
Transitron Corp., 1952-1978

Turning Point, Inc.

Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 8Folder 9-12
Correspondence, 1976-1978
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 8Folder 13
Welfare audit, 1976
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 8Folder 14
State audit, 1976
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 8Folder 15
Annual report (Office of State Secretary), 1971-1977
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 8Folder 16
Annual report (Attorney General, Division of Public Charities), 1975-1977
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 8Folder 17
Misc. notes, etc., n.d.

IV. Political: Miscellaneous

Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 8Folder 18
Correspondence and notices, 1971-1978
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 8Folder 19
Crime Commission, 1966

Campaign for lieutenant governor, 1966

Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 8Folder 20
Misc.
OS Box
Campaign posterStored ONSITE at Ms. N-183 (oversize)
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 8Folder 21
Campaign for House minority leader, 1968
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 8Folder 22
Other campaign brochures

Printed material

Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 8Folder 23
Hatch, Francis W., Jr. Second Annual Report of Your State Representative. 16 July 1964.
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 8Folder 23
Massachusetts Forest and Park Association. Conservative Legislative Bulletin. 2 Feb. 1965; Vol. I, No. 2, Mar. 1965; Vol. I, No. 3, Apr. 1965; Vol. I, No. 5, July-Aug. 1965.
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 8Folder 23
Boston Junior Chamber of Commerce. Boston Forum. Vol. 4, No. 3, Mar.-Apr. 1966.
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 8Folder 23
Third Annual Report of Your State Representative. 11 Mar. 1966.
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 8Folder 23
Noble and Greenough School. The World of Service. Panel Discussions at Noble and Greenough School. Dedham, Massachusetts. Centennial Celebration. Dedham, 20-21 May 1966.
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 8Folder 23
Forest and Park News. Vol. XXIX, No. 2, Spring 1965; Vol. XXX, No. 1, Spring 1966.
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 8Folder 24
[Massachusetts] Republican Party. Republican Party Convention. Worcester, Mass., 18 Nov. 1967. [Program].
Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 8Folder 24
Massachusetts Republican State Committee. Official Program: Massachusetts Republican Pre-Primary Convention. Case Physical Education Center, Boston University, 1 June 1974.

V. Clippings

See also Box 1, Folder 6 (Carton 1) for clippings related to Hatch's personal life.

A. 1978 campaign

Carton 3SH 13EV 8Box 9Folder 1-21
1977-Oct. 1978
Carton 4SH 13EW 9Box 10Folder 1-2
1-9 Nov. 1978
Carton 4SH 13EW 9Box 10Folder 3
Election results
Carton 4SH 13EW 9Box 10Folder 4
10 Nov. 1978-Jan. 1979
OS BoxFolder 2
1 Nov. 1978-Jan. 1979Stored ONSITE at Ms. N-183 (oversize)
Carton 4SH 13EW 9Box 10Folder 5
Polls, Sep.-Dec. 1978
Carton 4SH 13EW 9Box 10Folder 6-11
Editorials, 1977-1978

Endorsements

Carton 4SH 13EW 9Box 10Folder 12
Gay community
Carton 4SH 13EW 9Box 10Folder 13
Labor (endorsing King)
Carton 4SH 13EW 9Box 10Folder 14
Newspapers and individuals
Carton 4SH 13EW 9Box 10Folder 15
Women's groups
Carton 4SH 13EW 9Box 10Folder 16
William Cowin
Carton 4SH 13EW 9Box 10Folder 17
Gordon Nelson
Carton 4SH 13EW 9Box 10Folder 18
Staff
Carton 4SH 13EW 9Box 10Folder 19
Referenda on ballot
Carton 4SH 13EW 9Box 10Folder 20
Transportation issue
Carton 4SH 13EW 9Box 10Folder 21
Welfare reform

B. Department of Corporations and Taxation, 1970-1978

Carton 4SH 13EW 9Box 10Folder 22-30

C. Miscellaneous

Carton 4SH 13EW 9Box 11Folder 1
SAVE, 1974
Carton 4SH 13EW 9Box 11Folder 2
School aid bill, 1978
Carton 4SH 13EW 9Box 11Folder 3
Tax reform bill, 1978
Carton 4SH 13EW 9Box 11Folder 4
Legislative activities, Jan.-July 1978
Carton 4SH 13EW 9Box 11Folder 5
Roll calls, Dec. 1977-Aug. 1978
Carton 5SH 13ES 5Box 12
Misc. unsorted clippings, 1973-1974

Arranged chronologically.

Preferred Citation

Francis W. Hatch, Jr. papers, Massachusetts Historical Society.

Access Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in ABIGAIL, the online catalog of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Researchers desiring materials about related persons, organizations, or subjects should search the catalog using these headings.

Persons:

Dukakis, Michael S. (Michael Stanley), 1933-
King, Edward J., 1925-

Organizations:

Massachusetts. Department of Corporations and Taxation.
Massachusetts. General Court. House of Representatives.
Republican Party (Mass.)

Subjects:

Campaign funds.
Campaign management.
Corporations--Massachusetts--Taxation.
Electioneering.
Tax evasion--Massachusetts.
Governors--Massachusetts--Election.
Elections--Massachusetts.
Massachusetts--Politics and government--1951-

Materials Removed from the Collection

Photographs Removed

The following photographs were removed the the MHS Photo. Archives, Aug. 1990.

Hatch portrait with Arthur Fiedler, n.d.

Hatch portrait in Navy, 1944

Hatch portraits (with some multiple copies), n.d.

Hatch in groups (1978 campaign), 1977-1978

Groups, misc., 1969?.

Headquarters, 1969

Billboard, 1978

Negatives, n.d.

Museum Objects Removed

The following items have been removed from Ms. N-183, the Francis W. Hatch, Jr. papers, to be placed in the M.H.S. museum collection, July 1990:

Armband. Frank Hatch/Governor.

Bag (Plastic). Frank Hatch/Governor.

Bumper sticker. Frank Hatch/Governor.

Bumper sticker. Hatch Governor/Cowin Lt. Governor.

Bumper sticker. Hatch/Representative.

Bumper sticker. Hatch? Natch! for Lieutenant Governor.

Button. Frank Hatch/Governor.

Button. Governor Hatch/Cowin Lt. Governor.

Button. S.O.S./Save Our Service.

License plate (fake). Massachusetts '78/Hatch. With checklist for Republican State Convention, Saturday May 6, 1978, Springfield, Mass. on reverse.

Name tag and ribbon. Name tag: Frank Hatch/Governor. Ribbon: Delegate.

Same. Ribbon: Staff.

Ribbon. Lt. Governor/Hatch.

Sash. The Hatch Batch.

Sticker. Governor Hatch/Cowin Lt. Governor.