Guide to the Collection
This collection consists of the papers of the interrelated Wolcott, Prescott, Huntington, and Hickling families, primarily genealogical materials, as well as family and business papers of Joshua H. Wolcott, a partner in the Boston merchant firm of A. & A. Lawrence.
Frederick Wolcott (1767-1837) of Litchfield, Conn. graduated first in his class from Yale in 1786. He was Clerk of the Court of Common Pleas and of the Superior Court, Judge of Probate for Litchfield County for 41 years, a member of the Connecticut House of Representatives and the Senate, and on the Corporation of Yale College. He was also the founder of what is believed to be one of the first temperance organizaions in the country. He was the grandson of Roger Wolcott (1679-1767), Governor and public official of Connecticut and second in command to Sir William Pepperell at the 1745 Expedition to Cape Breton resulting in the capture of Louisbourg; the son of Oliver Wolcott (1726-1797), signer of the Declaration of Independence, member of the Continental Congress and Governor of Connecticut; and brother of Oliver Wolcott, Jr. (1760-1833) who followed Alexander Hamilton as Secretary of the Treasury in George Washington's cabinet and Governor of Connecticut.
Frederick married Elizabeth (Betsey) Huntington (1774-1812) in 1800. His second wife was Sally Worthington Goodrich Cooke (1785-1842) whom he married in 1815.
Joshua Huntington Wolcott (1804-1891), son of Frederick and Betsey, brother of Frederick Henry Wolcott (b.1808) and half-brother of Charles Mosley Wolcott (b.1816) was a Boston merchant and partner in the textile commission house of A. & A. Lawrence until its dissolution in 1865 and director of many mills, including the York Manufacturing Company of Saco, Maine. He was also very involved in charitable and benevolent institutions. He married Cornelia Frothingham (1824-1850) in 1844 and following her death, he married his wife's sister Harriet "Hatty" Frothingham in 1851.
Huntington Frothingham Wolcott (1846-1865), son of J.H. and Cornelia, was a member of the 2nd Massachusetts Cavalry during the final year of the Civil War and died of fever after returning home to Boston in 1865.
Roger Wolcott (1847-1900), also the son of J.H. and Cornelia and brother of Huntington F., graduated from Harvard in 1870 and from Harvard Law School in 1874. He was a justice of the peace from 1875-1900, a member of the Massachusetts legislature from 1881-1884, Lt. Governor of Massachusetts from 1892-1896. He advanced to the Governor's chair in 1896 as a result of the death of Frederick T. Greenhalge and served in that position until 1900. He was also largely involved in business activities, including the Boston and Albany Railroad and the New England Trust Company, and in philanthropic organizations as a member of the Boston Provident Association and as a trustee of the Eye and Ear Infirmary and the Mass. General Hospital. He was a member of the Massachusetts Historical Society and an overseer of Harvard College. He married Edith Prescott (b.1853) in 1874.
Roger Wolcott (1877-1965) of Milton, Mass. was the son of Roger and Edith. He graduated from Harvard in 1899 and received his law degree in 1902. He was Counsel for the Boston Elevated Railroad, a representative to the Mass. General Court, and a member of the Governor's staff from 1905-1907. His military career includes service as a private in the 1st Mass. Heavy Artillery, U.S. Volunteers during the Spanish-American War, in charge of the Selective Draft in Massachusetts during World War I, and in many positions with the Mass. National Guard. He was a member of the council and corresponding secretary of the Mass. Historical Society, a trustee of the Boston Athenaeum, a member of several veterans organizations, and an Overseer of Harvard College.
Prescott and Hickling families
Colonel William Prescott (1726-1795), like Roger Wolcott (1679-1767) was a member of Sir William Pepperell's staff during the Louisbourg Expedition in 1745 and colonel of a group of minute men, reporting to Cambridge after news of the Battle of Lexington. He was one of the co-commanders at the Battle of Bunker Hill on June 16, 1775, took part in the Battle of Long Island in 1776, and served as a volunteer under Gates in 1777 in the campaign that resulted in the surrender of Burgoyne at Saratoga. His son, Judge William Prescott (1762-1844) and his wife Catherine Greene Hickling (1767-1852), were the great-grandparents of Edith Prescott (later Wolcott, see above). Catherine Hickling was the daughter of Thomas Hickling (1745-1834), a Boston merchant and Consul on the island of St. Michael in the Azores, and was known for her philanthropic exercises.
The Wolcott family papers contain correspondence and other papers, genealogical notes, family trees, biographical sketches, clippings, photographs, and printed materials of the inter-related Wolcott, Prescott, Frothingham, Huntington, and Hickling families.
The majority of the collection is comprised of Wolcott family materials, including extensive family correspondence, in particular that of Joshua Huntington Wolcott (J.H.) with his brothers, Frederick Henry and Charles Mosley and with his son Roger (later Governor of Massachusetts). Business papers of J.H. include letters from his partners in the Boston merchant firm of A. & A. Lawrence, Amos and Abbott Lawrence and copies of J.H's partnership agreements with the Lawrences and with Jonas E. Stone. Other correspondents of J.H. include Samuel Chapman Armstrong, William M. Reid, and Henry Cabot Lodge.
Additional family correspondence includes Cornelia Frothingham Wolcott's (wife of J.H.) letterbook of her letters to her family, in particular to sister Harriet (Ratty) Frothingham, later the second wife of J.H. following her sister's death; Huntington Frothingham Wolcott's letters to his parents during his service with the 2nd Massachusetts Calvary during the Civil War; letters from Governor Roger to Roger Wolcott, Jr., while the latter was away at summer camps; and letters and a letterbook from Governor Roger to his parents while travelling abroad with his new wife, Edith Prescott Wolcott.
Other Wolcott papers of note include correspondence between J.H. and his father and step-mother, Frederick and Sally W. Wolcott; a book of poetry copied by Harriet F. Wolcott; Gov. Roger Wolcott's plan of his father's land at Blue Hill; a letter from J.H. to his fiancee Elizabeth Flint in Nashville, Tenn. (the engagement was later broken); a letter from Oliver Wolcott, Jr. to Captain Ebenezer Barnard; and papers related to funds at Harvard University in the names of Huntington F. and J.H. Wolcott.
The collection contains very few papers related to Roger Wolcott's official business as Governor of Massachusetts, 1896-1899, however there are two letters from John D. Long regarding Wolcott's rejection of a Federal position with the Commission on the Philippines and correspondence with many important historical figures on personal matters, club memberships, and invitations. The correspondents include Frederick Greenhalge, Phillips Brooks, T.W. Higginson, and Henry W. Beecher.
Other families are primarily represented by genealogical materials, but there are also a typescript of the diary of Catherine G. Hickling (later Prescott); a phrenological study of Mr. [?] Huntington; sermons, including several by Rev. Phillips Payson of Chelsea, Mass.; Civil War letters from Thomas G. and Robert H. Stevenson to their sister Hannah (Stevenson?]; a typescript of Thomas Hickling's visit to England and France; and a number of cut-slip autographs.
In addition, there are genealogical notes for the Greene, Amory, Lombard, and Coffin families.
Deposited by the Wolcott family, through Samuel Wolcott, June, 1989.
Detailed Description of the Collection
I. Wolcott family
A. Family history materials
Arranged topically and by type of material.
Genealogical materials on the Wolcott family, including family trees and biographical sketches, many done or commissioned to be done by Governor Roger Wolcott, obituaries and other newspaper clippings. Also, coats of arms; a copy of the sermon of Rev. Joseph Perry after the death of Roger (1679-1767); a list of the articles of property to be divided among the children of Frederick Wolcott; Joshua Huntington (J.H.) Wolcott materials, including his commission as Justice of the Peace (1854), an official letter to his son Roger regarding a change in his previous will (1873), and Roger's plan of his father's estate at Blue Hill (ca.1875).
B. Family papers
Arranged chronologically within series of papers
Early family papers include a copy of a deed from Joseph Allyn to Fred and Grey Wolcott for land in Torrington, Conn. (1813); a letter from Oliver Wolcott, Jr. to Capt. Ebenezer Barnard regarding the former's renting of a house in New York (1785); a copy of a letter from George Washington to Oliver Wolcott (1797); a facsimile and typescript of a letter from Roger Wolcott (1754); and copies of letters of Oliver Wolcott (1777).
General correspondence primarily contains the correspondence of J.H. Wolcott, including extensive series of letters from his brothers, Frederick Henry and Charles Mosley; with his parents, Frederick and Betsey (Huntington) Wolcott; and from his step-mother, Sally W. Wolcott. Also included is a letter from J.H. to his fiancee in Nashville, Tenn., Elizabeth Flint (the engagement was later broken); correspondence between Roger and his father and step-mother, J.H. and Harriet (Frothingham) Wolcott; other misc. letters to Roger, including one from Henry Cabot Lodge (1876); and additional family correspondence. Additional correspondents of J.H. include Joseph P. Cooke, Samuel C. Armstrong, and William Reid, the latter two being from the Hampton Institute.
J.H. Wolcott business papers relate to his partnerships in the merchant firms in Boston with Amos and Abbott Lawrence, Jonas Emery Stone, and others. The papers include a copy of the partnership agreement between Wolcott and J.E. Stone (1825); promissory notes of J.H. with A. and A. Lawrence; copies of partnership agreements and dissolutions among A. and A. Lawrence, J.W. Edwards, and J.H. Wolcott (1830-1837); and correspondence between Wolcott and Amos Lawrence, Abbott Lawrence, and J.W. Edwards. Along with business interests, the correspondence of Abbott Lawrence during his term in the U.S. House of Representatives also relates to the revoking of various bank charters and the money situation in the country at that time.
Cornelia Frothingham Wolcott letterbook (1838-1850) contains letters from her to her sisters Harriet (Hatty, later J.H.'s second wife), Eliza Robbins, Louisa Jackson; her brother Theodore Frothingham; and other family members. The letters span from before her marriage to J.H. Wolcott until three years after their marriage, also the year of her death. Most of the letters were copied by Cornelia and later by Harriet.
Huntington F. Wolcott Civil War Papers
Huntington F. Wolcott Civil War papers contain letters from H.F. Wolcott to his father and step-mother, J.H. and Harriet Wolcott from his positions in the field as a Lieutenant in the 2nd Massachusetts Cavalry, from March May, 1865. Also included are his commission (1864); a muster roll (March 28, 1865); and a few of his orders.
Roger Wolcott letters from abroad
Roger Wolcott letters from abroad include a few loose letters to his parents and a letterbook containing copies of his letters to Harriet Wolcott while he and his new bride Edith Prescott Wolcott were travelling abroad, 1874-1876.
Roger Wolcott letters to Roger Wolcott, Jr. written while the latter was away at summer camps, 1889-1898, with some gaps in the years.
Governor Roger Wolcott papers contain correspondence, invitations to, and responses to invitations from Wolcott while he was Lt. Governor and Governor of Massachusetts and Chief Marshall for the Commencement at Harvard University in 1895. Also, two letters from John D. Long to Wolcott regarding Wolcott's rejection of an offer to be a member of a federal commission sent to the Philippines. With the exception of these two letters, these are the only official papers related to Wolcott's governorship, the rest of the correspondence related to his membership in clubs and other items of a personal nature. Additional correspondents include Frederick Greenhalge, J.B. Frothingham, Alexander H. Rice, Phillips Brooks, T.W. Higginson, Henry W. Beecher, and M.A. Field.
Book of poetry mostly copied by Harriet Wolcott with some later additions by Governor Roger Wolcott.
Wolcott memorial papers contain clippings and a list of the distribution by Miss Wolcott of Longmeadow, Mass. of a memorial book done in 1881 by the sons of Frederick Wolcott and given to the Wolcott Library in Litchfield, Conn, and privately distributed by the family in 1886.
H.F. and J.H. Wolcott Funds at Harvard University, funds donated by Roger Wolcott in the names of the late Huntington F. and Joshua Huntington Wolcott, the former to be used by the trustees of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology and the latter for the purchase of books for the University Library. These materials include a copy of the gift in 1891 and letters (1892-1900) from F.W. Putnam of the Peabody Museum informing Roger Wolcott of the use of the funds.
II. Prescott family
Arranged by type of material
A. Family history materials
Included are genealogical materials; family trees; biographical sketches of members of the Prescott family, including Col. William Prescott; and clippings.
B. Family papers
Miscellaneous family letters including a facsimile of a letter from William Hickling Prescott and one from Catherine Greene Hickling Prescott (with typescript); and a typescript copy of the 1786-1789 diary of Catherine Greene Hickling (later Prescott) written on the island of St. Michael, the Azores, while her father, Thomas Hickling, was Consul there.
III. Frothingham family
Genealogical materials and family trees.
IV. Huntington family
Arranged by type of material
Genealogical materials and a document on the "Phrenological character of Mr. [?] Huntington (1838).
V. Hickling family
Genealogical materials, including some biographical sketches of members of the Hickling family and a typescript of Thomas Hickling's diary of a 1796 trip to England and France.
VI. Amory family
VII. Chester family
Genealogical materials, including a Chester-Huntington family sketch.
VIII. Coffin family
IX. Greene family
X. Lombard family
XI. Other genealogical materials
Arranged alphabetically by family name
Genealogical materials, including notes, sketches, clippings, and family trees on the Atkins, Austin, Blanchard, Collicot, Collins, Gager, Hale, Hall, Hayden, Holyoke, Hutchinson, Kibbell, Leete, Linzee, Miller, Paine, Peabody, Phipps, Pickering, Putnam, Pynchon, Rainsford, Rand, Smith, Sunderland, Talcott, Townsend, Upham, Whittemore, and Williams families. Many of the notes are those of Governor Roger Wolcott.
Arranged by type of material
These materials include a set of sermons (1746-1811), most of which are by Rev. Phillips Payson (1736-1801), minister at Chelsea, Mass., including the funeral sermon of Capt. John Sale in 1763; a series of letters (1859-1865) written to Hannah (Stevenson?], mostly from her brothers Robert H. and Thomas G. Stevenson from the field during the Civil War, the former being a member of the 24th Mass. Volunteers and the latter a Brigadier General with the U.S. Volunteers; a set of cut-slip autographs of politicians and other historically significant persons; and unidentified genealogical notes and other items.
Photographs Removed from the Collection
Photographs from this collection were removed to theWolcott family Civil War carte de visite album, ca. 1860-1866. Photo. Coll. 70.
Wolcott family papers II, Massachusetts Historical Society.
This collection is indexed under the following headings in ABIGAIL, the online catalog of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Researchers desiring materials about related persons, organizations, or subjects should search the catalog using these headings.