COLLECTION GUIDES

ca. 1850-1997; bulk: 1868-1934

Guide to the Photograph Collection


Collection Summary

Abstract

This collections contains photographs collected by the mathematician and historian Alice Bache Gould, mostly depicting her family members, friends, and travels in Puerto Rico, among other places.

Biographical Sketch

Mathematician and historian Alice Bache Gould was born in Cambridge, Mass. in 1868, the daughter of astronomer Benjamin Apthorp Gould (1824-1896) and Mary Apthorp Quincy Gould (1834-1883), and granddaughter of Josiah Quincy (1802-1882). As a young child she lived with her family in Córdoba, Argentina where her father was the head of the Argentine National Observatory. Alice returned to Cambridge in 1871 to live with relatives while her family stayed in Argentina. In 1885 she began her education at the Society for the Collegiate Instruction of Women in Cambridge (later Radcliffe College). She then attended Bryn Mawr College from 1886-1889, where she received her A.B. in mathematics and physics as a member of the school's second graduating class. She continued her study of mathematics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Newham College in England from 1890-1893.

Upon her return from England, Alice taught mathematics for a year at Carleton College in Northfield, Minnesota and began her graduate studies at the University of Chicago in 1894. She received a fellowship from the University in 1895 for her PhD thesis on Brodian geometry under the guidance of mathematician E.H. Moore. The death of her father on Thanksgiving in 1896 and the loss of her fellowship in 1897 put a strain on Alice's health and she returned to Cambridge, Mass. before completing her thesis.

In 1897 Alice established an endowment at the Academy of Science in her father's name. She spent the next several years looking for work and occasionally lecturing on mathematics. She attempted to complete her studies in Chicago but returned to Cambridge to recover from poor health. In 1900 she began research for her monograph on Louis Agassiz which was published by her cousin-in-law Mark A. De Wolfe Howe in 1901 as part of the Beacon Biographies of Eminent Americans series. In 1903 Alice traveled to Puerto Rico to recover from the flu and from 1905-1907 was instrumental in establishing the "Porto Rico Teachers' Fund" that raised money for a nursing school.

During her early visits to Puerto Rico, Alice became interested in the early colonization of the new world, especially Columbus' fist voyage. In 1911, she traveled to Spain where she spent most of the rest of her life researching in Spanish archives, most notably the Archivo de Simancas. In July 1919 she published a story in the Atlantic Monthly entitled "The Adventure of the Missing Fortnight" that described some of her experiences researching in Spain.

During World War I Alice worked as a volunteer in the espionage office of the United States embassy in Spain and led an effort to send female clerical workers to the embassy to help with war work. She returned to the Chicago Ensign School at the Municipal Pier. During this time she began research for essay on Great Circle Sailing, a navigational technique that calculates points along a great circle route.

In 1926 Alice returned to Spain to continue her research on Columbus and became involved in public education measures and the establishment of local schools in Simancas. The outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936 forced her to return to Boston but after the war she returned to Spain. She lived the remainder of her life in Simancas where she died in 1953.

Collection Description

The Alice Bache Gould photograph collection contains 274 photographs in two volumes (one disbound), two boxes of loose photographs, and one box of oversized photographs. The photographs were taken primarily between 1868 and 1934 and chronicle the life of Alice as well as her family and friends.

One volume contains Gould and Quincy family portraits, as well as portraits of Alice's friends and classmates from Bryn Mawr College. Individuals depicted in the album include Alice Bache Gould, Benjamin Apthorp Gould, Mary Apthorp Quincy Gould, Josiah Quincy, and Helen Francis Huntington Quincy, among others. The second volume (disbound) contains photographs of Alice's travels in Puerto Rico, the Danish West Indies, and Spain.

Most of the photographs in this collection are portraits of Alice Bache Gould and her family and friends. Subjects include her parents, Benjamin Apthorp Gould and Mary Apthorp Quincy Gould; brother Benjamin Apthorp Gould Jr.; sisters Susan Morton Quincy Gould, Lucretia Goddard Gould, and Mary Quincy Gould Thorndike; and her cousin Francis Huntington Quincy Howe. Also included among the loose photographs are photographs Alice Bache Gould's trips to Puerto Rico, as well as photographs of various places in England, France, the Danish West Indies, and Spain. In addition, there are photographs of Benjamin Apthorp Gould's home in Boston, Mass. and the Gould house and observatory in Córdoba, Argentina.

This collection contains cartes de visite, cabinet cards, stereographs, and tintypes. There are also two daguerreotypes and an opalotype, which have been separated from the collection and are stored by format in Daguerreotype collection (Photo. Coll. 1) and Miscellaneous glass photograph collection (Photo. Coll. 5). See the Detailed Description of the Collection for more information.

Photographers represented in the collection include Hinkle of Germantown, Pa., Allen & Rowell, Josiah Johnson Hawes, John Adams Whipple, John Higue Garo, Southworth & Hawes, all of Boston, Mass., and George Kendall Warren of Cambridgeport, Mass., among many others.

Acquisition Information

This collection was removed from the Alice Bache Gould papers (Ms. N-1309). The donor of the collection is unknown.

Detailed Description of the Collection

I. Photographs in albums

This series is divided into two subseries: (A) Vol. 1 Alice Bache Gould photograph album and (B) Vol. 2 Alice Bache Gould travel photograph album. The photographs are arranged in the order in which they appear in the volumes.

A. Vol. 1. Alice Bache Gould photograph album, ca. 1862-1896

This volume contains photographs of Alice Bache Gould's family and friends, as well as classmates from Bryn Mawr College taken by a variety of photographers including Hinkle of Germantown, Pa. and Allen & Rowell and Josiah Johnson Hawes, both of Boston, Mass. Individuals depicted in the album include Alice Bache Gould as well as her parents, Benjamin Apthorp Gould and Mary Apthorp Quincy Gould; her brother Benjamin Apthorp Gould Jr.; and variety of relatives and friends. Includes cartes de visite, stereographs, and cabinet cards.

Vol. 1#166.1
Unidentified man, ca. 1862-1885.Taken by Gustavus W. Pach (New York, N.Y.).
Vol. 1#166.2
Unidentified man, ca. 1868-1885.Taken by Estudio Fotografico de Chute & Brooks (Buenos Aires, Argentina).
Vol. 1#166.3
Pickering, N[ ], Feb. 1885.Taken by Allen & Rowell (Boston, Mass.).
Vol. 1#166.4
Gould, Mary Apthorp Quincy (1834-1883), 1874.Taken by Allen & Rowell (Boston, Mass.).
Vol. 1#166.5
Gould, Benjamin Apthorp (1824-1896), ca. 1874.Taken by Allen & Rowell (Boston, Mass.).
Vol. 1#166.6
Fabens, Edith H., 1883.Taken by Andrew B. Cross (Salem, Mass.).
Vol. 1#166.7
Unidentified woman, ca. 1884-1887.Taken by Notman Photographic Company (Boston, Mass.).
Vol. 1#166.8
Bell, Herminia, 1883.Taken by Allen & Rowell (Boston, Mass.).
Vol. 1#166.9
Unidentified woman, ca. 1874-1892.Taken by Allen & Rowell (Boston, Mass.).
Vol. 1#166.10
Unidentified woman, ca. 1886-1889.Taken by Hinkle (Germantown, Pa.).
Vol. 1#166.11
Quincy, Helen Frances Huntington (1831-1903), 1885.Taken by Pach Brothers (New York, N.Y.).
Vol. 1#166.12
Wendell, Kate Thaxter, 1885.Taken by Frank E. Pearsall (Brooklyn, N.Y.).
Vol. 1#166.13
Walker, Susan Grimes, 1889.Taken by Gilbert & Bacon (Philadelphia, Pa.).
Vol. 1#166.14
Quincy, Josiah M. (1802-1882), ca. 1862-1882.Taken by Horatio G. Smith (Boston, Mass.).
Vol. 1#166.15
Balch, Emily, 1885.Taken by Horatio G. Smith (Boston, Mass.).
Vol. 1#166.16
Hopkins, Mary G., 1875.Taken by Josiah Johnson Hawes (Boston, Mass.).
Vol. 1#166.17
Parrish, Ethel, 1880.Taken by Notman and Campbell (Boston, Mass.).
Vol. 1#166.18
Porter, Zeuon Beugolea, ca. 1870-1885.Taken by Fotografia Ingless de Jorge B. Piloher (Córdoba, Argentina).
Vol. 1#166.19
Gould, Benjamin Apthorp (1824-1896), ca. 1885-1896.Taken by Allen & Rowell (Boston, Mass.).
Vol. 1#166.20
Three undientified children, ca. 1865-1880.Taken by Julius Ludovici's Photographic and Crayon Studios (New York, N.Y.).
Vol. 1#166.21
Russell, Ellen F., 1883.Taken by Broadbent Brothers (Philadelphia, Pa.).
Vol. 1#166.22
Davis, Helen, 1886.Taken by Lemuel W. Cook (Lynn, Mass.).
Vol. 1#166.23
Unidentified woman, n.s.Taken by Julius Ludovici's Photographic and Crayon Studios (New York, N.Y.).
Vol. 1#166.24
Three unidentified women, ca. 1879-1896.Taken by James Notman (Boston, Mass.).
Vol. 1#166.25-26
Gould, Alice Bache (1868-1953), 1889.Taken by Allen & Rowell (Boston, Mass.).
Vol. 1#166.27
Gould, Alice Bache (1868-1953), 1889.Taken by Hinkle (Germantown, Pa.).
Vol. 1#166.28-32
Photos of unidentified classmates of Alice Bache Gould upon graduation from Bryn Mawr College, 1889.Taken by Hinkle (Germantown, Pa.).

See also Photos. #166.35-40, 166.47-51, and 166.53-57.

Vol. 1#166.33
Wendell, Kate Thaxter, 1885.Taken by Frank E. Pearsall (Brooklyn, N.Y.).
Vol. 1#166.34
Gould, Benjamin Apthorp (1870-1934), ca. 1870-1871.Taken by Witcomb Fotografos (Córdoba, Argentina).
Vol. 1#166.35-40
Photos of unidentified classmates of Alice Bache Gould upon graduation from Bryn Mawr College, 1889.Taken by Hinkle (Germantown, Pa.).

See also Photos. #166.28-32, 166.47-51, and 166.53-57.

Vol. 1#166.41
Unidentified woman, ca. 1867-1896.Taken by Horatio G. Smith (Boston, Mass.).
Vol. 1#166.42
Unidentified woman, ca. 1889.Taken by Hinkle (Germantown, Pa.).
Vol. 1#166.43
Unidentified woman, ca. 1868-1885.Taken by Fotografia Inglesia (Córdoba, Argentina).
Vol. 1#166.44
Unidentified woman, ca. 1883-1889.Taken by Charles F. Conly (Boston, Mass.).
Vol. 1#166.45
Gould, Benjamin Apthorp (1824-1896), ca. 1885-1892.Taken by Allen & Rowell (Boston, Mass.).
Vol. 1#166.46
Unidentified man, ca. 1868-1885.Taken by Fotografia Inglesa de Jorge B. Pilcher (Córdoba, Argentina).
Vol. 1#166.47-51
Photos of unidentified classmates of Alice Bache Gould upon graduation from Bryn Mawr College, 1889.Taken by Hinkle (Germantown, Pa.).

See also Photos. #166.28-32, 166.35-40, and 166.53-57.

Vol. 1#166.52
Hoyt, Mary E., 1893.Taken by Phillips Photographers (Phildelphia, Pa.).
Vol. 1#166.53-57
Photos of unidentified classmates of Alice Bache Gould upon graduation from Bryn Mawr College, 1889.Taken by Hinkle (Germantown, Pa.).

See also Photos. #166.28-32, 166.35-40, and 166.47-51.

Vol. 1#166.58
Unidentified woman, ca. 1889-1893.Taken by Phillips Photographers (Philadelphia, Pa.).

B. Vol. 2 (disbound). Alice Bache Gould travel photograph album, ca. 1903-1953

This disbound album contains photographs from Alice Bache Gould's travels in Puerto Rico, the Danish West Indies, and Spain. Included are postcards of the Carib Inscriptions at "Rif Bay" in St. Jan, Danish West Indies, as well as photographs of native artifacts, and a portrait of Alice herself as an older woman. The photographers are unknown.

Box 1Vol. 2#166.59-77

II. Loose photographs

This series is divided into five subseries: (A) Quincy-Gould family portraits; (B) Travel photographs; (C) Views; (D) Photographic reproductions of portrait paintings; and (E) Oversize loose photographs.

A. Quincy-Gould family portraits, ca. 1850-1934

Arranged alphabetically by subject.

This subseries contains individual portraits and group portraits of the Quincy and Gould families. Subjects include Alice Bache Gould; her parents, Benjamin Apthorp Gould and Mary Apthorp Quincy Gould; Josiah Quincy; Susan Morton Quincy Gould; Lucretia Goddard Gould; Benjamin Apthorp Gould Jr.; and Mary Quincy Gould Thorndike, among others. Includes cartes de visite, cabinet cards, stereographs, and tintypes, as well as daguerreotypes and an opalotype that are stored apart from the collection by format. Photographers include John Higue Garo, John Adams Whipple, and Horatio G. Smith of Boston, Mass. and George Kendall Warren of Cambridgeport, Mass. among others.

NOTE: When requesting glass-based photographs, the reader should use the call numbers listed below in bold, rather than Photo Coll. 166.

Individual portraits

Box 1#1.7#166.78
Bache, Alexander Dallas (1806-1867), ca. 1850-1860.Photographer unknown.Half-plate daguerreotype in leather case.
Box 1#166.79
Goddard, Nathaniel (1812-1890), ca. 1860-1864.Taken by John Adams Whipple (Boston, Mass.).
Box 1#166.80
Goddard, Nathaniel (1812-1890), 1861.Photographer unknown.
Box 1#166.81
Goddard, Nathaniel (1812-1890), 1867.Taken by Antoine Sonrel (Boston, Mass.).
Box 1#166.82
Goldmark, Elliott Regina, n.d.Taken by Art Studio (Indianapolis, Ind.).
Box 1#166.83a-b
Gould, Alice Bache (1868-1953), ca. 1870.Taken by John Adams Whipple (Boston, Mass.).3 duplicate photographs.
Box 1#166.84
Gould, Alice Bache (1868-1953), ca. 1870-1874.Photographer unknown.Tintypes.
Box 1#166.85
Gould, Alice Bache (1868-1953), ca. 1873-1878.Photographer unknown.
Box 1#166.86a-b
Gould, Alice Bache (1868-1953), ca. 1874-1880.Taken by Fotografia Gigena (Argentina).2 duplicate photographs.
Box 1#5.15#166.87
Gould, Susan Morton Quincy (1862-1874),ca. 1874. Formerly identified as Alice Bache Gould.Photographer unknown.Half-plate opalotype.
Box 1#166.88a-b
Gould, Alice Bache (1868-1953), ca. 1880-1885.Taken by Allen & Rowell (Boston, Mass.).2 duplicate photographs.
Box 1#166.89a-h
Gould, Alice Bache (1868-1953), ca. 1889.Taken by Hinkle (Germantown,. Pa.).8 duplicate photographs.
Box 1#166.90
Gould, Alice Bache (1868-1953), ca. 1889.Photographer unknown.
Box 1#166.91-92
Gould, Alice Bache (1868-1953), ca. 1893-1894.Taken by N.B. Lawson (Muskegon, Mich.).
Box 1#166.93a-94
Gould, Alice Bache (1868-1953), ca. 1893.Taken by Clarke (Cambridge, England).Includes 2 duplicate photographs.
Box 1#166.95a-97
Gould, Alice Bache (1868-1953), ca. 1897.Taken by Endean (Chicago, Ill.).Includes 2 duplicate photographs.
Box 1#166.98
Gould, Benjamin Apthorp (1824-1896), n.d.Taken by Vanderwevde Light (London, England).
Box 1#166.99
Gould, Benjamin Apthorp (1824-1896), ca. 1890- 1896. Photographer unknown.
Box 1#166.100
Gould, Benjamin Apthorp (1870-1937), ca. 1934. Photographer unknown.
Box 1#166.101a-b
Gould, Louisa G. MacMurtie, 1861.Taken by John Adams Whipple (Boston, Mass.).2 duplicate photographs.
Box 1#166.102a-b
Gould, Lucretia Dana Goddard (1798-1876), 1861.2 duplicate photographs.
Box 1#1.99#166.103
Gould, Mary Apthorp Quincy (1834-1883), ca. 1855-1860. Attributed to Southworth & Hawes (Boston, Mass.).Hand-colored sixth-plate daguerreotype in leather case.
Box 1#166.104
Gould, Mary Apthorp Quincy (1834-1883), n.d.Photographer unknown.Hand-colored photograph.
Box 1#166.105a-b
Gould, Mary Apthorp Quincy (1834-1883), n.d.Photographer unknown.2 duplicate photographs.
Box 1#166.106-107
Gould, Mary Apthorp Quincy (1834-1883), ca. 1860-1869.Photographer unknown.
Box 1#166.108a-b
Gould, Mary Apthorp Quincy (1834-1883), 1861.Photographer unknown.2 duplicate photographs.
Box 1#166.109a-d
Gould, Lucretia Goddard (1864-1874), ca. 1865- 1871. Taken by John Adams Whipple (Boston, Mass.).4 duplicate photographs.
Box 1#166.110
Gould, Susan Morton Quincy (1862-1874), ca. 1863.Taken by George Kendall Warren (Cambridgeport, Mass.).
Box 1#166.111-112
Howe, Francis Huntington Quincy (1859-1933), ca. 1874-1884.Taken by Horatio G. Smith (Boston, Mass.).
Box 1#166.113-114
Howe, Jack, n.d.Photographer unknown.
Box 1#166.115
Quincy, Helen Francis Huntington (1831-1903), ca. 1880-1902.Taken by Horatio G. Smith (Boston, Mass.).
Box 1#166.116
Quincy, Josiah P., ca. 1865-1882.Photographer unknown.
Box 1#166.117-149
Unidentified individuals, ca. 1882-1938. Photographers include John Adams Whipple (Boston, Mass.), among others.Photo. #166.118 is a tintype.

Group portraits

Box 2#166.150
Gould, Alice Bache (1868-1953), Benjamin Apthorp Gould (1870-1937), and Mary Quincy Gould Thorndike, ca. 1876-1880.Taken by Viaje Artistico (Córdoba, Argentina).
Box 2#166.151
Alice Bache Gould (1868-1953) with [E.P., B.S., and M.P.], Aug. 1881.Photographer unknown.
Box 2#166.152a-b
Gould, Lucretia Goddard (1864-1874) and Susan Morton Quincy Gould (1862-1874), ca. 1868-1874.Taken by L. Arnuzio (Córdoba, Argentina).2 duplicate photographs.
Box 2#166.153a-b
Gould, Lucretia Goddard (1864-1874) and Susan Morton Quincy Gould (1862-1874), ca. 1868-1874.Taken by Fotografia de Las Bella Artes (Córdoba, Argentina).2 duplicate photographs.
Box 2#166.154
Howe, Francis Huntington Quincy (1859-1933) and unidentified woman, ca. 1883-1885.Taken by Charles F. Conly (Boston, Mass.).
Box 2#166.155
Potter, Mary G., two unidentified women, and a young girl, 1920.Photographer unknown.
Box 2#166.156
Quincy, Helen Francis Huntington and Mark Howe, ca. 1880-1903.Photographer unknown.
Box 2#166.157
Thorndike, Ben and Laura Thorndike, 1908.Photographer unknown.
Box 2#166.158-166
Unidentified people, ca. 1894-1940.Photographers include Augustus Marshall, John Higue Garo, and William H. Partridge, all of Boston, Mass., as well as Amy A. Webster of Waltham, Mass.

B. Travel photographs, ca. 1903-1907.

Arranged alphabetically by place.

This subseries contains photographs of Alice Bache Gould's travels. The vast majority of the photos are of Alice's trip to Puerto Rico; other places depicted include the Danish West Indies and Spain. The photographers are unknown.

Box 2#166.167-187

C. Views, ca. 1890-1997

Arranged alphabetically by place.

This subseries contains photographs of Boston, Mass., taken ca. 1890-1895, as well as images of places Alice visited, including Stonehenge, England; St. Jan, Danish West Indies; and Paris, France. This subseries also contains pictures of Alice Bache Gould's grave in the British Cemetery in Madrid, Spain taken by Charles and Kathleen Lemieux.

Box 2#166.188-190
Danish West Indies: St. Jan - Rif Bay, ca. 1903- 1907.Photographer unknown.Photo-postcards.
Box 2#166.191-192
England: Stonehenge, ca, 1890-1893.Photographer unknown.
Box 2#166.193
France: Paris - Saint Etienne-du Mont, n.dPhotographer unknown.Panoramic photo-postcard.
Box 2#166.194-197
Spain: Madrid - British Cemetery - Grave of Alice Bache Gould, 14 Aug. 1997.Taken by Charles and Kathleen Lemieux.
Box 2#166.198-203
United States: Massachusetts - Boston, ca. 1890- 1895.Photographer unknown.Cyanotypes.
Box 2#166.204
United States: Massachusetts - Cape Cod - "One of the quaintest houses on the Cape", n.d. Photographer unknown.
Box 2#166.205-229
Unidentified places, n.d.Photographers unknown.

D. Photographic reproductions of portrait paintings

Arranged alphabetically by subject.

This subseries contains photographic reproductions of artwork, particularly portrait paintings. Subjects include Henry Collins, Ebenezer Flagg, Gershom Flagg, Mary Ward Flagg, and Governor Richard Ward of Rhode Island, among others. Photographers include Notman Photographic Company of Boston, Mass. and Fredricks' Family Portrait Gallery of New York, N.Y. among others.

Box 2#166.230-241

E. Oversize loose photographs, ca. 1868-1896.

Arranged into three sections: Individual portraits; Group portraits; and Views..

This subseries contains oversized loose photographs of Gould family portraits and views of various places of importance to the Gould family. Individuals depicted include Alice Bache Gould, Benjamin Apthorp Gould, Mary Apthorp Quincy Gould, Benjamin Apthorp Gould Jr., and Mary Quincy Gould Thorndike. Places depicted include the Gould House and Observatory in Córdoba, Argentina and the Benjamin Apthorp Gould House in Boston, Mass. Photographers include Baldwin Coolidge of Boston, Mass. and Augustine H. Folsom of Roxbury, Mass.

Individual portraits

OS Box 1#166.242
Gould, Benjamin Apthorp (1824-1896), ca. 1878-1883. Taken by Baldwin Coolidge (Boston, Mass.).
OS Box 1#166.243-244
Gould, Mary Apthorp Quincy (1834-1893), n.d. Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#166.245
Gould, Mary Apthorp Quincy (1834-1893), ca. 1878-1883.Taken by Baldwin Coolidge (Boston, Mass.).
OS Box 1#166.246
Unidentified girl, n.d.Photographer unknown.

Group portraits

OS Box 1#166.247
Gould, Alice Bache (1868-1953), Benjamin Apthorp Gould (1870-1937), and Mary Quincy Gould Thorndike, ca. 1876-1880. Photographer unknown.

Views

OS Box 1#166.248-250
Argentina: Córdoba - Gould House and Observatory, ca. 1868-1885.Photographer unknown.
OS Box 1#166.251
Germany: Berlin - Berliner Thiergarten, 1891.Taken by Otto Rau.
OS Box 1#166.252
United States: Massachusetts - Boston - House of Benjamin Apthorp Gould, ca. 1871-1878.Taken by Augustine H. Folsom (Roxbury, Mass.).
OS Box 1#166.253
Unidentified view, n.d.Photographer unknown.

Note: This photograph is rolled and placed at the top of the OS Box 1.

Preferred Citation

Alice Bache Gould photographs, Photo. Coll. 166, Massachusetts Historical Society Photo Archives.

Access Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in ABIGAIL, the online catalog of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Researchers desiring materials about related persons, organizations, or subjects should search the catalog using these headings.

Persons:

Gould, Alice Bache, 1868-1953--Photographs.
Gould, Benjamin Apthorp, 1824-1896--Photographs.
Gould, Mary Apthorp Quincy, 1834-1883--Photographs.
Gould family--Photographs.
Gould family--Homes and haunts--Argentina--Córdoba--Photographs.
Gould family--Homes and haunts--Massachusetts--Boston--Photographs.
Howe family--Photographs.
Quincy family--Photographs.
Garo, John Higue, 1870-1939, photographer.
Hawes, Josiah Johnson, 1808-1901, photographer.
Warren, George Kendall, 1834-1884, photographer.
Whipple, John Adams, 1822-1891, photographer.

Organizations:

Bryn Mawr College--Students--Photographs.
Allen & Rowell (Boston, Mass.), photographers.

Subjects:

Voyages and travels--Photographs.
Women--Portraits--Photographs.
Women authors--Photographs.
Women historians--Photographs.
Women mathematicians--Photographs.
Women teachers--Photographs.
Puerto Rico--20th century--Photographs.
Cabinet photographs.
Card photograph albums.
Cartes de visite.
Stereographs.
Tintypes.