COLLECTION GUIDES

1792-1951; bulk: 1820-1870

Guide to the Collection

Restrictions on Access

The Charles G. Loring and Francis C. Loring papers are stored offsite and must be requested at least two business days in advance via Portal1791. Researchers needing more than six items from offsite storage should provide additional advance notice. If you have questions about requesting materials from offsite storage, please contact the reference desk at 617-646-0532 or reference@masshist.org.


Collection Summary

Abstract

This collection consists of the personal and professional papers of Boston lawyers Charles Greely Loring and Francis Caleb Loring, the bulk dating from the 1820s through the 1870s. It includes the estate records of Boston merchant Gardiner Greene; notes of several cases argued before the U.S. Supreme Court; legal documents; and papers related to Charles's chairmanship of the committee to construct Harvard's Memorial Alumni Hall.

Biographical Sketches

Charles Greely Loring (1794-1867) was born in Boston on 2 May 1794, the son of Caleb Loring (1764-1850) and Ann Greely Loring (1769-1819). He graduated from Harvard College in 1812, then studied at Litchfield Law School in Connecticut. Admitted to the Suffolk Co. Bar in 1815, he practiced law in Boston with Franklin Dexter from 1816 to 1819, and later with his brother, Francis Caleb Loring, and Charles's son, Caleb William Loring. He specialized in marine insurance and real estate and argued several times before the U.S. Supreme Court. Twice offered appointments to the U.S. Senate, to replace Webster in 1849 and Everett in 1853, Charles declined them both. He represented Suffolk County in the Mass. Senate in 1862, serving as chair of the Judiciary Committee and the Committee on Mercantile Affairs, and was the author of numerous newspaper articles and political pamphlets. Charles married first Anna Pierce Brace (1798-1836) of Litchfield, Conn. in 1818, and the couple had four children: Caleb William Loring (1819-1897); Jane Lathrop Loring Gray (1821-1909); Susan Mary Loring Jackson (1823-1895); and Charles Greely Loring (1828-1907). After Anna's death in 1836, Charles married Mary Anne Putnam (1804-1845) in 1840. After Mary Anne's death in 1845, he married Cornelia Amory Goddard, who survived him. He died in his summer home in Beverly in 1867.

Francis Caleb Loring (1809-1874) was born in Boston on 19 Sep. 1809, the son of Caleb Loring (1764-1850) and Ann Greely Loring (1769-1819). He graduated from Harvard College in 1828 and from Harvard Law in 1830. Admitted to the Suffolk Co. Bar in 1831, he practiced law in Boston with his brother Charles Greely Loring and later with his nephew Caleb William Loring, specializing in admiralty law. He served as a warden of the Nahant Church from 1849 to 1851. Francis married Miriam Mason (d. 1871) and had four children: Ann Powell Loring (b. 1837), Miriam Perkins Loring (b. 1839), Francis Caleb Loring (1841-1888), and Gertrude Loring (b. 1844). He died on 19 August 1874 at his summer home in Nahant.

Caleb William Loring (1819-1897) was born in Boston on 31 July 1819, the son of Charles Greely Loring and Anna Pierce Brace. He studied law at Harvard and later practiced in Boston. Loring also served as the president of the Plymouth Cordage Company. He married Elizabeth Smith Peabody (1822-1869) in 1845 and had four children: Katharine Peabody Loring (1849-1943), William Caleb Loring (1851-1930), Louisa Putnam Loring (1854-1924), and Augustus Peabody Loring (1856-1938). Caleb built a summer home in Beverly in 1851 and lived there year round in his later years. He died on 29 January 1897 in Camden, S.C.

Collection Description

The Charles G. Loring and Francis C. Loring papers consist of two record cartons and one oversize box of manuscript and printed material comprising the professional and personal papers of Charles Greely Loring and Francis Caleb Loring, brothers who practiced law together in Boston from the 1830s through the 1860s, and to a lesser extent, of Charles's son, Boston lawyer Caleb William Loring.

The bulk of legal papers relate to the estate settlement of Boston merchant Gardiner Greene, including estate inventories; trust and guardianship agreements for Greene's daughter Susannah Greene Hammond and her sons; legal correspondence; correspondence with Susannah's brother John Singleton Copley Greene about the welfare of his nephews; trust accounts; and records related to trust property held in Mass. and New York City. Additional legal papers include case notes for admiralty and contract trials held in Boston and before the U.S. Supreme Court, the founding agreement for the charitable Boston Children's Aid Society, and transcripts of legal documents related to the ship Galen and brig Traveller, which were accosted by French privateers. Printed court briefs, proceedings, and pleading contain numerous handwritten annotations.

Personal papers include those related to Charles G. Loring's chairmanship of the committee to erect Harvard's Memorial Alumni Hall and his efforts to honor George Ticknor's work with the Boston Public Library. Also included is the correspondence of Caleb W. Loring with his Beverly neighbor, Charles Cushing Paine, primarily related to property rights of way. Caleb's grandson, Augustus Peabody Loring, Jr., married a descendant of Jonathan Ingersoll Bowditch. This is most likely the reason that a small set of Bowditch family papers, including an editorial proof of Nathaniel Bowditch's New American Practical Navigator, are a part of this collection.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Jonathan Loring, Sep. 2014.

Restrictions on Access

The Charles G. Loring and Francis C. Loring papers are stored offsite and must be requested at least two business days in advance via Portal1791. Researchers needing more than six items from offsite storage should provide additional advance notice. If you have questions about requesting materials from offsite storage, please contact the reference desk at 617-646-0532 or reference@masshist.org.

Detailed Description of the Collection

I. Legal papers, 1792-1873

This series contains documents related to the legal work of Charles G. Loring, Francis C. Loring, and Caleb W. Loring. It includes records pertaining to the estate of Boston merchant Gardiner Greene and the trust accounts of his daughter and grandsons; notes related to various contract and admiralty court cases, including two cases tried before the U.S. Supreme Court; and other legal papers including deeds for Boston wharves and industrial lands, papers related to the capture of the ship Galen and brig Traveller by French privateers, and an agreement founding the Boston Children's Aid Society.

A. Greene-Hammond trust papers, 1826-1855

Arranged chronologically.

This subseries contains documents related to the administration of the estate of Gardiner Greene (1753-1832), one of Boston's wealthiest merchants and the son-in-law of painter John Singleton Copley. Under Greene's will, Charles G. Loring and Francis C. Loring were appointed trustees for his daughter Susannah Greene Hammond, whose husband Samuel died in 1836. When Susannah herself died in 1844, the Lorings assumed the financial guardianship of her two minor children, Samuel Hammond and Gardiner Greene Hammond, while Susannah's brother, John S. C. Greene, controlled the boys' education, religious upbringing, and daily affairs.

Documents include a copy of Gardiner Greene's will; correspondence between Francis C. Loring and John S. C. Greene; legal certificates of appointment; and probate filings. Accounts, receipts, and financial correspondence pertain to the management of property within the estate, including real estate in Boston, New York City, and Ohio; bank stocks; manufacturing and insurance stocks; mortgages; and other notes. Real estate investment records contain detailed information about stores in Boston's newly established Pemberton Square, including purchase and sales agreements and the management of rental property. Later documents are largely rental property accounts, annual financial reports of the estate, correspondence with New York property managers, and correspondence with John S. C. Greene about the financial support of his nephews.

Carton 1SH 1A2MFolders 1-37
1826-1855
OS Box Folder 1
1836-1850

B. Trial notes, 1850-1873

Arranged chronologically.

Papers in this subseries are organized by case name, largely consisting of contract and admiralty law. They include correspondence, research notes, argument outlines, transcripts of court testimony, and manuscript and printed versions of court statements and findings. Of interest is the 1851 case of Evans v. City of Boston, in which a contractor sued the city of Boston for damages incurred while filling in the South Bay and building a railroad, as well as two cases tried before the U.S. Supreme Court: Hemmenway v. Fisher (1856) and Durant v. Lawrence (1857). Some cases appear to have been settled out of court. While much of the correspondence is that of Francis C. Lowell, it is unclear what part he or his brother, Charles G. Lowell, played in many of the trials.

Carton 1SH 1A2MFolders 38-51
Bevan v. Boston Iron Co., 1850
Carton 1SH 1A2MFolders 52-66
Evans v. City of Boston, 1851
Carton 1SH 1A2MFolders 67-68
Bevan v. Massachusetts Iron Co., 1852
Carton 1SH 1A2MFolders 69-71
Boston Iron Co. v. Massachusetts Iron Co., 1854
Carton 1SH 1A2MFolders 72-81
Hemmenway v. Fisher, 1856
Carton 1SH 1A2MFolders 82-94
Durant v. Lawrence, 1856-1857
Carton 2SH 1A2NFolders 1-4
Hall v. Pacific Mutual Insurance Co., 1865-1873
Carton 2SH 1A2NFolders 5-6
Treat v. Manhattan Insurance Co., 1867-1869
Carton 2SH 1A2NFolders 7-11
Richardson v. Winsor, 1869

C. Miscellaneous legal papers, 1792-1868

Arranged chronologically and by record type.

i. Wills, deeds, and indentures, 1792-1855

Included is a 1795 deed for the stables of the Roxbury meeting house (later the First Church of Roxbury), indentures of leases for stores on Boston's Central Wharf from 1821 to 1823, an 1827 deed from the City of Boston to the Boston Mill Corporation, deeds given by the Lewis Wharf Corporation (1838-1841) and the Boston Brick Manufacturing Co. (1855), several wills, and deeds for Massachusetts land, including that of Francis Cabot Lowell.

OS BoxFolders 2-3
1792-1855
Carton 2SH 1A2NFolders 12-14
1795-1846

ii. Statements related to the ship Galen, 1822

This subseries consists of statements related to the capture of the ship Galen of Boston by French privateers, including the testimony of ship's master John Markey and owner Eliakim Morse. The testimony is related to the Treaty of Amity, which set limits for damages between the U.S. and Spain, and Spanish involvement in the ship's capture.

Carton 2SH 1A2NFolder 15

iii. Howard estate papers, 1827-1835

Papers in this subseries pertain to the estate settlement of Hepzibah C. Howard of Bangor, Me., for which Charles Loring served as a trustee.

Carton 2SH 1A2NFolders 16-17

iv. Translations of French records related to Brig Traveller, 1833

This subseries consists of translations of French document abstracts related to the Brig Traveller, including powers of attorney, the history of the voyage of the Traveller and her capture by the privateer Adele, and the judgement of the French Court in 1801. (Additional documents about this case may be found in the Bowditch-Loring family papers. See Related Materials above.)

Carton 2SH 1A2NFolder 18

v. Correspondence and accounts, 1834-1856

Included are accounts, receipts, financial and legal correspondence, and insurance policies related to various estates or trusts managed by Charles G. Loring, Francis C. Loring, or Caleb W. Loring.

Carton 2SH 1A2NFolders 19-23

vi. Boston Children's Aid Society agreement, 1864

This document is an agreement creating the Boston Children's Aid Society to establish a temporary home for young boys in West Newton. It later merged with other organizations to become the Boston Children's Service Association.

Carton 2SH 1A2NFolder 24

vii. Notes and drafts, 1868, undated

Included are largely undated legal drafts of case statements, legal briefs, and arguments.

Carton 2SH 1A2NFolders 25-27

D. Printed court records, 1851-1870

Arranged chronologically.

This subseries includes printed statements of fact, defendants' briefs, plaintiffs' briefs, case proceedings, and pleadings. Most are related to cases tried by Charles and Francis Loring in the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court. Many contain handwritten annotations.

Carton 2SH 1A2NFolders 28-37

II. Personal papers, 1821-1951

Personal papers include those of Jonathan Ingersoll Bowditch and other Bowditch family members, whose descendants were related to the Lorings by marriage; papers of Charles G. Loring pertaining to his charitable work and his position as chair of Harvard's Memorial Alumni Hall committee; and the correspondence of Caleb W. Loring with his Beverly neighbor, Charles C. Paine.

A. Bowditch family papers, 1839-1951

Arranged chronologically.

This subseries includes Jonathan Ingersoll Bowditch's editorial corrections for the 1839 edition of Nathaniel Bowditch's New American Practical Navigator. (After Nathaniel's death in 1838, editorial responsibility for the Navigator passed to his son Jonathan.) Also included are notes related to Jonathan's 1870 European trip with his wife, Lucy Orne Bowditch, and other family members; Alfred Bowditch's 1915 certificate of appreciation from the U.S. Navy; and other printed material.

Carton 2SH 1A2NFolders 38-39

B. Charles G. Loring personal papers, 1847-1867

Arranged chronologically by subject.

i. Dunster charity records, 1847-1850

Loring's personal papers include correspondence related to the establishment of a charitable fund to support two elderly female descendants of President Dunster of Harvard. Correspondence includes that of Edward Everett, Samuel A. Eliot, and other Harvard alumni, as well as lists of contributors.

Carton 2SH 1A2NFolders 40-41

ii. Memorial Hall papers, 1865-1866

Loring's Memorial Hall papers reflect his position as chairman of the committee to erect Harvard University's Memorial Alumni Hall, including correspondence, resolutions, and printed material. Correspondence includes that with committee members, donors, and prospective architects. Also included are Jan. 1866 meeting minutes.

Carton 2SH 1A2NFolders 42-49

iii. Ticknor bust papers, 1867

These papers include correspondence and meeting minutes related to the committee to commission a permanent memorial of George Ticknor honoring his services to the Boston Public Library.

Carton 2SH 1A2NFolder 50

C. Caleb W. Loring / Charles C. Paine correspondence, 1851-1853

Arranged chronologically.

Correspondence between Caleb W. Loring and Charles C. Paine, primarily concerns property rights of way for their adjacent Beverly, Mass. lands.

Carton 2SH 1A2NFolders 51-54

D. Unrelated or unidentified papers, 1821-1891

Arranged chronologically.

These papers include third party correspondence, unidentified accounts, and memos.

Carton 2SH 1A2NFolders 55-56

Preferred Citation

Charles G. Loring and Francis C. Loring papers, Massachusetts Historical Society.

Access Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in ABIGAIL, the online catalog of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Researchers desiring materials about related persons, organizations, or subjects should search the catalog using these headings.

Persons:

Bowditch, Jonathan Ingersoll, 1806-1889.
Bowditch, Nathaniel, 1773-1838--The new American practical navigator.
Greene, Gardiner, 1753-1832.
Greene, John Singleton Copley, 1810-1872.
Hammond, Susannah Greene, -1844.
Loring, Caleb William, 1819-1897.
Loring, Charles G. (Charles Greely), 1794-1867.
Loring, Francis C. (Francis Caleb), 1809-1874.
Paine, Charles Cushing, 1808-1874.
Ticknor, George, 1791-1871.

Organizations:

Boston Children's Aid Society.
Galen (Ship).
Harvard University--Alumni.
Harvard University. Memorial Hall.
Traveller (Brig).

Subjects:

Admiralty--United States--Cases.
Guardian and ward--Massachusetts.
Lawyers--Massachusetts--Boston.
Practice of law.
Real property--Massachusetts.
Real property--New York.
Trials--Massachusetts--Boston.
Trusts and trustees.