COLLECTION GUIDES

ca. 1860-1880

Guide to the Photograph Collection


Collection Summary

Abstract

This collections contains tintype, ambrotype, and albumen portraits of soldiers and officers of the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment, the first black regiment from the North during the Civil War, as well as photos of the regiment's military camps, battles, and flags.

Collection Description

This collection contains photographs of the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment, the first black regiment raised in the North during the Civil War. They were collected by Capt. Luis F. Emilio, commander of Company E of the regiment. The photos date from ca. 1860 to ca. 1880 and include tintypes and one ambrotype of African-American members of the regiment, as well as albumen photographs of its officers, including Robert Gould Shaw. There are also photographs of the regiment's military camps at Jacksonville, Fla. and Beaufort, Hilton Head Island, Folly Island, and Morris Island, S.C., as well as photographs of Fort McAllister, Georgia and the siege of Fort Wagner on Morris Island in 1863. One photograph that depicts the flags of the 54th Mass. Volunteer Infantry Regiment has pieces of the original flags attached. Photographers include George S. Cook and Haas & Peale; most of the photographers are unidentified.

Acquisition Information

The 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment were removed from the Records of the Fifty-Fourth Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment, a gift by Mary Silsbee Emilio to the Massachusetts Historical Society in 1920.

Arrangement

This collection is arranged by format: tintypes (arranged alphabetically) in one pamphlet box; ambrotype (stored apart from the collection in Photo. Coll. 2, Ambrotype collection); and albumen photographs in one oversize box (listed in the original order in which Capt. Luis F. Emilio pasted them to large sheets of paper).

Detailed Description of the Collection

All inscriptions in the hand of Luis F. Emilio.

Ambrotype #2.162 is stored apart from the collection in the Ambrotype collection. When requesting this ambrotype, the reader should use the ambrotype call number, listed below in bold, NOT Photo. Coll. 72.

Some of the photographs in this collection have been digitally reproduced. Click on the photograph numbers below to access digital images.

Box 1#72.1
Arnum, Charles H.,1864. Private, Co. E.Photographer unknown (Morris Island, S.C.).Tintype.Removed to Special Collections (Miniature cabinet, drawer 19).

Inscription on back of tintype: "Copy of photo taken at Morris Is. in 1864. / Pvt. Chas H. Arnum Co. E. North Adams. Prop. of Luis F. Emilio."

Box 1#72.2
Brown, Abraham F. (d. 1863), ca. 1862-1863. Private, Co. E.Photographer unknown (Readville, Mass.).Tintype.Removed to Special Collections (Miniature cabinet, drawer 19).

Inscription on back of tintype: "Accidentally killed by a pistol shot, while cleaning the arm July 12, 1863. at James Island, S.C. Probably taken at Readville, M [inscription torn off]."

Box 1#72.3
Brown, Abraham F. (d. 1863), ca. 1862-1863. Private, Co. E.Photographer unknown.Tintype.Removed to Special Collections (Miniature cabinet, drawer 19).

Inscription on back of tintype: "Pvt Abraham Brown Co. E. Shot himself accidently July 12 '63 Prop of L F. Emilio."

Box 1#72.4
Gomar, Richard, wearing the membership badge of the Grand Army of the Republic, ca. 1880. Private, Co. H.Photographer unknown.Tintype.Removed to Special Collections (Miniature cabinet, drawer 19).

Inscription on back of tintype: "Richard Gomer or Gomes as he writes it. Pvt. Co H. Cedar Rapids 251 S. 8th St. Iowa."

Listed in Massachusetts Soliders, Sailors, and Marines in the Civil War (pub. 1931-1937) as "Gomar, Richard."

Box 1#72.5
Goosberry, John, ca. 1865. Musician, Co. E.Photographer unknown.Tintype.Removed to Special Collections (Miniature cabinet, drawer 19).

Inscription on back of tintype: "Musician John Goosberry Co. E. 54th Mass. Property of L.F. Emilio."

Box 1#72.6
Johnson, Alexander H., ca. 1863-1865. Musician, Co. C.Photographer unknown.Tintype.Removed to Special Collections (Miniature cabinet, drawer 19).

Inscription on back of tintype: "Alex H. Johnson Musician Co. C 54th Mass. Inf. From Capt. Homans."

Box 1#72.7
Netson, William J., ca. 1863-1864. Musician, Co. E.Photographer unknown.Tintype.Removed to Special Collections (Miniature cabinet, drawer 19).

Inscription on back of tintype: "Wm J. Netson Mus. Co. E. Return to L. F. Emilio."

Box 1#72.8
Smith, Charles A., ca. 1880. Private, Co. C.Photographer unknown.Tintype.Removed to Special Collections (Miniature cabinet, drawer 19).

Inscription on back of tintype: "Pvt. Chas. A. Smith. Co. C. Property of L. F. Emilio."

Box 1#2.162#72.9
Steward, Henry F., 1863. Sergeant, Co. E.Photographer unknown.Hand-colored quarter-plate ambrotype in wood and paper mat.Removed to Special Collections (Miniature cabinet, drawer 22/Daguerreotypes).

Also known by alternate spelling: "Henry F. Stewart."

OS Box 1#72.10
Shaw, Robert Gould (1838-1863), ca. 1863. Colonel.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.11
Hallowell, Edward N. (d. 1871), ca. 1863-1865. Colonel, Co. B.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.12
Hooper, Henry Northey, ca. 1865. Lieutenant Colonel.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.13
Appleton, John W. M., ca. 1863-1864. Major, Co. A.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.14
Pope, George, ca. 1863-1865. Major, Co. I.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.15
Halton, James M., ca. 1863-1865. Major.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.16
Stone, Lincoln R., ca. 1863-1865. Surgeon.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.17
Brigges, Charles E., ca. 1863-1865. Surgeon.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.18
Brigham, C. A., ca. 1863-1865. Assistant Surgeon.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.19
Pease, Giles M., ca. 1863-1865. Assistant Surgeon.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.20
Radzinsky, Louis D., ca. 1863-1865. Assistant Surgeon.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.21
Treadwell, Joshua B., ca. 1861-1864. Assistant Surgeon.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.22
Appleton, Thomas L., ca. 1863-1865. Captain.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.23
Bridge, Watson W., ca. 1863-1865. Captain, Co. F.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.24
Chipman, Charles G., ca. 1863-1865. Captain, Co. D.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.25
Emerson, Edward B., ca. 1863-1865. Captain, Co. E.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.26
Emilio, Luis F. (b. 1844), ca. 1863-1865. Captain, Co. E.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.27
Grace, James W., ca. 1860. Captain, Co. A and Co. C.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.28
Homans, William H.,ca. 1863-1865. Captain, Co. A.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.29
Howard, Willard, ca. 1863-1865. Captain, Co. H and Co. I.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.30
James, Garth W., ca. 1860. Captain, Co. G.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.31
Jewett, Richard H. L., ca. 1863-1865. Captain, Co. K.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.32
James, Edward L., ca. 1863-1865. Captain.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.33
Joy, Charles F., ca. 1864-1865. Captain, Co. F and Co. I.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.34
Reed, Lewis, ca. 1863-1865. Captain, Co. F and Co. K.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.35
Russell, Cabot J., ca. 1863. Captain, Co. H.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.36
Simpkins, William H., ca. 1863. Captain, Co. K.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.37
Tucker, Charles E., ca. 1863-1865. Captain, Co. H and Co. I.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.38
Willard, Samuel, ca. 1863. Captain, Co. B.Photographer unknown.

Inscription under photograph reads: "Capt. Samuel Willard (Mann)."

OS Box 1#72.39
Cousens, Joseph E., ca. 1863-1865. Captain, Co. E.Copy photograph, original taken by J. S. Variell.
OS Box 1#72.40
Partridge, David A., ca. 1863-1865. Captain.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.41
Smith, Orrin E., ca. 1863-1864. Captain Co. G.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.42
Newall, Robert R., ca. 1863-1865. Captain, Co. B.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.43
Duren, Charles M., ca. 1863-1865. Lieutenant, Co. D.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.44
Hallett, Charles A., ca. 1863-1865. Lieutenant.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.45
Higginson, Francis L., ca. 1863-1864. Lieutenant, Co. F.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.46
Leonard. Andrew W., ca. 1863-1865. Lieutenant, Co. K.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.47
Littlefield. Henry W., ca. 1863-1865. Lieutenant, Co. H and Co. K.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.48
Ritchie, John, ca. 1863-1865. Lieutenant.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.49
Rogers, Frederick E., ca. 1864-1865. Lieutenant, Co. A.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.50
Spear, Daniel G., ca. 1863-1865. Lieutenant, Co. E.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.51
Stevens, Edward L., 1864. Lieutenant, Co. H.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.52
Tomlinson, Ezekial G., ca. 1863-1864. Lieutenant, Co. I.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.53
Whitney, William L., Jr.,ca. 1864-1865. Lieutenant, Co. G.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.54
Bridgham, Charles B., ca. 1863-1864. Lieutenant.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.55
Conant, John H., ca. 1865. Lieutenant, Co. A and Co. B.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.56
Edmands, Benjamin B., ca. 1863-1865. Lieutenant, Co. F.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.57
Jewett, Charles, Jr., ca. 1863-1865. Lieutenant, Co. F.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.58
Johnston, Alexander, ca. 1863. Lieutenant, Co. F.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.59
Knowles, Alfred H., ca. 1863-1865. Lieutenant, Co. A.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.60
McDermott, William, ca. 1863-1865. Lieutenant, Co. I and Co. K.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.61
Pratt, James Albert, ca. 1863-1864. Lieutenant, Co. G.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.62
Swails, Stephen A., ca. 1863. Lieutenant, Co. D and Co. F.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.63
Tilden, Joseph, ca. 1860. Lieutenant, Co. H.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.64
Vogelsang, Peter, ca. 1863-1865. Lieutenant, Co. H.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.65
Helster, Fred H., ca. 1863-1865. Lieutenant.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.66
Welch, Frank M., ca. 1863-1865. Lieutenant, Co. F.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.67
Wilder, John, ca. 1863. Lieutenant.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.68
Dexter, Benjamin F., ca. 1863-1864. Lieutenant, Co. C.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.69
Hunter, David, ca. 1863-1865. Major-General.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.70
Strong, George C., ca. 1863-1865. Major-General.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.71
Hawley, Jos. R., ca. 1863-1865. General.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.72
Gillmore, Quincy A., ca. 1863-1865. Brigadier-General.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.73
Terry, Alfred Howe, ca. 1863-1865. General.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.74
Seymour, Truman, ca. 1863-1865. General.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.75
Saxton, Rufus, ca. 1863-1865. Brigadier-General.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.76
Hatch, John P., ca. 1863-1865. General.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.77
Foster, John G., ca. 1863-1865. General.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.78
Copy photograph of 90 Civil War officers (most unidentified), n.d.Possibly taken by George S. Cook.

Inscription on back of photo: "From photo plate owned by Geo. S. Cook, photographer, 913 E. Main St., Richmond, Va., purchased by me in March 1895, i.e. this photo, having seen the plate in Richmond, Va when there in jan. 1895 - L. F. E."

OS Box 1#72.79
Members of the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment and 1st New York Engineers at the Siege of Fort Wagner, Morris Island, S.C., 1863.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.80
Members of the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment in Fort Wagner, Morris Island, S.C., after its capture, 1863.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.81
Military camp at Folly Island, S.C., ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.82
"Beach before Wagner, Morris Island," ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.83
"Dress Parade in Fort Wagner, Morris Island," ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.84
"Interior Fort Wagner, Morris Island," ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.85
"Gun on Morris Island," ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.86
"Old Beach House, Morris Island," ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.87
"Camp [at] Folly Island," ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.88
"Camp of Lieut. Col. Hall on Folly Island," ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.89
"Stockade for Confederate Prisoners on Folly Island," ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.90
"Port Royal House, Hilton Head, S.C.," ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.91
"Army Pier at Hilton Head," ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.92
"Transport steamer Fulton," ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.93
"Steamer Nelly Baker," ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.94
"Beaufort Hotel, S.C.," ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.95
"Arsenal, Beaufort, S.C.," ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.96
"Episcopal Church, Beaufort, S.C.," ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.97
"School Teacher Residence, Beaufort, S.C.," ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.98
"Bay Street, Beaufort, S.C.," ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.99
"Siege Guns, Beaufort, S.C.," ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.100
"Camp, 1st N.Y. Engineer near Beaufort," ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#71.101
"Camp in Florida," ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.102
"Street in Jacksonville, Florida," ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.103
"Navy Machine Shop, Navy Point, S.C.," ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.104
"S. A. Cooley outfit, Port Royal," ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.105
"Quartermaster Depot, Jacksonville, Florida," ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.106
"Fort McAllister, Georgia," ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.107
"[Charleston?] - Charleston, S.C.," ca. 1863-1864.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#72.108
Three flags of the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment, ca. 1894.Photographer unknown.

Photograph mount also displays cloth pieces of the flags, with captions.

Inscription on photograph: "Portions of 54th flags / -from- / Mrs. [illegible] Homans, Jan 17, 1894."

Preferred Citation

54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment photographs, Photo. Coll. 72, Massachusetts Historical Society Photo Archives.

Access Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in ABIGAIL, the online catalog of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Researchers desiring materials about related persons, organizations, or subjects should search the catalog using these headings.

Persons:

Shaw, Robert Gould, 1837-1863--Photographs.
Cook, George S. (George Smith), 1819-1902, photographer.
Emilio, Luis F. (Luis Fenollosa), b. 1844.

Organizations:

United States. Army. African American troops--Photographs.
United States. Army--Flags--Photographs.
United States. Army. Massachusetts Infantry Regiment, 54th (1863-1865)--Photographs.
Haas & Peale, photographers.

Subjects:

African-American soldiers--Massachusetts--Photographs.
Military camps--Photographs.
Morris Island, Battle of, S.C., 1863 (July 10-September 7)--Photographs.
Soldiers--Photographs.
Beaufort (S.C)--Photographs.
Folly Island (S.C. : Island)--Photographs.
Fort McAllister (Ga. : Fort)--Photographs.
Fort Wagner (S.C.)--Photographs.
Hilton Head Island (S.C.)--Photographs.
Jacksonville (Fla.)--Photographs.
Port Royal (S.C.)--Photographs.
United States--History--Civil War, 1863-1865--Flags--Photographs.
United States--History--Civil War, 1863-1865--Photographs.
United States--History--Civil War, 1863-1865--Participation, African American--Photographs.
Portrait photographs.
Tintypes.