Paper book No. 17
Copied, Journal Fragments. Vol. 3.
continued on Sheet. 1-11.
[The preceding text was added in the handwriting of Charles Francis Adams]
Inside Front Cover
FEBRUARY APRIL 16. TUESDAY EVENING.
Last Wednesday my Furniture was all removed to
Braintree. Saturday, I carried up my
Wife and youngest Child, and spent
the Sabbath there, very agreably. On the 20th. or
25th. of April 1768, I removed into
Boston. In the 3 Years I have spent in that Town, have received
innumerable Civilities, from many of the Inhabitants, many Expressions of their
good Will both of a public and private Nature. Of these I have the most
pleasing and gratefull Remembrance. I wish all the
Blessings of this Life and that which is to come, to the worthy People there,
who deserve [illegible] from Mankind in general much better
Treatment than they meet with. I wish to God it was in my Power to serve them,
as much as it is in my Inclination. -- But it is not. -- My Wishes are
impotent, my Endeavours fruitless and ineffectual, to them, and ruinous to
myself. What are to be the Consequences of the Step I have taken
Time only can discover. Whether they shall be prosperous or Adverse, my Design
was good, and therefore I never shall repent it.
, I returned to Town
and was at my Office before Nine, I find that I shall spend more Time in my
Office than ever I did.
Now my family is away, I feel no
Inclination at all, no Temptation to be any where
but at my Office. I am in it by 6 in the Morning -- I am in it, at 9 at
night-and I spend but a small Space of Time in running down to
to Breakfast, Dinner, and
Yesterday, I rode to Town from
Braintree before 9, attended my Office till near two, then dined
and went over the ferry to
Cambridge, attended the House the whole Afternoon, returned, and
spent the whole Evening in my Office, alone -- and I spent the Time much more
profitably, as well as pleasantly, than I should have done at Clubb. This Evening is spending the same Way. In the Evening,
I can be alone at my Office, and no where else. I never could in my family.
FEB. [i.e. APRIL] I8. THURSDAY. FASTDAY.
Tuesday I staid at my Office in Town, Yesterday
went up to
Cambridge. Returned at Night to
Boston, and to
Braintree, still, calm, happy
Braintree -- at 9. o Clock at night. This Morning, cast my Eyes
out to see what my Workmen had done in my Absence, and rode with
my Wife over to
Weymouth. There we are to hear young Blake -- a
Fryday morning by 9 o Clock, arrived at my Office
Boston, and this Afternoon returned to
Braintree. Arrived just at Tea time. Drank Tea with
my Wife. Since this Hour a Week ago I have led
a Life Active enough -- have been to
Boston twice, to
Cambridge twice, to
Weymouth once, and attended my office, and the Court too. But I
shall be no more perplexed, in this Manner. I shall have no journeys to make to
Cambridge -- no general Court to attend -- But shall divide my
Braintree, between Law And Husbandry. Farewell
Politicks. Every Evening I have been in
Town, has been spent till after 9. at my Office. Last Evening I read
thro, a Letter from Robt. Morris Barrister at Law and late Secretary
to the Bill of Supporters of the Bill of Rights, to
Sir Richd. Aston, a Judge of the
K's [King] Bench. A bold, free, open,
elegant Letter it is. Annihilation would be the certain Consequence of such a
Letter here, where the Domination of our miniature infinitessimal Deities, far
exceeds any Thing in
This mettlesome Barrister gives us the best Account of the Unanimity of the
that I have ever heard or read.
According to him, it is not uncommon abilities, [illegible]
Integrity and Temper as Mr. Burrows would perswade
us, but sheer fear of Lord M-d
, the Scottish Chief which produces
this Miracle in the moral and intellectual World -- i.e. of 4
Judges, agreeing perfectly in every Rule, order and judgment for 74 Years
together. 4 Men never agreed so perfectly in Sentiment, for so long a Time,
before. 4 Clocks never struck together, a thousandth Part of the Time, 4 Minds
never thought, reasoned, and judged alike, before for a ten thousandth
Last night went up to
Braintree, and this Evening down to
Boston, call'd at S. Adams's and found Mr. Otis,
Coll. [Colonel] Warren
and Dr. Warren. Otis as Steady and Social,
and sober as ever and more so.
In the Morning mounted for
Worcester, with Pierpoint, Caleb and Rob.
Davis, Josa. Quincy, &c.
Baited the Horses at Brewers, and at Coll.
THURDSDAY. APRIL 25TH. 1771.
Dined last Monday at Brighams in
Southborough, and lodged at Furnasses in
Shrewsbury. Next day dined at Mr.
Worcester, and at the same Place, dined on Wednesday. This day
dined at Mr. Paines -- with much Company. At about 2 O Clock
this day We finished the famous Cause of Cutler vs.
Pierpont and Davis -- an Action of Trespass for compelling the
Plaintiff to store his Goods with the Committee at
Boston and carting him &c.
We had Stories about
Fort George, the Duke of York, and a warm
[illegible] Gentleman at
Cambridge, Bob. Temple.
The D. of York was in a Battle at Sea, a cannon Ball
Mans Head and dashed his Blood and Brains in the
Dukes Face and Eyes. The Duke
started, and leaped quite out of the Rank. The Officer, who commanded, said,
pray your Highness dont be frightened. -- The Duke
replyed Oh Sir, I am not frightened but I wonder what Business that
fellow had here with so much Brains in his Head.
The warm Gentleman at
Cambridge was Bob. Temple.
A Number of Gentlemen at
Cambridge his Friends got into a Quarrell and Squabble and somebody knowing they all had a
great Esteem of Temple begged him to interpose and use his
Influence to make Peace. At last he was perswaded,
and went in among the Persons, and one of the first Steps he took to make Peace
was to give one of the Persons a Blow in the Face with his fist.
Strong insinuated privately at the Bar, another Story. He said the
Defence put him in Mind of the Answer of a Young
fellow to the Father of a Girl. The Father caught the young Fellow in naked Bed
with his Daughter. The old Man between Grief and Rage broke out into
Reproaches. -- You Wretch, what do [you] mean by trying to
get my Daughter with Child? The Young fellow answered him, I try to get your
Daughter with Child! I was trying not to get her with Child.
Thus, the Defendants are to be laughed and storied out of large Damages no
However the jury gave none. They could not Agree. 8 were for Defendants, 4
Saturday I rode from Martins in
Boston on horse back, and from thence to
Braintree in a Chaise, and when I arrived at my little Retreat,
I was quite overcome with Fatigue. Next Morning felt better, and arose early
and walked, up
Pens Hill and then round, by the Meadow, home.
After Meeting in the Afternoon Mr.
Tudor and I rambled up the western Common, and took a View of a Place
which I have never seen since my Removal to
Boston. [illegible] I felt a joy, I enjoyed a
Pleasure, in revisiting my old Haunts, and recollecting my old Meditations
among the Rocks and Trees, which was very intense indeed. The rushing Torrent,
the purling Stream, the gurgling Rivulet, the dark Thickett, the rugged Ledges
and Precipices, are all old Acquaintances of mine. The Young Trees,
Walnutts and Oaks which were pruned, and trimmed by
me, are grown remarkably. Nay the Pines have grown the better for lopping.
This Evening at the Bar Meeting, I asked and obtained the unanimous Consent
of the Bar to take Mr. Elisha Thayer of
Braintree Son of Captn. Ebenr. Thayer
Jur. as a Clerk. How few
Years are gone since this Gentleman was pleased to call me a petty
at Majr. Crosbys
is soliciting me to take his Son, and complementing
May 2. 1771
with being the first Lawyer in the Province, as he did, in express Words,
it was but a Compliment, and if sincere in him
was not true, but a gross Mistake, nay what is more remarkable still
complimenting me with his Seat in the House of Representatives, as he did by
assuring me in Words, that if I had an Inclination to come from
Braintree, he would not stand in my Way. -- Such are the
Mistakes we are apt to make in the Characters of Men, and in our Conjectures of
their future Fortune. This however is a wretched Tryumph
, a poor Victory, a small Antagonist to defeat --
And I have very few of this Kind of Conquests to boast of. The Governor tells
of a vast No.
of these Changes in Sentiment
concerning him -- and will be able to tell of many more.
The Tryumphs, and Exultations of
Ezekl. Goldthwait and his pert Pupil
Price, at the Election of a Register of
Deeds, are excessive. They Crow like dunghill Cocks. They are rude and
disgusting. Goldthwait says he would try the Chance
again for 20 dollars, and he would get it by a Majority of 100 Votes even in
this Town. Nay more he says, if he would be Rep [
Representative] and would set up he would be chose Rep. before
Adams. -- Adams the Lawyer dont succeed in
the Interest he makes for People, he is not successful!. -- N.B. very true!
Price says to me, if you was to go and
make Interest, for me to be Clerk in the Room of Cook, I should get it no
These are the Insults that I have exposed myself to, by a very small and
feeble Exertion for S. Adams to be Register of Deeds. Thus are
the Friends of the People after such dangerous Efforts, and such successful
ones too left in the Lurch even by the People themselves. I have acted my
sentiments, with the Utmost Frankness, at Hazard of all, and the certain Loss
of ten times more than it is in the Power of the People to give me, for the
sake of the People, and now I reap nothing but Insult, Ridicule and Contempt
for it, even from many of the People themselves. However, I have not hitherto
regarded Consequences to myself. I have very chearfully sacrificed my Interest, and my Health and
Ease and Pleasure in the service of the People. I have stood by their friends
longer than they would stand by them. I have stood by the People much longer
than they would stand by themselves. But, I have learn'd Wisdom by Experience. I shall certainly become
more retired, and cautious. I shall certainly mind my own Farm, and my own
Last Evening I went in to take a Pipe with Brother
Cranch, and there I found Zeb. Adams. He
told me, he heard that I had made two very powerfull Enemies in this Town, and lost two very
valuable Clients, Treasurer Gray and
Ezek. Goldthwait, and that he heard that
Gray had been to me for my Account and paid it off,
and determined to have nothing more to do with me. Oh the wretched
[illegible] impotent Malice! They shew
their teeth, they are eager to bite, but they have not Strength! I
despize their Anger, their Resentment, and their
Threats. But, I can tell Mr. Treasurer, that
I have it in my Power to tell the World a Tale, which will infallibly unhorse
him -- whether I am in the House or out. If this Province knew that the public
Money had never been counted this twenty Year -- and that no Bonds were given
last Year, nor for several Years before, there would be so much Uneasiness
about it, that Mr. Gray would loose his Election another Year.
It may be said that I have made Enemies by being in the general Court. The
Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Gray,
Goldthwait, The Gentry at
Cambridge, &c. are made my bitter Foes. But there is nothing
in this. These People were all my Foes before, but they
[illegible] thought it for their Interest to disguise it. But Now
they think themselves at Liberty to speak it out. But there is not one of them
but would have done me all the Harm in his Power secretly before.
This Evening Mr. Otis came into my Office, and sat with me
most of the Evening -- more calm, more solid, decent and cautious than he ever
was, even before his late Disorders. -- I have this Week had an Opportunity of
returning an Obligation, of repaying an old Debt to that Gentleman which has
given me great Pleasure. Mr. Otis was one of the 3 Gentlemen,
Mr. Gridley and
Mr. Thatcher were the other two,
who introduced me to Practice in this County. I have this Week strongly
recommended 14 Clients from
Wrentham and 3 or 4 in
Boston, to him, and they have accordingly by my
Perswasion engaged him in their Causes, and he
has come out to Court And behaved very well, so that I have now introduced him
to Practice. This Indulgence to my own gratefull
Feelings, was equally my Duty and my Pleasure.
He is a singular Man. It will be amusing to observe his Behaviour, upon his Return to active Life in the Senate,
and at the Bar, and the Influence of his Presence upon the public Councils of
this Province. I was an Hour with him this Morning at his Office, and there he
was off his Guard and Reserve with me. I find his Sentiments are not altered,
and his Passions are not eradicated. The fervour of
his Spirit is not abated, nor the Irritability of his Nerves lessened.
From Saturday to Wednesday Morning I staid at
Braintree, and rode, walked, rambled and roamed. Enjoyed a
Serenity and Satisfaction to which I have been 3 Years a Stranger.
Yet I have had upon my Mind, a puzzling perplexing affair. The Purchase of
Elijah Belchers Homestead and two Pastures, has occasioned a
Germantown, where I had not been for three Years, and which
Mr. Palmer has made a little Paradise, to
[illegible] treat with Mrs. Palmer about Terms
and Conditions, and many Walks about the Land, to see the Condition of the
Fences &c. The Fences are in a ruinous Condition and require a large
Expence for Repairs.
Wednesday, after Court I waited on Dr. Gardiner
Josa. Quincy Jur.
and John Erving Jur. Esqr.
, and was very politely treated by each of
those Gentlemen, each of them very readily agreeing, to take my single Note for
the Money, and two of em Fluker
giving me Assignments of their
Mortgages, in Exchange for my Note. A droll Adventure with
. He took my Note and gave me
up Elijah Belchers for upwards of 56 Prin
and Int [Interest]
mightily pleased. In the Evening, upon
, I discovered that
had never any Thing to do with this
Debt, and that it was not in the List which I was to discharge. So that I had
given my Note, without Authority, and to my own Prejudice. But, waiting the
next Morning on Mr. Erving
explaining the Facts to him, he very genteelly gave up my Note and took back
that of Belcher
This Day arrived Hall from
London with News of the Committment of the Mayor and Mr.
Alderman Oliver to the Tower, by the House of Commons. I read this
Morning in the English Papers and the Political Register for April, all the
Proceedings against the Printers Thompson and
Wheble, and vs.
the Mayor and Alderman Wilks, and
Oliver. What the Consequence will be, of these Movements, it
is not easy to foresee or Conjecture. A Struggle, a Battle, so serious and
determined, between two such Bodies as the House and the City, must produce
Confusion and Carnage, without the most delicate Management, on both sides, or
the most uncommon Concurrence of Accidents.
MAY. 14 1771.
Yesterday came to Town with my Wife. A fine Rain all night. Captn. Bradford sent his Compliments, and
desired me to meet the Clubb at his House this Evening
which I did -- Dr. Cooper,
Otis, Adams, Dr.
Greenleaf, Wm. Greenleaf,
Dr. Warren, Thom. Brattle, Wm.
Cooper, C. Bradford. A very pleasant Evening.
Otis gave us an Account of a present from
Dr. Cummings of
H [Harvard] Colledge
Chappell of a brass Branch of Candlesticks,
such as I. Royal Esqr. gave to the Representatives Room, and that
it was sent to N. Hurds to have an
Inscription engraven on it. The Inscription is
In Sacelli hujusce ornatum et splendorem
phosphoron hoc Munus, benigne contulit
Cummings Armiger, Medicus concordiensis.
Danforth. The Inscription was much faulted, by the Witts at Clubb -- and as it was to be a durable Thing for the
Criticisms of Strangers and of Posterity, it was thought that it ought to be
mentioned an old Proverb that an
Ounce of Mother Wit, is worth a Pound of Clergy. Mr. Otis
mentioned another which he said conveyed
the same Sentiment -- an Ounce of Prudence is worth a Pound of Wit.
This produced a Dispute, and the sense of the Company
was that the Word Wit in the 2d.
Proverb, meant, the
faculty of suddenly raising pleasant Pictures in the Fancy, but that the Phrase
Mother Wit in the first Proverb meant, natural Parts, and Clergy
acquired Learning -- Book Learning. Dr. Cooper
quoted another Proverb, from his Negro Glasgow -- a Mouse can
build an House without Timble -- and then told us another Instance of
Glasgows Intellect, of which I had before thought him entirely
destitute. The Dr.
was speaking to
Glasgow about Adams Fall and the Introduction
of natural and moral Evil into the World, and Glasgow said
they had in his Country a different Account of this matter. The Tradition was
that a Dog and a Toad were to run a Race, and if the Dog reached the Goal
first, the World was to continue innocent and happy, but if the Toad should
outstrip the Dog, the world was to become sinfull and miserable.
thought there could be no danger. But
in the Midst of the Career the Dog found a bone by the Way and stopped to knaw
it, and while he was interrupted by his Bone, the Toad, constant in his
Malevolence, hopped on, [illegible]
reached the Mark, and spoiled
WEDNESDAY MAY 15TH. 1771.
Argued before the Sessions the Question whether the Court had Authority by
Law to make an Allowance of Wages and Expences,
above the Fees established by Law to the jurors, who tryed C
[Captain] Preston and the Soldiers. The two
Quincys, Otis and
Adams, argued. Otis is
the same Man he used to be
He spares nor Friend nor Foe, but calls to Mind
like Doomsday, all the faults of all Mankind.
He will certainly soon relapse into his former Condition. He trembles. His
Nerves are irritable. He cannot bear Fatigue. -- "Brother A.
has argued so prodigiously like a Rep [Representative] that
I cant help considering him as the Ghost of one" -- &c .
WEDNESDAY. MAY 22. 1771.
Plymouth. Put up at Wetheralls, near the County
House -- lodged with Mr. Angier, where we had a
Chamber wholly to ourselves -- very still and retired -- very serene and happy.
Mrs. Howland and her Family, I hear are very much grieved, and
hurt, and concerned about my passing by their House. But my Health is my Excuse
of all my Removals. I am not strong enough to bear the Smoke and dirt, and
Noise, of Howlands, and their late Hours at night. -- Heard of
the Election of Coll.
Bridgwater, and Coll. Gilbert of
Freetown. Which proves to me, that the System of the Province
will be different, this Year, from what it was the last. The House was very
near equally divided, the whole of the last Session, and these two
Members will be able to make a ballance in
favour of Timidity, Cunning, Artifice, and
Trimming. How easily the People change, and give up their Friends and their
WEDNESDAY 29. MAY.
General Election. Went to
Boston and to
Cambridge, and returned to
Boston at night.
THURDSDAY MAY 30.
Mounted my Horse for
Connecticutt. Stopped, and chatted an Hour with
Tom Crafts who is very low with Rheumatism
and an Hectic, but the same honest, good humoured Man as ever. Stopped again at
Cambridge at the House by the Meeting House, and gave my Horse
Hay and Oats, at Mr. Jacksons. Rode alone. My Mind has been
running, chiefly upon my Farm and its Inhabitants and Furniture, my Horses,
Oxen, Cows, Swine, Walls, Fences &c. I have in several late Rambles very
particularly traced, and pursued every [illegible] Swamp and
Spring upon the North Side of Penns Hill from its Sourse to its Outlet. And I
think if I owned the whole of that Side of the Hill I could make great
Improvements upon it, by Means of Springs, and Descents and falls of Water.
The first is the Swamp in the Pasture, by John Curtis,
which my father gave me, which Swamp is fed by Springs which come from Land
that was Curtis's. This Swamp discharges its Waters two Ways.
The first is by a range of low, wet, rocky ground, which runs down directly
Plymouth Road, near S. Curtis's Lane, and the
Bars of my new Pasture, and therefore flows down Pens hill in Wash. The other
turns round and runs down into a Meadow in the lower Part of the Pasture, I
purchased of Curtis, and from thence flows thro
range of low Land of S. Curtis into
Bridgwater Road, and so in great freshitts, and
Rains, flows down across the Road into
my Pasture, and Coll.
and mine again and Jo. Fields
, into the
fresh Meadow and Brook.
In the next Place there is a Spring, a living Spring never dry, which
originates in my new Pasture opposite S. Curtis's lane. It
arises directly beneath a great Rock, and flows in a Rivulet, down,
thro S. Pennimans Land, and the
narrow Lane, and Nat. Belchers and into my Meadow,
which was Deacon Belchers, and then into
Deacon Belchers Pond and thence thro Mrs. Vesey, Bass,
Winslow, Peter Adams across the
Road, [illegible] and over Peter Adamss
Meadow and into the Brook by Major
Now the Questions are, what Improvement could I make of these Courses of
Water, if I owned the whole North Side of the Hill? And what Improvements can I
make with what I own already.
I can clear my Swamp, and cutt a Ditch through it and
extend that Ditch down to my Pasture Barrs, along the low, rocky, Spungy Valley
Then I can cutt another Ditch, down to the lower Part
of my Pasture, and another Ditch thro the Meadow
there, and if there was a Ditch to communicate with it, thro S. Curtis's Land, down to the
[illegible] long slough in the Road on one side of the Causey
opposite to my Pasture, a Gutter might be opened directly into my Pasture, or
it might be carried round by a Channell in the Road
along side of the Causy, by my Pasture and Verchilds, and all
turned directly into my four Acres, and Orchard -- and carried all round the
Walls of that and shed upon the Land as I pleas'd.
And as to the other Spring and Rivulet, I might make a Dam just within my
Meadow and turn half the Water, by a Channel, round by Nat.
Belchers Wall and by my Wall against the Street and round by the
House, and thence down into the Pond, and the other half, round the Side of the
bushy Pasture Hill, so as to oose over several Acres
there before it fell down into the Pond.
Rode along to Captn.
Waltham, and turned my Horse out to Pasture, about 11 . O. Clock
perhaps, so that I have spent the forenoon in getting about 9 Miles. I rode
this forenoon from little
Cambridge to Brewers, with Mr.
Roxbury, the Butcher, and
I find him my Relation.
-- His Mother, who is still living above 70, is Sister to
Fairfield, Aunt Sharp, and Aunt
Rochester, and Parson Ruggles of
Rochester, and the Butchers Father were Brothers, so that
Tim and he are very near both by fathers and Mothers side. We
talked about Family, Cattle fat and lean, and Farms, and Improvement of Land
&c. He says that
Roxbury People make no Profit, by carting Dung out of
Boston, it must be done every Year, and they must put on 10 Load
to an Acre, which will cost them 12 or 15 in
Boston besides the Labour
and when all this is done, they may get 30 Hundred of Hay -- besides after
Roxbury People dont dung their Grass Land so much as they used
to do -- for of late Years they have got
more into gardening, and 4
or 5 Acres of Garden takes all the dung they can get.
, he says, dungs his Close
Warrens, but little. The Wash helps it, and he
dont feed it till quite Winter.
Dined at Brewers, and spent good Part of the Afternoon
there. A vast Drove of fat Cattle went by while I was there from the River
Towns. Rode from Brewers to Munns in
Sudbury, where I drank Tea and put out my Horse to Pasture, and
put up myself for the Night.
Spent the Evening at Munns, in Conversation with him about
the Husbandry of the River Towns,
Hadley, &c. and about Captn.
Carvers journal of his Travells
in the Wilderness, among the Savages in search of
the South sea
The Farmers upon
Connecticutt River, fat their Cattle on the very best of English
Hay, and Oats and Pees, ground to meal. They would not digest the Corn whole,
so they grind their Provender. One of the great Farmers, will fatten 20 Head of
Cattle in a Year, and it is the whole Business of one Man to take the care of
em -- to feed, Water, and curry them. They give an Ox but little Provender at
first, but increase the Quantity till an Ox will eat a Peck at a Time, twice a
day. [illegible] The
County of Hampshire is the best Place to send to for Stock --
Oxen, Cows, Horses, young Cattle of all Ages, their Breed is large and
excellent and store Cattle are much cheaper there than below. -- Lodged at
MAY 31. FRYDAY.
A fair, soft, pleasant Morning. -- I believe the Peasants round about the
Town of Boston are as contracted, in their Views and Notions, as
any People in the Province. On the North Side of
Charlestown Ferry, their Lands are divided into little Strips
and they spend the whole Year in providing for a few Cows and in carrying their
Milk in Bottles over the ferry and Wheeling it about the
Town of Boston. On the South Side of the Neck, they raise Garden
Stuff and Hay, for the Market. But they have less Conversation with Travellers
Strangers, and therefore less Civility, Knowledge &c.
Countrymen at a greater Distance. --
Turned out my Horse at Coll.
Marlborough. Dined at Martins,
Northborough, where I met with my Class Mate
George Town the Episcopal Priest. He says the Deer in
St. James's Park are as tame as Catts
they will come up to you and eat any Thing
your Hands. There is a large Number of them in the Park, and it is a rare Thing
to have one of them stolen or kill'd
. It is
transportation to do Either. So there is a Number of Swans upon
the Thames, none of em get killed, nor any of their Eggs
destroyed. Mr. Wheeler informed me, that Coll.
George Town, had a Son which he designed to get me to take. He
is 20 Years of Age, has studied Latin with Mr. Wheeler, but
has never been at Colledge
, &c. He gives a
pitifull Account of our Classmate, his Brother Bayley
, and his Wife, their want of CEconomy,
and their wretched jig, &c. -- Oated, and drank Tea at
Furnaces, lodged at Mr.
SATURDAY JUNE 1st.
Spent the Day at
Worcester in Riding about with Mr.
Putnam to see his Farm. He does what he pleases with Meadows and
Rivers of Water. He carries round [illegible] the Streams
wherever he pleases.
Took one Ride up to
Baggachoag Hill, one Way, and another up the Lane by
Doolittles shop, and I found that great Alterations
have been made, and many Improvements, in 13 Years, for it is so long since I
was in Either of those Parts of the
Town of Worcester before. In the latter Road, I missed many
objects of my former Acquaintance, many shady Thicketts and gloomy Grottos, where I have sat by the
Hour together to ruminate and listen to the falls of Water.
This Pleasure of revisiting an old Haunt is very great.
Mr. Putnam says he was lately at
Danvers, and visited the very Path where he used to drive the
Cows to Pasture when he was 7 Years old. It gave him a strange Feeling. It made
him feel young, 7 Year old.
I visited [illegible] Dr.
Willard, I see little Alteration in him or his Wife in 16 Years, his
Sons are grown Up. Sam, the eldest
who has been to Colledge is settled at
Uxbridge in the Practice of Physick,
Levi is at home.
I met Coll. Gardiner
Chandler. He said he heard I was in Quest of Health -- if I found more
than I wanted he begged a little -- no poor Creature ever suffered more for
Want of it. Thus he is the same Man. 16 Years, I have been a Witness to his
continual Complaints of Weakness, and Want of Health.
This Day, Mr. Putnams eldest Daughter
Eleanor, brought to the World her first Daughter, being
married to Rufus Chandler, Son of Coll. John.
SUNDAY JUNE 2D.
Heard Mr. Wheeler, late Minister
Worcester all day.
Here I saw many Faces much altered and many others not at all, since I first
knew this Place which is now 16 Years. Here I saw many young Gentlemen, who
were my Scholars and Pupils, when I kept School, here -- Jno. Chandler
Petersham, Rufus Chandler, the Lawyer,
Dr. Wm. Paine, who now studies Physick with Dr.
Salem, Nat. Chandler, who studies Law with
Mr. Putnam, and
Dr. Thad. Maccarty, who is now
in the Practice of Physick at
Dudley. Most of these began to learn Latin with me.
Mem [Memorandum]. Gard.
Chandler Yesterday said, that many Regulations were wanting, but the
Town of Boston more than any Thing
-- and that after Election every Body used to be
enquiring, who was chosen Councillors, very
anxious and inquisitive to know. But now no Body
asked any Thing about it. And
Putnam said Yesterday He did not like the
Town of Boston, He did not like their Manners -- &c. I
record these curious Speeches, because they are Characteristick of Persons, and of the Age.
Drank Tea at Mr. Putnams with
Mr. Paine, Mrs. Paine,
Dr. Holyokes Lady and
Dr. Billy Paine. The Dr. is a very civil,
agreable and sensible young Gentleman.
Went in the Evening over to G. Chandlers and
chatted with him an Hour. He is very bitter vs. the
Town of Boston. I hate 'em from my Soul says he. -- Great
Patriots -- were for Non Importation, while their old Rags lasted, and as soon
as they were sold at enormous Prices, they were for importing -- no more to be
heard about Manufactures -- and now, there is a greater Flood of Goods than
ever were known -- and as to Tea, those who were most strenuous against it are
the only Persons who have any to sell.
Jno. Chandler Esqr. of
Petersham came into P.s in the Evening from
Boston Yesterday, and gave us an Account of
Mr. Otis's Conversion to Toryism. --
Adams was going on, in the old Road, and
Otis started up and said they had gone
far enough in that Way, the Governor had an undoubted Right to carry the Court
where he pleased, and moved for a Committee to represent the Inconveniences of
sitting there, and moved for an Address to the Governor. He was a good Man --
the Ministers said so -- the justices said so and it must be so -- and moved to
go on with Business, and the House voted every
Thing he moved for. --
Boston People say he is distracted. &c.
MONDAY JUNE 3D.
A fine Morning -- a soft, sweet S.W. Wind. Oated in
Spencer -- turned my Horse to grass at Wolcotts
Brookfield. I ride alone, I find no Amusement, no Conversation,
and have nothing to think about. But my Office and Farm frequently steal into
my Mind, and seem to demand my Return. They must both suffer for Want of my
The Road to
Stafford turns off, by
Brookfield Meeting House, into
Brimfield in the
County of Hampshire.
Dined at Cheneys of
Western in the
County of Hampshire. An old Man came in, and after some
Conversation with the old Landlady, she asked him, if he was not the Man who
called here about 17 Years ago and was intrusted with a Jill of
W. India Rum? He said Yes. Hant you had your Money? -- No. --
Well I sent it by a
Brimfield Man, within a fortnight after. I'le at him about it.
I'm desperate glad you mentioned it. I had the Rum. I was driving down a drove
of Hogs. My two Boys were with me, I lost em both in the Year 1759, one at
Crownpoint and one about 10 mile from
Albany. They drinked the Rum with me. I'm glad you mentioned it
-- the Money is justly your due. I'le pay you nowhow much is it. -- 2s: 4d. --
But says I, interposing for Curiosity, that will hardly do justice for the
Interest is as much as the Principall.
The whole Debt is 4s: 8d.
-- I'm a poor Man says he. Landlady wont ask me Interest. -- I was much amused
with the old Womans quick and tenacious Memory, and with the old Mans Honesty.
But it seems to be, that the whole Anecdote shews
these are but two Penny People.
This honest Man whose Name is Frost, hearing that I was
bound to the Spring, and unacquainted with the Way, very obligingly waited for
me, to shew me the Way as far as he went which was
several Miles. His father came from
Springfield. Mrs. Cheney says her Husband came
Roxbury. I found that Frost was a great
Partisan of the mineral Spring. He said, He had been weakly this 30 Year, and
the Spring had done him more good in a few days, than all the Drs. had done, in
30 Year-and he went on and told of a great Number of marvellous Instances of Cures wrought there by Washing
and drinking while he was there.
Oated at Silas Hodges's in
Brimfield, near the baptist Meeting House. There I find they
have not so much faith in the Spring. Lodged at Colburns the
first House in
Stafford. There I found one David Orcutt, who
Bridgwater 30 Years ago, a Relation of the
Weymouth. He I find is also a great Advocate for the Spring. He
was miserable many Years with Rheumatism &c., and by means of the Spring
was now a comfortable Man. The Landlord came with
Father 30 Years ago from
Roxbury. He has a farm of Zoo Acres of Land, 100 under
Improvement, keeps near 30 Head of neat Cattle, 3 Horses, 50 sheep, and yet
offers to sell me his Place for 500 L.M.
TUESDAY. JUNE 4TH.
Rode over to the Spring. One Childs had built a little
House, within a few Yards of the Spring, and there some of the lame and infirm
People keep. The Spring arises at the Foot of a Steep high Hill, between a
Cluster of Rocks very near the Side of a River. The Water is very clear, limpid
and transparent, the Rocks And Stones and Earth at the Bottom are tinged with a
reddish yellow Colour
, and so is the little Wooden
Gutter that is placed at the Mouth of the Spring to carry the Water off-indeed
the Water communicates that Colour
, which resembles
that of the Rust of Iron, to whatever Object it washes. Mrs.
Child furnished me with a Glass Mugg, broken to Pieces and painted
together again, and with that I drank pretty plentifully of the Water. It has
the Taste of fair Water with an Infusion of some Preparation of steel in it,
which I have taken, heretofore -- Sal Martis
, somewhat like
Copperas. They have built [illegible]
a shed over a little
Reservoir made of Wood, about 3 feet deep and
and into that have
conveyed the Water from the Spring, and there People bath, Wash
and plunge, for which Childs has 8d. a time. I plunged in
twice -- but the 2d
time was superfluous and did me
more hurt than good, it is very cold indeed.
Mrs. Child directed me to one Greens about
half a Mile from the Spring, as a Place to lodge at, and when I got there I
found it was my old Acquaintance John Green who lived with
Coll. Chandler at
Worcester while I lived with Putnam and married A.
Ward, daughter of Captn.
Ward and Sister of Sam. Ward who
married Dolly Chandler.
Green told me, to
day, that he had lived in
Woodstock 13 Years and had nothing but bad luck, all the Time.
Now he was about to try whether Change of Place, would alter his fortune. I
asked what bad Luck? He said he had fail'd in Trade
like a fool -- and after Dinner he [said] that the richest
Men were such as had fail'd in Trade. His Uncle
John Chandler broke once, and very nigh breaking
another Time. His Uncle Tommy Green broke
once. John Spooner broke once. So I dont entirely despair. --
This News I was not att all surprized to hear, for I thought fifteen Year ago, that
Jno. Green would turn out so. He was a
boaster of his Vices -- a [illegible] great affecter of
licentiousness-and at last got in Love, like a fool, with a Girl, much too good
for him. He says that McClelan of
Woodstock is the richest Man in that Town, by a great Run of
surprizing Luck in Trade in English,
W. India Goods and Potash.
Dined at Greens, and after 2 Hours by Sun took my Horse and
went to the Spring again, and drank
of the Water. Then I rode up
the Mountain, at the Foot of which this Spring ooses. The Hill is high And the
Prospect from it, extensive, but few cultivated Spots appear, the
is chiefly Wilderness. The Mountain seems to
be a Body of Oar, Iron Oar, I suppose, and the Water filtrating
that Mountain of Mineral's imbibes its
salubrious Quality. What Particles it is impregnated with, I cant tell -- But
it is saturated with something. The Bottom and sides of the Cistern are painted
a deep yellow, and a plentifull
Dust or flour
remains after the Water is drawn off. They say, that this yellow Sediment is
the best thing for Scrophulous Humours, or any other Breakings out, Eruptions,
Sores, Ulcers, Cankers, &c.
and his Wife reminded me
of the old Story of Betsy
Friswell, who staid
Putnams when I was there and afterwards fell in Love, with
. She fell in Love
Worcester, but restrained and suppressed her Passion, till
sometime after Green
made his Appearance at
Woodstock Meeting and the sight of him revived all her old
Thoughts and Emotions, and quite overcame her. She went into Fits &c. and
her Brother prevailed on Green
to go and see
her, and she asked him, whether she should live or die, for her life and death
were in his Power. If he would have her she should live, if not, she should
die. He said He could not -- he was engaged -- or could not like her well
enough -- and She went into Fits, immediately, and
and died. This Anecdote was very familiar to me, when I first left
Worcester. I have told it 100 times, with much Pleasure and
Laughter, but had entirely forgot it, so that I could not for some Time
recollect the Name of Betsy Friswell. But I never heard before
Circumstance that the poor Girl
The Place where I now sit, in the Chamber in Greens House,
has the Command of a great View, this is a Mountainous Country. This House
stands upon very high Land, and here is a fine spacious Road laid out, very
wide and of great Length and quite strait, which lies right before me now, with
the Meeting House in the Middle of it, more than half a Mile off.
Coll. Abijah Willard and
Sam Ward and another bought of Wm.
[illegible] Brown of
Virginia, 7000 Acres of Land in this Town, and they are about
erecting Iron Mills here, Furnaces, &c. and there is a Talk of making this
a Shire Town, &c. Unimproved Land is to be bought in this Town in great
Plenty for 6s. an Acre.
At Night, Green call'd to his Wife, come put by your Work and come in, and
takes his Family Bible, and reads a Chapter and then makes a long Prayer of
half an Hour, and we all go to bed.
WEDNESDAY JUNE 5TH.
Rode to the Spring, drank and plunged. Dipped but once. Sky cloudy.
Activity and Industry, care, and CEconomy, are not the
Characteristicks of this Family.
Green was to set out upon a journey to
Providence to day to get Stores &c.
and Stock for Trade, but he lounged and loitered away, hour after Hour till 9 O
Clock before he mounted. The Cow, whose Titts strutt
with Milk, is unmilked till 9 O Clock. My Horse would stand by the
[Head?] Hour after Hour if I did not put
him out my self, tho I call
upon the father and the Sons to put him out.
Looking into a little Closet in my Chamber this Morning I found a pretty
Collection of Books, the Preceptor, Douglass's History,
Paradise lost, the musical Miscellany in two Volumes, the Life of the Czar,
Peter the great &c.
I laid hold of the ad Volume of the Preceptor, and began to read the
Elements of Logick, and considered the four fold
Division of the Subject, simple Apprehension, or Perception, judgment or
Intuition, Reasoning, and Method. This little Compendium of Logick, I admired at Colledge. I
read it over and over. I recommended it to others, particularly to my Chum
David Wyer, and I took the Pains to read a great Part of it to
him and with him.
By simple Apprehension or Perception we get Ideas, by Sensation and by
Reflection, the Ideas we get are Simple, &c.
Mem. -- I hope I shall not forget to purchase these Preceptors, and to make
my Sons transcribe this Treatise on Logick
with their own Hands, in fair Characters, as soon as they can write, in order
to imprint it on their Memories. Nor would it hurt my Daughter to do
the same. I have a great Opinion of the Exercise of transcribing,
About 11. O Clock arrived, Dr.
Taunton and spoke for Lodgings for himself and Co
[Colborn] Barrell and his Wife. -- It is not you?
Is it? says he. -- Persons in your Way are subject to a certain weak Muscle and
lax Fibre, which occasions Glooms to plague you. But
the Spring will brace you. -- I Joy and rejoice at his Arrival. I shall have
Opportunity to examine him about this mineral, medicinal Water.
I have spent this day in sauntering about, down in the Pasture to see my
Horse, and over the fields in the Neighbourhood
. Took my Horse after noon and rode away
East, a rugged rocky Road, to take View of the Lands about the Town -- and went
to the Spring. 30 People have been there to day
say. The Halt, the Lame, the vapoury, hypochondriac, scrophulous, &c. all
resort here. Met Dr. McKinstry
the Spring. We mounted our Horses together, and turned away the Western Road
Somers to see the Improvements, that I saw Yesterday from the
Mountain by the Spring, and returned, to our Lodgings. -- The
I find is a very learned
Man. He said that the Roman Empire came to its Destruction as soon as the
People got set against the Nobles and Commons as they are now in
England, and they went on Quarrelling, till one
Brutus carried all before him and enslaved em all. --
Caesar, you mean Dr.
-- No I think it was
Brutus, want it? -- Thus We see the
. is very Book
. And when we were drinking
said, 500 Years hence there would be a
great Number of Empires in
America, independent of
Europe and of each other. -- Oh says he I have no Idea that the
World will stand so long -- not half 500 Years. The World is to conform to the
Jewish Calculations, every seventh day was to be a day of Rest, every 7th Year
was to be a jubilee, and [illegible]
the 7th. Thousand Years will
be a Thousand Years of Rest and Jubilee -- no Wars, no fightings, and there is
but about 230 wanting to compleat
the 6000 Years.
Till that Time, there will be more furious Warrs
Thus I find I shall have in the Dr. a fund of Entertainment. He is
superficial enough, and conceited enough, and enthusiastical enough to
THURDSDAY JUNE 6.
Spent this fine day in rambling on horseback and on foot with
Dr. McKinstry East and West, North
and South. Went with him twice to the Spring and drank freely of the Waters,
and rode about to hire an Horse to carry me to
Northampton. At last obtained one. The
Dr. is alert and
chearfull and obliging and agreable.
In the afternoon Colburn Barrell and his Wife and Daughter
came, and took Lodgings at our House. Drank Tea and spent the Evening with
them. When the Dr.
Hat to go out to a Neighbours
sprung out of his Chair and went
up to the Dr.
, took him by
the Hand And
kissed him, before all the Company in the Room. This
Rode this day, beyond the Meeting House, and found my old Acquaintance the
Parson, John Willard, at his own Door. He lives in a little,
mean looking Hutt. How many of my Contemporaries at
Colledge, worthy Men, live in poor and low
Circumstances! Few of them have so much of this Worlds Goods as have fallen
even to my Share, tho some of them have much more.
Let me enjoy then what I have, and be gratefull.
Mr. Barrell confirms the Account of
Mr. Otis's Behaviour in the House,
which Mr. Chandler gave me at
Worcester. But says he cannot reconcile this, to Mr.
Otis's whole Conduct for a Course of Years
FRYDAY. JUNE 7TH.
Went to the Spring with the Dr. and drank a Glass and an half i.e.
a Jill and an half. My Horse was brought very early -- my own Mare I shall
leave in a very fine Pasture, with Oats for her twice a Day that she may
[illegible] rest and recruit.
this Morning at Breakfast
entertained Us with an Account of his extravagant Fondness for Fruit. When he
lived at New market he could get no fruit but Strawberries, and he used
frequently to eat 6 Quarts in a Day. At
Boston, in the very hottest of the Weather he breakfasts upon
Water Melons -- neither Eats nor drinks any Thing
else for Breakfast. In the Season of Peaches he buys a Peck, every Morning, and
eats more than half of them himself.
In short he eats so much
fruit in the Season of it that he has very little Inclination to any other
Food. He never found any Inconvenience or ill Effect from fruit enjoys as much
Health as any Body
. Father Dana is
immoderately fond of fruit, and from several other Instances one would conclude
it very wholsome
Rode [illegible] to
Somers, over a very high large Mountain which the People here
Chesnut Hill. It is 5 miles over, very bad Road, very high Land.
It is one of a Range of great Mountains, which runs North and South Parallell
Connecticutt River, about 10 miles to the East of it, as another
similar Range runs on the Western Side of it. There is a Mountain which they
bald Mountain which you pass by as you cross
Chesnutt hill, much higher from whence you can see the great
River, and many of the great Turns upon it, as they say. -- Dined at
Kibbys, met People going over to the Spring.
In Kibbys Barr Room in a little
Shelf within the Barr, I spied 2 Books. I asked what
they were. He said every Man his own Lawyer, and Gilberts Law
of Evidence. Upon this I asked some Questions of the People there, and they
told me that Kibby was a sort of Lawyer among them -- that he
pleaded some of their home Cases before justices and Arbitrators &c. Upon
this I told Kibby to purchase a Copy of
Rode from Kibbys over to
Enfield, which lies upon
Connecticutt River, oated and drank Tea at
Peases -- a smart House and Landlord truly, well dressed, with
his Ruffles &c., and upon Enquiry I found he was
the great Man of the Town-their Representative &c. as well as Tavern
Keeper, and just returned from the gen [general] Assembly at
Enfield are upon a Levell, a fine
Suffield lies over the River on the West Side of it.
Rode along the great River to
Windsor, and put up at Bissalls -- i.e. in
East Windsor, for the
Town of Windsor it seems lies on the West Side of the River.
The People in this Part of
Connecticutt, make Potash, and raise a great Number of Colts,
which they send to the
West Indies, and barter away for Rum &c. They trade with
New York but most to
New York. They say there is a much greater Demand for Flaxseed
of which they raise a great deal, at
N. York, than there is at
Boston, and they get a better Price for it.
Somers keeps a Shop, and sells
W. India goods and English Trinketts, keeps a Tavern, and petty foggs it.
Enfield you come into the great Road upon
Connecticutt River, which runs back to
Northampton &c. Northward and down to
The Soil as far as I have ridden upon the River if I may judge by the Road
is dry and sandy. But the Road is 3/4 of a mile from the River and the
intervale Land lies between.
I begin to grow weary of this idle, romantic jaunt. I believe
[it] would have been as well to have
staid in my own Country and amused myself with my
farm, and rode to
Boston every day. I shall not suddenly take such a Ramble again,
merely for my Health. I want to see my Wife, my Children, my Farm, my Horse,
Oxen, Cows, Walls, Fences, Workmen, Office, Books, and Clerks. I want to hear
the News, and Politicks of the Day. But here I am,
at Bissills in
Windsor, hearing my Landlord read a Chapter in the Kitchen and
go to Prayers with his Family, in the genuine Tone of a Puritan.
SATURDAY JUNE 8TH.
Bissill says, there are Settlements, upon this River, for
300 Miles -- i.e. from
Seabrook [Saybrook] where it discharges
itself. The River, in the Spring, when the Snow melts, swells prodigiously and
brings down the Washings of Mountains and old Swamps, rotten Wood and Leaves
&c. to inrich the Intervale Lands, upon its banks.
At eleven O Clock arrived at Wrights in
Weathersfield. I have spent this Morning in Riding
Paradise. My Eyes never beheld so fine a
Country. From Bissills in
Hartford Ferry, 8 Miles, is one continued Street -- Houses all
along, and a vast
Prospect of level Country on each Hand, the
Lands very rich and the Husbandry pretty good. The
Town of Hartford is not very compact, there are some very
handsome and large Houses, some of brick. The State House is pretty large, and
looks well. I stopped only to oat my Horse and get my Head and Face shaved, and
then rode to
Weathersfield 4 miles, on the West Side of the River. -- Here is
the finest Ride in
America, I believe. Nothing can exceed the Beauty, and Fertility
of the Country. The Lands upon the River, the flatt
Lands, are loaded with rich, noble Crops of Grass, and Grain and Corn.
Wright says, some of their Lands, will yeild 2 Crops of
English Grass, and two Ton and an half at each Crop, and plenty of after feed
besides -- but these must be nicely managed and largely dunged. They have in
Weathersfield a large brick Meeting House,
Lockwood the Minister. A Gentleman came in and told me, that
there was not such another Street in
America as this at
Weathersfield excepting one at
Hadley, and that Mr. Ingersol the Stamp Master
told him, he had never seen in
Phyladelphia nor in
England, any Place equal to
Weathersfield. -- One Joseph Webb, one
and one Verstille, are the
principal Traders here, both in English and W. India Goods.
Dined at the Widow Griswalls [Griswolds]
Weathersfield about 3 Miles from Wrights, the
Road and Country are equally pleasant
all the Way. Sat down to
Table with the old Woman and another Woman, and a dirty, long, greybearded
Carpenter who was at Work for Landlady, and might be smelled from one Room to
the other -- So that these Republicans are not very decent or neat. Landlady
and her House -- Wright very very chatty about
Marthas Vineyard And
Nantuckett. Landlady says the Deputy Governor calls here and
always has some comical Story to tell her. He asked her tother
day to come down and see his Wife make cheese. He
has 22 Cows, and his Women make Cheese in the forenoon and then dress up and go
out, or receive Company at home.
Middletown, and put up for the Sabbath at
Shalers, near the Court House.
Middleton I think is the most beautifull
Town of all. When I first opened into the
Town which was upon the Top of a hill, there opened before me the most
Prospect of the River, and the
Intervals and Improvements, on each Side of it, and the Mountains at about 10
Miles distance both on the East and West Side of the River, and of the main
Body of the Town at a Distance. I went down this Hill, and into a great Gate,
which led me to the very Banks of the River. The Road lies here along the Bank
of the River and on the right Hand is a fine level Tract of Interval Land as
rich as the Soil of
Egypt. The Lotts
are divided by no
Fence, but here are Strips runing back at right Angles from the River, on one
Corn, on another Parrallell
to it is Rye, on another Barley, on another Flax, on another a rich Burden of
Clover and other English Grasses, and after riding in this enchanting Meadow
for some Time you come to another Gate, which lets you into the main Body of
the Town, which is ornamented as is the Meadow I just mentioned, with fine Rows
of Trees and appears to me as populous, as compact and as polite as
The Air all along from
Middleton appears to me to be very clear, dry, and elastic. And
therefore, if I were to plan another journey for my Health, I would go from
Lunenbourg, thence to No. 4. and
thence down to
Springfield, then to
Endfield, and along the River down to
Seabrook, and from thence over to
Rhode Island and from thence to
Braintree. And here I might possibly, i.e. at No. 4. look up some Land to purchase for my Benefit, or the
Benefit of my Children. But I hope I shall not take another journey merely for
my Health very soon. I feel sometimes sick of this -- I feel guilty -- I feel
as if I ought not to saunter and loyter and trifle
away this Time -- I feel as if I ought to be employed, for the Benefit of my
fellow Men, in some Way or other.
In all this Ramble from
Stafford, I have met with nobody that I knew, excepting
Jo. Trumble, who with
his father the Governor were
crossing the ferry for the East Side when I was for the West.
Bespoke Entertainment for the Sabbath, at Shalers, and
drank Tea. She brought me in the finest and sweetest of Wheat Bread, and
Butter, as yellow as Gold, and fine Radishes, very good Tea and sugar. I
regaled without Reserve. But my Wife is 150
Miles from me at least, and I am not yet homeward bound. I wish
Connecticutt River flowed through
Braintree. But the barren rocky Mountains of
Braintree are as great a Contrast as can be conceived to the
level smoth, fertile Plains of this Country. Yet
Braintree pleases me more.
I long to be foul of Deacon Belchers Orchard. I
am impatient to begin my Canal, and banks, to convey the Water all round, by
the Road and the House. I must make a Pool in the Road by the Corner of my Land
at the Yard in front of the House, for the cool Spring Water to come into the
Road there -- that the Cattle, and Hogs, and Ducks may regale themselves
Looking into the Almanac, I am startled. S [Superior] C
Ipswich is the 18th. day of June. I thought it a Week later 25.
So that I have only next Week to go home 150 Miles. I must improve every
Moment. It is 25 miles a day if I ride every day next Week.
SUNDAY, JUNE 9TH.
Feel a little discomposed this Morning. Rested but poorly last night.
Anxious about my Return -- fearfull of very hot or
rainy weather. I have before me an uncomfortable journey to
Casco Bay -- little short of 300 miles.
Looking into a little bedroom, in this House Shaylers, I
found a few Books, the musical Miscellany, Johnsons
Dictionary, the farmers Letters, and the Ninth Volume of
sermons. This last
I took for my Sabbath Day Book, and read the Sermon on the Fundamentals of
Christianity, which he says [are]
the Doctrines concerning
the Being and Providence of God, the Necessity of Repentance and Obedience to
his Commands, the Certainty of a Life to come, a Resurrection from the dead and
a future judgment.
Read also another Sermon on the Reward of Justice.
"There is, says the Dr.,
a Duty of justice towards the Public. There is incumbent upon Men the very
same Obligation, not to wrong the Community; as there is, not to violate any
private Mans Right, or defraud any particular Person of his Property. The only
Reason, why Men are not always sufficiently sensible of this; so that many, who
are very just in their Dealings between Man and Man, will yet be very
fraudulent or rapacious with Regard to the Public; is because in this latter
Case, it is not so obviously and immediately apparent upon whom the Injury
falls, as it is in the Case of private Wrongs. But so long as the Injury is
clear and certain; the Uncertainty of the Persons upon whom the Injury falls in
Particular, or the Number of the Persons among whom the damage may chance to be
divided, alters not at all the Nature of the Crime itself."
Went to Meeting in the Morning, and tumbled into the first Pew I could find
-- heard a pretty sensible, Yalensian, Connecticuttensian Preacher. At Meeting
I first saw Dr. Eliot Rawson, an old School fellow. He invited
me to dine.
His House is handsome without, but neither clean nor
elegant within, in furniture or any Thing
Wife is such another old Puritan as his Cousin, Peter Adams's
Braintree. His Children are dirty, and ill governed. He first
took me into his Physick
Room, and shewed
me a No.
which he has collected in the Course of his Practice -- first an odd kind of
long slender Worm preserved in Spirits. He says he has had between 20 and 30
Patients with such Worms -- several Yards long and some of them several Rods.
me some fingers he cutt
off and some Wens, and his Physick
Drawers And his Machine to pound with his Pestle
His dining Room is crouded with a Bed and a
Cradle, &c. &c. We had a picked up Dinner. Went to Meeting with him in
the Afternoon, and heard the finest Singing, that ever I heard in my Life, the
front, and side Galleries were crowded with Rows of Lads and Lasses, who
performed all the Parts in the Utmost Perfection. I thought I was wrapped up. A
Row of Women all standing up, and playing their Parts with perfect Skill and
Judgment, added a Sweetness and Sprightliness to the whole which absolutely
charmed me. -- I saw at Meeting this Afternoon Moses Paine,
who made a decent Appearance and the Dr. tells me lives by his Trade of a
shoemaker comfortably from Day to day.
The more I see of this Town the more I admire it. I regrett extremely that I
cant pursue my Tour to
The Dr. thinks Hancock vain. Told a Story. --
"I was at school with him, and then upon a level with him. My father was
richer than his. But I was not long since at his Store and said to Mr.
Glover whom I knew, this I think is Mr. Hancock.
Mr. H. just asked my Name and nothing more -- it was such a
Piece of Vanity! There is not the meanest Creature that comes from your Way,
but I take Notice of him -- and I ought. What tho I
am worth a little more than they -- I am glad of it, and that I have it that I
may give them some of it." I told the Dr. that Mr. H. must
have had something upon his Mind -- that he was far from being Arrogant --
Drank Tea with Landlady, and her Son Mr. Shaylor, in
pretty, western Room. But they are not very sociable. In short, I have been
most miserably destitute of Conversation here. The People here all Trade to
N. York, and have very little Connection with
Boston. After Tea went over to the Drs., and found him very
social and very learned. We talked much about History &c. He says, that
Boston lost the Trade of this Colony by the severe Laws
vs. their old Tenor. But they may easily regain the
Trade, for the People here are much disgusted with
N. York for their Defection from the N [Non]
Importation Agreement, and for some frauds and unfair Practises in Trade. He says they have found out that
N. York Merchants have wrote home to the Manufacturers in
England to make their Goods narrower and of a meaner fabric that
they might sell cheaper, and undersell
Boston. The Dr. says that Coll. Josa. Quincy quarrells with his Workmen
&c. but Norton is a clever Man, he called to see him and
was much pleased, &c.
Landlady has an only Son Nat. Shaylor, and she is very fond
and very proud of him. He lived with a Merchant -- is now 25 or 26 and contents
himself still to keep that Merchants Books without any Inclination to set up
for himself. Is a great Proficient in Musick. Plays
upon the Flute, Fife, Harpsicord, Spinnett &c. Associates with the Young
and the Gay, and is a very fine
Connecticutt young Gentleman. Oh the Misery, the Misfortune, the
Ruin of being an only Son! I thank my God that I was not, and I devoutly pray,
that none of mine may ever be!
MONDAY JUNE 10TH.
Took my Departure from
Middleton, homewards, the same Way I went down. Very hot. Oated
Hartford, and reached Bissills of
Winser, 23 Miles before Dinner, just as they had got their
Indian pudding and their Pork and Greens upon the Table, one quarter after 12.
After Dinner attempted to cutt off an Angle, by striking
Ellington, to Kibbys at
Somers, but lost my Way, and got bewildered among Woods and
cross Paths, and after riding 10 Miles to no Purpose returned to
Bissells, and took the old Rout to
Enfield, excessive hot. Lodged at Peases. But
passed a very restless uncomfortable Night. Overcome with Fatigue and inflamed
with Heat I could not sleep. And my Meditations on my Pillow were unhappy.
TUESDAY JUNE 11.
Rode to Kibbys at
Somers but got caught in the Rain -- very heavy
plentifull Showers -- I was much wet. Thus I have
hitherto had not very good Luck upon my homeward bound Voyage. Dined at
Kibbys and then rode over the Mountain to
Stafford, went to the Spring and drank of the Waters with a
New Jersey, who was there, with a Servant. Dr.
McKinstry was gone to
Brookfield, to accompany
Mr. Barrell so far in his Way home.
WEDNESDAY JUNE 12.
Sat out upon my Return home, oated at Warreners,
Brimfield, caught in a cold Rain, obliged to stop at
Western in order to dine. Landlord very sick of a
Plurisie. While I was at Cheneys 5
Chaises went by. Jona. Amory and Wife, Deacon
Newhall and Wife, Ned Paine and Wife and Sister and
servants &c. -- Oated at Spencer, drank Tea and
putt up at Serjeants in
Leicester -- a very good House, neat and clean and convenient
I have had a naked, barren journey. My Brains have been as barren the whole
Time, as a sandy Plain, or a gravelly Nole. My Soul has been starved. Came off,
just when Company
began to collect. This Week and the next would
have brought together a curious Collection of Characters from all Parts of
New England, and some perhaps from the Southern Provinces and
some from the
THURDSDAY JUNE 13TH.
Remarkable, the Change of Thoughts, and feelings, and Reasonings which are
occasioned by a Change of Objects. A Man is known by his Company, and evil
Communications corrupt good Manners.
"Man is a Social Creature and his Passions, his feelings, his Imaginations
are contagious." We receive a Tincture of the Characters of those we converse
Stopped at Mr. Putnams, and at the Court House, went in and
bowed to the Court and shook Hands with the Bar, [illegible] said
How d'ye, and came off. Dined at Coll.
Williams's, drank Tea at Munns, with Dr.
Cooper and his Lady, Captn. Jona.
Freeman and his Lady and Mr. Nat. Barrett and his
Lady, who were upon their Return from a Tour to
Rode this day from
Worcester to Munns in Company with one
Leicester, who was very social, and good Company, an honest,
clever Man. By him I learn that Thomas
Braintree, has removed with his Family, to
Leicester, and hired an House near the Meeting House. And I met
Joseph Crane to day
Marlborough, going to
Rutland. He is about removing his Family there. But I find that
Worcester, &c. are more disposed to emigrate still farther
into the Wilderness, than the Inhabitants of the old Towns.
I hear much to day and Yesterday of the Harmony
prevailing between the Governor and the House. Cushing is
unanimous Commissary, not negatived, and Goldthwait is
Truckmaster. Behold how good and pleasant it is, for Brethren to dwell together
in Unity. It seems to be forgotten entirely, by what means
Hutchinson procured the Government -- by his Friendship for
Bernard, and by supporting and countenancing all
Bernards Measures, and the Commissioners and Army and Navy,
and Revenue, and every other Thing we complain of.
I read to day
an Address from the Convention of
Ministers, and from the Clergy in the northern Part of the
County of Hampshire and from the
Town of Almesbury [Amesbury]
, all conceived
in very high Terms, of Respect and Confidence and Affection. Posterity will
scarcely find it possible, to form a just Idea of this Gentlemans Character.
But if this wretched Journal should ever be
read, by my own
Family, let them know that there was upon the Scene of Action with Mr.
Hutchinson, one determined Enemy to those Principles and that
Political System to which alone he owes his own and his Family's late
Advancement -- one who thinks that his Character and Conduct have been the
Cause of laying a Foundation for perpetual Discontent and Uneasiness between
Britain and the Colonies, of perpetual Struggles of one Party
for Wealth and Power at the Expence
Liberties of this Country, and of perpetual
Contention and Opposition in the other Party to preserve them, and that this
Contention will never be fully terminated but by Warrs
and Confusions and Carnage. Caesar
, by destroying
the Roman Republic, made himself perpetual Dictator,
Hutchinson, by countenancing and supporting a System of
Corruption and all Tyranny, has made himself Governor -- and the mad Idolatry
of the People, always the surest Instruments of their own Servitude, laid
prostrate at the Feet of both. With great Anxiety, and Hazard, with continual
Application to Business, with loss of Health, Reputation, Profit, and as fair
Prospects and Opportunities of Advancement, as others who
greedily embraced them, I have for 10 Years together invariably opposed this
System, and its fautors. It has prevailed in some Measure, and the People are
now worshipping the Authors and Abetters of it, and despizing
, insulting, and abusing, the Opposers of it.
-- Edward and Alfred
closed their long Glories with a Sigh to find
th' unwilling Gratitude of base Mankind.
As I came over
Sudbury Causey, I saw a Chaplain of one of the
Kings Ships fishing in the River, a thick fat Man, with rosy Cheeks and black
Eyes. At Night he came in with his fish. I was in the Yard and he spoke to me,
and told me the News. -- The Governor gave a very elegant Entertainment to the
Gentlemen of the Army and Navy and Revenue, and Mrs. Gambier
in the Evening a very elegant Ball -- as elegant a cold Collation as perhaps
you ever see -- all in figures &c. &c. &c.
Read this days Paper . The melodious Harmony, the perfect Concords, the
entire Confidence and Affection, that seems to be restored greatly surprizes
me. Will it be lasting. I believe there is no Man in so curious a Situation as
I am. I am for what I can see, quite left alone, in the World.
FRYDAY JUNE 14TH.
A fine Morning.
Pages 54 - 58
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Inside Back Cover
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