Paper book No. 18.
copied on Sheet. 12-19
[The preceding text was added in the handwriting of Charles Francis Adams]
Inside Front Cover
JUNE 17TH. 1771.
[illegible] Sat out upon the Eastern Circuit. Stopped at
Boston, at my Office, and no where else. Came over
Charlestown Ferry and
Penny Ferry, and dined at Kettles in
Malden, by the Meeting House. Kettle is a D
[Deputy] Sherriff. The Meeting House is Mr.
I mounted my Horse and rode to
Boston in a Cloth Coat and Waiscoat, but was much pinched with a
cold, raw, harsh,
N.E. Wind. At
Boston I put on a thick Flannel Shirt, and that made me
comfortable, and no more -- So cold am I or so cold is the Weather, 17th.
Overtook Judge Cushing in his old Curricle and 2 lean
Horses, and Dick his Negro at his Right Hand driving the
Curricle. This is the Way of travelling in 1771. A Judge of the Circuits, a
Judge of the Superiour
Court, a Judge of the Kings
Bench, Common Pleas, and Exchequer for the Province, travells
, with a Pair of wretched old jades of Horses, in
a wretched old Dung Cart of a Curricle, and a Negro, on the same seat with him,
driving. -- But we shall have more glorious Times anon -- When the Sterling
Salaries are ordered out of the Revenue, to the judges &c., as many most
ardently wish -- and the judges themselves, among the rest I suppose. Stopped
at Martins in
Lynn with J. Cushing, oated, and drank a Glass
of Wine -- And heard him sigh and groan the Sighs and Groans of 77,
he is yet active.
He conversed in his
usual, hinting, insinuating, doubting, scrupling Strain.
Rode with King a D. Sherriff who came out to meet the
Salem, put up at Goodhues. The Negro that took
my Horse soon began to open his Heart. -- He did not like the People of
Salem, wanted to be sold to Captn. John Dean of
Boston. He earned 2 Dollars in a forenoon, and did all he could
to give Satisfaction. But his Mistress was cross, and said he did not earn Salt
to his Porridge, &c. and would not find him Cloaths &c.
Thus I find Discontents in all Men. The Black thinks his Merit rewarded with
Ingratitude, and so does the white. The Black estimates his own Worth, and the
Merit of his Services higher than any Body else. So
does the White. This flattering, fond Opinion of himself, is found in every
I have hurt myself to day, by taking cold in the
forenoon and by drinking too much Wine, at Kettles and at
Martins. I drank 1/2 Pint at Kettles and 2
Glasses at Martins.
Just after I had drank Tea, and got my Fire made in my Chamber, my old
came and lodged at Goodhues in the same
Chamber with me. His Grief is intense indeed. He spent the whole Evening
and a long Time after we got to Bed in lamenting the Loss of his
Wife, in enumerating her Excellencies, &c. Heartily wishes himself with
her. Would have been very glad to have gone with her. He married from pure
Regard, utterly vs.
the Will of his Mother and all
his Friends because she was poor -- but she made him happy. She was the best of
Women. The World has lost all its Charms to him. He never shall be happy but in
another Wife, and the Chances are so much vs.
getting so good an one, that his Hopes are faint. He never will marry for
Money. His Mother and sister shall never illtreat another Wife. His Children
shall never be slighted. He would never part with his Children for a Thousand
Indies. He never would have a Woman that should make them an Objection. He had
his Wife in Prosperity And Adversity, she had
made him happy in both. Just as he had got over all his Difficulties, and
Providence smiled upon his Business and affairs, she was taken from him. --
This Killing of Wives Mr. Adams
Thing. There is not an Hour but I think
of her. I wish I was with her. I'd run the risque
this Moment. I never dined from her 3 Times in 6 years and 9 months, except on
her Washing days. I never spent 3 Evenings from her in the whole Time. I am
made for that sort of Life.
She begged of me, but just before she
, to be married again immediately. She knew I must
be unhappy she said, without a Wife to take Care of me. She beckoned to me, but
a few Minutes before she died, [illegible]
when her Hands were as
cold as clods. She whispered to me -- I love you now -- if I could but carry
you and the Children with me I should go rejoicing. --
In this eloquent Strain of Grief did he run on. Millions of Thoughts, did
this Conversation occasion me. I thought I should have had no Sleep all night
-- however I got to sleep and slept well.
JUNE 18. 1771.
Rode with Mr. Barrell to
Ipswich, and put up at
Treadwells. Every Object recalls the Subject of Grief.
Barrell all the Way to
Ipswich was like the Turtle, bemoaning the Loss of his Mate.
"Fine Season and beautifull Scenes, but they did not charm him as they
used to. He had often rode this Way a Courting with infinite Pleasure,"
I cant reallize that she has
left me forever. When she was well I often thought I could reallize the Loss of her, but I was mistaken. I had no
Idea of it. -- In short, this Mans Mournings have melted and softened me,
SATURDAY. JUNE 22ND.
Spent this Week at
Ipswich in the usual Labours and
Drudgery of Attendance upon Court. Boarded at Treadwells. Have
had no Time to write.
are some of
the grandest People alive. Landlady
is the great Grand
Daughter of Governor Endicott, and has all the great Notions,
of high Family, that you find in [illegible]
Chandlers, Leonards, Otis's,
and as you might find, with more Propriety, in the Winthrops.
Yet she is cautious, and modist
about discovering of
it. She is a new Light -- continually canting and whining in a religious
Strain. The Governor was uncommonly strict, and devout, eminently so, in his
day, and his great grand Daughter hopes to keep up the Honour
of the family in hers, and distinguish herself among
her Contemporaries as much."Terrible
Things, Sin causes." Sighs and Groans.
"The Pangs of the new Birth." "The death
of Christ shews
above all things the heignous Nature
of sin!" "How awfully Mr. Kent talks about death! How lightly and carelessly. I
am sure a Man of his Years who can talk so about Death, must be brought to feel
the Pangs of the new Birth here, or made to repent of it forever." "How
it seems to me to hear him -- I, that am
so afraid of death, and so concerned
lest I ant fit and prepared
for it. -- What a dreadfull
Thing it was, that Mr.
Gridley died so -- too great, too big, too proud to learn any Thing. Would not
let any Minister pray with him. Said he knew more than they could tell him --
asked the News and said he was going where he should hear no News,"
Thus far Landlady.
As to Landlord, he is as
happy and as big, as proud, as conceited, as any Nobleman in
England. Always calm and good natured, and lazy, but the
Contemplation of his farm, and his Sons and his House, and Pasture and Cows,
his sound judgment as he thinks and his great Holiness as well as that of his
Wife, keep him as erect in his Thoughts as a Noble or a Prince. Indeed the more
I consider of Mankind, the more I see, that every Man, seriously, and in his
Conscience believes himself, the wisest, brightest, best, happiest &c. of
I went this Evening, spent an Hour, and took a Pipe with Judge
Trowbridge at his Lodgings. He says,
"you will never get your Health, till your Mind is at
ease. If you tire yourself with Business, but especially with
, you wont get well," I said, I dont
meddle with Politicks
, nor think about em. -- "Except, says he, by Writing in the Papers."--
be sworn, says I, I have not wrote one Line in a
Newspaper these two Years, &c. -- The Judge says, he had an Hint, that
was appointed judge because
of the judgment of the Court in the Case of Spear vs. Keen
. The Merchants took the Alarm, and said that
instead of Lawyers they ought to have Merchants upon the Bench, and
being both a Lawyer and
a Merchant he was the Man, vs.
Determination, a little time before. -- But this is one Instance among 1000 of
the Governors Disguise, before those that he induces to believe has his entire
familiarity and Confidence. He made Mr. Goffe understand he
intended to make Worthington or some other Lawyer, a judge,
when he fully designed to make his Brother, not indeed to please the Merchants,
or because Foster
was a Merchant, but
because he was his Brother and that the family might have a Majority in that
Court. He is impenetrable to those who dont desire to reach any Imperfection in
him, and who are determined not to fathom him, where they may. The Bigotted,
the Superstitious, the Enthusiastical, the Tools, the Interested, the Timid,
are all dazzled with his Glare, and cant see clearly, when he is in the
In the Morning my Horse was gone. Went to Meeting all day and heard old
Mr. Rogers -- a good, well meaning man, I believe. After
Meeting rode to
Newbury, and visited Brother Lowell,
Brother Farnham, and then went and supped with Mr.
Jonathan Jackson, in Company with Capt. Tracy, Mr. Hooper,
Mr. Williams, Mr. Frasier
and Brother Lowell. Then went and lodged with
JUNE 24. 1771
Portsmouth with Lowell, and walked half an Hour
with him on the Town House Floor, with Mr. Livius and
Mr. Jona. Warner, &c. Put up at Tiltons,
and intend to visit the Governor this afternoon.
Had a good deal of Chat with Lowell on the Road. He
practises much in
New Hampshire, and gave me an Account of many strange judgments
of the Superior Court at
Portsmouth -- that an Infant, if allowed to trade by his
Parents, is bound by his Contract, &c. And he gave me an Account also of
the Politicks of the Province.
[illegible] A Controversy is arising or has arisen in the
Wentworth Family. The old
Governor by his Will gave all his Estate to his Wife, and she is
since married to one Michael Wentworth, which has a little
disappointed the Governor, and he not long since asked the Advice of his
Council whether he might not reassume the [illegible] Lands which
were formerly granted by the late Governor to himself, or at least reserved to
himself, in each Grant of a Township, and grant them over again to a
3d. Person from whom he might take a Conveyance of
them to himself. All the Council except Livius, advised him to
the Reassumption, He having laid before them the Opinion of S.
Boston, that the Governor could not grant Land to himself.
Livius dissented and entered his Protest and gave his Reasons,
for which the Governor has displaced him, as a judge of one of their
At Tiltons in
Portsmouth I met with my Cousin Joseph Adams,
whose Face, I was once as glad to see as I should have been to see an Angel.
The Sight of him gave me a new feeling. When he was at Colledge, and used to come to
Braintree with his Brother Ebenezer, how I used
to love him. He is broken to Pieces with Rheumatism and Gout now. To what Cause
is his Ruin to be ascribed?
After Dinner a Gentleman came to Tiltons to
enquire me out, and it proved to be
Mr. Pickering a Lawyer. He treated me
with great Politeness, and seems a very sensible and well accomplished
After Dinner rode to
York and put up at Ritchies, with
Lowell and Bradbury.
JUNE 25TH. 1771.
York Court, dined with the judges, and spent the Evening at
Ritchies with Bradbury and
Portsmouth, a sensible young Lawyer. Bradbury
says there is no need of Dung upon your Mowing Land if you dont feed it in the
Fall nor Spring. Let the old Fog remain upon it, and die and rot and be washed
into the Ground, and dont suffer your Cattle to tread upon it and so poach and
break the soil, and you will never want any Dung.
Recipe to make Manure.
Take the Soil and Mud, which you cutt up and throw
out when you dig Ditches in a Salt Marsh, and put 20 Load of it in a heap. Then
take 20 Loads of common Soil or mould of Upland and Add
to the other. Then to the whole add 20 Loads of Dung, and lay the whole in a
Heap, and let it lay 3 months, then take your Spades And begin at one End of
the Heap, and dig it up and throw it into another Heap, there let it lie, till
the Winter when the Ground is frozen, and then cart it on, to your English
Grass Land. -- Ten or 20 Loads to an Acre, as you choose. -- Rob.
Temple learnt it in
England, and first practised it at
Ten Hills. From him the Gentry at
Cambridge have learnt it, and they
all Practise it.
I will bring up 20 or 30 Loads, of this Salt Marsh Mud, and lay it in my Cow
Yard upon the Sea Weed that is there, bring up that which lies in the Road by
James Bracketts as we go to Mr. Quincys. Q
[Query]. Would not a Load of fresh meadow Mud, and a Load of
Salt Meadow Mud with some Sand, and some dung &c. make a good Mixture.
If I can so fence and secure Deacon Belchers and
Lt. Belchers Orchards, as not to feed them at all in the Fall,
Winter nor Spring I could get a fine Crop of English Hay from thence. But I
must keep up my Fences all Winter to keep off my Neighbours Creatures, Hogs, Horses, Oxen, Cows and
WEDNESDAY JUNE 26TH: 1771.
Yesterday I had a good deal of Conversation with Judge
Trowbridge. He seems alarmed about the Powers of the Court of Probate.
He says if Judge Danforth was to die Tomorrow, and the
Governor was to offer that Place to him, he would not take it, because he
thinks it ought always to be given to some Judge of the Inferiour
Court, and then, some one Lawyer might be found
in each County who would take a Seat upon the Inferiour
Bench, if he could be made a Judge of Probate
at the same Time. He says he is utterly against Foster
Hutchinsons holding the Probate Office in
Boston, if he takes his Place upon the Superior Bench -- and if
the Governor is an integral Part, of the Court of Probate, the Supreme
ordinary, i.e. if he is not, with the Members of the Council, only Primus inter
Pares but has a Negative upon all their Decrees as Governor
Shirley, Govr. Bernard and the late Secretary, were
of Opinion, he thinks we may be
in great Danger from the Court of
Probate, and Judge Russell always opposed every Attempt to
extend the Power of the Court of Probate. -- He used to say We might have
Bishops here, and the Court of Probate might get into their Hands, and
therefore We ought to be upon our Guard.
FRYDAY JUNE 28TH. 1771
At York. Yesterday I spent in Walking, one Way and another, to view the
Town. I find that Walking serves me much. It sets my Blood in Motion much more
Had some Conversation this Week with Chadburn of
Berwick. He says, that Jo. Lee came to him, on
the Election day Morning, and said
"I know you are a peaceable Man. Why cant you vote for a few
Gentlemen who would be agreable to the Governor
and then perhaps some Gentlemen may not be negatived who would be
agreable to you. Why cant you promote a
Coalition?" Chadburn answered,
I dont know who would be agreable to the Governor. I have not had a List. --
Lee then mentioned Mr. Ropes, Lt.
Govr. Oliver, and some of the judges.Why cant you
choose some of those old Statesmen, who have [been] long and
intimately acquainted with the Policy of the Province? &c. -- Thus the
Governors Emissaries are busy -- instilling, insinuating, their Notions, and
Had a little Chat this Week with Coll.
Kittery. He says
"Now you are come away, they are become peaceable. You
kept up a shocking Clamour while you was there."
-- This he said laughing, but there was rather too much Truth in it, to be made
a jest. --
"They do you the justice to say that no Man ever spoke
more freely, than you did, and in Opposition to the rising Sun. But in order to
take off from your Virtue, they say there is some private Pique between the
Governor and you." -- I told him there was none. He had always treated me
well personally. If I had been actuated by private Pique, I would not have left
the general Court but I would have remained there on Purpose to plague him. I
could at least have been a Thorn in his Side -- &c. But that I had been
fully convinced in my own Mind these 10 Years that he was determined to raise
himself and family, at all Hazards, and even on the Ruins of the Province, and
that I had uniformly expressed that Opinion these 10 Years.
Sparhawk mentioned the Intrepidity of Sam
Adams, a Man he says of great Sensibility, of tender Nerves, and
harrased, dependant, in their Power. Yet he had born up against all-it must
have penetrated him very deeply, &c.
JULY 2ND. 1771.
Falmouth, at Mr. Jonathan Webbs, who has
removed to an House very near the Court House.
Morning, I mounted with
Brother Bradbury and his Brother Bradbury, at
Falmouth, went over the Sands but could not ford
Cape Nettick, and so was obliged to go round over the Bridge, by
the Mill. Dined at Littlefields in
Wells, drank Tea and lodged at Allens at
Biddeford. Coll. Ting
and his Son in Law Jo.
Tyler came along and lodged there, Tyng
being the owner of the House and Farm there 47
Rods wide upon the River and 4 miles and an half long. Next day Saturday it
rained, and Jona. Sewall, Mr. Lowell and
Mr. Leonard Jarvis came in, and afternoon Judges
Lynde and Cushing with their Servants. But
the House had not Lodgings for them. The Judges went back to Lads
, Sewall and
Lowell went to James Sullivans. Sunday
Morning the Weather was fair, and We set off, for
Scarborough, put up at
Millikins, went to Meeting forenoon and afternoon, heard
Mr. Briggs a young Gentleman and after
Falmouth, and I put up at Webbs where I have
been ever since reading the Atchievements
This has been the most flat, insipid, spiritless, tasteless journey that
ever I took, especially from
Ipswich. I have neither had Business nor Amusement, nor
Conversation. It has been a moaping,
melancholly Journey upon the whole. I slumber,
and moap, away the Day. Tyng, Tyler, Sewall,
Lowell, Jarvis were all Characters which
might have afforded me Entertainment, perhaps Instruction, if I had been
possessed of Spirits to enjoy it.
Saturday afternoon, I projected making a back
Gammon Table, and about it Sewall,
Lowell and Jarvis and Jo.
Tyler went, got Pieces of Cedar, &c. and while they were playing I
went to sleep.
Sunday Jarvis was telling of an Instance of Cruelty and
Inhumanity in Hall the Wharfinger in
Boston in ordering a poor Widow to be taken with a single Writ,
when her Daughter was dying, and of his being Bail for her.
Sewall said Hall would certainly be damned
and you will certainly [illegible] go to Heaven let you do what
I feel myself weary of this wandering Life. My Heart is at Home. It would be
more for my Health to ride to
Boston every fair Morning, and to
Braintree every fair Afternoon. This would be riding enough and
I could there have [illegible] one Eye to my office,
and another to my farm. After my Return I shall try the Experiment.
In the Evening went to the Clubb, or friendly
Society as they call themselves, where I found Wm. Cushing,
Wyer, with whom I went, i.e. at his Invitation, Mr.
Lyde, Child, Symmons,
Jarvis, Dr. Coffin, Captn. Wait and Don
Webb &c. Conversation decent, but upon Trifles and common
Saw Mr. Simmons at Court, a Gentleman from
England who has been at
Falmouth a No. of
[years] as a Factor for several Merchants in
England purchasing Deals.
THURSDAY. JULY 4TH. 1771.
Dined with D. Wyer, in Company with his Father,
Farnum, Sewall, Cushing,
Sewall, Lowell &c. Conversation turns
upon Revelations, Prophecies, Jews, &c.
Spent the Evening, with the Barr, at Shattucks the Tavern
in high Spirits. Agreed unanimously to recommend Tim. Langdon,
to be sworn. All in good Spirits, very chearfull,
and chatty -- many good stories, &c. This day Argued the Cause of
Freeman and Child, a Suit for 10 Penalty, for taking
greater Fees in the Custom House than those allowed by the Province Law.
FRYDAY. JULY 5. 1771.
Cadwallader Ford came to me this Morning, and congratulated
me on the Verdict for Freeman. -- Sir, says he, I shall think
myself forever obliged to you, for the Patriotick
manner in which you conducted that Cause. You have obtained great
in this County, by that Speech. I never heard a
better &c. -- All this is from old Cadwallader.
Langdon told me, that a Man came running down, when I had done
speaking, and said "That Mr. Adams
has been making
the finest Speech I ever heard in my Life. He's equall
to the greatest orator that ever spoke in
Rome." -- What an Advantage it is to have the Passions,
Prejudices, and Interests of the whole Audience, in a Mans Favour
These will convert plain, common Sense,
into profound Wisdom, nay wretched Doggerell into sublime Heroics. This Cause
was really, and in truth and without [illegible]
Affectation of Modesty, very indifferently argued by me. But I have often been
with Claps and Plauditts
, and Hosannas, when I have spoke but
indifferently, and as often met with Inattention and Neglect when I have
thought I spoke very well. -- How vain, and empty is Breath!
Pages 20 - 76
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Inside Back Cover
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