"Cliff at Ball's Bluff opposite Harrison's Island"
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Ball's Bluff was a natural trap -- Northern soldiers formed at the top of a steep cliff with their backs to the Potomac River, with only a few small boats to move reinforcements to the south bank, and to recue survivors after the Union rout. The two Massachusetts regiments present, the 15th and 20th Infantry, together lost more than 500 men, including 84 killed or mortally wounded.