COLLECTION GUIDES

1814-1828

Guide to the Microfilm Edition


Collection Summary

Abstract

This collection consists of the papers of the commission created under Article 5 of the Treaty of Ghent to establish the northeast boundary between Canada and the U.S.

Historical Sketch

The Northeast Boundary Commission was created under Article 5 of the Treaty of Ghent (1814) to establish the northeast boundary between Canada and the United States. The commission operated from 1816 to 1822.

Sources

Hale, Richard W., Jr. "The Forgotten Maine Boundary Commission." Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Ed. Marjorie F. Gutheim. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 1959. 147-155.

Collection Description

The Northeast Boundary Commission papers consist of reports, memorials, maps, and journals kept by surveyors and astronomers employed by British agent Ward Chipman and U.S. agent William C. Bradley; memorials of both agents; and accounts of expenses incurred by Chipman and Bradley. Also included are astronomer Ferdinand Hassler's treatise "Upon the Geocentric Latitude"; oaths of surveyors, astronomers, and commissioners; instructions to surveyors; commissions for the British commissioner Cornelius P. Van Ness, American commissioner Thomas Barclay, British agent Ward Chipman, and American agent W.C. Bradley; minutes of commission proceedings; a small amount of commission correspondence; and accounts of commission secretary Salma Hale.

Acquisition Information

Deposited by Robert S. Hale and Richard W. Hale, September 1904; deposited by Richard W. Hale, Jr., March 2, 1953.

Detailed Description of the Collection

I. Commissions, instructions, and oaths, 1814-1820

This series contains a copy of Article 5 of the Treaty of Ghent, which established the Northeast Boundary Commission, as well as various oaths, including the oaths of the commissioners, oaths of British and American surveyors and their assistants, and oaths of the astronomers and their assistants. Also included in this series are commissions for Thomas Barclay (the British commissioner) and C. P. Van Ness (the American commissioner), for Ward Chipman (the British agent), and for William C. Bradley (the American agent), as well as instructions issued to Ward Chipman and to the surveyors.

Reel 1Box 1Folder 1
Treaty of Ghent, Article 5 (copy), 1814
Reel 1Box 1Folder 2
Oaths of commissioners, 23 Sep. 1816
Reel 1Box 1Folder 3
British oaths: surveyors and assistants, 1817
Reel 1Box 1Folder 4
American oaths: surveyors and assistants, 1817-1820
Reel 1Box 1Folder 5
Oaths: astronomers and assistants, 1818-1819
Reel 1Box 1Folder 6
Commissions: Barclay, Van Ness, Chipman, Bradley, 1815-1817
Reel 1Box 1Folder 7
Instructions to surveyors, 1819-1820
Reel 1Box 1Folder 8
Instructions to Ward Chipman, 1815

II. Minutes and correspondence, 1816-1828

This series includes volume 1, a "journal" containing the minutes of commission meetings, as well as a page index to the volume. Also included in this series are loose pages of minutes and a small amount of commission correspondence.

Reel 1Box 1Folder 1
Page index to volume 1, "Journal" (minutes), 23 Sep. 1816-13 Apr. 1822
Reel 1Vol. 1
"Journal" (minutes), 23 Sep. 1816-13 Apr. 1822
Reel 1Box 1Folder 2
Miscellaneous undated minutes
Reel 1Box 1Folder 3-9
Minutes, 1816-Apr. 1822
Reel 1Box 1Folder 10
Correspondence, 1820-1828

III. Memorials and reports, 1818-1822

Arranged chronologically.

This series contains all of the reports, arguments, replies, and evidence for each agent's claims in the border debate, including reports by surveyors and their assistants, astronomers and their assistants, and "memorials" (arguments) by the agents Ward Chipman (Great Britain) and William C. Bradley (United States). In some cases, there are multiple drafts of a memorial. Volumes 2 and 3 consist of a memorial filed by Ward Chipman on 14 Aug. 1821 (vol. 2) with a bound appendix (vol. 3). Volumes 4 and 5 are the final reports issued by commissioners C. P. Van Ness and Thomas Barclay.

Reel 1Box 1Folder 1
Surveyors' reports (Bouchette and Johnson), 22 May 1818
Reel 1Box 1Folder 2
Memorials (Chipman and Bradley), filed 23 May 1818
Reel 1Box 1Folder 3
Surveyors' reports (Bouchette and Johnson), filed 11 May 1819

See also: Oversize documents.

Reel 1Box 1Folder 4
F. R. Hassler's "Upon the Geocentric Latitude," 3 May 1819

See also: Oversize documents.

Reel 1Box 1Folder 4
Astronomers' reports, filed 11 May 1819

See also: Oversize documents.

Reel 1Box 1Folder 5
Memorial (Chipman), filed 13 May 1819
Reel 1Box 1Folder 6
Memorial (Bradley), filed 18 May 1819
Reel 1Box 2Folder 7
Memorial (Chipman), filed 19 May 1819
Reel 1Box 2Folder 8
Surveyor's report (Burnham), filed May 1820
Reel 1Box 2Folder 9
Astronomer's report (Tiarks), filed 16 May 1820
Reel 1Box 2Folder 10
Surveyor's report (Odell), filed 19 May 1820
Reel 2Box 2Folder 11
Surveyor's report (Partridge), filed 19 May 1820
Reel 2Box 2Folder 12
Surveyors' reports (assistant U.S. surveyors), filed 19 May 1820
Reel 2Box 2Folder 13
Memorial (Bradley), filed 22 May 1820
Reel 2Box 2Folder 14
Memorial (Chipman), filed 25 May 1820
Reel 2Box 2Folder 15
Memorial (Bradley), filed 29 May 1820
Reel 2Box 2Folder 16
Memorial (Chipman), filed 23 Oct. 1820

"First Memorial."

Reel 2Box 2Folder 17
Memorial (Chipman), filed 23 Oct. 1820

"First Memorial," a true copy.

Reel 2Box 2Folder 18
Memorial (Chipman), filed 23 Oct. 1820

"First Memorial," possibly a draft.

Reel 2Box 2Folder 19
Memorial (Chipman), filed 24 May 1821
Reel 2Box 2Folder 20
Memorial (Bradley), filed 25 May 1821
Reel 2Box 2Folder 21
Memorial (Chipman), filed 31 May 1821
Reel 2Box 2Folder 22
Memorial (Bradley), filed 2 June 1821
Reel 2Box 2Folder 23
Memorial (Chipman), filed 8 June 1821
Reel 2Box 2Folder 24
Memorial (Chipman), filed 8 June 1821

"Second Memorial," with appended letters.

Reel 2Box 2Folder 25
Memorial (Chipman), filed 8 June 1821

"Second Memorial," a true copy.

Reel 2Box 2Folder 26
Memorial (Bradley), filed 8 June 1821

With appended documents.

Reel 2Box 2Folder 27
Memorial (Bradley), filed 9 June 1821
Reel 2Box 2Folder 28
Memorial (Bradley), filed 6 Aug. 1821
Reel 2Box 2Folder 29
Memorial (Bradley), filed 10 Aug. 1821

With appended surveyor's letter.

Reel 2Box 2Folder 30
Memorial (Bradley), filed 10 Aug. 1821

A true copy.

Reel 2Box 3Folder 31
Memorial (Bradley), filed 10 Aug. 1821

Possibly a final draft version.

Reel 2Box 3Folder 32
Memorial (Bradley), filed 10 Aug. 1821

Rougher draft version.

Reel 2Box 3Folder 33
American surveyor's note, filed 13 Aug. 1821
Reel 2Box 3Folder 34
Memorial (Chipman), filed 14 Aug. 1821
Reel 3Vol. 2
Memorial (Chipman), filed 14 Aug. 1821

Not in final form.

Reel 3Box 3Folder 35
Documents annexed to Ward Chipman's memorial, filed 14 Aug. 1821

See also: Oversize documents.

Reel 3Box 3Folder 36
Memorial (Bradley), filed 14 Aug. 1821

With appended documents.

Reel 3Box 3Folder 37
Additional memorial (Chipman), filed 14 Aug. 1821
Reel 3Vol. 3
"Appendix to British Agent's Reply" (Chipman), filed 14 Aug. 1821
Reel 3Box 3Folder 38
Memorial (Chipman), filed 26 Sep. 1821
Reel 3Box 3Folder 39
Memorial (Bradley), filed 27 Sep. 1821
Reel 3Box 3Folder 40
Memorial (Bradley), dated 27 Sep. 1821

Longer than above, a draft version.

Reel 3Box 3Folder 41
Memorial (Chipman), filed 27 Sep. 1821
Reel 3Box 3Folder 42
Memorial (Chipman), filed 29 Sep. 1821
Reel 3Box 3Folder 43
Surveyor's report (Partridge), filed 2 Oct. 1821
Reel 3Box 3Folder 44
Surveyor's report (Loring), filed 2 Oct. 1821
Reel 3Box 3Folder 45
Surveyor's report (Hunter), filed 2 Oct. 1821
Reel 4Box 3Folder 46
Surveyor's report (Burnham), filed 2 Oct. 1821
Reel 4Box 3Folder 47
Memorial (Chipman), filed 2 Oct. 1821
Reel 4Box 3Folder 48
Surveyor's report (Loss), filed 2 Oct. 1821
Reel 4Box 3Folder 49
Surveyor's report (Campbell), filed 2 Oct. 1821
Reel 4Box 3Folder 50
Surveyor's report (Odell), filed 2 Oct. 1821
Reel 4Box 3Folder 51
Surveyor's reports (Carlisle), filed 2 Oct. 1821
Reel 4Box 3Folder 52
Reports of Dr. Tiarks, filed 2 Oct. 1821
Reel 4Vol. 4
Report of commissioner C. P. Van Ness, 13 Apr. 1822
Reel 4Vol. 5
Report of commissioner Thomas Barclay, 13 Apr. 1822

IV. Financial records, 1817-1822

This series consists of accounts for expenses and is divided into three subseries: A. British accounts, by British agent Ward Chipman; B. American accounts, by American agent William C. Bradley; and C. Secretary's accounts, by commission secretary Salma Hale.

A. British accounts, 1817-1821

Arranged chronologically.

This subseries contains British agent Ward Chipman's accounts for supplies, travel expenses, and salaries for his exploring parties, surveying parties, and astronomers. The accounts include "schedules," or summaries of accounts; "abstracts," or lists of what is included in an account; and "vouchers," receipts or receipted bills for expenses. Note that accounts "passed"--accepted by the commission secretary--in a given year include expenses incurred the year before.

British accounts passed 21 May 1818

Reel 4Box 3Folder 1
Account of expenditures, schedule A-N
Reel 4Box 3Folder 2
Account A (Coolidge, Deblois & Co.)
Reel 4Box 3Folder 3
Account B (Crookshank & Johnston), abstract and vouchers 1-56
Reel 4Box 3Folder 4
Account C (Peter Fraser), abstract and vouchers 1-20
Reel 4Box 3Folder 5
Account D (Colin Campbell), abstract; E (Richard Smith), abstract
Reel 4Box 3Folder 6
Account F (pay to exploring party), abstract with receipts
Reel 4Box 3Folder 7
Account G (pay to surveying party); H (Colin Campbell); I (William Whitney); K (W. Reynolds); L (J. Bremner); M (W. Pagan)
Reel 5Box 4Folder 8
Account N (Col. Bouchette), abstract and vouchers 1-20

British accounts passed 20 May 1819

Reel 5Box 4Folder 9
Account of expenditures, schedule I-VII
Reel 5Box 4Folder 10
Account I (expenditures on exploring survey), schedules A, B, and C
Reel 5Box 4Folder 11
Account I.A (pay of assistants and laborers on exploring survey), abstract and vouchers 1-26
Reel 5Box 4Folder 12
Account I.B (Richard Powers), abstract and vouchers 1-9
Reel 5Box 4Folder 13
Account I.C (W. Odell, contingent expenses), abstract and vouchers 1-8
Reel 5Box 4Folder 14
Account II (expenditures by W. Chipman in operations on 45th parallel), schedule 1-13
Reel 5Box 4Folder 15
Account II.1 (Dr. Tiark's assistants and laborers), abstract and vouchers 1-13
Reel 5Box 4Folder 16
Account II.2 (Dyde & Martinant), abstract and vouchers 1-6
Reel 5Box 4Folder 17
Account II.3 (Dyde & Martinant), abstract and vouchers 1-3
Reel 5Box 4Folder 18
Accounts II.4-11 (miscellaneous expenses), vouchers
Reel 5Box 4Folder 19
Accounts II.12, II.13 (traveling expenses)
Reel 5Box 4Folder 20
Accounts III (N. Rossiter), IV (P. Fraser), V (Col. Bouchette), VI (W. Odell), VII (W. Odell)

British accounts passed May 1820

Reel 5Box 4Folder 21
Expenditures, schedule of accounts I-IV, with account I (C. Satterthwaite) and II (W. Odell)
Reel 5Box 4Folder 22
Account III (expenditures of exploring survey), schedule and account III.A (pay of assistants and laborers), abstract and unnumbered vouchers
Reel 5Box 4Folder 23
Account III.B (Colin Campbell), abstract and vouchers 1-20
Reel 5Box 4Folder 24
Account III.B, A-H (traveling expenses), with voucher subsets
Reel 5Box 4Folder 25
Account IV (expenditures on the 45th parallel), schedule A-E
Reel 5Box 4Folder 26
Account IV.A (J. Gallagher), abstract and unnumbered vouchers
Reel 6Box 4Folder 27
Account IV.A, unnumbered vouchers
Reel 6Box 4Folder 28
Account IV.A, Thomas Carlisle's unnumbered vouchers
Reel 6Box 4Folder 29
Account IV.A, Peter Gazet's unnumbered vouchers
Reel 6Box 4Folder 30
Account IV.B (Dr. Tiarks), abstract and mostly unnumbered vouchers
Reel 6Box 4Folder 31
Accounts IV.C (E. Newell), D (T. Sous), E (J. Gallagher)

British accounts passed Sep. 1821

Reel 6Box 4Folder 32
General account for commissioners (1821), schedule I-VI
Reel 6Box 5Folder 33
Schedule I (expenditures on exploring surveys), A-K
Reel 6Box 5Folder 34
Account I.B (Colin Campbell), abstract and vouchers 1-19
Reel 6Box 5Folder 35
Account I.C (Colin Campbell's traveling expenses)
Reel 6Box 5Folder 36
Account I.D (J. Watson), vouchers 1-13
Reel 6Box 5Folder 37
Account II (Dr. Tiarks' survey expenses), schedule with accounts A and B (Thomas Carlisle's pay and expenditures)
Reel 6Box 5Folder 38
Account II.B.1 (Thomas Carlisle 9 June-29 Sep. 1820), vouchers 1-40
Reel 6Box 5Folder 39
Account II.B.2 (Thomas Carlisle 3 Oct.-15 Dec. 1820), vouchers 1-25
Reel 6Box 5Folder 40
Account II.B.3 (Thomas Carlisle 20 Nov. 1820-10 May 1821), vouchers 1-32
Reel 7Box 5Folder 41
Accounts II.C-D (Charles Loss's pay and expenses), with unnumbered vouchers
Reel 7Box 5Folder 42
Accounts II.E (D. Canahie), F (N. Pilkington), G (J. Mazerole), H (D. Mardermont), I (M. Dicereau), K (M. Disarian), L (Postage)
Reel 7Box 5Folder 43
Accounts III (Mrs. Delano), IV-V (Odell), VI (T. Stevenson)

B. American accounts, 1817-1821

Arranged chronologically.

This subseries contains American agent William C. Bradley's accounts for supplies, travel expenses, and salaries for his exploring parties, surveying parties, and astronomers.

American accounts passed 21 May 1818

Reel 7Box 5Folder 1
Expenditures, schedule A-O
Reel 7Box 5Folder 2
Accounts A (H. H. Orne), B (John Don & Co.), C (Richard Powers), D (John Johnson)
Reel 7Box 5Folder 3
Account E (Charles Turner, Jr.), with unnumbered vouchers
Reel 7Box 5Folder 4
Accounts F (J. Merryman), G (J. Jones, Jr. & Co.), H (H. Gates & Nephew), I (pay) with abstract and vouchers 1-14
Reel 7Box 5Folder 5
Accounts K (pay of chainmen and laborers on survey party) with vouchers 1-15; L (C. Turner, Jr.), M (S. Appleby), N (L. Cummings), O (H. Fletcher)

American accounts passed 20 May 1819

Reel 7Box 5Folder 6
Expenditures, schedule I-IX
Reel 7Box 5Folder 7
Accounts I (N. Hayes), II (H. H. Orne)
Reel 7Box 5Folder 8-9
Account III (expenditures for outfits), abstract A and vouchers 1-43
Reel 7Box 5Folder 10
Account IV (pay of men under astronomers), abstract B and vouchers 1-14
Reel 7Box 5Folder 11
Account V (pay of men in exploring survey), abstract C and vouchers 1-16
Reel 7Box 5Folder 12
Account VI (R. Powers expenditures), vouchers 1-25

See also: Abstract D (oversize).

Reel 7Box 5Folder 13
Account VI (R. Powers expenditures), vouchers 26-58
Reel 7Box 6Folder 14
Account VII (E. Chamberlain)
Reel 7Box 6Folder 15
Account VIII (astronomer's expenses), abstract with unnumbered vouchers
Reel 7Box 6Folder 16
Account VIII (astronomer's expenses), vouchers 1-38
Reel 8Box 6Folder 17-18
Account VIII (astronomer's expenses), vouchers 39-89
Reel 8Box 6Folder 19
Account VIII (astronomer's expenses), voucher 90 (astronomical surveying party) with unnumbered subset vouchers
Reel 8Box 6Folder 20
Account VIII (astronomer's expenses), voucher 91 (J. S. Gallagher) with unnumbered subset vouchers
Reel 8Box 6Folder 21
Account VIII (astronomer's expenses), voucher 92 (Gaius Willard) with unnumbered subset vouchers
Reel 8Box 6Folder 22
Account VIII (astronomer's expenses), vouchers 93-98
Reel 8Box 6Folder 23
Account VIII (astronomer's expenses), voucher 99 (astronomical surveying parties account) with unnumbered subset vouchers
Reel 8Box 6Folder 24-26
Account VIII (astronomer's expenses), vouchers 100-171
Reel 8Box 6Folder 27
Account IX (H. Burnham and W. Lewis)

American accounts passed May 1820

Reel 9Box 6Folder 28
Expenditures, schedule I-VII
Reel 9Box 6Folder 29
Accounts I-II (R. Tillottson's pay and expenses), with unnumbered vouchers
Reel 9Box 6Folder 30
Account III (outfits and transportation), abstract A and vouchers 1-14
Reel 9Box 6Folder 31
Account IV (pay for assistants and laborers), abstract B and vouchers 1-20
Reel 9Box 6Folder 32
Account V (Richard Powers), abstract C and vouchers 1-30
Reel 9Box 7Folder 33
Account V (Richard Powers), vouchers 31-60
Reel 9Box 7Folder 34
Account V (Richard Powers), vouchers 61-66, with subset vouchers for 62-64
Reel 9Box 7Folder 35
Accounts VI (Captain Partridge), VII (N. Hays)

American accounts passed Sep. 1821

Reel 9Box 7Folder 36
Expenditures, schedule I-VII
Reel 9Box 7Folder 37
Accounts I-III (Salma Hale)
Reel 9Box 7Folder 38
Account IV (Richard Powers), abstract and vouchers 1-45
Reel 9Box 7Folder 39-41
Account IV, voucher 46-49 with subsets for 46, 48-49
Reel 9Box 7Folder 42
Account V (Hiram Burnham), abstract and vouchers 1-25
Reel 10Box 7Folder 43
Account V (Hiram Burnham), vouchers 26-55
Reel 10Box 7Folder 44
Account VI (pay for assistants and laborers), abstract and vouchers 1-17

C. Secretary's accounts, 1820-1822

This subseries contains commission secretary Salma Hale's accounts, including vouchers and records for copying, postage, stationery, room rent, and contingent expenses.

Reel 10Box 7Folder 1
Miscellaneous accounts with numbered vouchers
Reel 10Box 7Folder 2
Schedule of account, with abstracts and miscellaneous vouchers
Reel 10Box 7Folder 3
Ward Chipman's account, abstract with vouchers 1-21
Reel 10Box 7Folder 4
Account A (copying), abstract with vouchers 1-46 and unnumbered vouchers
Reel 10Box 7Folder 5
Account B (stationery), abstract and unnumbered vouchers
Reel 10Box 7Folder 6
Account C (room rent and contingent expenses), abstract and unnumbered vouchers
Reel 10Box 7Folder 7
Account D (Hiram Burnham), abstract with vouchers 1-17
Reel 10Box 7Folder 8
Account E (Thomas Carlisle)
Reel 10Box 7Folder 9
Account F (postage, etc.), abstract with unnumbered vouchers
Box 7Folder 10
Duplicate vouchers

Note: These vouchers have not been microfilmed.

V. Field journals and accounts, 1817-1819

This series of volumes contains two field journals (vol. 6-7) kept in 1817, one by British assistant surveyor Colin Campbell and the other by American assistant surveyor Charles Turner, Jr. Turner's field journal includes provision returns and a "chainmen's field-book of measurement." The series also contains two journals (vol. 8-9) kept by R. Powers, the commissary of the American party, with accounts and diary entries.

Reel 10Box 8Folder 1
Field journal of Colin Campbell, 14 June-14 Oct. 1817, filed 22 May 1818

See also: Colin Campbell's plan of boundary line between the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. (oversize).

Reel 10Box 8Folder 2
Field journal of Charles Turner, Jr., 30 June-7 Nov. 1817

Includes provision returns and chainmen's field-book of measurement.

Reel 10Box 8Folder 3
Journal of R. Powers, 16 May 1818-3 Nov. 1818

Includes accounts, 16 May-2 Nov. 1818, and diary entries, 6 June-3 Nov. 1818.

Reel 10Box 8Folder 4
Journal of R. Powers, 6 June-10 Dec. 1819

Includes account of expenditures.

Preferred Citation

Northeast Boundary Commission papers, Massachusetts Historical Society.

Access Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in ABIGAIL, the online catalog of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Researchers desiring materials about related persons, organizations, or subjects should search the catalog using these headings.

Persons:

Barclay, Thomas, 1753-1830.
Bradley, William Czar, 1782-1867.
Chipman, Ward, 1754-1824.
Hale, Salma, 1787-1866.
Hassler, F. R. (Ferdinand Rudolph), 1770-1843.
Van Ness, Cornelius P. (Cornelius Peter), 1782-1852.

Organizations:

Great Britain. Treaties, etc. United States, 1814 Dec. 24

Subjects:

Astronomers.
Canada--Boundaries--United States.
Northeast boundary of the United States.
Surveyors.
United States--Boundaries--Canada.