[Beginning of Fragment A]
AUGUST 7 [i.e. 6?].
At Kin [Kingsbridge, the
southerly] Point of the County of Dev [Devonshire, the birth] irth Place of my Brother
Cranch. [Went Yesterday] day to Church in
the Morning, dined with Mr. Burnell, went to the Presbyterian
Meeting afternoon, drank Tea with Mr. Trathan, and went to the
Baptist Meeting in the Evening. -- Lord Petre is the
Lord of this mannor. -- The Nephew of my Brother Cranch possesses the Family
Estate, which I saw, very near the Church, four Lotts
of very fine Land in high Cultivation. The Nephews and Nieces are married and
settled here, all Tradesmen and Farmers in good Business and comfortable
Circumstances and live in a harmony with each other, that is charming. -- On
Saturday We passed thro
Modbury. From the last Town emigrated my Brother Cranch with
Mr. Palmer. It is a singular Village at the Bottom of a Valley
formed by four high and steep hills. On Fryday We went
Horsham, to see Mr. Palmer, the Nephew of our
America. His sister only was at home. This is a pleasant
Situation. We had before seen Mr. Andrew Cranch at
Exeter, the aged Brother of my friend, and Mr.
William Cranch, another Brother deprived by a Paralytick Stroke of all his faculties.
[Mr. Bowring, at
Exeter], went with me to see Mr. Towg
[Towgood, the author] of the dissenting
Gentlemans answer [to Mr.
Whites] three Letters, 87 years of age.
Brook is next Door to Strachleigh
Lee Mill Bridge, about two miles from
Ivy Bridge. Strachleigh did belong to the
Chudleighs the Dutchess
of Kingstons Family.
Haytor Rock is at the Summit of the highest Mountain in
Brentor is said by some to be higher.
Totness, thro which the
River Dart runs to
Dartmouth. Slept at Newton
[Beginning of Fragment
[NOTES OF DEBATES IN THE
UNITED STATES SENATE] JULY 15. 1789.
Power of Removal.
Mr. Carrol. The Executive Power is commensurate with the
Legislative and Judicial Powers.
The Rule of Construction of Treaties, Statutes and deeds.
The same Power which creates must annihilate. -- This is true where the
Power is simple, but when compound not.
If a Minister is suspected to betray Secrets to an Ennemy, the Senate not sitting, cannot the President
displace, nor suspend.
The States General of
France, demanded that offices should be during good behaviour.
It is improbable that a bad President should be chosen -- but may not bad
Senators be chosen.
Is there a due ballance of Power between the
Executive and Legislative, either in the General Government or State
Montesquieu. English Liberty will be lost, when the
Legislative shall be more corrupt, than the Executive. -- Have We not been
witnesses of corrupt Acts of Legislatures, making depredations?
Rhode Island yet perseveres.
Mr. Elsworth. We are sworn to support the Constitution.
There is an explicit grant of Power to the President, which contains the
Powers of Removal.
The Executive Power is granted -- not the Executive Powers hereinafter
enumerated and explained.
The President -- not the Senate appoint. They only Consent, and Advise.
The Senate is not an Executive Council -- has no Executive Power.
The Grant to the President express, not by Implication.
Mr. Butler. This Power of Removal would be unhinging the
equilibrium of Power in the Constitution.
The Statholder witheld the fleet from going out, to the
Anoyance of the Ennemies
of the nation.
In Treaties, all Powers not expressly given are reserved.
Treaties to be gone over, Clause by Clause, by the President and Senate
together, and modelled.
The other Branches are imbecil.
Disgust and alarm.
The President not sovereign. The U.S. sovereign, or People, or Congress
The House of Representatives would not be induced to depart, so well
satisfied of the Grounds.
Elsworth. The Powers of this Constitution are all vested --
parted from the People, from the States, and vested not in Congress but in the
The Word Sovereignty is introduced without determinate Ideas. -- Power in
the last Resort. In this sense the Sovereign Executive is in the president.
U.S. will be Parties to 1000 Suits. Shall Proscess issue in their Name vs. or for themselves.
The President it is said, may be put to Goal for Debt.
U.S. merely figurative meaning the People.
Grayson. The President is not above the Law. An Absurdity
to admit this Idea into our Government. Not improbable that the President may
be sued. Christina Q. of
Sweeden committed Murder.
France excused her. The Jurors of our Lord the President,
present that the President committed Murder.
A Monarchy by a Sidewind. You make him Vindex Injuriarum. The People will
not like The Jurors of our Lord the President -- nor the Peace of our Lord the
President, nor his Dignity. His Crown will be left out. Do not wish to make the
Constitution a more unnatural monstrous Production than it is. -- The British
Constitution a three legged Stool. If one legg is longer
than another, the Stool will not stand.
Unpallatable. The removal of Officers not
palatable. We should not risk any Thing for
nothing. Come forward like Men, and reason openly, and the People will hear
more quietly than if you attempt side Winds. This Measure will do no good and
Mr. Lee. The Danger to liberty greater from the disunited
Opinions and jarring Plans of many, than from the energetic operations of one.
Cromwell trampled on Liberty with Armies.
The Power of Pardon -- of adjourning the Legislature.
Power of Revision, sufficient to defend himself. He would be supported by
Patronage. Gives great Influence. The Interference more nominal than
The greater Part of Power of making Treaties in the President.
The greatest Power is in the President, the less in the Senate.
Cannot see Responsibility, in the President or the great Officers of
A masqued Battery of constructive Powers would compleat the destruction of Liberty.
Can the Executive lay Embargoes, establish Fairs, Tolls &c.?
The federal Government is limited, the Legislative Power of it is limited,
and therefore the Executive and judicial must be limited.
The Executive not punishable but by universal Convulsion, as
Charles 1 st.
The Legislative in
England not so corrupt as the Executive.
There is no Responsibility, in the President, or Ministry.
Blackstone. The Liberties of
England owing to juries. The greatness of England
owing to the Genius of that People.
The Crown of
England can do what it pleases, nearly.
There is no ballance in
America, to such an Executive as that in
Does the Executive Arm, mean a standing Army?
Willing to make a Law, that the President, if he sees gross misconduct may
suspend pro tempore.
Mr. Patterson. Laments that We are obliged to discuss this
question. Of great Importance and much difficulty.
The Executive co extensive with the Legislative. Had the Clause stood alone,
would not there have been a devolution of all Executive Power?
Exceptions are to be construed strictly. This is an invariable Rule.
Mr. Grayson. The P [President] has not a
continental Interest, but is a Citizen of a particular State. A K
[King ]of E [England] otherwise. K. of E.
counteracted by a large, powerful, rich and hereditary aristocracy. --
Hyperion to a Satyr.
Where there are not intermediate Powers, an alteration of the Government
must be to despotism.
Powers ought not to be inconsiderately given to the Executive, without
Triennial and septenial Parliaments made by Corruption of the Executive.
Bowstring. General Lally. Brutus's
Power to put his Sons to death.
The Power creating shall have that of uncreating. The Minister is to hold at
Pleasure of the Appointor.
If it is in the Constitution, why insert it, in the Law? Brought in by a
There will be every endeavour to increase the
consolidatory Powers, to weaken the Senate, and strengthen the President.
No Evil in the Senates participating with the P. in Removal.
Mr. Reed. P. is to take care that the Laws be faithfully
executed. He is responsible. How can he do his duty or be responsible, if he
cannot remove his Instruments.
It is not an equal sharing of the Power of Appointment between the President
and senate. The Senate are only a Check to prevent Impositions of the
The Minister, an Agent a Deputy to the great Executive.
Difficult to bring great Characters to Punishment or Tryal.
Power of Suspension.
Mr. Johnson. Gentlemen convince themselves that it is best
the President should have the Power, and then study for Arguments.
Not a Grant. Vested in the President, would be void for Uncertainty.
Executive Power is uncertain. Powers are moral, mechanical, natural. Which of
these Powers -- what Executive Power? The Land. The Money. Conveys nothing.
What Land? What Money.
Unumquodque dissolvitur, eodem modo, quo ligatur.
Meddles not with the question of Expediency.
The Executive wants Power, by its duration and its want of a Negative, and
Power to ballance. Federalist.
Mr. Elsworth. What is the difference between a Grant and a
Mr. Izard. Cujus est instituere ejus est abrogare.
[Beginning of Fragment
1789 SEPTR. 16. WEDNESDAY.
Mr. Elsworth informed me That Governor
Virginia, opened the Convention at
Philadelphia, and offered a Project of a Constitution. After him
several other Members proposed Plans, some Writing, others verbally. A
Committee was at length appointed to take them all into Consideration,
the Virginia Scheme being the Ground Work. This Committee
consisted of Governor Rutledge of
S.C., Mr. Wilson of
Philadelphia, Mr. Gorham of
Massachusetts, and Mr. Elsworth of
Connecticut. After this Committee reported, and When
the Report of this Committee, had been considered and discussed, in the
Convention it was recommitted to Governeur
Morris, Mr. Maddison and some others.
[Beginning of Fragment
[NOTES OF DEBATES IN THE
SENATE ON THE RESIDENCE BILL] SEPT. 22. 1789.
Mr. Grayson. No Census yet taken, by which the Center of
We have Markets, Archives, Houses, Lodgings. -- Extreamly hurt at what has passed in the House of Reps.
[Representatives] The Money. Is your Army paid?
Virginia offered 100,000. towards the federal Buildings.
The Buildings may be erected without Expence to the
Union. Lands may be granted--these Lands laid out in Lots and sold to
Mr. Butler.... The recent Instance in
France shews that an Attempt to
establish a Government vs.the Justice and
the Will of the People is vain, and idle, and chimerical.
[NOTES OF DEBATES ON THE RESIDENCE BILL,
CONTINUED] SEPT. 23. WEDNESDAY.
Mr. Lee. Navigation of the
Antwerp and the
Scheld. Reasons of State have influenced the Pensilvanians to prevent the navigation from being
opened. The limiting the Seat of Empire to the
State of Pen. on the
Delaware is a characteristic Mark of Partiality. The Union will
think that Pen. governs the Union, and that the general Interest is sacrificed
to that of one State.
The Czar Peter took time to enquire and deliberate before he fixed a Place to found
We are about founding a City which will be one of the first in the World,
and We are governed by local and partial Motives.
Mr. Morris moves to expunge the Proviso.
Mr. Carrol. Against the Motion to expunge the Proviso.
Considers the Western Country of great Importance. Some Gentlemen in both
houses seem to undervalue the Western Country or despair of commanding it.
Government on the
Potowmack would secure it.
Mr. Butler. The question is not whether
Maryland shall be benefited -- but how are the
United States benefited or injured.
Pensilvania has altered the Law
this month respecting
the navigation of the
[NOTES OF DEBATES ON THE RESIDENCE BILL,
CONTINUED] SEPT. 24. THURSDAY.
Mr. Grayson moves to strike out the Words, "in the State of
Mr. Butler. The Center of Population the best Criterion.
The Center of Wealth and the Center of Territory.
Mr. Lee. The Center of Territory is the only permanent
Mr. Macclay. See his minutes.
[Beginning of Fragment
[NOTES OF DEBATES IN THE
SENATE CONCERNING UNFINISHED BUSINESS] 1790 JAN. 25.
It was not the sense of either House, or of any member of either, that the
Business pending at the Adjournment should be lost.
Where is the OEconomy of repeating the Expence of Time?
Can this opinion be founded on the Law of Parliament? The
K. [King] can prorogue the Parliament. But there is no such
The Rule of Parliament that Business once acted on, and rejected shall not
be brought on again, the same session, is a good Rule, but not applicable to
Mr. Elsworth. In Legislative Assemblies, more to be
apprehended from precipitation than from the Delay.
Interest, Corruption, Prejudice, Error, Ignorance. Causes of wrong
Have not these Causes, as much Influence in one Assembly as in two? If
either or all of these Causes should prevail, over Reason, justice, and the
public good in one Assembly, is not a Revision of the Subject in another a
probable means of correcting the false decree?
[Beginning of Fragment
Williamson. Great Numbers emigrate to the back parts of
S.C. and G. for the Sake of living without Trouble. The Woods,
such is the mildness of the Climate, produce grass to support horses and
Cattle, and Chesnuts, Acorns and other Things for
the food of hogs. So that they have only a little corn to raise which is done
without much Labour. They call this kind of Life
following the range. They are very ignorant and hate all Men of
Education. They call them Pen and Ink Men.
NOV. 11. 1791
Yesterday a No. of the national Gazette was sent
to me, by
Phillip Freneau, printed by Childs and
Swaine. Mr. Freneau, I am told is made
Pages 23 - 26
[Blank pages -- no images available]
[No transcription available -- see page image]
[Beginning of Fragment
1795 JUNE 21.
Lime dissolves all vegetable Substances, such as Leaves, Straws, Stalks,
Weeds, and converts them into an immediate food for Vegetables. It kills the
Eggs of Worms and Seeds of Weeds. The best method is to spread it in your Barn
Yard among the Straw and Dung. It succeeds well when spread upon the Ground.
Burning Lime Stones or Shells, diminishes their Weight: but slaking the Lime
restores that Weight. The German farmers say that Lime makes the father rich,
but the Grandson poor -- i.e. exhausts the Land. This is all from Mr.
Rutherford.Plaister of Paris has a
vitriolic Acid in it, which attracts the Water from the Air, and operates like
watering Plants. It is good for corn -- not useful in wet Land. You sprinkle it
by hand as you sow Barley, over the Ground, 5 Bushells powdered to an [illegible] Acre.
Carry it in a Bag as you would grain to sow.
Mr. Meredith at Mr. Vaughans explained to
me his Method. He takes a first Crop of Clover early: then breaks up the
Ground, cross ploughs and harrows it. Then plants Potatoes. He only ploughs a
furrow, drops the Potatoes a foot a sunder and then covers them with another
furrow. He ploughs now and then between these Rows: but never hoes. As soon as
the Season comes for sowing his Winter Barley: He diggs
the Potatoes, ploughs and harrows the Ground, sows the Winter Barley with
Clover Seeds and orchard Grass Seeds: and the next Spring he has a great Crop
of Barley and afterwards a great Burthen of Grass. --
He prefers Orchard Grass to Herds Grass as much more productive.
[Beginning of Fragment
Sullivan Lathrop came for 6 Mo [Months]
at 12 1/2.
Thomas Lathrop came for 6 Mo. [Months]
JULY 12. TUESDAY.
Yesterday mow'd all the Grass on
Stony field Hill. To day ploughing for
Hilling among the Corn over against the House. Brisler laying
the foundation of the new Barn which is to be rais'd tomorrow, at the East End
of my Fathers barn. Puffer and Sullivan
Lathrop ploughing among Potatoes in the lower Garden.
This journal is commenced, to allure me into the habit of Writing again,
long lost. This habit is easily lost but not easily regained. I have, in the
Course of Life, lost it several times and regained it as often. So I will now.
I can easily credit the Reports I have heard of Dr. Robertson
the Scottish Historian, who is said to have lost the Habit of Writing for many
Years: but he reacquired it, before his death, and produced his Inquiry into
the Knowledge of the Ancients of
In the Course of my Walk, this morning to my Farm new Barn, I
met Major Miller, who offered to sell me his Cedar Swamp and
Woodlot of 20 Acres, beyond Harmans, descended from his Grandfather and Father.
His Price 9 = 30 dollars per Acre. Part of it has never been
cutt -- Part cutt 20 Years ago
and grown up very thick. Billings came home before dinner, but did no Work.
My new Barn is to be raised this Afternoon, a Rod or two from my Fathers
which he built when I was two or three Years old -- about 58 years ago, or
Billings went out to hoe this morning but soon came in.
Said he had sprained his Arm and could not work.
July 13 Wednesday
Billings soon went out towards Captn. Beales's.Puffer, one of
my Workmen from
Stoughton, came home late last night. Said Captn. Lindzee had call'd him in and given him a Bottle of Brandy. By what
Sympathy do these Tipplers discover one another?
This Day my new Barn was raised near the Spot where the old Barn stood which
was taken down by my Father when he raised his new barn in 1737. The Frame is
50 by 30-13 foot Posts.
The Wind N.W. after a fine rain. A firing of Cannon this morning in the Harbour. I arose by four O Clock and enjoyed the Charm of
earliest Birds. Their Songs were never more various, universal, animating or
My Corn this Year, has been injured by two Species of Worms. One of the Size
and Shape of a Catterpillar, but of a mouse Colour,
lies at the root, eats off the Stalk and then proceeds to all the other Plants
in the Hill, till he frequently kills them all. The other is long and slender
as a needle, of a bright yellow Colour. He
is found in the Center of the Stalk near the Ground where he eats it off, as
the Hessian fly eats the Wheat. My Brother taught me, the Method of finding
these Vermin, and destroying them. They lie commonly near the Surface.
I have been to see my Barn, which looks very stately and strong. Rode up
to Braintree and saw where Trask has been trimming Red Cedars. He
has not much more to do. He was not at Work. He has probably worked two days
since I was there last.
July 14. 1796. Thursday
It rains at 11 O Clock. The Barley is growing white for the Harvest. My Men
are hilling the Corn over the Road. A soft fine rain, in a clock calm is
falling as sweetly as I ever saw in April, May or June. It distills as gently
as We can wish. Will beat down the grain as little as possible, refresh the
Gardens and Pastures, revive the Corn, make the fruit grow rapidly, and lay the
foundation of fine Rowen and After feed.
A very heavy Shower of Rain. Thunder in the morning. Billings still unable
to work -- goes over towards Basses first, then up in Town
Went with 3 hands, Puffer, Sullivan
Lathrop and Mr. Bass, to
Braintree and cutt between 40 and 50 Red
Cedars and with a team of five Cattle brought home 22 of them at a Load. We
have opened the Prospect so that the Meadows and Western Mountain may be
Burrell had two hands employed in heaping up Manure in his
Barn Yard. The Cattle have broken into his Corn field, through the Gap which We
left unfinished in the great Wall, and eaten an hundred hills.
The new Barn is boarded on the Roof, and the underpinning is finished.
Paid off Puffer, for Eleven Days Works at a Dollar a Day.
Trask and Stetson at work in the Garden.
Sullivan and Bass gone for another Load of
Red Cedar Posts. Billing over at Bass's in the Morning and
going up in Town with Seth as usual.
Trask told me he had worked 20 days. This day in the Garden
makes 21. Monday he is to cutt the Wood in the Swamp on
Pens Hill. We got in two Loads the last of our English Hay, and bro't home a
Load of Red Cedars.
Warm but clear. Billings at home but running down Cellar for Cyder.
We are to have a Mr. Hilliard.
Yesterday Dr. Tufts and Mr. Otis and Family dined with me.
Otis was very full of Elections and
had many Things to say about Pinckney and
Henry,Jefferson and Burr. He
says there was a Caucus at
Philadelphia, that they agreed to run Jefferson
and Burr -- that Butler was offended and left
them. O. takes it for granted the P. will retire. Pickering
has given out that he will. Mrs. W. takes it for
granted that he will. Collections, Packages and Removals of Cloaths and furniture of their own have been made.
Anecdotes of Dandridge, and Mrs. W.s Negro Woman. Both
disappeared -- never heard of -- know not where they are. When the Electors are
chosen the Declaration is to be made. -- Q. Is this Arrangement made that the
Electors may make him the Compliment of an Election after a Nolo, and thus
furnish an Apology for Accepting after all the Talk?
July 17. 1796 Sunday.
Mr. Otis confirms the Account of
the nomination and Appointment of my Son to be Minister Plenipotentiary of the
U.S. at the
Court of Portugal. He also confirms the Adjournment of Congress
to the Constitutional Day, 1. Monday in December. Mrs. W. is
not to return to
Phil. till November.
Mr. Hilliard of
Cambridge preached for Us. He is the Son of our old Acquaintance
Barnstable and afterwards at
Cambridge. Mr. Quincy and Mr.
Sullivan drank Tea with Us.
Billings is at hoe. The Kitchen Folk say he is steady. A
terrible drunken distracted Week he has made of the last. A Beast associating
with the worst Beasts in the Neighborhood. Drunk with John
Copeland, Seth Bass &c. Hurried as if possessed,
like Robert the Coachman, or Turner the Stocking
Weaver. Running to all the Shops and private Houses swilling Brandy,
Wine and Cyder in quantities enough to destroy him. If
the Ancients drank Wine as our People drink rum and Cyder it is no wonder We read of so many possessed with
Went up to
Penns hill. Trask has the Rheumatism in his Arm
and is unable to work. He told me that Rattlesnakes began to appear -- two on
Saturday by Porters and Prays. One kill'd
. The other
escaped. He told me too of another Event that vex'd, provoked and
'd me much more -- vizt., That my Horses were
Yesterday in such
July 18, 1796. Monday.
such a frenzy at the Church Door, that they frightened the Crowd of People, and
frightened a Horse or the People in the Chaise
they whipp'd their Horse, till he ran over two Children. The
children stooped down or fell down, so that the
went over them without hurting them. But it
must have been almost a Miracle, that they were not kill'd
or wounded. I know not when my Indignation
more excited, at the Coachman for his folly and
Carelessness: and indeed at others of the Family for the Carriage going to
Meeting at all. As Mrs. A. could not go the Coach ought not to have gone. The
Coachman and Footman ought to have gone to Meeting -- and the Girls to have
walk'd. L. Smith has no Pretentions to ride in a Coach more than Nancy
Adams or even Polly Howard. It is spoiling her Mind
and her Reputation both, to indulge her Vanity in that Manner. I scolded at the
Coachman first and afterwards at his Mistress, and I will scold again and
again. It is my Duty. There is no greater Insolence or Tyranny, than sporting
with Horses and Carriages among Crouds
1796. MONDAY TUESDAY.
A plentifull Shower of Rain with Thunder and
Lightning this Morning. Took a Tea spoonful of Bark in Spirit.
July 19. 1796 Tuesday.
Billings steady: but deep in the horrors, gaping,
1796. WEDNESDAY. COMMENCEMENT.
Rode to the Swamp, at the Top of
Penns hill. Trask is mowing the Bushes, cutting
the Trees, and leaves only the White Oaks which he trims and prunes as high as
he can reach. My design is to plough up a Corn field for Burrell, against next
Year, in that Inclosure. Walked in the Afternoon over the Hills and across the
fields and Meadows, up to the old Plain. The Corn there is as good as any I
have seen, excepting two or three Spots. Brisler and
Sullivan cutting Sleepers for the Barn. My beautiful Grove, so
long preserved by my Father and my Uncle, proves to be all rotten. More than
half the Trees We cutt are so defective as to be unfit
for any Use but the fire. I shall save the White Oaks, and cutt the rest.
I was overtaken with the Rain, at the End of my Walks and returned home in
it. Mrs. Tufts, Mrs.
Norton, Mrs. Cranch and Mrs. Smith
Sullivan Lathrop and Bass carting earth
into the Yard from the Ground which is to be thrown into the High Way over
against my House. The old Appletree, probably an hundred Years of Age is to
Billings and Thomas Lathrop mowing in the
July 21. 1796. Thursday.
Six hogsheads of Lime, 50 Gallons each were brought home Yesterday for
Manure. I have it of Mr. Brackett, at 15s. the Hdd.
I am reading Dr. Watsons Apology for the Bible in Answer to
T. Paines 2d Part of Age of
That Appletree, over the Way, to which the Beauty and Convenience of the
Road has been sacrificed for an hundred Years, has now in its turn, with Apples
enough upon it to make two Barrells of
Cyder, fallen a Sacrifice to the Beauty and
Convenience of the Road. It has been felled this morning, never to rise again
and the Road is to be widened and enlarged. The Stump and Roots are to be dug
out of the Ground and the Wall to be removed Back and made an Ha! Ha!
Billings had a mind to go upon Wall. I went with him from
Place to Place, and could resolve on nothing. I then set him to split and
mortise some Posts for the fence vs.
Veasie. We went up, carried the Posts but when We came there We found
that the Wall was too heavy and Stones too large for two hands -- four at least
were necessary. Billings was wild and We came to some
Explanation. He must go off &c. Mrs. Adams
him off, and then He thought he would not go.
July 21. 1796.
After long Conversations Billings
came to a Sort of Agreement to stay a Year from this day, at 45. He
declared he would not drink Spirit nor Cyder
whole Year. He reserved however twelve days for himself. We shall see tomorrow
Morning how he behaves.
Billings sober and steady, persevering in his declaration
that he will not drink, these 12 months. Paid Trask in full
sixteen Dollars for 24 Days Works. He insisted on 4s. a Day. He has finished
clearing the Swamp on
Penns Hill this day.
Rode down to the Barley and Black grass at the Beach. The Barley is better
than I [illegible] hoped. The Clover has taken pretty well in
general. Parts where the Tide has flowed are kill'd.
Weeds very thick round the Margin of the Salt Meadow, or rather Black grass
meadow. Twitch Grass scattering and thin. Billings sober, composed as ever.
Bass and Brisler mowing with him. James the Coachman, enjoying
the Pleasures of a Sportsman, shooting marsh Birds instead of mowing.
I rode up to Burrells in
Braintree to tell Sullivan and
Thomas that they might stay with the Team till they had got in
all Burrells Hay. Billings thinks there will
be 30 Bushells of Barley at the Beach and 30
Bushells to an Acre on
Stony field Hill.
July 23. 1796. Saturday
Burrells Barn is already nearly full of English Hay and
fresh. His Salt Hay, he must stack or stow it in his Barn floor. He has
collected his Summer Dung into heaps in his Barn Yard, and has a good deal of
it. He will have manure enough, from his Cows and young Cattle, to serve a good
Cornfield next Year. His Hogs besides will make a good deal.
I have concluded to break up upon
Penns Hill a good Corn field on each side of the new Wall, one
for Burrell and one for French and
Vinton. They may sled or cart the manure in the Winter, and
that Land will produce Clover and Herds grass much better than the plain below.
I am weary of wasting so much labour and manure upon
that dry plain, which is scortched and burnt up in a dry Season.
Still reading Bishop Watsons Apology. Finished.
My Men mowed the Black Grass and Barley at the Beach, came home and split
all the Red Cedars into Posts and morticed some of them. Sullivan morticed
after having assisted Burrell to get in all his fresh Hay.
Began The Life of Petrarch by Susanna
We are to have for a Preacher a Mr. Whitcomb.
Billings is still cool and steady.
July 24. 1796 Sunday.
In the 1st. Vol. of the Life of Petrarch page 52. it is said that
Pope John the 22d believed that the Souls of the just
would not enjoy The Vision of God till after the Universal Judgment and the
Resurrection of their Bodies. This Opinion is Priestleys and
Price was much inclin'd to it. This Popes imprudent Endeavours to establish this Doctrine, produced an
Insurrection of the Cardinals and
Court of Rome -- Decisions of the Doctors in Theology at
Paris &c. and obliged the Pope to retract.
Petrarch appears to have favoured
his Opinion concerning The Vision of God.
Went to Church Forenoon and Afternoon, and heard Mr.
Dull Weather but no Rain. The Lathrops with the Team are
going to the Swamp on Penns Hill for a Load of Wood that Trask
Rode up to the Swamp on
Penns hill. Sullivan and Bass
loaded up a Cord of Wood and Sullivan drove it home.
down and cutt
up an old Walnut,
murdered: by the Women and Children for their Dye Potts
down and cutt
up an old Appletree and a Buttonwood Tree. When
Sullivan returned he climbed and trimmed two large
July 25. 1796. Monday.
then left Bass and Sullivan to load their
with the Wood and came home to dinner.
Thomas, James and Prince,
after mowing the Barley on Stoney field Hill, were gone down to
the Beech to rake and heap the Barley ready for
Sullivan to bring home, after he shall have unloaded his Wood. The Weather is
warm and clear. Sullivan came home, unloaded his Wood, went
down to the Beech and brought up all the Black Grass
and Barley at one Load, which was so heavy however that he could not ascend the
Hill to the little Barn. Brisler,Bass and
James raked upon
Stony field hill.
Cloudy and begins to rain, the Wind at N.E. The Men gone up the Hill to rake
In conformity to the fashion I drank this Morning and Yesterday Morning,
about a Jill of Cyder. It seems to do me good, by
diluting and dissolving the Phlegm or the Bile in the Stomach.
The Christian Religion is, above all the Religions that ever prevailed
or existed in ancient or modern Times, The Religion of Wisdom, Virtue,
Equity and Humanity, let the Blackguard Paine say what he will. It is
Resignation to God -- it is Goodness itself to Man.
Billings and Sullivan making and liming an
heap of Manure. They compounded it, of Earth carted in from the Ground opposite
the Garden where the Ha! Ha Wall is to be built, of Salt Hay and Seaweed
trodden by the Cattle in the Yard, of Horse dung from the Stable, and of Cow
dung left by the Cows, over all this Composition they now and then sprinkle a
layer of Lime. Bass and Thomas hoeing
Potatoes in the lower Garden.
I rode up to The Barn, which Mr. Pratt has almost shingled,
and over to the Plain, but found My Tenants were at work in my Fathers old
Swamp, which I could not reach without more trouble than I was willing to
Dr. Welsh came up, with two young
New York, Mr. John and Mr.
Henry Cruger, the youngest of whom livesstudies
with my son Charles as a Lawyer, who gives him an
excellent Character. They are journeying Eastward as far as
Portland and return by
Albany. The Eldest of them has lately return'd from the
Billings and Sullivan are gone to the
Beech for a Load of Seaweed to put into their Hill of
Compost. Bass and Thomas hoeing still in the
lower Garden.James sick of a Surfeit of fruit.
July 28. 1796. Thursday
I continue my practice of drinking a Jill of Cyder
in the Morning and find no ill but some good Effect.
It is more than forty Years since I read Swifts Comparison of Dryden in his
Translation of Virgil to The Lady in a Lobster. But untill this Day I never knew the meaning of it.
To Day at Dinner seeing Lobsters at Table I
enquired after the Lady, and Mrs.
Brisler rose and went into the Kitchen to her Husband who sent in the
little Lady herself in the Cradle in which she resides. She must be an old Lady
-- she looks like Dr. Franklin, i.e. like an Egyptian
Mummy. Swifts droll Genius must have been amused with such an Object. It is as
proper a Subject or rather allusion or Illustration, for Humour and Satyr as can be imagined. A little old Woman in a
spacious Habitation as the Cradle is would be a proper Emblem of a President in
the new House at
Billing and Sullivan brought up in the
Morning a good Load of green Seaweed.Billing and
Bass have [been] carting Dirt and liming
the heap of Compost. Sullivan and Thomas
threshing Barley at the little Barn.Billing and
Bass brought up a second Load of Seaweed at night.
Hot after Thunder, Lightening and an Hours Rain. The two
July 29. 1796. Fryday.
Bass carting Earth.Lathrops threshing.
Billing and Bass brought up a third Load of
Seaweed. They go on making the Heap of Compost with Lime, Seaweed, Earth, Horse
Dung, Hogs dung &c.
Still reading the Second Volume of Petrarchs Life.
All hands carting Earth and making Compost, i.e. 4 hands
Billings, Bass and the two
Lathrops. Billings is in his Element. Building
Wall and making manure are his great delights, he says. He says he will cover
all my Clover with green Seaweed. Drop part of a Load on the lower Part and
carry the rest up the hill to the Barley Stubble. He will make a heap of
Compost too upon the Top of the Hill to dung the Corn in the holes next Year
upon the Piece which I propose to break up, and he will make an heap of Compost
in the Spring with winter Dung to dung Corn beyond the Ditch. He
will get a Scow load of Rockweed, and Scow loads of Seaweed and marsh mud. If
he did not execute as well as plann, I should suppose
this all Gasconade. But he is the most ingenious, the most laborious, the most
resolute and the most indefatigable Man I ever employed.
A fine N.W. Wind, pure Air, and clear Sun Sky, and
bright Sun. Reading the second Volume of Petrarchs Life. This
singular Character had very wild Notions of the Right of the City of
Rome to a Republican Government and the Empire of the World. It
is strange that his Infatuation for Rienzi did not expose him to more
Resentment and greater Danger. In the Absence of the Pope at Avignon, and the
People having no regular Check upon the Nobles, these fell into their usual
Dissentions, and oppressed the People till they
were ripe to be duped by any single Enthusiast, bold Adventurer, ambitious
Usurper, or hypocritical Villain who should, with sufficient Imprudence,
promise them Justice, Humanity Clemency and Liberty. One or all of
these Characters belonged to Rienzi, who was finally murdered by the People
whom he had deceived, and who had deceived him.
Tacitus appears to have been as great an Enthusiast as
Petrarch for the Revival of the Republic, and universal
Empire. He has exerted the Vengeance of History upon the Emperors, but has
veiled the Conspiracies against them,and the incorrigible Corruption of
the People, which probably provoked their most atrocious Cruelties.
Tyranny can scarcely be practiced upon a virtuous and wise People.
Mr. Whitcomb preached and dined with me.
1. 1796. MONDAY.
Hands all gone to finish our Equinoctial Line of Wall as Billings calls it.
-- Hot, sultry, muggy last night Muskitoes
numerous and busy, poor sleep, up and down all night.
Have my Brothers Oxen to day.
2. 1796 TUESDAY.
Wrote to Mr. Sullivan by Dr.
Tufts an Answer to his Inquiries concerning Mitchels
St. Croix River.
My own Hands with Nathaniel Hayden only and my own oxen
only, finished the great Wall upon
Penn's Hill. Mr. Benjamin Shaw and his Wife, (Charity Smith,)
drank Tea with Us. He is a Clerk in the Branch Bank at 600 dollars a Year, and
She is opening an Accademy
of young Ladies for
Painting and Music. They live in his Mothers House, and she boards with them. I
took a ride with him and in
to the Top of Penns Hill. If innate
Levity is curable, they may be happy.
August 2. 1796. Tuesday.
a soft, sweet Voice, a musical Ear, and melodious Modulations, could feed the
hungry and cloath
the naked, how happy might some
People be. She rattles about Independence and boasts of having earned fifty
dollars last Month. But the Foible of the Race is rattle.
3. 1796. WEDNESDAY.
Brisler is going to
Long Island, for my Twin Oxen who are reprieved for a Year.
The Lathrops to threshing and Billings and
Bass, to manure.
Answered Mr. Rutherfords Letter of
This Day Thomas Lothrop went away to
Bridgwater, unwell, and I paid him 9 dollars.
Billings brought up a Load of green Seaweed.
4. 1796 THURSDAY.
Of all the Summers of my Life, this has been the freest from Care, Anxiety
and Vexation to me. The Sickness of Mrs. A. excepted.
My Health has been better, the Season fruitful, my farm was conducted. Alas!
what may happen to reverse all this? But it is folly to anticipate evils, and
madness to create imaginary ones.
Went over to
Weymouth with Mrs. A., visited
Mr. Norton and dined with Dr. Tufts whose
salted Beef and shell beans with ana Whortleberry Pudden
and his Cyder is a Luxurious Treat.Col. Hubbard and his Wife
came and I laid a Plan to plough
Penns Hill [by?]
August 4. 1796. Thursday.
Bass went to
Squantum for the oxen -- disappointed. The Wind too high to go
Long Island. Sullivan threshing.
Billings and Bass carting Dirt, making
Compost with Lime, brought up a Load of Seaweed.
5. 1796. FRYDAY.
A fine day. I have finished Petrarch. Walked up to the new
Barn and over to the old Plain. Sullivan and Mr. Sam.
Hayward threshing Billings and
Bass carting Earth and Seaweed and liming the Compost.
Mr. Wibirt dined with Us.James brought home
the twin oxen from Long Island. Trask burning Bushes in the Swamp on
6. 1796. SATURDAY.
Billings and Bass off by Day for Seaweed.
Twin oxen sent to be shod.
Omnium Rerum Domina, Virtus. Virtue is The Mistress of all Things. Virtue is
The Master of all Things. Therefore a Nation that should never do wrong must
necessarily govern the World. The Might of Virtue, The Power of Virtue is not a
very common Topick, not so common as it should be.
Bass and Billings brought another Load of
Seaweed in the Evening for the Swine. Sullivan Lothrop went
home. Mrs. A. paid him 15 dollars.
Mr.Flynt called at
Evening. Tomorrow is the last Sunday of his Engagement at
Milton. He then goes a journey for 3 Weeks after which he
returns. Mr. Whitcomb supplies Us in the mean time. Rode up to
the burnt Swamp.
7. 1796. SUNDAY.
I am reading a Work of Cicero that I remember not to have
read before. It is intituled M. Tullii Ciceronis Si
Deo placet Consolatio. Remarkable for an ardent hope and confident belief of a
Mr. Whitcomb preached and dined with Us. Prince, having
provoked beyond bearing by his insolent Contempt of repeated orders, got a
gentle flogging, and went off, i.e. run away. Thomas Lothrop
8. 1796. MONDAY.
Billing and Bass gone to mowing Salt Grass
at the Beach Meadow. T. Lothrop unloading the Sea weed. No
Negro but James, who shall be the last. -- Agreed with
Mr. Reed of
Abington to plough for me next Monday &c.
Trask half a day mowing bushes.
9. 1796. TUESDAY.
4 hands mowing Salt Grass. Finished the Beach Meadow. Trask mowing Bushes to
make room for the plough upon
Penns hill. T. Lothrop, threshing Corn --
Brisler winnowing Barley.
10. 1796 WEDNESDAY.
Billing and Bass collecting Compost.
Brought up two Loads of Seaweed and carted several Loads of Earth from behind
Mr. Howell of
Rhode Island came up to see me and conversed the whole Evening
St. Croix and his Commission for settling that Boundary.
11. 1796. THURSDAY.
Mr. Howell lodged with Us and spent the whole Morning in
Conversation concerning the Affairs of his Mission. He said by way of Episode
that the President would resign, and that there was one Thing which would make
R. Island unanimous in his Successor and that was the funding
System. He said they wanted Hamilton for V.P. -- I was wholly
Billing and Bass brought up a Load of
Dulce and Eelgrass and are carting Earth from below the Outhouse. The
Mr. Thomas Johnson, only son of Joshua
London, Consul, came to visit Us and spent the day and night
with Us. I carried him to the
Pinnacle of Penns Hill to show him the Prospect.
12. 1796. FRYDAY.
Billing, Bass and
Sullivan carting Salt Hay from the Beech Marsh. Tirell and Th.
Lothrop threshing and winnowing Barley.
13. 1796 SATURDAY.
Three Load of Salt Hay Yesterday from the Beach Marsh. Got in 51 Bushells of Barley winnowed and [illegible]
raddled. Billing, Bass, Sullivan
Lothrop and E. Belcher with Brisler
poling off and carting Salt Hay. Tirrell and T.
Lothrop threshing. Trask burning Bushes on
Reading Tullys Offices. It is a Treatise on moral obligation.
August 13. 1796.
Our Word Obligation answers nearer and better than Duty, to
Ciceros Word, officium.
Our Men have brought up 3 loads of Salt Hay and left a 4th. stacked upon the
Ground. The Barley not all threshed. Prince return'd from
Read much in Tullys Offices.
14. 1796. SUNDAY.
The Weather hot and dry.
One great Advantage of the Christian Religion is that it brings the great
Principle of the Law of Nature and Nations, Love your Neighbour as yourself, and do to others as you would that
others should do to you, to the Knowledge, Belief and Veneration of the whole
People. Children, Servants, Women and Men are all Professors in the science of
public as well as private Morality. No other Institution for Education, no kind
of political Discipline, could diffuse this kind of necessary Information, so
universally among all Ranks and Descriptions of Citizens. The Duties and Rights
of The Man and the Citizen are thus taught, from early Infancy to every
Creature. The Sanctions of a future Life are thus added to the
Observance of civil and political as well as domestic and private Duties.
Prudence, Justice, Temperance and Fortitude, are thus taught to be the means
and Conditions of future as well as present Happiness.
15 1796. MONDAY.
My Team met the
Abington Team at the Bars, and plough'd the Baulk between
Burrells Corn and the great Wall, with the great Plough.
August 15. 1796. Monday.
Ploughed on the North Side of the Wall from the Road to the rocky Vally with the small breaking up plough. Trask mowing
Bushes and burning. At Night both Teams came home with both Ploughs.
Mrs. Adams went with Mrs. Otis to
16. 1796. TUESDAY.
Mr. Reed and Mr. Gurney with Billings
ploughing below the lower Garden with 9 Cattle, and the small breaking up
plough. It took a long time to fix the Plough with a Wheel &c. In the
Afternoon ploughed upon
Stony field Hill.
Sullivan with one Yoke of oxen, the Steers and Mare gone to
cart Salt Hay for my Tenants French and
Tirrell and Thomas still threshing.
James and Prince, idle as usual.
17 1796. WEDNESDAY.
Seven Yoke of Oxen and a Horse, Mr. Reed, Mr.
Gurney, Mr. Billings, Mr. Brisler,
Sullivan and Thomas Lothrop and black
James, Seven hands ploughing with the great Plough in the
Meadow below the lower Garden. Prince gone
to Mill. The Weather dry, fair and cool. The Wind Easterly.
18 1796. THURSDAY.
Ten Yoke of Oxen and ten Men ploughing in the Meadow below my House.
19. 1769 [i.e. 1796]. FRYDAY.
Ten Yoke of Oxen and twelve hands ploughing in the meadow. It is astonishing
that such a Meadow should have lain so long in such a State. Brakes, Hassock
Grass, Cramberry Vines, Poke or Skunk Cabbage, Button Bushes, alder Bushes, old
Stumps and Roots, Rocks, Turtles, Eels, Frogs, were the Chief Things to be
found in it. But I presume it may be made to produce Indian and English Grain,
and English Grass, especially Herdsgrass in Abundance. At least the Beauty of
the Meadow and the Sweetness of it and the Air over it will be improved.
Brackets, Vintons and My Brothers oxen added to mine and those
20. 1796. SATURDAY.
Bracket and Vinton left me. We procured
Captn. Baxters Oxen and
William Field junr. and went on with Eight Yoke including my
red Steers, and ploughed as well as ever.
Paid Reed 11. 2s. in full for the Weeks Work of two Men, three Yoke
of Oxen and a Horse.
The Men I allowed 6s. a day, tho
I found them,
being one Shilling more than the Agreement. The Oxen I allowed 7s. 6d. a Day,
as they found them, which was according to Agreement. The Horse
August 20. 1796.
The horse I allowed four shillings a Day for the Days he worked, or rather
danced, which were three, and I allowed them one shilling a Day for his
Keeping, when he was idle. Making in the whole 11 2s: 0d.
The [They] left a miserable Dogs Ear in the Meadow
unploughed, which mortifies me. In other Respects I am satisfied. I allowed
them however a very extravagant sum for keeping their Cattle, and a shilling a
Man a Day more than they asked for their Labour.
Mrs. Adams returned with Mr. and
Mrs. Otis and Miss Harriot about 9 O
Clock at night.
21. 1796. SUNDAY.
The hottest day. Unwell.
22. 1796 MONDAY.
Mr. Otis and Family went to
Boston. Mr. C. Storer and Mr.
Billings and Sullivan began the Wall
against the Road opposite the Corner of the Garden.
Very hot but the Wind springs up. Unwell.
23. 1796 TUESDAY.
All hands and Tirrell, upon the Wall -- carting Stones and
Went down to Mr. Quincys and up to our Tenants with
Mrs. Adams. Unwell.Brisler and the
two black Boys picking Apples.
24 1796. WEDNESDAY.
Billings, Bass and the
Lothrops upon the Wall. The blacks going to pick Apples. I took
Rhubarb and Salt of Wormwood.
August 24. 1796. Wednesday
Bathing my Feet and drinking balm Tea, last night composed me somewhat, and
I hope the Rhubarb and Salt of Wormwood I took this Morning will carry off my
Complaints: but the Pain in my head and the burnings in my hands and feet were
so like the Commencement of my Fevers of 1781 at
Amsterdam and of 1783 at
Auteuil, that I began to be allarmed.
Mr. and Mrs. Norton dined with Us.
Old Mr. Thomas Adams of
Medfield, the Father of Hannah Adams, the
Author of The View of Religions, came in to return a Volume he borrowed last
Spring of Bryants Analysis of the ancient Mythology, and to borrow the other
two Volumes which I lent him.
Brisler and the black Boys picking Apples.
25. 1796. THURSDAY.
Billings, Bass and the two
Lothrops all this Week upon the Wall over the Way. They make about
a Rod and a half a day. Captn. Beale
began Yesterday to clear his Brook. So much for the Exemplary Influence of
ploughing my Meadow.
The Benediction of Ulysses to The Pheacians, B. 13. 1. 60.
"Sure fix'd on Virtue may your nation stand and public Evil never touch the
Land" comprehends the Essence and Summary of Politicks
August 25. 1796.
A Nation can stand on no other Basis, and standing on this it is founded on
a Rock. Standing on any other Ground it will be washed away by the Rains or
blown down by the Winds.
This Day has been intolerably hot. But about 9 O Clock in the Evening it
began to rain with Thunder and Lightening and continued to rain very steadily
for an hour or two.
My Men complained of the heat more than at any time, they accomplished never
the less about a rod and an half of the Wall.
26. 1796. FRYDAY.
Cloudy. Wind. N.E. but not rainy. The shower last night has refreshed Us.
The Corn, the Gardens, the Pastures, The After feed, the Fruit trees all feel
Sullivan gone for a Load of Seaweed. The other Men upon the
Wall. In digging a Trench for the Wall We find Stones enough, in Addition to
the old Wall to compleat the New one. Four hands
with a Yoke of Oxen have done Six Rods in four days Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday
Brisler went Yesterday a plovering with a Party who killed
about an hundred.
August 26. 1796 Fryday.
"Inflexible to preserve, virtuous to pursue, and intelligent to discern
the true Interests of his Country." Flattering expressions of a Toast, the
more remarkable as they originated in
N. York. -- God grant they may never be belied, never
Mr. Sedgwick and Mr. Barrell came up to
see me, and gives a sanguine Account of the future Elections of Senators and
Sullivan brought up a Load of Seaweed for the Swine. Trask
at Work the 3d day mowing Bushes in the old Plain.
27. 1796. SATURDAY.
Sullivan carting Seaweed, spread one Load among the red
Loam in the Cavity in the Yard. Trask mowing Bushes in the
meadow below the Garden. James cutting the Trees.
Billings, Bass and Thomas,
about the Wall. Brisler absent on Account of his sick
The Wall, the Alterations of the Road, and the Carting of the Earth, Soil,
Loam, Gravel and Stones, out of the Way, whether We spread them on the Meadow,
lay them in heaps for Compost in the Yard, or deposit them in Parts of the Road
where they may be wanted, will in the most frugal Course We can take consume
much labour at a great Expence.
28. 1796. SUNDAY.
Hot. Went not out. Mr. Strong preached. Reading
Bryants Analysis of ancient Mythology.
29. MONDAY. 1796.
Warm. Billings, Bass and two
Sullivans with James on the Wall. Carted 9 or 10 Load of excellent
Soil into an heap, below the lower Garden Wall, and put it to two Loads of
Seaweed and some Lime, for manure for the Corn in the Meadow next Year. Carted
besides, 3 Loads into the Hollow in the Cowyard. An extream hot day. Reading Bryant. Wrote to
Phila. to Wolcot and Pickering.
30. TUESDAY. 1796
Prospect of another hot day. Pursuing the Wall. Tirrell
worked with our Men.Trask cutting Bushes on the
ploughed Meadow at the other Place. Wind shifted to
the North and then to the N.E. and the Air became very cold. Rode up to see
Trask. Carted Mould into the Yard all Day.
31 1796. WEDNESDAY.
Wind north and Air cold. Working on the high Ways. Carried a great Part of
my gravel and spread it on the Road to the Meeting House.
SEPTEMBER 1. 1796. THURSDAY.
The Summer is ended and the first day of Autumn commenced. The Morning is
cold tho the Wind is West. To Work again on the high
Ways. Billings out upon his Wall a little after Sunrise.
Captn. Hall Surveyor of High Ways
finished the Road between my Garden and new Wall.
SEPTEMBER 2. 1796. FRYDAY.
To work again on the high Ways. They have taxed me this Year between forty
nine and fifty days Works on the Roads besides the other Farm in Quincy and the
Braintree. This is unjust, more than my Proportion, more than
Mr. Black or Mr. Beale.
Stumbled over a Wheelbarrow in the night dark and hurt my
SEPTEMBER 3. 1796. SATURDAY.
Pursuing the Wall. Tirrell is here and We expect French with his Team. Some
soft warm Showers in the night and this morning. French came not, because it
Anniversary of Peace, which has lasted 13 Years.
SEPTEMBER 4. 1796. SUNDAY.
Fair. No Clergyman to day.
SEPTEMBER 5. 1796. MONDAY.
The Anniversary of The Congress in 1774.
Sullivan brought a good Load of green Seaweed, with six
Cattle, which We spread and limed upon the heap of Compost in the Meadow.
Carted Earth from the Wall to the same heap. Tirrell here.
Stetson opening the Brook three feet wider, Two feet on one
Side and three feet on the other, at 9d. Pr. rod. Billings has never laid up
more than a Rod and a half a day, of the Wall, till Yesterday when he thinks he
laid up 28 feet.
Walked up to Trask mowing Bushes.
Belcher, Bass and
Sullivan gone to mow the Marsh and get out the Thatch at Penny
July Sept. 7. 1796
Billings laying Wall. Thomas, carting
Earth. Stetson, widening the Brook to seven feet at 9d. Pr.
Rod and a dinner. Brisler and James
preparing, Yesterday and to day, the Cyder Mill, Press, and Casks.
Yesterday Jackson Field came to offer me
Mount Arrarat at Three hundred Dollars. I could not agree. He
fell to 275. I could not agree. He fell to 250 reserving the Right to work in
Stone with one hand, for Life. I agreed at length to this extravagant Price and
have drawn the Deed this Morning.
This Afternoon He came and took the Deed to execute and acknowledge.
July SEPTR. 8. 1796.
Sullivan gone for Seaweed. Bass and
Thomas carting Manure from the Hill of Compost in the Yard.
Billings and Prince laying Wall.
Brisler and James picking Apples and making
Cyder. Stetson widening the
I think to christen my Place by the Name of Peace field, in commemoration of
the Peace which I assisted in making in 1783, of the thirteen Years Peace and
Neutrality which I have contributed to preserve, and of the
July Sept. 8 1796
constant Peace and Tranquility which I have enjoyed
in this Residence.
Carted 6 Loads of slimy Mud from the Brook to the heap of Compost.
Jackson Field brought me his Deed of
Mount Arrarat executed by himself and his Wife and acknowledged
before Major Miller. I received it, and gave him my Note for
250 dollars. I then gave him my Consent, without his asking it, to pasture his
Cow as usual the Remainder of this Season, for which he expressed Gratitude,
and engaged to keep off Geese, Sheep, Hogs and Cattle. Received Letters from my
the Hague as late as 24 June.
July SEPTR. 9. 1796.FRYDAY.
Appearances of Rain.
SEPTEMBER 10. 1796. SATURDAY.
Walked, with my Brother to
Mount Arrarat, and find upon Inquiry that Jo.
Arnold's Fence against the New Lane begins at the Road by the Nine
mile Stone. My half is towards Neddy Curtis's Land lately
Wm. Fields. The Western Half of the Fence against
Josiah Bass, or in other Words that Part nearest to
Neddy Curtis's is mine. Against Dr. Greenleaf
my half is nearest to Josiah Bass's Land.
[Beginning of Fragment
[July 2 -
|Mowed, over vs. Yard
|One Load, from the road to
the ditch and from the cart path to the pasture
|Four Loads, over the Way and
between the ditch and orchard.||4
|One Load from Chris
Webbs House Lott.||1
|One from the 10 Acre Lot on
Cranchs Barn and two from the 10 Acre Lott.||4
|Two load. One from
Mr. Cranchs and 1 from 10 Acre Lot.||
|4 Load from about the
|6 Load five from about
Hancocks Cellar and one from the Walnut Lot.||
|6 Load. 3 from Walnut Lot and three from
about Hancocks Cellar and one jag.
|Six Loads from Chris.
|Seven Loads 3 from the orchard and 4 into
Mr. Cranches Barn of Clover -- Jaggs all.||
| [Total ]||43
[July 19 -
August 23 1804]
|Total from the other side.|| 43
|5 Load from the
Wire Grass Hill.||5
|Three Loads from the ten Acre
|Three Loads from the orchard and beyond
|Two Loads from the
|Three Loads in Mr. Cranchs
|Three, fresh and all
into Mr. C. Barn.|| 3
|One Load from the Beech Meadow part black grass.|| 1
| [Total ]||63
|One Load Salt [hay] from
August 17 Fryday
|5 loads of Salt Hay
from the Coves.|| 5
|3 loads, one from the Coves and two from
Mount Wollaston at the Salt pond.||3
|3 Loads from the Meadows on this and the other
side the Causey.|| 3
|2 Loads from the Causey at
Mount Wollaston.|| 2
|Four loads from the
|Two loads from the Beach Salt
| [Total ]||20
1784 [i.e. 1804]. AUG.
The last Week in August We ploughed a ditch and
brought the Earth into the Yard and 32 loads of Mud from the Cove.