Guide to the Photograph Collection
This collection consists of photographs collected by Dall and Healey family members from 1850-1911, including carte de visite portraits of various members of the Healey, Dall, and Foster families and prominent American figures, and commercially-produced tintypes and cartes de visite collected by William Healey Dall that depict places and colleagues from his journey with the Western Union Telegraph Expedition from California to Alaska and the Yukon, as well as Civil War soldiers and sailors.
Mark Healey (1791-1876)
Mark Healey, born in New Hampshire, was a merchant and banker. His first financial successes were in shipping and importing, and he served as first president of Merchants' Bank, president of the Atlantic Mutual Fund, and as a railroad director. Healey suffered a financial reversal during the Panic of 1837, leading to his family's bankruptcy, from which they recovered. After converting in early adulthood, Healey was a dedicated adherent of Unitarianism. He was a close confidant of his daughter Caroline.
Caroline Wells Healey Dall (1822-1912)
Caroline Wells Healey Dall was born in Boston to Mark Healey (1791-1876) and Caroline Foster (1800-1871). Caroline's father took great interest in her schooling, and she was well-educated in private schools and by tutors. Following a temporary financial reversal that led to the Healey family bankruptcy in 1837, Caroline became a teacher, and she was vice-principal at Miss English's School for Young Ladies in Georgetown, D.C. from 1842 to 1844. She was active in the Unitarian Church, and shared religious interests led to her marriage in 1844 to minister Charles Henry Appleton Dall. They had two children, William Healey Dall (1845-1927) and Sarah Keene Dall (b. 1849), and they lived in Baltimore, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, Needham, Massachusetts, and Toronto as Charles served various parishes. The marriage was troubled, and in 1855, Charles became a Unitarian minister-at-large in India while his family remained in Boston.
In addition to her activity in the Unitarian community, Caroline also became interested in transcendentalism and the ideas of Margaret Fuller in the 1840s. She wrote Essays and Sketches (addressing Christian themes) in 1849 and became a women's rights activist and a more prolific writer after Charles's move to India, relying in large part upon her lecturing and writing to support herself and her family. Perhaps the most influential of her many books is The College, the Market, and the Court; or Woman's Relation to Education, Labor, and Law (1867). Caroline lived in Washington, D.C. with her son William after 1879.
Charles Henry Appleton Dall (1816-1886)
Charles Henry Appleton Dall, a Unitarian minister and missionary, was born in Baltimore to James Dall, Sr. (1781-1863) and Henrietta Austin Dall (b. 1788). In 1824, Charles was sent to Boston, where he lived with relatives of his father, for his schooling. Charles graduated from Harvard College in 1837 and Harvard Divinity School in 1840. In 1841, Charles was ordained a Unitarian evangelist, and he served as a minister-at-large in St. Louis from 1840 to 1842, in Baltimore from 1843 to 1845, and in Portsmouth, New Hampshire in 1846. He served as a pastor in Needham, Massachusetts from 1847 to 1849 and Toronto from 1850 to 1854.
Charles met with mixed success as a minister, which led, along with his marital difficulties, to his move to Calcutta, India in 1855. He served there as the first and only American Unitarian foreign missionary, where he was minister to the European and American Unitarian congregation and founded and directed several schools, but he found difficulty winning converts to Unitarianism. Charles lived in India until his death, visiting the United States in 1862, 1869, 1872, 1875, and 1882.
William Healey Dall (1845-1927)
William Healey Dall was born in Boston to Caroline Wells Healey Dall (1822-1912) and Charles Henry Appleton Dall (1816-1886). He married Annette Whitney in 1880 and had two sons and one daughter.
Although he did not attend college, William became a noted natural historian, paleontologist, and malacologist. As a teenager, William found mentors in physician and naturalist Augustus A. Gould, Harvard zoologist Louis Agassiz, and the faculty of the Harvard Museum of Comparative Zoology. In 1863, he became a clerk in the land office of the Illinois Central Railway, which led to his appointment in 1865 to the Western Union Telegraph Expedition to Alaska and the Yukon. He became a member of the California Academy of Science and gathered specimens on the Pacific Coast when he passed through California in the spring of 1865. During his three years of travel, he collected thousands of biological specimens, studied Indian and Eskimo linguistics, and completed the first detailed examination of the resources of the interior of the territory. With his 1870 book Alaska and Its Resources, William was recognized as the nation's leading expert on Alaska. From 1871 to 1884, he worked for the United States Coast Survey, where he directed a scientific survey of the Aleutian Islands and adjacent coasts. Beginning in 1884, he served as paleontologist for the Geological Survey, and he performed research on mollusks at the U.S. National Museum in Washington, D.C. He continued to work in his office at the Smithsonian Institution after his 1923 retirement until his death.
Benjamin, Marcus. "William Healey Dall. " Dictionary of American Biography. New York, C. Scribner's Sons, 1928-1936. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Michigan: The Gale Group, 2003. Available at: http://www.galenet.com/servlet/BioRC.
"Caroline Wells (Healey) Dall." Contemporary Authors Online, Gale, 2003. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Michigan: The Gale Group, 2003. Available at: http://www.galenet.com/servlet/BioRC.
"Caroline Wells Healey Dall. " Feminist Writers. Detroit: St. James Press, 1996. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Michigan: The Gale Group, 2003. Available at: http://www.galenet.com/servlet/BioRC.
"Dall, Caroline Wells Healey." American Reformers. New York: H.W. Wilson, 1985. Reproduced in Wilson Biographies Plus Online. New York: H.W. Wilson, 2003.
Genzmer, George H. "Caroline Wells Healey Dall. " Dictionary of American Biography. New York, C. Scribner's Sons, 1928-1936. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Michigan: The Gale Group, 2003. Available at: http://www.galenet.com/servlet/BioRC.
Rose, Anne C. "Dall, Caroline Wells Healey." American National Biography, vol. 6. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. pp. 26-27.
Schneider, Robert A. "Dall, Charles Henry Appleton." American National Biography, vol. 6. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. pp. 27-29.
Thomas, Phillip Drennon. "Dall, William Healey." American National Biography, vol. 6. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. pp. 29-30.
The Dall-Healey family photographs contain 297 nineteenth-century photographs in three albums and one narrow box, consisting primarily of cartes de visite, as well as eleven paper-based prints, six daguerreotypes, and five tintypes in three albums and one narrow box. The photographs date from between 1850 and 1911. Among the photographers represented are F. Gutekunst of Philadelphia, Bradley & Rulofson (Henry William Bradley and William Herman Rulofson) of San Francisco, Calif., Henry Ulke of Washington, D.C., and James Wallace Black, A. Sonrel, and John Adams Whipple of Boston, Mass.
The bulk of the photos date from ca. 1860-1890 and are commercial portrait cartes de visite of various Dall, Foster, and Healey family members, as well as family friends and acquaintances. A few prominent figures, including Lucretia Mott and Thomas K. Beecher, are also represented.
The photographs in the William Healey Dall carte de visite album are commercial photographs, many of which reflect Dall's interest in natural history, including photographs of scenes from his journey to Alaska and the Yukon, photos relating to anthropological and botanical interests, and portraits of fellow naturalists and colleagues from the Western Union Telegraph Expedition. Several of the photos depict Civil War soldiers and sailors.
This collection was removed from the Dall-Healey family papers, which were a gift to the Massachusetts Historical Society from Whitney and Barbara K. Dall in June 2002.
Detailed Description of the Collection
I. Photographs in Albums
Arranged according to original order within each volume.
A. Vol. 1: William Healey Dall carte de visite album, ca. 1858-1911
Three tintypes and 189 commercially-produced cartes de visite in one album belonging to William Healey Dall (WHD). A number of the photos reflect his interest in natural history (including anthropological and botanical aspects). All scenes are from his journey with the Western Union Telegraph Expedition to Alaska and the Yukon. The bulk of the photos are portraits, many of which depict WHD's acquaintances and colleagues from the expedition and from time spent in California en route to Alaska and the Yukon. Several of the photographs depict soldiers and sailors. Among the notable figures represented in the album are Sir Charles Lyell, British civil servant in India. It is apparent that photographs of Dall and Healey family members, except for one of WHD, were removed from the album before it came into the possession of the Massachusetts Historical Society. The majority of the photographs could not be removed from the album, so inscriptions and other information from verso are available for only selected items.
Photos. 69.1-10 are loose photographs that were found between the pages of Volume 1. They have been removed to Box 1 (Series II. Loose photographs).
Inscription on back of photo: "Commander of Asiatic Party & a 'c.a.' / Red hair & freckles / W. H. Dall."
Inscription: "Carrie Stickney - Chicago."
Inscription on back of photo: "Henry P. Fisher M.D. W.U.T. C.O.T. / W. H. Dall."
Inscription on back of photo: "Journalist of the Ex Ex. Therefore to be cultivated not on any other particular account. A sort of happy-go-lazy good empty vessel who's been a great way and seen almost nothing. W. H. Dall."
Inscription on back of photo: "Geo. S. Wright adjutant Ex / W. H. Dall."
Inscription on back of photo: "A draughtsman and rather more of an ass than anything else / W. H. Dall."
Inscription: "le boulin"
Inscription on back of photo: "Draughtsman and a good fellow. / W. H. Dall."
Inscription on back of photo: "W K O'Donoughue / "Quartermaster / C.O.T."
Inscription on back of photo: "Truly yours / M. Hammond. / A queer devil / W. H. Dall"
Inscription on back of photo: "Geo. Dow / Colonel Bs boy / W. H. Dall."
Inscription on back of photo: "W. H. Dall." [In Western Union uniform, seated]
Inscription on back of photo: "Nobody in general. / ?Hydes party in Asia/ W. H. Dall."
Inscription on back of photo: "Compliments of Thomas C. Harding / [Bark] Golden Gate San Francisco May 12, 1866."
Inscription on front of photo: "Your Chum." Inscription on back of photo: "A carcajou & a brick / W. H. Dall."
Inscription on back of photo: "Mike Le Barge / Per Denis."
Inscription on back of photo: "Charley Pease Cleveland Ohio Youkon Ex Ex. / Wm. H. Dall."
Inscription on back of photo: "H M Bannister. / Paleontologist."
Inscription: "Paul B. Libby / W. U. Tel. Co."
Inscription on back of photo: "A good but wld fellow astronomer to Youkon Ex / Wm. H. Dall."
Inscription on back of photo: "Voyageur with R. Kennicott / W. H. Dall / Michel La berge."
Inscription on verso: "F: Why super artist Ex - a jolly good fellow / W. H. Dall."
Inscription: "Old Bischoff / Our bug man the best-beetle collector in the U.S. Once had charge of a museum in Germany. Wm. H. Dall"
Inscription on back of photo: "Marine Service / W. H. Dall."
Photograph of Dall's face with ink cartoon drawn around it. Cartoon depicts Dall crouching to catch a snake in a forest.
Inscription on back of photo: '"Nat. 1806, photog. 1871." Esmark was a19th-century Norwegian lepidopterist.
Inscription on back of photo: "E. Jewett, Utica, NY."
Inscription on back of photo: "Very truly yours, Theo [Gill]."
Inscription on back of photo: "F. B. Mack (not A. L.! - m. n. d. 1980)."
Inscription on back of photo: "To my friend Mr. W. H. Dall / José O. Helidon."
Same subject as Photo. #69.133.
Same subject as Photo. #69.132. Inscription on back of photo: "WHD."
Inscription on back of photo: "Mrs Benj Day-Ann Arbor."
Possibly the wife of Capt. Edward Perry Herendeen.
Sign in photo: "Sensitive paper exposed to sunlight three minutes."
Inscription on album page: "Result of a flogging." Inscription on back of photo: "'The Peculiar Institution' Illustrated. / Copy of a photograph taken from life at Baton Rouge, La., recently, the lacerated body-months after the brutal flogging had been inflicted-having healed in the manner represented. The alleged offense was a trifling one. How noble and benignant the countenance of the victim!"
B. Vol. 2: Healey-Dall family carte de visite album, ca. 1857-1881
Thirty-five cartes de visite depict Healey, Dall, and Foster family members, including William Healey Dall, Caroline Foster Healey, Caroline Wells Healey Dall, Sarah K. Dall, and Charles Henry Appleton Dall, as well as other relatives. Other photos depict family friends and acquaintances.
Inscription on back of photo: "Joseph E. Dall (bro. Of CHAD)."
Inscription on album page: "Wm. H Dall / 19 yrs." Inscription on back of photo: "Rec'd Calcutta Aug 20 1866 direct via China from Willie then (May 10) about leaving for Arctic Seas San Francisco to . . . Petropaolski / God guard thee, boy!"
Inscription on back of photo: "Sadie with love from brother Willie."
Inscription on album page: "Rev. Theo Wyncoop-son of Dr. & Mrs. Wyncoop 38 E. 12th St. N.Y.C. 1869." Inscription on back of photo: "My 'cousin Theo' Wynkoop / Son of Dr. and Mrs. Wynkoop (she was Aurelia Mills of N. Haven.) No. 38 East 12th St. New York City. / Mrs. W. gave me this the day I left N York for Eng--15 Apr 1869."
Inscription on album page: "Nellie Dall of Balto aged 5 in 1869."
Inscription on album page: "One of Mark Healey's children?"
Inscription on back of photo: "To my dear friend and faithful co-worker Thomas Brown / with love from his old, old friend CHA Dall / Taken in Jan 1881 (age 65) / Sent from Boston Sept 1881."
Inscription on back of photo: "Eunice Wells married Healey."
Inscription on album page: "Uncle Wm Dall (CHAD'S Boston benefactor)."
Inscription on back of photo: "Josiah Quincy Boston. 1860. Aged 88 / From Miss Susan Quincy Aug. 1875."
On verso: "Sam'l H. Foster / Born at Andover Mass / Died in N. York."
On verso: "taken 2 years ago / Alice Dickinson Whitridge of Horatio--11 1/2 July 63."
On verso: "July 63 / Olivia Cushing Whitridge 19 yrs--of Horatio Whtge."
On verso: "Horatio Lorenzo Whitridge / 46 next July 1863."
C. Vol. 3: Healey-Foster family carte de visite album, ca. 1847-ca. 1900
Forty-five cartes de visite depict Foster family members, friends and acquaintances of the family, and prominent figures. Among the notable people featured in the album are Thomas K. Beecher and Lucretia and James Mott. Of particular interest are photos depicting Fannie Langford of South Carolina instructing an African American man, Uncle Smart Washington, as well as a photo of Abraham Lincoln's tomb.
On verso: "Capt. Healey, son of Squire Healey, Brigg., lately deceased. / Received from W Peacock, April 1865."
On verso: "Squire Healey of Lincolnshire, Engd. near Brigg / Lent me by Edwd Peacock, Esq., FSA / April 1865, In his 81st year."
Young white woman instructing African American man with a book. On verso: "Fannie Langford, 'Hooper' School, 'Old Fort' Plan, June 1866."
On verso: "Mrs. Edward Earle Gave me this at Worcester, Oct 21 68."
Inscription on album page: "Emerson."
On verso: "Edward Earle Esq. (Given me by Mrs. Earle in Worcester Oct 21/68)."
On verso: "Z. Brockway, Elmira Reformatory."
On verso: "Dr. Earle N. Hampton, Insane Asylum."
Inscription on album page: "Mary Bell sister of Mr. J."
Inscription on album page: "S. D. Bell, Chief Justice of N.H."
II. Loose Photographs
This series includes six daguerreotypes of Healey and Foster family members, including Caroline Foster Healey, Caroline Wells Healey Dall, and Mark Healey. It also includes eight paper photographs of Healey and Dall family members and forebears, including Charles Henry Appleton Dall and Caroline Wells Healey Dall, and two tintypes of two unidentified women., as well as ten loose photographs that were removed from Vol. 3, William Healey Dall carte de visite album.
Please note that daguerreotypes are stored in a separate collection, Daguerreotype collection (Photo. Coll. 1). When requesting daguerreotypes, the reader should use call numbers for Photo. Coll. 1, listed below in bold, NOT those for Photo. Coll. 69.
B. Paper-based photographs
Inscription: "My own picture drawn by Alvan Clarke at the time of my marriage--very good. / Caroline Healey Dall."
On verso: "Col. Symonds of Bennington / Geo Washington's chief reliance in Berkshire Co."
On verso: "Henrietta Austin, wife of James Dall of Baltimore."
Dall-Healey family photographs, Photo. Coll. 69, Massachusetts Historical Society Photo Archives.
This collection is indexed under the following headings in ABIGAIL, the online catalog of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Researchers desiring materials about related persons, organizations, or subjects should search the catalog using these headings.