JUNE 22. 1784. TUESDAY.
Last night at Court one of the Ladies of Honour,
told me, that the Supper was given, in a great Measure, for Mrs.
Bingham. Cette Super a t donne, en grande Partie, pour
elle. There was great Enquiry after her, and much
Admiration expressed by all who had seen her, of her Beauty. As
the Princess of Orange was enquiring of me concerning her, and her journey to Spa,
Italy, the Spanish Minister said "She would form herself at
Paris." I replied very quick but smiling "J'espere qu'elle ne se
Paris qu'elle est deja forme." This produced as hearty a
laugh as is permitted at Court both from the Princess and
the Comte. The Princess asked me immediately, if I had
not been pleased at
Paris? I answered that I had: that there was something there for
every Taste but that such great Cities as Paris and
London were not good Schools for American young Ladies at
present. The Princess replied that Mrs.
B. might learn there the French Language.
I made Acquaintance with Mr. Kempar
once a Professor, at Franaker, who says there are but two Millions of People in
the 7 Provinces. He quoted to me two Authors who have written upon
the Subject, one 20 Years ago, and the other 10, and that they have decided
this Subject. Stated the Numbers in each Province, City, Village. Accurate
Accounts are kept of Births and Deaths, Baptisms and Funerals. The Midwives and
Undertakers are obliged to make returns of all they bring in or carry out of
the World. -- This last fact I had from Linden de
Blitterswick the first Noble of Zealand.
Mirabel repeated what he had said often before, as well as
Reichack and Calischef, that their Courts expected a Letter from Congress,
according to the Rules and Precedents, to inform them of their Independence. --
Mem. I think Congress should inform them that on the 4 July 1776 they assumed
their Sovereignty, that on the day of
France made a Treaty, on the 7 of Oct. 1782,
Holland -- on the
G.B. -- on the day of
May not the Ascent of Vapours be explained, or
rather accounted for upon the Principle of the Air Balloon? Is not every Bubble
of Vapour, that rises, an Air Balloon? Bubbles are
formed at the Bottoms of Canals, Rivers, Ponds, rise to the Top, and mount up.
These Bubbles are particles, or small quantities of inflammable Air, surrounded
with a thin film of Water.
Champaign Wine, Bottled Porter &c. are
full of Air Bubbles or Balloons. Set a Decanter or Tumbler of Water in the Sun,
and thousands of Air Balloons are formed in the Water at the Bottom and on the
Sides of the Glass. Turn the Glass aside so as to expose these Bubbles to the
Air, many of them burst in an Instant, others do not, but continue sometime
covered with a thin film of Water. Inflammable Air being lighter, than common
Air, rises in it.
In the common Experiment with which Boys amuse them
, the Air which
is blown through the Tobacco Pipe, into
the Soap Suds, is common Air, of equal Weight with that which surrounds the
Bubble and therefore will not ascend very high. But if inflammable Air were
the Pipe instead of common Air, we should
have a Series of Ballons aerostatiques, which would ascend like those of
Sett off, for
London, had a tedious Passage from Helvoet, of near two days.
Obliged to put in at Leostoff [Lowestoft], and ride from
thence 24 miles in a Cart.
Arrived at the Adelphi Buildings and met my Wife and Daughter after a
seperation of four Years and an half. Indeed
after a Seperation of ten Years, excepting a few
Visits. Set off the next Day for
Paris, at the Hotel de York on the .
Auteuil the at the House of the Comte de
Rouault, opposite the Conduit. The House, the Garden, the Situation
near the Bois de Boulogne, elevated above the River Seine and the low Grounds,
and distant from the putrid Streets of
Paris, is the best I could wish for.
JANUARY 31 1785 MONDAY.
Last Evening the Marquis de la Fayette, lately
America, called upon me, in his Way home from
Versailles. He gave me, a very pleasing Account of the Commerce,
the Union &c. in
America, and then began to discourse of another Subject. He
interrogated me, whether I had any Correspondents in Holland,
whether I received Letters, from Week to Week and from Post to Post from
thence? Who were the Heads of the Republican Party? Whether I knew any Thing of
the Intentions of the States Gen [General] to
place Mr. de Maillbois at the Head of their Armies. He then
talk'd of Mailbois, said he had
great Abilities, and that he had heard him justify himself very well in the
Affair of D'Etrees. Said that M. de Vergennes was his Friend.I
said that I knew it, for that I had once in 1778 heard the Comte
wish [that]Mr. de Mailbois had the Command
of our Army in
America. He said that the Cte. de
Broglie wished for the Command in
America at the same time.
As he went out he took me aside and whispered, that altho he would not serve a foreign Prince, he would serve
a Republick, and although he should hurt himself
with the Queen and her Party to a great degree, yet if the States General would
invite him, without his soliciting or appearing to desire it, he would accept
the Command. Mailbois loved Money, and demanded splendid
Appointments. He did not regard Money so much and would be easy about that. I
was the first Mortal to whom he had suggested the Idea, he wished I would think
of it, and he would call and see me again in a few days.
MARCH 19 SATURDAY.
Saturday. Met Mr.
F [Franklin] and Mr.
J [Jefferson] at
Passy, read the Letter from Mr.
Carm [Carmichael] at
Madrid, with the Letters from C. de Florida
Blanca, the Letters from
Morocco to Mr. Harrison at
Cadiz, and the Letters from
Morocco to Dr. F. concerning the
Vessell of Mr. Fitzsimmons of
Philadelphia, taken by a Morrocco Frigate.
I asked for Books and Collections of Treaties. They were brought. I looked
for and read the Treaty between Louis 14. and
Algiers, and the Treaties between Holland and
Algiers, and found a Multitude of Treaties between
Algiers and Morrocco and the Christian States as
England, &c. with the Passes, in the Corps Diplomatique.
We came to no Resolution, but that I should go, Tomorrow to
Versailles and ask the Advice of
the C [Comte] de
V [Vergennes]. -- Dr. F. being
confined by his Stone, could not go, and Mr. Jefferson, being
worse with his Disorder cannot go. I was for writing a Letter to the C. -- but
my Colleagues were not. -- F. and J. are confident that England has no right to
appoint a Consul, without a Treaty or Convention for that Purpose. I think,
they have a Right by the Law of Nations.
PARIS MARCH 20. 1785.
Sunday. Went early to
Versailles, and found the C. De V. --
communicated to him my Errand and Papers. He read those in Italian, Spanish and
French, and Mr. Charmichaels Letter in English. I asked him,
whether the French Treaty with Algiers, was renewed? He said it
was upon the Point of expiring, but he could not tell me whether it was renewed
as it was not in his Department but in that of the M. de
Castries. I asked him if he would be so good as to inform me, what
Presents were sent annually to the several Barbary Powers, by the King, in what
they consisted, and to what they amounted? He said He did not know, but if We
would make an Office of it, he would communicate it to the Minister of Marine,
and obtain for Us all the Information he could. I told him, I had obtained
Information, authentically from
Holland, from Mr. Bisdom and Mr. Van
der Hope. I asked him if he would be so good as to convey a Letter
from Us to the Emperor of Morocco, by means of the
French Consull. He said that I might depend upon it
whenever We made an Office, it should be punctually attended to. But he said
that Cadiz would be the best Place from whence to send Presents. That
the Emperor of Morocco was the most interested Man in the
World and the most greedy of Money.
He asked if We had written to Congress and obtained their Instructions. I
told him We had received Full Powers to treat with
Tunis,Tripoli and all the Rest and had written
for Instructions upon the Article of Money and Presents. He said that there was
a frequent Communication between
Marseilles and the
Coast of Barbary, but that as these Things were not in his
Department, We must state our Desires in Writing, which I agreed to do. I asked
him if he thought it adviseable for Us to send any one to
Morro [Morrocco]. He said yes, but as We could neither go nor
were authorized to substitute, We should write to the Emperor untill Congress could send a Consull. I asked what he thought of our leaving it by our
Letter in the Option of the Emperor, to send a Minister here to treat with Us,
or to wait untill We could write to Congress and
recommend to them to send him a Consull. He said by
no means, for the Expence of receiving his Minister
here would be much greater, for We must maintain him and pay all his
Expences. He said that the King of
France never sent them any naval Stores. He sent them
Glaces and other Things of rich Value, but never any
AUTEUIL MAY 3. 1785.
Versailles, the C. de Vergennes said he
had many Felicitations to give me upon my apointment to
England. I [illegible] Answered that I did not know
but it merited Compassion more than felicitation. -- Ay why? -- Because, as you
know it is a Species of Degradation in the Eyes of
Europe, after having been accredited to the King of
France to be sent to any other Court. -- But permit me to say,
replies the Comte it is a great Thing to be the first Ambassador from your
Country to the Country you sprung from. It is a Mark. -- I told him that these
Point would not weigh much with me. It was the difficulty of the service;
I said to him, as I would not fail in any Point of Respect or Duty to the
King, nor any of our Obligations to this Country, I wished to be advised,
whether an Audience in particular of Cong, was indispensable. He said
he would inform himself.
The Duke of Dorsett said to me, that if he could be
of any Service to me by Writing either to publick
private Persons he would do it with Pleasure. I told his Grace that I should be
glad of half an hours Conversation with him, in private. -- I will call upon
Auteuil says he, any Morning this Week. -- I answered that any
Morning and any hour, agreable
to him, should be
so to me. -- Saturday says he at 12 O Clock. -- I shall be happy to receive
you, says I. -- He repeated that if he could be of any Service, he would be
glad. I said
it may probably be in your Graces Power to do great
service to me, and what was of infinitely more importance to his Country as
well as mine, if he thought as I did upon certain Points, and therefore I
thought it was proper We should compare Notes. He said he believed We did think
alike and would call on Saturday. He said that Lord
Carmaerthen was their Minister of foreign Affairs, that I must
first wait upon him, and he would introduce me to his Majesty. But that I
should do Business with Mr. Pitt very often. I asked
him Lord Caermaerthens Age. He said 33. He said I should
be stared at a good deal. I told him I trembled at the Thoughts of going there,
I was afraid they would gaze with evil Eyes. He said no he believed not.
One of the foreign Ambassadors said to me, You have been often in
England. -- Never but once in November and December 1783.You
have Relations in
England no doubt. -- None at all. -- None how can that be? You
are of English Extraction? -- Neither my Father or Mother, Grandfather or
Grandmother, Great Grandfather or Great Grandmother nor any other Relation that
I know of or care a farthing for have been in
England these 150 Years. So that you see, I have not one drop of
Blood in my Veins, but what is American. -- Ay We have seen says he proofs
enough of that. This flattered me no doubt, and I was vain enough to be pleased
AUTEUIL MAY [ 9 or
Monday. The Posts within the Limits of the
United States, not yet surrendered by the English, are
Oswegatchy in the River St. Lawrence
Oswego Lake Ontario
Niagara and its dependencies
Presqu'Isle East Side of Lake Erie.
St. Mary's. South Side of the Streight between
Lakes Superiour and Huron.
Bottom of the Bay des Puantz
St. Joseph. bottom of Lake Michigan.
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