Paper Book No. 13.
copied Journal Frag. Vol. 3 p 4-50
[The preceding text was added in the handwriting of Charles Francis Adams]
[The preceding text was added in the handwriting of Charles Francis Adams]
Inside Front Cover
MARCH 1ST. SATURDAY.
Spent a Part of last Evening with Mr. Jo. Cleverly. He is a
Tiptoe for Town Meeting. He has many Schemes and Improvements in his Head-vizt.
for seperating the offices of Constable and
Collector.Collecting Taxes has laid the Foundation for the Ruin of many
Families -- John Vesey, Ben. Owen,
Jed. Bass. He is for 5 select Men and will vote for the old
ones Mr. Quincy, and
Major Miller. He hears they are for
turning out all the old select Men and chusing a
new sett: they [are] for having but 3
&c. The only Way is to oppose Schemes to Schemes, and so break in upon
them. -- Cleverly will become a great Town Meeting Man, and a
great Speaker in Town Meeting. Q. What Effect will this have on the Town
Brother tells me, that Wm. Vesey Jur. tells him, he has but
one Objection against Jona. Bass, and that is,
Bass is too forward. -- When a Man is forward, We may conclude
he has something some selfish View, some self Ends. -- Brother asked
him if he and his Party would carry that Argument thro? It holds stronger vs.Captn.
Thayer and Major Miller than it
ever did against any Body in this Town excepting
Coll. Gooch and Captn. Mills. But I desire the Proof of
Bass's forwardness. Has he been more so than
Major Miller? -- Come Come Mr.
Vesey, says Master Jo. Cleverly, dont you say too
much. I ant of that mind.
Ego. Bass is an Active, capable Man, but no seeker by mean
begging or buying of Votes.
Heard Mr. Wibirt.
MARCH 3. 1766.
My Brother Peter
Mr. Etter and Mr. Field, having a Number of
Votes prepared for Mr. Quincy and me, set themselves to
scatter them in Town
Meeting. The Town had been very silent and
still, my Name had never been mentioned nor had our Friends ever talked of any
new Select Men att
all, excepting in the south Precinct.
But as soon as they found their was an Attempt to be made, they fell in and
there were 6 different
with Votes for as many
different Persons, besides a considerable Number of Scattering Votes, I had the
Major Vote of the Assembly, the first Time. Mr. Quincy had
more than 160 Votes. I had but one Vote more than half. Some of the Church
People, Mr. Jo. Cleverly, his Brother Ben.
and Son &c. and Mr. Ben. Vesey of the Middle Precinct,
Mr. James Faxon &c. I found were grieved and chagrined for
the Loss of their dear Major Miller
Etter and my Brother took a skillful Method. They let a
Number of young Fellows into the Design. John Ruggles,
Peter Newcomb, &c. who were very well pleased with the
Employment and put about a great many Votes. Many Persons, I hear acted slyly
and deceitfully. This is always the Case.
I own it gave me much Pleasure to find I had so many Friends, and that my
Conduct in Town, has been not disapproved. The Choice was quite unexpected to
me. I thought the Project was so new and sudden that the People had not
digested it, and would generally suppose, the Town would not like it, and so
would not vote for it. But my Brothers answer was, that it had been talked of,
last year, and some Years before, and that the Thought was familiar to the
People in general, and was more agreable than
any Thing of the Kind, that could be proposed to
many. And for these Reasons his Hopes were strong.
But the Tryumph of the Party was very
considerable, tho not compleat. For Thayer and Miller, and the late Lessees of the North
Commons, and many of the Church People and many others, had determined to get
out Deacon Penniman. But instead of that,
their favourite was dropped, and I, more obnoxious
to that Party than even Deacon Penniman, or any other Man, was
chosen in his Room, and Deacon Penniman
was saved with more than 130 Votes, a more reputable Election than even
Thayer himself had.
Mr. Jo. Bass was extreamly
sorry for the Loss of Major Miller, he
would never come to another Meeting. Mr. Jo. Cleverly could
not account for many Things done at Town Meetings. His Motion for Choosing
Collectors was slighted -- his Motion for lessening his fine was thrown out --
and he made no Sort of figure as a Speaker. So that I believe Mr.
Cleverly will make no Hand.
Elisha Niles says Sett
a Knave to
catch a Knave. A few days before a former March Meeting he told
that he had a Mind to get in
asked him, who he would have with
him? He answered Captain Allin. Thayer made him no Answer, but, when the
Meeting came, was chosen himself. -- Mr. Thomas Faxon of this
End of the Town, told my
he never saw any Body
neatly in his Life. Not a Word -- not a Whisper before hand. Peter
Newcomb gave him a Vote. He had one before for
, and had heard nothing of me. But
He thought I should have one. So he dropped that for
. Jo. Nightingale
asked my Wife
will have too much
Business, will he not. The Courts to attend -- Select Manand Representative at
May, &c. Mr. John Baxter, the old Gentleman, told me, he
well pleased with the Choice at the
North End, &c. Old Mr. John Ruggles voted
for me. But says that Thayer
at May. If I would set up, he would vote for
me, and I should go, but Mr. Quincy will not. Lt.
Holbrook I hear was much in my favour
Thus the Town is pretty generally disputing about me, I find. But this Choice
will not disconcert Thayer
it will weaken him. But as I said before the
was not compleat
. Cornet Bass had the most Votes
the first Time, and would have come in the Second, but the
North End People, his Friends, after putting in their Votes the
first Time, withdrew for Refreshment, by which Accident he lost it, to their
Mark the Fruits of this Election, to me. Will the Church People be angry,
and grow hot, and furious? Or will they be cooler and calmer for it? Will
Thayers other Precinct friends resent
it, and become more violent, or will they be less so? -- In short, I cannot
answer these Questions. Many of them will be disheartened I know. Some will be
WEDNESDAY, THURDSDAY,FRYDAY, SATURDAY, SUNDAY [4-9
Last Week went to
Boston, and to
Weymouth, &c. I hear that Mr. Benjamin
Cleverly has already bespoke Mr. John Ruggles Jur.,
against May Meeting. Promis'd him, as much as he
can eat and drink of the best Sorts, if he will vote for Captn. Thayer. Told him he would not have acted
as he did at March, if it had not been for Thos. Newcomb, and
that he would vote for Thayer at May, if it was not for
Thos. Newcomb. By this, the other Side are allarmed. The Craft they think is in danger. But I believe
their Fears are groundless, tho I wish there was good
Reason for them.
Drank Tea at Mr. Etters. He says all the Blame is laid to
him, and that a certain Man takes it very ill of him. -- By the Way, I heard
and James Brackett Jur. were heard since March
against Deacon Palmer, and said he
was a Knave &c. Q. about this Quarrell
I find the late Choice has brought upon me, a Multiplicity of new Cares. The
Schools are one great Object of my Attention. It is a Thing of some difficulty
to find out the best, most beneficial Method of expending the school
Money.Captn. Adams says that each
Parishes Proportion of the School Money, has not been settled, since my fathers
day. Thos. Faxon says, it would be more profitable to the
Children, to have a Number of Womens Schools about than to have a fixed Grammar
School. Q. Whether he has not a Desire that his Wife should keep one?
Jonathan Bass says the same. Q. his Wife is a School Mistress.
So that two Points of Examination occur -- the Proportion between the Parishes,
i.e. the Sum which this Parish ought to have, and whether a standing Grammar
school is preferable to a Number of school Mistresses Part of the Year and a
Grammar School Part.
Another great Object, Are the Poor. Persons are soliciting for the
Priviledge of supplying the Poor, with Wood, Corn,
Meat &c. The Care of supplying at Cash Price, and in Weight and Measure, is
something. The Care of considering and deciding the Pretensions of the
Claimants is something.
A Third, and the greatest is the Assessment. Here I am not so thorough. I
must enquire a great While before I shall know the
Polls, and Estates, real and personal, of all the Inhabitants of the Town or
The high Ways, the Districts to Surveyors, and laying out new Ways or
altering old ones, are a 4th. Thing.
Perambulations of Lines, are another Thing. --
Weymouth. Orders, for Services of many Sorts, to &c.
It will increase my Connections, with the People.
[Chief ] [Justice] not there. A Piece of
political Finess, to make the People believe he was
under a Necessity of going a journey this Week, but would be here by the next,
was put about while Care was taken, to secure an Agreement to an Adjournment
for 3 or 4 Weeks. So that Hutchinson is to trim, and shift,
and luff up and bear away. And elude the Blame of the Ministry and the
Cushing Spoke out boldly and said he was
ready to go on. He had no Difficulty about going on.
Lynde said We are here.
Oliver said here am I, in Duress, and if I
must go on, I must. Thus Popular Compulsion, fear of Violence, of the Sons of
Liberty, &c., was suggested to he the onlv Motive with him to go on.
WEDNESDAY. 12TH. Thursday 13th
Yesterday and to day the severest Storm of Snow, we
have had this Year.
15TH. MARCH 1766.
The Snow is as deep and in as mountainous Banks, as it has been at any Time
this Winter. -- The unanimous Agreement of the Court and Bar, was, to try a few
civil Causes, one at least, and then adjourn over.
Heard Mr. Wibirt all day.
MARCH 17TH. 1766.
Rain. A Piece in Even [Evening] Post March l0th. Remarks
and Observations on Hutch's [Hutchinson's]
History. The Writer seems concerned least his Country men should incur the
Censure of hissing from the stage all Merit of their own Growth.
But Q. Allowing Mr. Hutchinsons great Merit, what
Disposition has his Country men
hiss it from the Stage? Has not his Merit been sounded very high by his
? -- for 20 Years? Have not his
Countrymen loved, admired,
revered, rewarded, nay almost adored him?
Have not 99 in an l00 of them really thought him, the greatest and best Man in
America? Has not the Perpetual Language of many Members of both
Houses, and of a Majority of his Brother Councillors [been]
that Mr. Hutchinson is a great Man, a pious, a wise, a
, a good Man, an eminent Saint, a
&c., the greatest Man in the
Province, the greatest on the Continent? Nay have not many proceeded
Nay has not the Affection and Admiration of his Countrymen,
arisen so high, as often to style him, the greatest and best Man in the World?
that they never saw nor heard, nor read of such a Man? -- a Sort of Apotheosis
like that of Alexander and that of Caesar
while they lived?
As to Rewards, have they not admitted him to the highest Honours, and Profits, in the Province? Have they not
assisted him chearfully in raising himself and
his family to allmost all the Honours and Profits - to the Exclusion of much better Men?
Have they not rewarded him so far, as to form invincible Combinations to
involve every Man of any Learning and Ingenuity, in generall Detestation, Obloquy, and Ruin, who has been so
unfortunate as to think him rather too craving?
There is also another Piece, in the same Paper, called Remarks on the Times,
possibly by the same Hand-about Political Enthusiasm, disordered Pulses,
Precipices, Vertigoes, falling on ragged Cliffs, Men of hot enthusiastical Turn
of Mind, &C.
Went to Town Meeting thro a fierce Wind, a
soaking Rain, and miry Snowy Travelling Roads and Banks of Snow.
Weymouth, found the Family mourning the Loss, and preparing for
the Funeral of old Tom. -- After my Return, rode to
Mr. Halls, and in my Return stopped at Mr.
Basses Jo. Basses, for the Papers.
Major Miller soon afterwards came in,
and he and I looked on each other, without Wrath or shame or Guilt, at least
without any great Degree of Either, 'tho I must own
I did not feel exactly as I used to in his Company, and I am sure by his Face
and Eyes, that he did not in mine. We were very Social, &c.
WEDNESDAY. MARCH 19TH. 1766.
At Mrs. Baxters Funeral.
FRYDAY MARCH 21ST.
A fine Spring like Morning. The Birds of many Sorts, as sprightly and
FRYDAY, MARCH 28TH. 1766.
I have omitted writing a Week. Dr. Tufts lodged here last
Night with Yesterdays Paper. The Jany. Packet,
N. York, has brought the K's [King's] Speech,
the Address of Lords and Commons, 14th. Jany., and
many private Letters, which inform that Mr. Pitt was in the
House of Commons and declared himself vs.
Greenville [Grenville], and for a Repeal of
the Stamp Act, upon Principle. Called it, the most impolitic, arbitrary,
oppressive, and unconstitutional Act that ever was passed. Denyed that We were represented in the House of Commons.
(Q. whether the House of Commons, or the Parliament). And asserted that the
House granted Taxes in their Representative Capacity, not in their Legislative.
And therefore, that the Parliament had not Right to tax the Colonies.
Q. What has been said in
America which Mr. Pitt has not confirmed?
Otis, Adams, Hopkins,
&c. have said no more. Hampden, F.A., the Feudal System And Lord
Clarendon, have gone no further than Pitt.
No Epithets have been used in
America worse than impolitic, arbitrary, oppressive,
unconstitutional, unless it be cursed, damned, supercursed &c.
What shall we think of Mr. Pitt? What shall we call him?
The Genius, and Guardian Angell of
Britain and British
America? Or what? Is it possible that
Greenville, offensive to his K [King],dissagreable to the People, should prevail
vs. the whole new Ministry and Mr.
FRYDAY APRIL 10TH. 1766.
Plymouth. Court open and Business proceeding.
APRIL 15TH. 1766.
Boston. The Superior Court adjourned again, for a fortnight.
Cushing and Oliver, present. What Insolence
And Impudence, and Chickanery is this?
Fleet of Yesterday, gives us, a Piece from
[London ] [Gazette] Jany. 8th. signed Vindex Patrix. The sole
[Question] he says is, if the Americans are represented in
Colonists by Charters shall have same Priviledges, as if born in
England, i.e. that
England shall be reputed their natale solum.
Massachusetts by Fiction supposed to lye
England. -- Q. whether this Thought was not suggested by the
"a fiction of Law insensible in Theory and injurious in
England is represented, then [illegible]
APRIL 26TH. 1766.
The last Thurdsdays Paper is full. The Resolves of the House of Commons, are
the most interesting. The Bill which is to be brought in upon the first
Resolve, and the Sixth has excited my Curiosity and Apprehensions the most. The
Ist. Resolve is that K., Lds. and Commons have an undoubted Right to make Laws
for the Colonies in all Cases, whatever. -- I am solicitous to know whether
they will lay a Tax, in Consequence of that Resolution, or what Kind of a Law
they will make.
The first Resolve is in these Words.
"That the Kings Majesty, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords
Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons of
G. Britain in Parliament assembled, had, hath, and of right
ought to have, full Power and Authority to make Laws and Statutes of sufficient
Force and Validity to bind the Colonies and People of
America, Subjects of the Crown of
G. Britain, in all Cases whatever." Now upon this
Resolution, a Bill is to be brought in. Q. What is the End and design of that
Another Resolution is, that all who have suffered Damages for their Desire
to comply with [illegible] any Act of Parliament, or to assist in
the Execution of any, ought to be amply compensated. -- But who are they, who
have manifested a Desire to comply with the stamp Act, or to assist in the
Execution of it? Winslow, Foster,
Clap, Brown &c. were for Submission, in
order to obtain a Repeal. Every Body has disowned
any desire to comply or assist. Who will lay claim to the Character of dutiful
and loyal Subjects, and to the Protection of the House of Commons in
Consequence of the 5th Resolution?
Prophecies are the most airy, visionary Things in Nature. I remember the
Time, when Pratt was universally call'd
by the Hutchinsonians a bad Politician, and I never
could hear any other Reason given, but this that his Prophecies about the
K. of Prussia and General Amherst, did
not turn out right.
Winslows, have been prophesying, that Fleets and Armies would
be sent to inforce
the stamp Act. But they are as
false Prophets as ever uttered oracles.
Foresight, Judgment, Sagacity, Penetration, &c. are but very feeble,
infirm Things, in these great affairs of State and War. What
[said] in the Probate office was as good a Way as any, -- I
never was more at a loss in my Life, about any
Thing future! What the new Ministry will do, I know not. If Mr.
Pitt was in I should be at no loss at all. -- In this Way, an Air of
deep important Wisdom is preserved, without danger of being proved mistaken by
APRIL 27TH. 1766.
Heard Mr. Smith.
In the Evening, I had a great deal of Conversation with Ezekiel
Price,Yesterday about Politicks, &c. I provoked him to speak freely by
calling him an Hutchinsonian. -- I swear says he I think the Lieutenant
Governor an honest Man, and I think he has been most damnably abused and
slandered and bely'd, &c. I know all his violent
Opposers -- I know them and what they are after, and their disciples in and
about the Capital. There is no Man in the Province would fill any one of his
offices, as he does. He is the best judge of Probate, &c.Flings about
Otis and Adams, and about being one of their
APRIL 28TH. 1766.
APRIL 29TH. 1766.
Boston. To this day the Superiour
Court was adjourned: Hutchinson
, Lynde and
Cushing were present. Two of the Bar, agreed to continue an
and orders Winthrop to minute an Agreement to continue. We
will consider of it, says he. Another of the Bar, moved for a Continuance and
no Opposition. Hutchinson
orders the Clerk to enter it,
a Motion for a Continuance, &c.
Then the Court went to playing off a Farce, and to trying to get a Cause for
the Jury. But none was then ready. Then
proposed, what if
we should adjourn to the first Tuesday in June. Then Otis and
Swift moved that Complaints might be read and passed upon.
"I shall be very open in my Judgment. I am not for making up
Judgment on any Complaints. I am upon Principle in it -- it would not be
regular, nor prudent at this critical Juncture." Cushing
"that in some Cases of Necessity, it might be done" with one of his most
Jesuitical Looks. Lynde declared he would not belong to the
General Court, in all Advents, this Year.
"He wanted to be out of Town, to be at Home. He was never so easy
as when he was there. He did not love to spend his Time idly. If there was no
Business to be done, he was for being where he could be imploy'd
Thus the C.J. is now mustering up Fortitude enough to make public
[illegible] , to manifest his Desire to comply, with the Stamp -
Act, and to assist in carrying it into Execution. In Order to lay claim to the
Protection of the House of Commons, and to claim the a
Compensation for his Damages. Ay! he is now assuming the Character of a dutiful
and loyal Subject.
I kept an obstinate Silence, the whole Time, I said not one Word for, or
against the Adjournment. I saw the Court were determined before they came in,
and they had no Right to expect that I would fall in with that Determination.
And I had no Disposition to foment an opposition to it, because, an Opposition
made with any Warmth might have ended in the Demolition of the Earthly House of
his Honours Tabernacle.
But let me look back to the Sixth Page in this Book, i.e. to Tuesday. 11th.
of March 1766, and read, What was said by Cushing,
Lynde &c. -- and can we be sufficiently amazed at the
Chickanery, the Finess,
the Prevarication, the Insincerity, the simulation, nay the Lyes and Falshoods of the
Judges of the Superiour Court. These are harsh
Words, but true. The Times are terrible, and made so at present by
Hutchinson C.J. I cannot say,
that Oliver fibbed, but Cushing did
abominably on 11th. March.
Nathaniel Hatch says they are right
"for nothing hindered the Repeal of the Stamp Act, but
what has been done here -- the Riots, and Resolves, and doing Business
America will ring with Riots, Resolves, opening Courts,
Instructions, Edes &
Gills Gazette -- Writers &c. All the Evil will be laid
upon them -- and the Congress too, and recalling Orders for Goods.
MAY 4TH. 1766.
Returning from Meeting this Morning I saw for the first Time, a likely young
Button Wood Tree, lately planted, on the Triangle made by the Three Roads, by
the House of Mr. James Brackett. The Tree is well set, well
guarded, and has on it, an Inscription "The Tree of Liberty," and
"cursed is he, who cutts this Tree."-- Q. What
will be the Consequences of this Thought? I never heard an Hint of it, till I
saw it, but I hear that some Persons grumble and threaten to girdle it.
MAY 18TH. 1766.
Mem. to write some Speculations, upon the Union of Legislative and Executive
Powers -- and upon the Knot, the junto, the Combination.
MAY 26TH. 1766.
I have been very unfortunate, in running the Gauntlet, thro all the Rejoicings, for the Repeal of the Stamp -
Monday last at 2 O Clock, was our Town Meeting, and the same Evening, were
all the Rejoicings in
Boston and in
Plymouth. After Meeting I mounted for
Plymouth, and reached Dr. Halls of
Pembroke. The only Rejoicings, I heard or saw were at
Hingham, where the Bells rung, Cannons were fired, Drums beaten,
and Land Lady Cushing on the Plain, illuminated her House. The
County of Plymouth has made a thorough Purgation,
Winslow, Clap, Foster,
Hayward, Keen, Oliver,
Alden, are all omitted, and Warren,
Seaver [Sever], Thomas,
Turner, Vinal, Edson,
Sprout are chosen. What a Change!
A duller Day, than last Monday, when the Province was in a Rapture for the
Repeal of the Stamp Act, I do not remember to have passed.
My Wife who had long
depended on going to
Boston, and my little
Babe [illegible] were both very ill of an
hooping Cough. My self,
under Obligation to attend the Superiour Court at
Plymouth, the next day, and therefore unable to go to
Boston. And the
Town of Braintree insensible to the Common Joy!
WEDNESDAY. MAY 28TH.
General Election. At
Boston. After Lecture, dined at Mr. Austins,
the Wine Cooper, with the Revd. Messrs.
Charlestown and [Amos] Adams
Roxbury. Adams and
Austin were the Disputants in Politicks, Prentice a Moderator.
This Morning [Samuel] Adams
was chosen Clerk, and Otis Speaker.
Govr. Bernard negatived him. Cushing was
chosen. In the Afternoon they proceeded to choose Councillors, when
Hutchinson, and the two
Olivers were dropp'd, and
Trowbridge was dropped, and Mr. Pitts,
Coll. Gerrish, Coll. White, Bowers,
Powel, and Mr. Saunders and
Dexter, were chosen. -- What a Change! This Day seems to be
the litteral Accomplishment of a Prophecy of
Mr. Otis, published two or three Winters ago in the
"The Day is hastening on, with large Strides, when a dirty, very
dirty, witless Rabble, I mean the great Vulgar, shall go down with deserved
Infamy to all Posterity." Thus the Triumph of Otis and his
Party are compleat. But what changes are yet to
come? Will not the other Party soon be uppermost?
THURDSDAY, MAY 29TH.
The Governor negatived Otis, Sparhawk,
Dexter, Saunders, Gerrish
and Bowers, and made the two Houses a most nitrous,
What will be the Consequence?
This morning in Hatch's Office, Mr. Paxton
"This is the lazyest Town upon the
Globe -- poor, proud and lazy is the Character of this Town. They wont work. If
the Neutrals were gone, there would be no body to
throw the Water out of the long Boat in this Town."
Trowbridge told Stories about the Virtue of some
Neutrals-their strict justice, there Aversion to Prophaneness
Paxton said they were never drunk, never disorderly, never
before a Magistrate &c. &c. &c. All this from
Goffe and Paxton, was meant in
of roman Catholic Religion and civil slavery I
Goffe said he had been reading the History of
England, and he found that there had always arisen Men to defend
Liberty, in the same manner, and from the same Principles, as they do here.
He said further that for himself, he felt so happily after his Death, that
he was pretty sure he had behaved well during his Lifetime. For himself, he was
easy, but the poor Secretary is infirm; it will bear hard upon him. And for the
Lieutenant Governor, now the Act is repeal'd, and
considering how he has been used, instead of doing any
Thing to make up his Loss, to leave him out of Council, and so to
confirm in the Minds of the People a suspicion that he has been an Enemy to the
Country, is very hard, for a Man who has behaved so well as he has
Mem. to search the Books, with the Regard to the following Clause in the
late Mr. Borlands Will, vizt.
"Item, to my Son Francis Lindall
Borland, who hath been long absent, and I fear is not now in Life, to
him, if now living, I give all my Lands in
Billerica, all my Lands in
Sturbridge, my Messuage in
Milk Street in
Boston wherein Joseph Calef now lives, all the
said Lands and Messuage to my said Son Francis Lindall and his
Heirs forever. I give him allso the Sum of one Thousand
Pounds l.M. of this Province, and my small Diamond Ring and my Gold
John Borland is afterwards
made Residuary Legatee in these Words
"Item, all the Rest and Residue of my Estate, real and personal,
wheresoever the same may be, I give to my Son
John his Heirs and Assigns for
Q. Is this a lapsed Legacy? If a lapsed Legacy it must be divided,
among Fr distributed parted and distributed among
Francis Borlands Right Heirs.
But, I observe the Devise and Legacy is to him, if living. It has never yet
been proved, probably never will be, that he was then dead, but admitting it
certain he was not then living, would it follow that the Residuary Clause
comprehended and extended to John what was before given conditionally to
 JULY 1766.
Monday after Commencement. Last Saturday, I accidentally found a curious
Volume, which Oaks Angier found in a Chest of Books belonging
to an Uncle of his who died 45 Years ago. The Title Page and all the rest is
gone till you come to the 18th. Page. It seems to be a Collection of Pamphlets,
published in the memorable Year 1640, bound up together, in one Quarto
Lord Digbies Speech. 9. Novr. 1640, concerning
Grievances and the Triennial Parliament.
Lord Digbies Speech Jany.
19. 1640 to the Bill for Triennial Parliaments.
Nathl. Fiennes his Speech 9th. Feby. 1640. concerning the Londoners Petition, and the
Government of the Church by Archbishops, Bishops &c.
Francis Rous Esqrs. Speech before the Lords March 16th.
1640 upon presenting an Impeachment vs. Dr.
Cossens, Dr. Maynwaring and Dr.
Nathl. Fiennes's 2d Speech
touching the Subjects Liberty, against the late Cannons, and the new Oath.
Lord Digbies Speech, concerning Bishops and the City
Petition Feby. 9th. 1640
The Accusation and Impeachment of John Lord Finch
Lord Faulklands 2d Speech
after reading the Articles vs. Lord
Four Speeches of Sir Edward Deering concerning
Religion and the Government of Church.
Bagshaws Speech Feby. 9. 1640
concerning Episcopacy and the London Petition.
Three Speeches of Sir Benjamin Rudyer, concerning
.the Clergy, &c.
Message from Commons to Lords by Mr. Pym Novr. 11 . 1640
requesting Strafford to be taken into Custody.
Articles of Impeachment vs. Thomas Earl
of Strafford whereby he stands charg'd
of High Treason.
Earl of Bristows Speech 7th. Decr. 1640.
Mr. Mainards Speech before both Houses. 24th. March in
reply to Straffords Answer to his Articles at the
The London Petition, a Particular of Prelatical Grievances.
Articles vs. Secretary
Lord Finch's Speech, in the House of Commons,
concerning Himself 21.Decr. 1640.
Harbottle Grimstones Speech 18th. Decr. 1640 moving for an Impeachment of the Archbishop.
He calls him the great and common Enemy of all Goodness and good Men.
Message from the Queen to the Commons Feby. 5th.
Sir Thomas Roe's, concerning Trade 1640
Lord Faulklands Speech concerning Episcopacy.
Pym's Speech after the Articles vs. Strafford were read.
Pym's Speech after the Articles vs. Sir George Ratcliffe were
Thanksgiving for the Repeal of the Stamp - Act. Mr. Smiths
"The Lord reigneth, let the Earth rejoice, and the Multitude of the Isles be
glad thereof." Mr. Wibirts was Genesis 50th. 20th. --
"But as for you, ye thought evil against me; but god meant it unto good, to
bring to pass, as it is this Day, to save much People alive." --
America is Joseph, the King Lords and Commons
-- Josephs Father and Brothers. Our Forefathers sold into
Egypt, i.e. Persecuted into
America, &c. Wibirt shone, they say.
JULY 28TH. 1766.
Boston. A Meeting of the Bar at the Coffee House, for the
Admission of Three young Gentlemen, Mr.
, Mr. Quincy
, and another Meeting
appointed next Fryday
sennight, to consider of some
Measures for Limitation, making a Pause, &c. They swarm and multiply. Sed,
The Country grows amazingly, and the Time will not be long e're
, many who are now upon the Stage will be in their
Graves. Four Years must pass, before the 3 young Gentlemen, admitted this
night, will assume the Gown. And four Years will make a great alteration in the
Bar. It is not so long, since Pratt and
Thatcher were in their Glory, at the Bar. Since Coll.
Otis reigned in three southern Counties,
&c. Mr. Gridley
Mr. Dana are between 60 and 70. Kent is near
60. Fitch, Otis, Auchmuty
are about 40 -- Benj. Gridley
and Mr. Dudley are about 35 -- And Sewal,
S. Quincy and I about 30. Within 4 Years possibly some
of all these Ranks may depart. But the Bar has at last introduced
a regular Progress, to the Gown, and seven Years must be the State of
Otis and Auchmuty were the chief Speakers.
Gridley however was not in
Trim. I never saw him more out of Spirits. Otis told some
Stories, Auchmuty told more, and Scolded and
rail'd about the lowness of the Fees. This is
Auchmutys common Place Topick -- In
South Carolina, and
N. York, a Lawyer will make an Independent Fortune in Ten
JULY 29TH. 1766.
Boston -- bought Gilberts Law of Evidence.
Heard some Cases of Bastardy in the Sessions. William Douglass
was charged by a Dutch Girl with being the father of a Bastard Child born of
her Body. Auchmuty is employed, in sessions, and
every where. The same heavy, dull, insipid Way of
arguing every where -- as many Repetitions as a
presbyterian Parson in his Prayer -- tedious as Applin.
Volubility, voluble Repetition and repeated Volubility-fluent Reiterations, and
reiterating Fluency. Such nauseous Eloquence always puts my Patience to the
Torture. In what is this Man conspicuous? in Reasoning? in Imagination? in
Painting? in the Pathetic? or what? In Confidence, in Dogmatism, &c. His
Wit is flat, his Humour is affected, and dull.
To have this Man represented as the first at the Bar is a Libel upon it -- a
Reproach and disgrace to it.
WEDNESDAY [30 JULY].
Boston. The Weather cloudy. Going to the Common Pleas
to day. Let me take Minutes. Let me remark the
Speakers, their Action, their Pronunciation, there Learning, their Reasoning,
their Art and skill. Let me remark the Causes, the remarkable Circumstances,
&c. and report
AUG. [5 or 12]
Satt out with
my Wife for
Salem -- dined at
Boston -- drank Tea at Dr. Simons
Medford -- lodg'd at Mr.
WEDNESDAY AUG. [6 or
Satt out from Mr. Bishops, oated, at
Norwoods alias Martins, and reached
Brother Cranches at 12 o Clock
dined and drank Tea, and then rode down to the Neck Gate, and then back
thro the common and down to
Beverly Ferry, then back thro the
common and round the back Part of the Town Home. Then Walked round the other
Side of the Town to Coll. Browns,
who not being at Home, we returned. The Town is situated on a Plain, a Level, a
Flat -- scarce an Eminence can be found, any where,
to take a View. The Streets are broad, and strait
and pretty clean. The Houses are the most elegant and grand, that I have seen
in any of the maritime Towns.
THURDSDAY AUG. [7 or
In the Morning rode a single Horse, in Company with
in a Chaise, to
Marblehead, 4 miles, is pleasant indeed. The Grass
and Fields are delightfull
Marblehead differs from
Salem. The Streets are narrow, and rugged and dirty -- but there
are some very grand Buildings. Returned and din'd
Cranch's -- after dinner walked to
Witchcraft Hill -- An Hill about 1/2 Mile from
Cranches where the famous Persons formerly executed for
Witches were buried. Somebody within a few Years has planted a Number of Locust
Trees over the Graves, as a Memorial of that memorable Victory over the Prince
of the Power of the Air. This Hill is in a large Common belonging to the
Salem &c. From it you have a fair View of the Town, of the
River, the North and South Fields -- of
Marble Head -- of Judge Lynde's Pleasure House
Salem Village &c.
Taunton. Lodged at McWhorters.
Dined at Captn. Cobbs with
Coll. G. Leonard,
Paine, Leonard, young Cobb
WEDNESDAY [20 AUGUST].
Spent Evening at Lodgings with Charles Cushing, and
Daniel Oliver of
Middleborough, Paine and
Leonard -- socially.
THURDSDAY MORNING [21
Fine Weather -- feel well.
NOVR. 3D. MONDAY.
Sett off, with
my Wife for
Salem. Stopped 1/2 Hour att
Boston, cross'd the Ferry, and at 3 O
Clock arrived at Hill's the Tavern in
Malden, the Sign of the rising Eagle, at the Brook, near
Mr. Emmersons [Emerson's] Meeting House, 5
Miles from Norwoods, where vizt. at Hills we
dined. Here we fell in Company with Kent and
Sewal. We all oated at Martins, where we
found the new Sherriff of
Saltonstal. We all rode into Town together. Arrived at my dear Brother
Cranches, about 8 and drank Tea,
and are all very happy. Sat and heard the Ladies talk about Ribbon, Catgut and
Paris net, Riding hoods, Cloth, Silk and Lace. -- Brother
Cranch came Home, and a very
happy Evening we had. Cranch is
now in a good Situation for Business near the Court House and Mr.
Bernards [Barnard's] Meeting house and on the Road
Marblehead -- his House fronting the Wharffs, the Harbour, and
Shipping, has a fine Prospect before it.
A fine Morning. Attended Court all Day, heard the Charge to Grand Jury, and
a Prayer by Mr. Barnard. Deacon Pickering
was Foreman of one of the
Juries. This Man, famous for his Writings in Newspapers concerning Church order
and Government, they tell me is very rich. His Appearance is perfectly
, like a Farmer. His smooth combed Locks flow behind
him, like Deacon Cushing, tho
grey. He has a quick Eye like -- . He has an hypocritical Demure on his Face
like Deacon Foster. His mouth makes a Semicircle, when he puts
on that devout Face. Deacon Penniman is somewhat like him
Penniman has more of
the grave Solemnity in his Behaviour
other. The Picture of Govr. Endicott, &c. in the Council
Chamber, is of this Sort. They are Puritanical Faces.
At this Court I also saw a young Gentleman lately sworn in the
Inferiour Court, whose Name is Samuel
Porter, he lived with Mr. Farnham, took his
2d. Degree last Year and lives at
Ipswich. Thus every County of the Province, Swarms with Pupils
and students and young Practicers of Law.
Attended Court, heard the Tryal of an Action of
Trespass brought by a Molatto Woman, for Damages,
for restraining her of her Liberty. This is call'd
suing for Liberty; the first Action that ever I knew, of the Sort,
tho I have heard there have been many. Heard another
Action for Assault and Battery, of a Mariner by the Master of a
Vessell; a little Fellow was produced as a Witness
who is a Spaniard -- speaks intelligible English -- black Eyes, thin, sharp
Features -- has been among the English for 3 or 4. Years.
Here I saw Nathl. Peasley
Methuen, 2 Years an Attorney of Superior Court, now commencing a
Barister. He took his Degree the Year I entered Colledge. He has the Character of Sense, Ingenuity &c.
but not of fluency. He is a stout Man, not genteel nor sprightly. This is the
Gentleman whom Thatcher recommended for a Justice and Admired
for his Correctness and Conciseness, as another Father
Here I found the famous Joseph Eaton, at Law as usual. I
knew him when I lived at
Worcester where he had a Suit, I believe every Court while I
lived there. He now lives at
Lynn End, on the Borders between
Middlesex. This is one of the stirring Instruments that
Goffe has patronised and encouraged, for many Years. I
remember to have heard Goffe celebrate him for self Government
-- for a cool steady command of his Passions, and for Firmness of Mind
Eaton is now at Law with the Harts,
whose Characters are as curious as his, and more so.
This Eaton Goffe set up, as
Pynchon tells me, to be a justice, but
Thatcher got him indicted in the County of
Worcester Essex for a
Barrator, which defeated the scheme of Goffe, and he came near
Conviction. Goffe grew warm and said that
Eaton's Character was as good as any Mans at the Bar.
Spent the Evening at Mr. Pynchons, with
Sergeant,Coll. Saltonstall &c., very
agreably. Punch, Wine, bread and Cheese, Apples,
Pipes and Tobacco. Popes and Bonfires this Evening at
Salem, and a Swarm of tumultuous People attending them.
NOVR. 6TH. THURDSDAY.
A fine Morn. Oated at Martins where we saw 5 Boxes of
Dollars containing as we were told about 18,000 of them, going in an Horse Cart
Salem Custom House to
Boston, in Order to be shipp'd for
England. A Guard of Armed Men, with swords, Hangers, Pistols and
Musquets, attended it. We dined at Dr.
There I first heard that the old Custom and Priviledge of Electing orators, Thesis Collectors,
&c. by the Class, has been lately taken away, and that this Invasion of
their Priviledges, contributed more than the
Butter towards the late Spirit of Insurrection there.
Drank Tea at Mrs. Kneelands. Got Home before 8 o Clock.
Went up to my common Pasture, to give Directions [illegible]
about Trimming the Trees, i.e. lopping and Trimming the Walnuts and Oaks and
felling the Pines and Savines and Hemlocks. An
irregular, misshapen Pine will darken the whole scene in some Places. These I
fell, without Mercy, to open the Prospect and let in the sun and air, that the
other Wood may grow the faster and that Grass may get in for feed. I prune all
the Trees I leave, Buttonwoods, Elmes, Maples, Oaks,
Walnuts, Savines, Hemlocks and all. The Pines that
grow in that Pasture are, i.e. the white Pines are, very knotty, crooked,
unthrifty Things. -- I am desirous of clearing out the Rocky Gutter, i.e. of
clearing away the Bushes and pruning all the Trees that we may see clearly the
Course of the Water there and judge whether it is worth while to dig up the
Rocks, and make a Ditch for the Water. And for another Reason too, vizt. to let
in the sun and Air, because that rocky Gutter produces a great deal of Feed,
which I would be glad to sweeten.
Afternoon, went to Major Crosbeys to see him execute a
Codicil to his Will. The old Gentleman is very desirous that the Province
should comply with the [King's] Recommendation, to make up
the Damages to the sufferers.
NOVR. 8TH. SATURDAY.
Fine Weather still. -- Yesterday Clement Hayden came in to
Major Crosbeys. He seem'd to hope,
he said, that the Court would not vote to make up the Losses, but he heard
to day that the King had requested it, and if that was
true he knew not what to say. The K. had been so gracious, as to repeal the
Stamp Act, and now to deny him such a Trifle would seem ungrateful and
ungenerous. And it was our best Interest to be always in favour with him, and if we should refuse his request, it
might be 10 times more damage to us, than to pay it. And He believed if this
Town was to meet and to be fully informed, about it, they would not vote
against it. In short Clem. talked like a
reasonable Man. He said that, in all the Wars and all other Times, nothing ever
happened that affected him like the Stamp Act. He said, if it had been insisted
on, he knew it would not be born, and that he expected dismal scenes. The
Repeal of it was great joy, and he should be willing to do any Thing in Reason out of Duty to the K.
This Morning I asked John Clark some Questions, about it.
He thinks if the King has requested it, it will be difficult to refuse it, but
yet it will be hard upon us to pay it.
NOVR. 9. SUNDAY.
Fine Weather Yet. Heard Mr. Penniman all Day. Spent Evening
with Dr. Savil.
Rain. Kill'd Cow. Read chiefly in the American
Gazeteers, which are a very valuable Magazine of american Knowledge.
Rain. Deacon Webb here at Tea, and put this strange
Question to me, what do you think of the Lieutenant Governor, Sir?
I told him, what I once thought of him, and that I now hoped I was mistaken
in my judgment. I told him I once thought, that his Death in a natural Way
would have been a Smile of Providence upon the Public, and would have been the
most joyful News to me that I could have heard.
The Deacon thought him a devout,
pious Man, a Professer of Religion, a good Man, a Christian, &c., and a
capable Man, and the best judge of Probate that ever we had, this 40 year, and
that he had been envyed. This Observation of his
being envyed I have heard made by Nat
Thayer before now. -- He was capable, and greatly promoted and
therefore envyed, at the same Time a craving Man. --
I presume, it will not be deny'd, that this
Province is at present, in a State of Peace, order and Tranquility: that the
People are as quiet and submissive to Government, as any People under the
sun-as little inclined to Tumults, Riots, Seditions, as they were ever known to
be, since the first foundation of the Government.
Since The Repeal of the Stamp Act, has hushed into silence almost
every [illegible] popular Clamour, and
composed every Wave of Popular Disorder into a smooth and peaceful Calm.
As the Indemnification, recommended by his Majesty, seems at present the
reigning Topic of Conversation, a few Thoughts upon that Subject may not be
After the Repeal of the Stamp Act, every Newspaper and Pamphlet, every
public And private Letter, which arrived in
England seemed to breathe a Spirit of Benevolence, Tenderness
and Generosity. The Utmost Delicacy was observed in all the State Papers, in
the Choice of Expressions, that no unkind Impression might be left upon the
Minds of the People in
America. The Letters from the Ministry to the Governor,
recommended the mildest, softest, most lenient and conciliating Measures, and
even the Resolve of the House of Commons and the Recommendation from his
Majesty, concerning an Indemnification to the Sufferers, was conceived in the
most alluring Language. Oblivion of every disagreable Circumstance, which had happened, through
the Warmth of the People in the late unhappy Times, was recommended -- in the
What Kind of Behaviour might have been expected
from a Governor, in Consequence of such Advices from Home?
At such a Time, when the House of Representatives, newly chosen by the
People, and an House which thought like the People, had proceeded with as much
calm, composed Deliberation as was ever known, to the Choice
[of] a Speaker, would it be [illegible]
expected that the Governor should Negative that Speaker? Especially as that
Gentleman had been a long Time in great Esteem in the Province, had but just
before been unanimously chosen upon the Congress at
N. York and had executed that Trust, to the universal Acceptance
of the Province?
At such a Time, when the two Houses had proceeded, with equal Solemnity, to
the Choice of Councillors, and had compleated the
Election, could it be believed that a Governor should by his mighty Negative,
slaughter six of the List at a blow, six of the most steady, capable, and
Active Friends of the People in the whole Board?
After all this which was born without a Murmur, does it not exceed all
Credibility, that this same Governor should meet the two Houses, and open the
Session with a Speech -- a Speech! -- a Speech! I want Words to express my
Sentiments of this Speech!
DECR. 8TH. MONDAY.
Dined at Dr. Tufts's. Drank Tea at Dr.
Pembroke. Lodged at Captn.
Kingston. -- I find a general Opposition in the
County of Plymouth, to Compensation. Jacobs
tells me, that
Scituate voted vs. it with great
Warmth. Judge Cushing Moderator did not think fit to say a
Word, nor was there a Word said or an Hand up in favour of the Bill, tho they had
voted for it in October. Keen of
Pembroke was warm and stumped Sole [Soul or
Soule] the Moderator to lay down the Money and prevent a Tax
upon the Poor.
Kingston was so fixed vs. it that they
would not call a Meeting. The more considerate and sensible People however in
all these Towns are in favour of it. Landlord
and Landlady Little are full of Politicks. Mr. Little would get in
General Winslow, and did get in Mr. Sever --
and Mr. Sever is sensible of it. We had over the affair of
Collector of Excise. Little dont like Judge
Cushing nor Brig [Brigadier]
Ruggles, because they opposed his Collectorship, &c.
Plymouth the Province have been drawn in cleverly -- to make
themselves guilty of the Riots. Every Body out of
the Prov. [Province] will say so. The Province has been
brought to pay what ought to have been paid by
Boston, every farthing of it.
Paine. The Mistery of Iniquity
opens more now in time of Peace than it did in Time of Confusion.
Sever said he believed Goffe would be glad
to punish all the Transgressors in the late Times. Hally said
he had tryed to persuade Goffe to
enter a Nolle Pros. vs. the Rioters in Berkshire, but
he would not and was very high &c. Paine said the
Continent ought to have paid the Damage.
Nat Clap. These Town Meeting Laws are the most awful
Things, and the
Town of Boston ought to be stigmatized for setting the
DECR. 23D. 1766.
I heard Yesterday, for the first Time, that young Jonathan
Wayward, the Son of Lt. Joseph Hayward of the South
Precinct, had got a Deputation from the Sherriff.
Captn. Thayer was the Person, who
went to the Sherriff and procur'd it for him. Silas Wild,
Tho's Penniman, Stephen Penniman, Lt.
Hayward and Zebulon Thayer were his Bondsmen-a goodly
Class! a clever Groupe! a fine Company! a bright
But what will be the Consequences of this Deputation? -- and what were the
Causes of it? My Brothers Disregard and neglect of the office and his Neglect
to pay Greenleaf, were the Causes.
Who are to be understood by the better Sort of People? There is in the Sight
of God and indeed in the Consideration of a sincere Xtian or even of a good
Philosopher, no Difference between one Man and another, but what real Merit
creates. And I mean, by real Merit, that I may [be] as well
understood as my Adversary, nothing more nor less than the Compound Ratio of
Virtue and Knowledge. Now if the Gentleman means by the better sort of People,
only such as are possessed of this real Merit, this Composition of Virtue and
Ability, I am content to join Issue with him but who shall sit as judge between
Us? -- If a Whig shall be judge, he will decide in myfavour of one set of Persons, but if a Tory, he
will give sentence for another; but if a Jacobite, he will be for a third.
But that I may be as little tedious as possible, I
will take the Gentlemans own Difinition
, and will
understand those of every Rank of plain, good understanding, who by an uniform
, testify their thorough sense of
the Blessings of good Government, who without Affectation evince an habitual
Regard for Peace, order, justice and Civility, towards all Mankind. But I find
myself again in the same Difficulty. And the Q. recurs, who shall be judge.
Phylanthrop confidently denys
that the better Sort
according to this Deffinition
, are either alarmed
or offended at any Behaviour
of the Governor. I as
affirm, that the better sort
the Province both in
Boston and in the other seaport and Country Towns (I use
Phylanthrops Language so will not answer for sense nor Accuracy
of Writing or
Grammar) are both alarmed and offended, at many Instances
of the Governors Behaviour
. I dont intend to submit
this Question between Us to be decided by the Governor, nor any of
by Philanthrop, nor any other of his Creatures, rich, nor poor, titled or
untitled, powerful or impotent: But I
Nor do I desire he should
submit it to me, or any of my Particular Friends, Patrons or Connections. -- No
I appeal to the Public, to the Province, as judges between
are the better sort, in Phylanthrops sense of the Word. Let the whole Body of
the Province then judge. -- Well they have judged and by the happy Constitution
of our Government, they must every Year determine who they esteem the better
sort. The whole Body of the People, in every Yearly Election, depute a Number
of Persons to represent them, and by their suffrages they declare such Persons
to be the better sort of People among them, in their Estimation. This
representative Body are in their Turn every Year, to chuse
28 out of the whole Province for Councillors, and by
such Election, no doubt determine such to be of the very best sort, in their
Thus far, It seems to me, I have proceeded on safe Ground, and may fairly
conclude that the honourable
his Majestys Council,
and the honourable
the House of Representatives,
the Public, the Body of the People being judges, are of the better sort of
People in Phylanthrops own sense of the Words. I might go further here, and
insist upon it, that
the present Council, [illegible] being Judge purifyed
it is, by the Governors Cathartic Negative, even his Excellency being judge,
consists entirely of the better sort of People. Otherwise, it is not to be
supposed, at least by our scribler, that he would have approved of those
Gentlemen. Let Us then enquire
, whether his Majestys
Council, and the honourable
House have not
exhibited abundant Proofs, that they are almost unanimously alarmed and
offended at the Behaviour
of the Governor.
[illegible] The Council, in their Answer to the Governors
Speech to both Houses in May, have expressed as much Resentment against his
Behaviour as can well be conveyed by Words, 'tho
the Decorum and Dignity of the Board is preserved. They have flatly charged the
Governor with bringing an unjust Accusation against the Province.
The honourable House in their Answers, which
were adopted almost unanimously, tho they have been
on their Guard, that no unwarrantable Expressions might escape them at that
critical Conjuncture, have expressed as much just Indignation and disdain of
his unworthy treatment of them, as was ever expressed by a british House of
Commons, against a Tyrant on the Throne.
Answer to Governor [Governor's]
Speech last Session, in
which the honourable
House, 48 vs.
24 voted, with great Grief, and Concern and Alarm and
its Resentment, that the Governors
had been the sole
Compensation was not made to the sufferers. This I should think was a Proof
Instar omnium, that those 48 had taken alarm and offence
Further, the House proceeded last session to the daring Enterprise of
removing Mr. Jackson from the Agency, the Governors darling
Friend and endearing Confederate, on whom the Governor had so set his Heart as
to employ the most exceptionable Means Influence in order to get him
chosen. This Removal was voted by 81 out of 87 in the House and unanimously in
the Council, and the World believes, that Apprehensions of the Governors ill
Intentions, and of the Danger to the Province from that Confederacy, influenced
a Great Part of both Houses to vote for the Dissolution of it.
To proceed a little further, the House are so allarmed
and offended, at the Author of some late
Misinformations and Misrepresentations to his Majesty, who appears beyond
reasonable Doubt from Ld. Shelbournes Letter to be the
Governor himself, that they have almost unanimously voted Letters to be sent to
Ld. Shelbourne himself, and to their Agent, Mr.
Debert, in order to remove those slanders and aspersions, in which
their sense of the Ingratitude, Haughtiness and Cruelty of the
Governor is expressed in very strong Terms.
But I will not confine my self to the two Houses
I ask whether those Gentlemen who have the Honour
of his Majestys Commissions in his Revenue, are to be esteemed the better Sort
of People, or not? If they are, I would ask again, have not the Customhouse
Officers in General from the surveyor General downwards taken
Offence at the
Governor [Governor's] Behaviour.
I say I [in] general -- I would not be understood
universally. I except a C-k-e and a
Paxton. These at least one of them, have always declared they
would worship the sun while he was above the Horison, tho he should be
covered all over with Clouds.
I ask further whether the Officers of his Majestys Navy, who have been
occasionally on this station, will be allowed to be the better sort of People.
If they should, is it not notorious that Govr. Bernards
Conduct has been very disagreable and
disgustful to them?
Where shall I go for better sort of People? The judges of the
Court, move in so sublime an orbit --
They tread in such exalted steps -- That I dare not approach their Persons, so
I cannot say what their sentiments of the Governors Conduct may be.
They will not indulge themselves in speaking openly against any Person
in Authority, so I believe they reserve their Opinion, till the Matter shall
come judicially before them. Many [of]
the judges of the
Courts in many of the Counties, I can
affirm, from Knowledge, because I have heard it from their own Mouths, have
taken Alarm and offence
all the Governors Negatives last May, at both his Speeches to the Assembly in
May and June, at the Expression quoted in the Address of the Lords, and
especially at his [illegible]
, wheedling Arts to get Mr.
Jackson chosen Agent, and at his foolish Dismission of Military
officers from Colonels down to little Ensigns - but most of all at his
restless, impatient, uncontrouble [uncontroulable]
, insatiable Machinations,
by all Means, humane, inhumane, and diabolical, from his first Arrival in this
Government to this moment, to enrich himself.
Thus I believe that it appears to all who consider the Matter, that almost
all the People, whether better or worse, are of one Mind about the Governor and
absolutely hate him and despize him -- let
Phylanthrop say what he will. And indeed I have very good Reasons to think that
Phylanthrop lyed when he said that the better sort had
taken no Offence, and absolutely endeavoured to
impose a palpable falshood upon the Public.
DECR. 31ST. 1766.
"Whatever tends to create in the Minds of the People, a Contempt of the
Persons of those who hold the highest Offices in the State, tends to a Belief
that Subordination is not necessary, and is no essential Part of
Government." -- Now I dont See the Truth of this. Should any one
say that the Steeple of Dr. Sewals
Meeting was old, and decay'd
and rotten, and in
danger of falling on the Heads of the People in the Street, and say it in Print
too, would this tend to induce in the Minds of the People, that a Steeple was
not necessary to a Meeting House, and that the House might as well be turned
topsy turvy, and the steeple struck down into the Earth. Again suppose my
cyder Mill had a sweep upon it
the sweep of my
Mill was cracked and shivered so that it had not
strength to grind an Apple or even to turn the Mill, if one of my
should come in and tell me of this,
would his telling me this tend to create in me a Belief that a Sweep was no
necessary Part of a Cyder
Mill, and that the Sweep
might as well be placed where the Rolls are, or where the Hopper is, or the
Trough, as where I commonly put it? Again, I take my old Mare, which is not
only old and lean, but is hipp'd
and stifled and
spavined, has the Botts and has lost her Tail and both her Ears, and put her
into my Horse Cart and
lead her thro
the Town in the Sight of all the People. I believe they would universally
my old Mare, and laugh at her too. But would
all this their Contempt and Laughter tend to induce in their Minds a Belief
that an Horse was not necessary to draw an Horse Cart, and that
the Cart may as well be put before the Horse, as the
Horse before the Cart?
*Besides, O--s has exerted himself so amazingly in the Cause of
America, to the loss of Estate, Health, Trade and
every Thing, and has had such Success, in
saving her, that unless some Pains are taken to ruin his Character with
the People he will rise high into favour and
Power, and ever since the Affair of that Petition for a Grant to supply the
Insolvency I have hated him so, I have groaned for Revenge, and Revenge I will
have, let him be as learned, spirited, sensible, wise, generous, and
disinterested as he will, I will maul him and murder his
Rep. [Reputation]. I will -- I will. Oh the Disgrace of that
Revenge of that, made me write the Character of Bluster, Hector, Wildfire,
and Belzebub and 20 more. I have gone too far to retreat Nullar retror sum. I
will stab, sting, goad, maul, mangle and murder his
Rep [Reputation] -- at least abroad, tho I cant do it at Home.
In fine such is the present Situation of Interests, that unless I exhibit
some vigorous Exertion, unless I strike some bold daring Stroke, G--fe and I
shall infallibly loose our Aim, and if we
loose it now we loose it
forever. Oh the [illegible] chearing
Rays, the benign Influences of that office. It is worth 200 Lawful a year,
besides the Reputation of it! My Children are multiplying about me, I love
expensive living, and my meanes are very narrow. Good
God what shall I do? Shall I starve and go to Goal? No, Self Preservation is
the first Law of Nature, it can legitimate any
Thing. I will not perish in this World, I will not starve and see my
family suffer. I will say and write and do any
Thing! I will vindicate the Governor, and will represent him roundly and
dogmatically, as the best Governor, the mildest, most moderate, capable &c.
that ever we had. Ay and I will pronounce boldly that I write only from Love of
Order, Peace, Justice, Goodness and Truth -- to support good Government, and
much injured Innocence.
Much worse Things than this have been done from much less
Motives. Much greater falshoods
, and [illegible]
have been used by Men in Affluence only to increase their Wealth and Power. Men
who had not Hunger, and Children crying for bread to plead in their Excuse.
Caesar Borgia says whoever will arrive at Dominion, must
necessarily remove all Obstacles out of the Way which obstruct his Greatness,
and even forget the effeminate Tyes
of Tenderness and
Relation and with an undaunted
Resolution run over the Thorns and
Briars thrown in his Way, and with Intrepidity if need requires, even imbrue
his Hands in his opposers Blood, and make a Dagger with Blindfolded Eyes, force
a way to fortune. -- Oh the Pangs, the pungent, excruciating Pangs of Ambition,
Avarice, and Hunger.
There is a sense however in which my Professions are sincere. -- I write
from a Regard to the Peace of my family, and to silence the importunate
Clamours of an empty craving stomack
. I write to
keep my Constitution in order for without something to eat, I am sure all will
soon be in Confusion, with me. I write from a Regard to justice, because that
demands that my Creditors should be paid their Dues, And I write for injured
Innocence, because my
worthy Wife and my poor helpless Babe I am
sure are innocent, and for them to suffer for want of Necessaries, I am sure,
would be injurious.
This Soliloquy satisfy'd me! The whole Mystery
was unriddled -- all Phylanthrops facts, Anecdotes, Reasonings,
Vapourings, all that he has said, done or wrote or
can say, do or write is answered at once. There is no further occasion for
scribling &c. nor for me to write any Thing
more but the Name of [illegible] Misanthrop.
["This and the following entry appear on a separate folded sheet laid
in at the end of this Diary booklet." ]
Q [Query]. The Service done by Tommy
Hutchinson, for the Province, for which he had a Grant of 40.
and his fathers application for Pay, for the same Service and saying, he never
had any Pay for it.
The Bill drawn by Mr. Hutchinson, and carried in Council
and sent down to the House, to enlarge the Power of the Judges of Probate, and
empower them to appoint a few freeholders to set off Widows Dower -- without
any Action at Common Law, or Tryal by Jury.
Copies of the several Grants that have been made him, for drawing the state
of the Province's Claim to
Sagadahock, Case of the Prov. and
Connecticutt [illegible] Lines &c. and the
Prov. Claim on
N. Hampshire -- &c. Additional Grant as
[Chief ] [Justice] &c.
Copy of his Petition last June was 12 months for a salary as Lieutenant
Governor. It is in the Journal sent down together with a Message from the
Governor 12 day of June A.D. 1765 Wednesday. Considered Fryday June 14. 1765 10 O clock.
Went with Captn. Thayer to visit
Robert Peacock and his poor distressed Family. We found them,
in one Chamber, which serves them for Kitchen, Cellar, dining Room,
Parlour, and Bedchamber. Two Beds, in one of which
lay Peacock, where he told us he had lain
for 7 Weeks, without going out of it farther than the Fire. He had a little
Child in his Arms. Another Bed stood on one side of the Chamber where lay 3
other Children. The Mother only was up, by a fire, made of a few Chips, not
larger than my Hand. The Chamber excessive cold and dirty.
These are the Conveniences and ornaments of a Life of Poverty. These the
Comforts of the Poor. This is Want. This is Poverty! These the Comforts of the
needy. The Bliss of the Necessitous.
We found upon Enquiry, that the Woman and her two
oldest Children had been warned out of
Boston. But the Man had not, and 3 Children had been born
Upon this Discovery we waited on Coll.
Jackson, the first Select Man of
Boston, and acquainted him with the facts and that we must be
excused from any Expence for their Support.
When I was in that Chamber of Distress I
felt the Meltings of
Commiseration. This Office of Overseer of the Poor leads a Man into scenes of
Distress, and is a continual Exercise of the
benevolent Principles in his Mind. His Compassion is constantly excited, and
his Benevolence encreased
Pages 46 - 56
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Inside Back Cover
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