Guide to the Photograph Collection
This collection contains photographs of and collected by historian and United States Senator Henry Cabot Lodge (1850-1924) that depict his family, friends, and colleagues, as well as his personal life, travels, and political work.
Henry Cabot Lodge (1850-1924) was a historian and U.S. senator, the son of John Ellerton Lodge (b. 1807) and Anna Cabot (1821-1900). He graduated from Harvard in 1871 and, later that year, married Anna "Nannie" Cabot Mills Davis (1850-1915). The couple had three children: Constance Davis Lodge (b. 1872), who married Augustus Peabody Gardner (d. 1918) in 1891; George "Bay" Cabot Lodge (1873-1909), a poet who married Mathilda Elizabeth Frelinghuysen Davis (1876-1960) in 1900 and had two sons who became involved with United States politics, senator and diplomat Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. (1902-1985) and ambassador John Davis Lodge (1903-1985); and John Ellerton Lodge (1876-1942), who married Mary Connolly. The Lodge family made their homes in Nahant, Mass. and Washington, D.C.
After his marriage to Nannie Davis and their subsequent honeymoon travels in Europe during 1871-1872, Henry Cabot Lodge was editor of the North American Review from 1873-1876. He graduated from the Harvard Law School in 1874 and, in 1876, earned one of the first Ph.D. degrees in history and government given by Harvard University. From 1876-1879, Lodge was a lecturer on American history at Harvard. He was subsequently elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1880, a position he kept until 1881. After many unsuccessful campaigns, Lodge was elected as a Republican U.S. representative from Massachusetts in 1887, and he served in that capacity until 1893, when he was elected to the U.S. Senate. He remained a senator until his death in 1924.
The Henry Cabot Lodge photographs contains 2,059 photographs in 2 boxes, 2 oversize boxes, and 11 volumes collected by Henry Cabot Lodge. These photographs span the years ca. 1860-1945 and consist of loose photographs and photographs in volumes.
Most of the photographs in this collection are arranged in volumes. One volume is a scrapbook dating from 1867-1868 that contains photographs, papers, and other memorabilia relating to Henry Cabot Lodge's studies at Harvard University as a member of the Class of 1871. Six volumes contain commercial photographs of various places in Europe, collected by Lodge during his travels there from 1871-1903, including during his honeymoon with Anna Cabot Mills Davis Lodge in 1871-1872. Three additional volumes contain commercial photographs of European artwork, also collected by Lodge during his travels ca. 1872-1899. There is also one volume of photographs of San Francisco, compiled ca. 1910-1911 by the Panama-Pacific International Exposition Co. during its campaign for the exposition.
The rest of the collection contains loose photographs, some oversize, that depict or relate to Lodge's personal life; family, friends, and colleagues; and political work as U.S. senator. Portraits include formal and informal photographs of Henry Cabot Lodge, Anna Cabot Mills Davis Lodge, Constance Davis Lodge Gardner, George Cabot Lodge, and John Ellerton Lodge; presidents Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and other Massachusetts and U.S. legislators; various American and European statesmen, authors, and other public figures from the 1860s; and Civil War soldiers and officers. The collection also contains views of various places in Canada and the United States of importance to Lodge, including Nahant, Mass. and the Lodge family home in Washington, D.C.
Photographers represented in this collection include Elliott & Fry and Mayall of London, England; James Wallace Black and John Adams Whipple of Boston, Mass.; Harris & Ewing and Rice of Washington, D.C.; Frederic Bulkeley Hyde; and Frances Benjamin Johnston, among many others. Many of the commercial photographers in this collection are unidentified.
This collection contains cartes de visite, cabinet cards, photomechanical prints, tintypes, and some hand-colored photographs. There is also one opalotype photograph of an unidentified girl that has been stored apart from this collection by format in the Miscellaneous glass photograph collection (Photo. Coll. 5). See the Detailed Description of the Collection for more information about this photograph.
The Henry Cabot Lodge photographs were removed from the Henry Cabot Lodge papers, a gift to the Massachusetts Historical Society by Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr.
Detailed Description of the Collection
I. Loose photographs
This series contains loose photographs not collected in albums and is arranged into three sections: Portraits; Views; and Miscellaneous photographs.
A. Portraits, ca. 1860-1945
Arranged alphabetically into two groups: Individuals portraits and Group portraits.
This subseries contains portraits of Henry Cabot Lodge and various family members; political associates; American and European statesmen, authors, and public figures from the 1860s; and Civil War soldiers and officers. Includes photographs of William Howard Taft at his presidential inauguration in 1909. See also Oversize portraits, Photos. #183.151-184.
One of the photographs is a cabinet card of a crayon drawing of Sumner by William Wetmore Story, dated 1854. The verso of the photograph is inscribed by him.
Photograph includes John Davis Long (1838-1915), John Lewis Bates (1859-1946), George S. Boutwell (1818-1905), Curtis Guild (1860-1915), Samuel Rinnah Van Sant (1844-1936), and Winthrop Murray Crane (1853-1920).
See also Photo. #183.180.
Removed from a letter from [ ] Clarke to Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., 5 Feb. 1936, in the Henry Cabot Lodge papers.
Inscription on photograph: "To Senator Lodge, with best wishes of W[illiam] M[iller] Collier."
B. Views, ca. 1900-1924
Arranged alphabetically by place name.
This subseries contains views of various places of importance to Henry Cabot Lodge in Bermuda, Canada, England, and the United States, including his home in Washington, D.C. See also Oversize views, Photos. #185-189.
Removed from letter from Charles Eliot to Henry Cabot Lodge, 19 Mar. 1901, in the Henry Cabot Lodge papers.
Includes Christmas greeting card.
See also oversize Photo. #183.188.
C. Miscellaneous photographs, ca. 1870-1918
See also Oversize miscellaneous photographs, Photo. #183.190.
Removed from letter from Anna Cabot Mills Davis to Mrs. Charles Henry Davis, 25 Sep. 1871, in the Henry Cabot Lodge papers.
II. Oversize loose photographs
This series contains oversize loose photographs not collected in photograph albums and is divided into three sections: Oversize portraits; Oversize views; and Oversize miscellaneous photographs.
A. Oversize portraits, ca. 1864-1923
Arranged alphabetically into two groups: Individual portraits and Group portraits.
This subseries contains oversize formal and informal portraits of Henry Cabot Lodge, Anna Cabot Mills Davis Lodge, Theodore Roosevelt, Calvin Coolidge, and other friends and political associates of Lodge. Includes photographs from William McKinley's last presidential address on 1 Sep. 1901, taken by the renowned photographer Frances Benjamin Johnston, and Roosevelt's presidential inauguration.
Photos. 183.159-161 depict Lodge on horseback.
See also Photo. #183.126.
B. Oversize views, ca. 1910-1920
Arranged alphabetically by place name.
This subseries contains photographic views of places in the United States of importance to Henry Cabot Lodge's life and work, including the coastline at his home in Nahant, Mass., among other subjects.
See also Photos. #183.139-140.
C. Oversize miscellaneous photographs, ca. 1893
III. Photographs in albums
Vols. 6 and 10 were disbound in Sep. 2005 due to preservation concerns; the album pages are stored in oversize boxes in the order in which they originally appeared in the albums. Vols. 4 and 7-9 are also stored intact in oversize boxes.
A. Henry Cabot Lodge scrapbook, 1867-1868Photographers unknown.
Scrapbook of photographs and papers relating to Henry Cabot Lodge's time as a student at Harvard College in 1867-1868. The photographs contain portraits of all of his classmates in the Class of 1871, including William Sturgis Bigelow, Charles W. Jenks, and a black student identified by Lodge as E. Sullavon, among many others; Lodge's own portrait was omitted from the volume. There are also photographs of Harvard faculty and staff; the college's buildings and grounds; Harvard Square, including of the building in which Lodge lived while a student; and the college's crew and baseball teams during that period. The photographers are unidentified. Papers in the volume include Lodge's "Certificate of Admission" to Harvard, dated 13 July 1867, and various papers and tests in Greek, French, Latin, mathematics, and history.
B. European travels photograph albums, 1871-1903
Two albums containing commercial photographs collected and captioned by Henry Cabot Lodge during his honeymoon travels in Europe with his wife, Anna ("Nannie") Cabot Mills Lodge, and her sister, Evelyn Lodge, in 1871-1872. Vol. 1 contains photographs of various towns and cathedrals in England and France, including of artworks and artifacts from the British Museum in London. Vol. 2 contains photographs of various towns, chateaus, and cathedrals in France. The photographers in both albums are unidentified.
Oversize album contains commercial photographs collected and captioned by Henry Cabot Lodge during his travels in Italy, Paris, England, and Germany, ca. 1872-1899, including photographs of Paris after the Commune of 1871 and of artwork in Louvre. Some of the photographs are dated by Lodge. The photographers are unknown.
Album contains commercial photographs collected and captioned by Henry Cabot Lodge during his travels in France, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, and Belgium, ca. 1899. The photographs depict various towns and historic buildings, landscapes, and cathedrals, as well as artwork. Some of the photographs have been dated by Lodge. The photographers are unknown.
One oversize disbound album contains commercial photographs collected and captioned by Henry Cabot Lodge during his travels in Spain, France, and Italy, ca. 1899. The photographs depict various towns, cathedrals, and artwork, and the photographers are unidentified. Some of the photographs are dated.
One oversize album contains commercial photographs collected and captioned by Henry Cabot Lodge during his travels in Russia and southwestern Germany, ca. 1901-1903. Subjects include various towns, cathedrals, and historic buildings. Many of the photographs are hand-colored, and the photographers are unidentified. Some of the photographs are dated. Includes photomechanical prints.
C. Photograph albums of European artwork
Two oversize albums contain commercial photographs of artwork from galleries in Germany, Italy, Belgium, including both paintings and sculpture, collected by Henry Cabot Lodge during his travels in Europe, ca. 1872-1895. The photographs are captioned in Lodge's hand and some have been dated. The photographers are unidentified.
One oversize disbound album contains commercial photographs of Italian artwork, including both paintings and sculpture, collected by Henry Cabot Lodge during his travels to Siena, Assisi, Perugia, and Lago Trasimeno, Italy, ca. 1872-1899. There are also some photographs in the album of the towns and churches in each of these locations. Some of the photographs are identified in Lodge's hand; the album is, however, undated. The photographers are also unidentified.
D. San Francisco, California: Site of the Proposed Panama-Pacific International Exposition, 1915..., ca. 1910-1911Most photographers unknown.
Printed volume of photographs of San Francisco, compiled ca. 1910-1911 by the Panama-Pacific International Exposition Co. to support the city's campaign to host the exposition in 1915. The photographs depict the city's buildings, hotels, streets, and parks, as well as views of San Francisco Bay, nearby Mount Tamalpais, Yosemite, Mount Shasta, and other outlying attractions. The volume was most likely a gift to Henry Cabot Lodge by members of the Exposition Co. Photographers include Walter A. Scott; all other photographers are unidentified.
Henry Cabot Lodge photographs, Photo. Coll. 183, Massachusetts Historical Society Photo Archives.
This collection is indexed under the following headings in ABIGAIL, the online catalog of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Researchers desiring materials about related persons, organizations, or subjects should search the catalog using these headings.