[The preceding text was added in the handwriting of Charles Francis Adams]
Inside Front Cover
a Guinea to the lame Man
pd. the Barber 2: 5s: 0d. Philadel. 1:
16s. L. M.
6 Dollars. -- pd. 2 Washings. -- pd. for Leather
Went to the Presbyterian Meeting and heard Mr. Sprout in
the forenoon. He uses no Notes -- dont appear to have any. Opens his Bible and
talks away. Not a very numerous, nor very polite Assembly.
Dined at our Lodgings at Mrs. Yards, with Major De
boor a French Gentleman, a Soldier, Mr. Webb, and
Went in the Afternoon to Christ Church, and heard Mr.
Coombs [Coombe]. This is a more noble Building, and
a genteeler Congregation. The Organ and a new Choir of Singers, were very
musical. Mr. Coombs is celebrated here as a fine Speaker. He
is sprightly, has a great deal of Action, speaks distinctly. But I confess, I
am not charmed with his oratory. His Style was indifferent, his Method,
confused. In one Word, his Composition was vastly inferiour to the ordinary Sermons of
and even Stillman. Mr. Mifflin spent the
Sunday Evening with Us, at our Lodgings.
At Ten, The Delegates all met at the City Tavern, and walked to the
Carpenters Hall, where they took a View of the Room, and of the Chamber where
is an excellent Library. There is also a long Entry, where Gentlemen may walk,
and a convenient Chamber opposite to the Library. The General Cry was, that
this was a good Room,
and the Question was put, whether We were satisfyed
with this Room, and it passed in the
Affirmative. A very few were for the Negative and they were chiefly
Then Mr. Lynch arose, and said there was a Gentleman
present who had presided with great Dignity over a very respectable Society,
greatly to the Advantage of
America, and he therefore proposed that the Hon. Peytoun
Randolph Esqr., one of the Delegates from
Virginia, and the late Speaker of their
House of Burgesses, should be appointed Chairman and he doubted
not it would be unanimous. -- The Question was put and he was unanimously
Mr. Randolph then took the Chair, and the Commissions of
the Delegates were all produced and read.
Then Mr. Lynch proposed that Mr. Charles Thompson a Gentleman of Family,
Fortune, and Character in this City should be appointed Secretary, which was
accordingly done without opposition, tho Mr.
Duane and Mr. Jay discovered at first an Inclination
to seek further.
Mr. Duane then moved that a Committee should be appointed,
to prepare Regulations for this Congress. Several Gentlemen objected. I then
arose and asked Leave of the President to request of the Gentleman from
New York, an Explanation, and that he would point out some
particular Regulations which he had in his Mind. He mentioned particularly the
Method of voting -- whether it should be by Colonies, or by the Poll, or by
Mr. Henry then arose, and said this was the first general
Congress which had ever happened -- that no former Congress could be a
Precedent -- that We should have occasion for more general Congresses, and
therefore that a precedent ought to be established now. That it would be great
Injustice, if a little Colony should have the same Weight in the Councils of
America, as a great one, and therefore he was for a
Major Sullivan observed that a little Colony had its All at
Stake as well as a great one.
This is a Question of great Importance. -- If We vote by Colonies, this
Method will be liable to great Inequality and Injustice, for 5 small Colonies,
with 100,000 People in each may outvote 4 large ones, each of which has 500,000
Inhabitants. If We vote by the Poll, some Colonies have more than their
Proportion of Members, and others have less. If We vote by Interests, it will
be attended with insuperable Difficulties, to ascertain the true Importance of
each Colony. -- Is the Weight of a Colony to be ascertained by the Number of
Inhabitants merely -- or by the Amount of their Trade, the Quantity of their
Exports and Imports, or by any compound Ratio of both. This will lead us into
such a Field of Controversy as will greatly perplex us. Besides I question
whether it is possible to ascertain, at this Time, the Numbers of our People or
the Value of our Trade. It will not do in such a Case, to take each other's
Words. It ought to
be ascertained by authentic Evidence, from
Went to congress again. Received by an express an Intimation of the
Boston -- a confused account, but an alarming one indeed. -- God
grant it may not be found true.
1774 SEPTR. 7.
Went to congress again. Heard Mr. Duche read Prayers. The
Collect for the day, the 7th of the Month, was most admirably adapted,tho this
was accidental, or rather Providential. A Prayer, which he gave us of his own
Composition, was as pertinent, as affectionate, as sublime, as devout, as I
ever heard offered up to Heaven. He filled every Bosom present.
Dined with Mr. Miers Fisher, a young Quaker and a Lawyer.
We saw his Library, which is clever.
But this plain Friend, and his plain, tho pretty
Wife, with her Thee's and Thou's, had provided us the most Costly Entertainment
Ducks, Hams, Chickens, Beef, Pigg, Tarts, Creams,
Custards,Gellies, fools, Trifles, floating Islands,
Beer, Porter, Punch, Wine and a long &c.
We had a large Collection of Lawyers, at Table. Mr. Andrew
Allen, the Attorney General, a Mr. Morris, the
Prothonotary, Mr. Fisher, Mr.
McKean,Mr. Rodney -- besides these We had Mr.
Reed,Govr. Hopkins and Governor
We had much Conversation upon the Practice of Law, in our different
Provinces, but at last We got swallowed up, in Politicks, and the great Question of Parliamentary
Jurisdiction. Mr. Allen asks me, from whence do you derive
your Laws? How do you intitle yourselves to
English Priviledges? Is not Lord
Mansfield on the Side of Power?
Attended my Duty on the Committee all Day, and a most ingenious,
entertaining Debate We bad. -- The happy News was bro't us, from
Boston, that no Blood had been spill'd but that Gen. Gage had taken away the
Provincial Powder from the Magazine at
Cambridge. This last was a disagreable Circumstance.
Dined at Mr. Powells, with Mr.
Duche,Dr. Morgan, Dr.
Steptoe,Mr. Goldsborough, Mr.
Johnson, and many others. -- A most sinfull Feast again!Every
Thing which could delight the Eye, or allure the Taste, Curds and
Creams, Jellies, Sweet meats of various sorts, 20 sorts of Tarts, fools,
Trifles, floating Islands, whippd Sillabubs &c.
&c.Parmesan Cheese, Punch, Wine, Porter, Beer &c. &c.
At Evening We climbed up the Steeple of Christ Church, with Mr.
Reed, from whence We had a clear and full View of the whole City and
1774 SEPTR. 9.FRYDAY.
Attended my Duty upon Committees. Dined at home.
1774 SEPTR. 10.
Attended my Duty upon the Sub Committee. Dined at home. Dr.
Spence [Spencer?], and several other
Gentlemen,Major Sullivan and Coll. Folsom dined with us upon Salt Fish. Rambled
in the Evening with Jo. Reed, and fell into Mr.
Sprouts Meeting where We heard Mr. Spence preach.
Mr. Reed returned with Mr. Adams and me to
our Lodgings, and a very social,agreable and
communicative Evening We had.
He says We never were guilty of a more Masterly Stroke of Policy, than in
moving that Mr. Duche might read Prayers, it has had a very
good Effect, &c. He says the Sentiments of People here, are growing more
and more favourable every day.
There is such a quick and constant Succession of new Scenes, Characters,
Persons, and Events turning up before me that I cant keep any regular
This Mr. Reed is a very sensible and accomplished Lawyer of
an amiable Disposition -- soft, tender, friendly, &c. He is a friend to his
Country and to Liberty.
Mr. Reed was so kind as to wait on us to Mr.
Sprouts Meeting, where we heard Mr. Spencer. These
Ministers all preach without Notes.
We had an Opportunity of seeing the Custom of the Presbyterians in
administering the Sacrament. The Communicants all came to a Row of Seats,
placed on each Side of a narrow Table spread in the Middle of the Alley
reaching from the Deacons Seat to the front of the House. Three setts of Persons of both sexes, came in Succession. Each
new sett had the Bread and the Cup given to them by a new
Minister -- Mr. Sprout first, Mr. Treat next
and Mr. Spencer last. Each Communicant has a token, which he
delivers to the Deacons or Elders, I dont know which they call em.
As We came out of Meeting a Mr. Webster join'd us, who has
just come from Boston, and has been a generous Benefactor to it,
in its Distresses. He says he was at the Town Meeting, and he thinks they
managed their Affairs with great Symplicity, Moderation, and Discretion.
Dined at Mr. Willings, who is a judge of the Supream Court here, with the Gentlemen from
New York. A most splendid Feast again -- Turtle and every Thing else.
Mr. Willing told us a Story of a Lawyer here, who the other
Day, gave him upon the Bench the following Answer, to a Question Why the
Lawyers were so increased.
"You ask me why Lawyers so much are increas'd
Tho most of the Country already are fleec'd
The Reason I'm sure is most strikingly plain
The Sheep are oft sheered yet the Wool grows again
And tho you may think e'er so odd of the Matter
The oft'ner they're fleeced, the Wool grows the better
Thus downy -- china Boys as oft I have heard
By frequently shaving obtain a large Beard."
By Mr. Peters, written at the Bar and given to a
judge Mr. Willing, who had asked the Question at Dinner, in
Mr. Willing is the most sociable, agreable Man of all. He told us of a Law of this Place,
that whereas oysters, between the Months of May and Septr. were found to be unwholesome food, if any were
brought to Markett they should be forfeited and given
to the Poor.
We drank Coffee, and then
Reed, Cushing and I strolled, to the Moravian
Evening Lecture where we heard soft, sweet Music and a dutchified english
Prayer and Preachment.
Attended my Duty on the Committee, untill one O
Clock, and then went with my Colleagues and Messrs.
Thompson and Mifflin to the Falls of
Schuylkill, and viewed the Museum at
Fort St. Davids, a great Collection of Curiosities. Returned and
dined with Mr. Dickinson at his Seat at Fair Hill, with his
Lady, Mrs. Thompson, Miss
Norris and Miss Harrison. Mr.
Dickinson has a fine Seat, a beautyfull
Prospect, of the City, the River and the Country -- fine Gardens, and a very
grand Library. The most of his Books, were collected by Mr.
Norris, once Speaker of the House here, father of Mrs.
Dickinson. Mr. Dickinson is a very modest Man, and
very ingenious, as well as agreable. He has an
excellent Heart, and the Cause of his Country lies near it. He is full and
clear for allowing to Parliament, the Regulation of Trade, upon Principles of
Necessity and the mutual Interest of both Countries.
Attended my Duty all Day, on the Sub Committee. Agreed on a Report.
1. and 2. Phil. and Mary. C. 10. ss. 7.
SEPT. 14. WEDNESDAY.
Visited Mr. Gadsden, Mr. Deane,
&c. at theirColl. Dyer, &c. at their
Lodgings.Gadsden is violent against allowing to Parliament any
Power of regulating Trade, or allowing that they have any
Thing to do with Us.Power of regulating Trade he says, is Power of
ruining us -- as bad as acknowledging them a Supream
Legislative, in all Cases whatsoever.
A Right of regulating Trade is a Right of Legislation, and a Right of
Legislation in one Case, is a Right in all. -- This I deny.
Attended the Congress and Committee all the forenoon. Dined with Dr.
Cox.Dr. Morgan, Dr. Rush,Mr.
Bayard, old Mr. Smith dined with us.Dr.
Rush lives upon Water Street and has from the Windows of his back Room
and Chamber, a fine Prospect of
Delaware River, and of
New Jersey beyond it. The Gentlemen entertained us, with
Absurdities in the Laws of
New Jersey and Maryland. This I find is a genteel
Topic of Conversation here. -- A mighty Feast again, nothing less than the very
best of Claret, Madeira, and Burgundy. Melons, fine beyond description, and
Pears and Peaches as excellent.
This Day Mr. Chase introduced to us, a Mr.
Carrell [Carroll] of
Anapolis, a very sensible
Gentleman, a Roman catholic, and of the first Fortune in
America. His Income is Ten thousand Pounds sterling a Year, now,
will be fourteen in two or 3 years, they say, besides his father has a vast
Estate, which will be his, after his father.
SEPT. 16. FRYDAY [i.e. THURSDAY, 15
Dined with Mr. Wallace, with a great deal of Company at a
paultry elegant Feast again.
SEPT. 17 SATURDAY.
This was one of the happiest Days of my Life. In Congress We had generous,
noble Sentiments, and manly Eloquence. This Day convinced me that
America will support the
Massachusetts or perish with her.
Dined with old Mr. Smith, with much Company. Visited the
bettering House, a large Building -- very clean, neat, and convenient for the
Poor Viewed the Gardens, &c.
Went to Church, and heard Mr. Coombs read Prayers,
and Mr. Duch preach. A fine Preacher, indeed. Dined at
Went to Dr. Allisons Meeting in the Afternoon.
a very ingenious Preacher, of Benevolence and
Humanity. Spent the Evening at home with General
Dagworthy,Mr. McDougall and others. Wrote many
Letters to go by Mr. Paul Revere.
MONDAY SEPTR. 19.
Dined with Dr. Rush in Company with Dr.
Shippen, and many others.Folsom and
N. Hampshire. Mr. Blair &c. &c.
TUESDAY SEPTR. 20.
Had Cards a Week ago to dine with Mr.
Maese [Mease] -- but forgot it, and dined at home.
After We had dined after 4 O Clock, a view Mr. Maes's Brother came
to our Lodgings after Us. We went, after Dinner, and found Mr.
Dickinson, Mifflin, Dr.
Rush,Mr. West, Mr. Biddle, and Captn. All and Mr. Maes's Brother -- a very agreable Company. Our Regret at the Loss of this Company
was very great.
Mr. Dickenson was very agreable.
A Question was started about the Conduct of the Bostonian Merchants since
the Year 1770, in importing Tea and paying the Duty. Mr.
Hancock it is said has received the Freight of many Chests of Tea. I
think the Bostonian Merchants are not wholly justifiable -- yet their Conduct
has been exaggerated. Their fault and guilt has been
magnified.Mr. Hancock I believe is justifiable, but I am not
certain, whether he is strictly so. He owned a Ship in Partnership
with Geo. Hayley, who is agreed here to be a ministerial Man,
and Haley I suppose sent the Tea in the Ship.
WEDNESDAY. SEPTR. 21.
Captn. Callender came to
breakfast with Us.Coll. Dagworthy
and his Brother Captn. Dagworthy
breakfasted with Us. Mrs. Yard entertained Us, with Muffins,
Buck Wheat Cakes and common Toast. Buckwheat is an excellent grain, and is very
plenty here. -- Attended Congress from 9 to after 3. -- Rode out of Town six
Miles to Mr. Hills where we dined with Mr.
Hill and Lady, Mr. Dickinson and his Lady,
Mr. Thompson and his Lady, old Mr. Meredith,
father of Mrs. Hill, Mr. Johnson of
Maryland and Mr. Jo Reed.
THURSDAY. SEPTR. 22.
Dined with Mr. Chew
, Chief Justice of
the Province, with all the Gentlemen from
Virginia, Dr. Shippen, Mr.
Tilghman and many others. We were shewn
grand Entry and Stair Case, and into an elegant and most magnificent
About four O Clock
We were called down to Dinner. The Furniture was all rich. -- Turttle, and
every other Thing -- Flummery, Jellies, Sweetmeats of 20 sorts, Trifles, Whip'd
Syllabubbs, floating Islands, fools -- &c., and then a Desert of Fruits,
Raisins, Almonds, Pears, Peaches -- Wines most excellent and admirable. I drank
Madeira at a great Rate and found no Inconvenience in it.
In the Evening General Lee and Coll. Lee, and Coll. Dyer and Mr. Deane, and
half a Score friends from
Boston came to our Lodgings. Coll. Lee staid till 12 o
Clock and was very social and agreable.
Walked along Second Street Southward, untill I got
out of the City into the Country. The Uniformity of this City is dissagreable to some. I like it.
Dined with the late C. [Chief] Justice
Allen -- with all the Gentlemen from
North Carolina, and Mr.
Hambleton [Hamilton], late Governor and Mr.
Andrew Allen Attorney General.
We had much Conversation, about Mr. Franklin. The
C. [Chief] J. [Justice] and Attorney
General had much droll Chat together.
SATURDAY. SEPTR. 24.
Dined with Mr. Charles Thompson, with only Mr.
Dickenson, his Lady and Niece in Company. A most delightfull Afternoon we had. Sweet Communion indeed we
had -- Mr. Dickinson gave us his Thoughts and his
Correspondence very freely.
SUNDAY. SEPT. 25.
Went in the Evening to Quaker Meeting and afterwards went to Supper
at Stephen Collins's.
MONDAY. SEPTR. 26.
Dined at old Dr. Shippens with Mr. And Mrs.
Blair, young Dr. Shippen, the Jersey
Delegates and some Virginians. Afterwards went to the Hospital and heard
another Lecture upon Anatomy, from young Dr. Shippen.
TUESDAY. SEPTR. 27.
Dined at Mr. Bayards, with Dr.
Cox,Dr. Rush, Mr. Hodge, Mr.
Deane,Coll. Dyer.Dr. Cox gave us a
"May the fair Dove of Liberty, in this Deluge of Despotism, find Rest to the
Sole of her Foot in
WEDNESDAY. SEPT. 28.
Dined with Mr. R. Penn. A magnificent
House, and a most splendid Feast, and a very large Company. Mr.
Dickinson and General Lee were there, and Mr.
Moiland [Moylan], besides a great Number of the
Delegates. -- Spent the Evening at Home, with Coll. Lee,Coll. Washington and Dr. Shippen who came in to consult with us.
THURSDAY. SEPT. 29.
Dined at Home, with the Delegates from
North Carolina and a No. of other
1774 FRYDAY [30
Dined at Mr. Jonathan Smiths -- Dr.
Allison, Mr. Sprout and many other Gentlemen.
SATURDAY [1 OCTOBER].
Dined with Mr. Webster. Spent the Evening
with Stephen Collins. Went to see the Election at the State
House.Mr. Dickinson was chosen.
SUNDAY. SEPT. OCTR. 2.
Went to Christ Church and heard Mr. Coombs upon
"Judge not according to the Appearance, but judge righteous
judgment."Went to Mr. Sprout's in the Afternoon and heard
Mr. Tenant [Tennent].
Spent the Evening at home with Mr. Macdougal, Mr.
Cary of Charlestown, Mr. Reed
and Coll. Floyd.
MONDAY OCTR. 3. 1774.
Breakfasted at home with Coll. Dagworthy of Maryland,
Captn. Dagworthy his Brother,
Major De Bois, Mr. Webb, Dr.
Clopton &c. The hurry of Spirits I have been in, since my Arrival
in this City, has prevented my making Remarks in my journal as I wished to have
done. The quick Succession of Objects, the Variety of Scenes and Characters,
have rendered it impracticable. Major De Bois says he
went will drink Dispute this Morning. The Congress not come to
Dined at home. This Day Charles Thompson and Thos.
Mifflin were chosen Burgesses for this City. The Change in the
Elections for this City and County is no small Event. Mr.
Dickinson and Mr. Thompson, now joined to Mr.
Mifflin, will make a great Weight in favour of
the American Cause.
TUESDAY. OCTR. 4.
Dined with Mr. Alexander Wilcox, with all the Delegates
N. York, and several other Gentlemen. -- This
Evening General Lee came to my Lodgings and shewed me an Address from the
C. [Congress] to the People of
Canada which he had.
1774 WEDNESDAY OCTR. 5TH.
Dined with Dr. Cadwallador, in Company with Governor
Mr. Henry, Mr. Pendleton,Mr. De
Hart, and many others -- Mr. Maese and others. --
Spent the Evening at Home with Mr. McDougal, and Mr.
Sherman -- in sad and solemn Consultation about the Miseries and
Distresses of our dear Town of
THURSDAY. OCTR. 6.
Dined with Mr. Hodge, Father in Law to Mr.
1774 FRYDAY OCTR.
Dined with Mr. Thos. Smith, with a large Company, the
Virginians and others.
SATURDAY OCTR. 8.
Dined with Mr. George Clymer -- Mr.
Dickinson and a large Company again.
SUNDAY [9 OCTOBER].
Went to hear Dr. Allison, an Aged Gentleman. It was
Sacrament Day and he gave us a sacramental Discourse. This Dr.
Allison is a Man of Abilities and Worth, but I hear no Preachers here
like ours in
Boston, excepting Mr.
Duch.Coombs indeed is a good Speaker, but not
an original, but a Copy of Duch.
The Multiplicity of Business and Ceremonies, and Company that we are
perpetually engaged in, prevents my Writing to my Friends in
Mass. as I ought, and prevents my recording
many Material Things in my journal.
Phyladelphia with all its
Trade, and Wealth, and Regularity is not
Boston. The Morals of our People are much better, their Manners
are more polite, and agreable -- they are purer
English. Our Language is better, our Persons are handsomer, our Spirit is
greater, our Laws are wiser, our Religion is superiour, our Education is better. We exceed them
in every Thing, but in a Markett, and in charitable public foundations.
Went in the Afternoon to the Romish Chappell and
heard a good discourse upon the Duty of Parents to their Children, founded in
justice and Charity. The Scenery and the Musick is
so callculated to take in Mankind that I wonder,
the Reformation ever succeeded. The Paintings, the Bells, the Candles, the Gold
and Silver. Our Saviour on the Cross, over the Altar, at full Length, and all
his Wounds a bleeding. The Chanting is exquisitely soft and sweet.
MONDAY. OCTR. 10TH.
The Deliberations of the Congress, are spun out to an immeasurable Length.
There is so much Wit, Sense, Learning, Acuteness, Subtilty, Eloquence, &c. among fifty Gentlemen, each
of whom has been habituated to lead and guide in his own Province, that an
immensity of Time, is spent unnecessarily.
Maryland has a clear and a cool Head, an extensive Knowledge of
Trade, as well as Law. He is a deliberating Man, but not a shining orator --
His Passions and Imagination dont appear enough for an orator. His Reason and
Penetration appear, but not his Rhetoric.
and Johnson, are sensible and learned but cold
and Hooper [are] the
orators.Paca is a deliberater too. Chase
speaks warmly. Mifflin is a sprightly and spirited
Speaker.John Rutledge dont exceed in Learning or oratory,tho he is a rapid Speaker. Young Edward
Rutledge is young, and zealous -- a little unsteady, and injudicious,
but very unnatural and affected as a Speaker. Dyer
and Sherman speak often butand long, but
very heavily and clumsily.
TUESDAY OCTR. 11.
Dined with Mr. McKean in Markett Street, with Mr. Reed,
Paca,Dr. Morgan, Mr. R.
Spent the Evening with Mr. Henry at his Lodgings consulting
about a Petition to the King.
Henry said he had no public Education. At fifteen he read
Virgill and Livy, and has not looked into a Latin Book since. His father left
him at that Age, and he has been struggling thro Life
ever since. He has high Notions. Talks about exalted Minds, &c. He has a
horrid Opinion of Galloway, Jay,
and the Rutledges. Their System he says would ruin the
Cause of America. He is very impatient to see such Fellows, and
not be at Liberty to describe them in their true Colours.
WEDNESDAY. OCTR. 12.
Dined with Captn. Richards
with Dr. Coombs.
THURSDAY. OCTR. 13.
Dined with Mr. Dickenson with
Mifflin,Mr. Penn and General
Lee, at six o Clock.
From 10 O Clock untill
half after four, We were
debating, about the Parliamentary Power of regulating Trade. 5 Colonies were
for allowing it, 5. against it,
and two divided among themselves,
Mr. Duane has had his Heart sett upon
asserting in our Bill of Rights, the Authority of Parliament to regulate the
Trade of the Colonies. He is for grounding it on Compact, Acquiescence,
Necessity, Protection, not merely on our Consent.
Went in the Morning to see Dr.
Chevott [Chovet] and his Skelletons and Wax Work -- most admirable, exquisite
Representations of the whole Animal Economy.
Four compleat Skelletons. A Leg with all the Nerves, Veins and
Arteries injected with Wax. Two compleat Bodies in
Wax, full grown. Waxen Representations of all the Muscles, Tendons &c., of
the Head, Brain, Heart, Lungs, Liver,Stomack,Gutts, Cawl -- Bladder, Testicles. This Exhibition is much
more exquisite than that of Dr. Shippen, at the Hospital. The
Doctor reads Lectures, for 2 half Jos. a Course, which takes up Four Months.
These Wax Works are all of the Drs. own Hands.
Dined with Dr. Morgan, an ingenious Physician and an honest
Patriot. He shewed us some curious Paintings upon Silk
which he brought from
Italy which are Singular in this Country, and some Bones of an
Animal of enormous Size, found upon the
Banks of the River Ohio. Mr.
Middleton,the two Rutledges, Mr.
Mifflin and Mr. Wm. Barrell dined with Us.
Mrs. Morgan is a sprightly, pretty lady.
In the Evening We were invited to an Interview at Carpenters Hall, with the
Quakers and Anabaptists. Mr. Bacchus is come here from
Middleborough, with a design to apply to the Congress, for a
Redress of the Grievances of the Antipaedobaptists in our Province. The Cases
Chelmsford, the Case of Mr. White of
Haverhill, the Case of
Warwick, were mentioned by Mr.
Old Israel Pemberton was quite rude, and his Rudeness was
resented. But the Conference which held till 11 O Clock, I hope will produce
SATURDAY. OCTR. 15.
Dined at Mr. Wests with the Rutledges and
Mr. Middleton. An elegant House, rich furniture, and a
SUNDAY. OCTR. 16.
Staid at Home all day. Very busy in the necessary
Business of putting the Proceedings of the Congress into Order.
MONDAY OCTR. 17.
Dined at Home.
TUESDAY. OCT. 18.
Dined at Stephen Collins's.
WEDNESDAY. OCTR. 19.
Dined at Home.
THURSDAY OCTR. 20.
Dined with the whole Congress at the City Tavern, at the Invitation of the
House of Representatives of the
Province of Pensylvania, the
whole House dined with Us, making near l00 Guests in the Whole a most elegant
Entertainment. A toast was A Sentiment was given,
"May the Sword of the Parent never be Stain'd with the Blood of her
Children." Two or 3 broadbrims, over against me at Table -- one of em said
this is not a Toast but a Prayer, come let us join in it -- and they took their
Dined at the Library Tavern with Messrs.
Marcoo's [Markoes] and a dozen Gentlemen from the
W. Indies and
N. Carolina. A fine bowling Green here -- fine Turtle, and
SATURDAY. OCTR. 22.
Dined in the Country, with Mr. Dickinson, with all the
N. England. Mr. Duane, Mr.
Reed, Mr. Livingstone &c.
SUNDAY. OCTR. 23.
Heard Mr. Piercy, at Mr. Sprouts. He is
Chaplain to the Countess of Huntingdon. Comes
recommended to Mr. Cary of
Charlestown, from her, as a faithful servant of the Lord. No
Genius -- no Orator.
In the Afternoon I went to the Baptist Church and heard a trans Alleganian
-- a Preacher
, from the back Parts of
Virginia, behind the
Allegany Mountains. He preached an hour and an half. No Learning
-- No Grace of Action or Utterance -- but an honest Zeal. He told us several
good Stories. One was, that he was once preaching in
Virginia and said that those Ministers who taught the
the People that Salvation was to be obtained by good Works, or
Obedience, were leading them to ruin. Next Day, he was apprehended, by a
Warrant from a Magistrate, for reviling the Clergy of the Church of England. He
asked for a Prayer Book and had it. Turned to the 18 or 20th. Article, where
the same sentiment is strongly expressed. He read it to the Magistrate. The
Magistrate as soon as he heard it, dash'd the Warrant out of his Hand, and said
sir you are discharged.
In the Evening I went to the Methodist Meeting and heard Mr.
Webb, the old soldier, who first came to
America, in the Character of Quarter Master under Gen. Braddock. He is one of the most fluent,
eloquent Men I ever heard. He reaches the Imagination and touches the Passions,
very well, and expresses himself with great Propriety. The Singing here is very
sweet and soft indeed. The first Musick I have heard
in any Society, except the Moravians, and once at Church with the organ.
Supped and spent the Remainder of the Evening, at Mr. Jo.
Reeds with Coll. Lee,
Dr. Shippen, Mr. Cary, Dr.
MONDAY. OCTR. 24.
In Congress, nibbling and quibbling -- as usual.
There is no greater Mortification than to sit with half a dozen Witts,
deliberating upon a Petition, Address, or Memorial. These great subtle,
refined Witts, these subtle Criticks, these
refined Genius's, these learned Lawyers, these wise Statesmen, are so fond of
shewing their Parts and Powers, as to make their
Consultations very tedius.
Young Ned Rutledge is a perfect Bob o' Lincoln -- a Swallow
-- a Sparrow -- a Peacock -- excessively vain, excessively weak, and
excessively variable and unsteady -- jejune, inane, and puerile.
Mr. Dickinson is very modest, delicate, and timid.
Spent the Evening at home. Coll.
Dyer, Judge Sherman and Coll. Floyd came in and spent the Evening with
Mr. Adams and me. Mr. Mifflin and
General Lee came in. Lee's Head is running
upon his new Plan of a Battallion.
TUESDAY [25 OCTOBER].
Dined with Mr. Clymer. General Lee &c.
WEDNESDAY [ 26 OCTOBER].
Dined at Home. This Day the Congress finished. Spent the Evening together at
the City Tavern -- all the Congress and several Gentlemen of the Town.
THURSDAY. OCTR. 27.
Went this Morning with Mr. Tudor to see the Carpenters
Hall, and the Library, and to Mr. Barrells and
Bradfords, and then to the State House to see the
Supream Court sitting. Heard Mr.
Wilcox and Mr. Reed argue a Point of Law concerning
the Construction of a Will. Three Judges,Chew,
Willing and Moreton.
1774 FRYDAY. OCTR.
Took our Departure in a very great Rain, from the happy, the peacefull, the elegant, the hospitable, and polite City
Phyladelphia. -- It is not very
likely that I shall ever see this Part of the World again, but I shall ever
retain a most greatefull, pleasing Sense, of the
many Civilities I have received, in it. And shall think myself happy to have an
opportunity of returning them. -- Dined at Andersons, and
reached Priestly's of
Bristol at Night, twenty miles from
Phyladelphia, where We are as
happy as We can wish.
SATURDAY. OCTR. 29.
Prince Town, where We dine, at the
sign of Hudibrass.Vacation at Nassau Hall. Dr. Witherspoon out
of Town. Paine recollected the Story of Mr.
Keiths joke upon him at Howlands of
Plymouth, where Wideterm the Time of the Stamp Act.
Paine said he would go to making brass Buckles.
Keith said he might do that to great Advantage for his Stock
would cost him nothing.
Lodged at Farmers in
SUNDAY. OCTR. 30.
My Birthday. I am 39 Years of Age. -- Rode to
Elizabeth Town in
New Jersey, where We are to dine. Rode down to
Elizabeth Town Point, and put our Carriage and all our Horses
into two Ferry Boats. Sail'd or rather rowed, Six Miles to a Point on
Staten Island where We stoped and
went into a Tavern. Got to Hulls in
New York, about 10 O Clock, at night.
MONDAY. OCT 31
Mr. McDougall, Mr. Scott, Captn. Sears, Mr. Platt,
Mr. Hewes came to see us. All but the last dined with us.
Walked to see the new Hospital, a grand Building. Went to the Coffee House.
Mr. Cary and Dr. Loring dined with us.
The Sons of Liberty are in the Horrors here. They think they have lost
ground since We passed thro this City. Their
Delegates have agreed with the Congress, which I suppose they imagine, has
given additional Importance to their Antagonists
TUESDAY. NOVR. 1.
Left Brother Paine at
New York to go by the Packett to
New Port. Rode to
Kings bridge to break fast, to
Rye to Dinner, and to Knaps at
Horse Neck in
Greenwich to lodge.
WEDNESDAY. NOVR. 2.
Rode to Bulkleys at
Fairfield to dinner, and to Captn. Benjamins of
Stratford to lodge.
THURSDAY. NOVR. 3.
We design to
Great Swamp to day. 42 miles.
Dyer, Deane and Sherman, Mr.
Parsons, the new Speaker Williams, Mr.
Trumbull and many other Gentlemen came to see us at
Beers's as soon as we got in. Coll. Dyer presented the Compliments of the
Governor and Council to the
Massachusetts Delegates and asked our Company, to spend the
Evening. I begged Coll. Dyer to
present my Duty to the Governor and Council, and my Gratitude for the high
Honour they did us, but that We had been so long from
home and our affairs were so critical, We hoped they would excuse us if we
passed thro the Town as fast as possible.
Mr. Sherman invited us to dine, but Mr.
Babcock claimed a Promise, so we dined with him.
2 or 3 Carriages accompanied us, a few Miles out of Town in the
We had the most pressing Invitations from many Gentlemen to return thro
Windham &c. &c. &c., but excused ourselves. The
People had sent a Courier to
N. Haven on Purpose to
wait for our Arrival and
return to inform the People we were coming.
Twenty miles from
Middletown We met two Gentlemen from thence who came on Purpose
to meet us and invite us to dine tomorrow at
Middletown. We excused ourselves with great Earnestness.
Hartford, at Bulls, where we had the Pleasure of seeing
Mr. Adams's Minister Mr. How, who is supposed
to be courting here. Lodged at Dr.
Chafy's [Chaffee's] in
Windsor. Very cordially entertained.
SATURDAY. NOVR. 5.
Break fasted at Austins of
Suffield. Went to see a Company of Men exercising upon the Hill,
under the Command of a green coated Man, lately a Regular. A Company of very
likely stout men.
Dined at Parsons's of
Pynchon and another Pynchon, and Mr.
Bliss, came in to see Us, and at last Coll.
behaved decently and politely. Said he was in Hopes we should have
the Sabbath in Town and he should have had the
Pleasure of waiting on us, &c.
Captn. Pynchon was of the late
provincial Congress and gave us some Account of their Proceedings.
Arrived, about 7 O Clock at Scotts of
Kingston, where We are to lodge. Scott and his
Wife are at this instant, great Patriots. Zealous Americans.
Scotts faith is very strong that they will repeal all the
Acts, this very winter. Dr. Dana told Us all
G. Britain and
Europe ow'd us Thanks and that the Ministry would lay hold of
our Consent that they should regulate Trade, and our Petition and grant us
Relief this Winter. -- But neither the Doctors nor Scotts
Faith are my Faith.
SUNDAY. NOVR. 6.
Went all day to hear Mr. Baldwin a Presbyterian Minister at
Kingston. We put up at Scotts. Mr.
Baldwin came in the Evening to see us.
Hor. B. 3. O. 2. Pueros ab ineunte tate assuefaciendos esse rei
militari et Vitx laboriosae.
We walked to Meeting above 2 Miles at Noon. We walked 1/4 of a Mile and staid at one Quintouns an old Irishman,
and a friendly cordial Reception we had. The old Man was so rejoiced to see us
he could hardly speak -- more glad to see Us he said than he should to see
Gage and all his Train. -- I saw a Gun. The young
Man said that Gun marched 8 Miles towards Boston on the late
Alarm. Almost the whole Parish marched off, and the People seemed really
disappointed, when the News was contradicted.
MONDAY. NOVR. 7.
Dined at Rice's of
Brookfield. Major Foster came to see us, and
gave us an Account of the Proceedings of the
Prov. [Provincial] Congress.
Lodged at Hunts in
TUESDAY. NOVR. 8.
Breakfasted at Coll. Henshaws of
Leicester. Dined at Woodburns of
Worcester. Furnival made the two young Ladies come in and sing
Us the New Liberty Song.
Lodged at Coll. Buckminsters of
WEDNESDAY. NOVR. 9.
Break fasted at Reeve's of
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