Guide to the Collection
|Title:||Fayerweather family papers
|Physical Description:||5 document
boxes and 1 oversize box.
|Call Number:||Ms. N-359
|Repository:||Massachusetts Historical Society
1154 Boylston Street
Boston, MA 02215
This collection consists of the papers of the
Fayerweather and Brown families of Massachusetts, 1718-1976, including the
papers of Boston merchant Thomas Fayerweather (1724-1804) and the Civil War
papers of George Thomas Fayerweather of the 4th Mass. Heavy Artillery Regiment
and James Peck of the 6th Mass. Volunteer Infantry Regiment.
Thomas Fayerweather (b. 1661) was the son of
Capt. John Fayerweather (1634-1712), who surveyed Boston Harbor, and Sarah
Turner (d. 1673). He twice sailed from Boston to the Muscongus and St. George
rivers in Maine representing the Lincolnshire Company of Boston in land
negotiations with Sagamore Indians.
Thomas Fayerweather (1724-1804) was the son of
John Fayerweather (1685-1760) and Jerusha Grose and the nephew of Thomas
Fayerweather (b. 1661). In 1756, Thomas married Sarah Hubbard, with whom he had
four children. A successful merchant, Fayerweather and his partner James Burd
had interests in Boston, Maryland, Philadelphia and New York. He owned a
warehouse east of Faneuil Hall Market in Boston and his ships were known to
evade British revenue officers when possible.
George Thomas Fayerweather (1840-1893), grandson
of Thomas Fayerweather (1725-1804), was born in Westborough, Mass. to Thomas
Hubbard Fayerweather and Emily Parker. He married Ellen Brown on October 12,
1865 with whom he had two sons.
A salesman by trade, George Fayerweather enlisted in the 51st Regiment, Co.
"E", Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry in August 1862. He remained with the unit
until July 1863. Reenlisting in the Sixth Unattached Company, Massachusetts
Volunteer Infantry in April 1864, George Fayerweather was discharged from this
unit in August 1864, until he received his commission as a captain in the 4th
Regiment, Co. "F", Massachusetts Volunteer Heavy Artillery where he remained in
command until his discharge in June 1865. After the war, he was a military
instructor at Lyman School in Westborough.
In 1857, he became a member of the Fire Department in Westborough, where he
served as chief engineer, 1875-1877, and again, 1884-1886. In the interim he
served as First Assistant. He was a member of the State Firemen's Association.
Between 1880-1886 he was in charge of the fire department supplies of Boston
Woven Hose and Rubber Company, for whom he was spokesperson at the Convention
of Fire Engineers (1891).
Eleanor Appleton Fayerweather (b. 1904) was born
in Westborough to Frank Raymond Fayerweather and Ethel Maud Hinchcliffe. She
was the granddaughter of George Thomas Fayerweather. She graduated from the
Massachusetts School of Art in 1927. A specialist in costume research, she
worked as a curator in the Costume Center of the Rhode Island School of
A merchant by trade, Samuel Harrison Brown
(1813-1875) owned the Samuel Harrison Brown & Co. Shoe Manufacturers
of Boston. His wife Elizabeth Anne Ladd ran the "Westboro Hotel," also called
the "Brown's Hotel," in Westborough. He was a member of the Boston Light
Infantry, a military association of citizens organized, "that it may be
prepared at all times to resist sudden invasion or press internal commotion,"
between 1853-1873. He had two daughters: Harriet Augusta
Brown (b. 1848), and Ellen Elizabeth Brown
(1841-1908), who married George Thomas Fayerweather.
The Fayerweather family papers consist of five boxes and one oversize box,
encompassing the years 1718-1976. The collection is divided into three series:
Fayerweather family papers, Brown family papers, and Biographical and
Fayerweather family papers include the papers of Thomas Fayerweather (b.
1661), Thomas Fayerweather (1724-1804), George Thomas Fayerweather, Eleanor
Appleton Fayerweather, and an unidentified diary. Of particular interest is a
transcript of a diary kept by Thomas Fayerweather (b. 1661) of his trips to
Maine for the Lincolnshire Company in the summer of 1720.
Thomas Fayerweather's (1724-1804) papers include correspondence, business
papers, and a memory book. Fayerweather's business interests in Boston,
Maryland, Philadelphia and New York are the primary subjects of his papers.
There are gaps in the correspondence and business papers, between 1769-1778 and
1769-1778, respectively, possibly due to Fayerweather's residence in Oxford
during the American Revolution.
George Thomas Fayerweather's papers consist of a company roll, miscellaneous
forms, correspondence, ordnance forms, muster rolls, quartermaster forms,
discharge papers, and commissions from Fayerweather's tenure as an army officer
during the Civil War. The membership, munitions, equipment, and activities of
the 4th Regiment, Co. "F", Massachusetts Volunteer Heavy Artillery are well
Eleanor Appleton Fayerweather's papers include correspondence to her parents
from trips to Europe in 1928 and 1930, lectures notes, a paper, and brochures
relating to art and design, newsclippings, a scrapbook of clippings relating to
her civic and theatrical activities, and an anatomical sketchbook.
Brown family papers consist primarily of correspondence and diaries. The
papers of Samuel Harrison Brown include a few family letters, Boston Light
Infantry records, 1853-1855, and an autograph book. Ellen Brown (wife of George
Thomas Fayerweather) papers include correspondence, a volume containing a small
library catalog and diary entires, and a diary/memo book. Of particular
interest are letters to Ellen Brown from her cousin James Peck, a soldier in
New Orleans during the Civil War. The series also includes an autograph book by
Harriet Augusta Brown.
Biographical and genealogical materials concerning the Brown, Fayerweather,
Hinchcliffe and Wheelock families include property deeds, newsclippings,
genealogies, notes, Bible records, correspondence and marriage
The Massachusetts Historical Society (MHS) holds the following collections
related to the Fayerweather family papers:
Fayerweather family photographs, ca. 1858-1978. Photo. Coll. 47. Finding
aid available at:
The Fayerweather family papers were a gift of the estate of Eleanor
Fayerweather, June 1993.
The collection is organized into the following series:
|I. Fayerweather family papers, 1718-1976
| A. Thomas Fayerweather (b. 1661) diary transcript, 1718-1731
| B. Thomas Fayerweather (1724-1804) papers, 1743-1799
| C. George Thomas Fayerweather papers, 1862-1876
| D. Eleanor Appleton Fayerweather papers, 1928-1976
| E. Diary, Nov. 1853
|II. Brown family papers, 1831-1873
| A. Samuel Harrison Brown papers, 1831-1873
| B. Ellen Elizabeth Brown (Fayerweather) papers, 1857-1864
| C. Harriet Augusta Brown autograph book, 1864-1868
|III. Biographical and genealogical materials, 1807-1948
|I. Fayerweather family papers,
This series is divided into five subseries containing the papers of Thomas
Fayerweather (b. 1661), Thomas Fayerweather (1724-1804), George Thomas
Fayerweather, and Eleanor Appleton Fayerweather, as well as a diary by an
|Box 1||Folder 1|| A. Thomas Fayerweather (b. 1661) diary transcript,
A typescript of a diary recording two voyages (April 18 - May 24 and July
30 -August 21, 1720) from Boston to the Muscongus and St. George Rivers in
Maine. Thomas Fayerweather participated in negotiations with Sagamore Indians
concerning land deeded to the Lincolnshire Company by Madockawando Sagamore.
Various notes included in the typescript include dates of Fayerweather's
marriage, and the births and deaths of his children.
The original diary is in the collection of the Bangor Public
| B. Thomas Fayerweather (1724-1804) papers,
Arranged chronologically by type.
Thomas Fayerweather (1724-1804) papers include business correspondence,
business papers, and a memory book. Business correspondence, 1744-1787,
includes information from various merchants, suppliers and agents, on
shipments, orders, payments and collection notices. Correspondents include
Edward Shippen, David van Horne, Samuel Thomas Smith, and Theophilus Boswell. A
few typescripts of letters are filed with the originals. Business papers,
1743-1778, document Fayerweather's business in New York, Maryland,
Philadelphia, and Boston, and include bills of lading, accounts, receipts,
notes, bills of exchange, invoices and ship accounts. A memory book, 1786-1799,
includes notes on land and buildings owned in Massachusetts and Maine. There
are gaps in the correspondence and business papers, between 1769-1778 and
1769-1778, respectively, possibly due to Fayerweather residing in Oxford during
|Box 1||Folder 2-10||Correspondence,
|Box 1||Folder 11-23||Business papers,
|Box 1||Folder 24||Memory book,
| C. George Thomas Fayerweather papers,
Arranged chronologically by type.
This series contains papers primarily relating to George Thomas
Fayerweather's service as captain of the 4th Regiment, Mass Volunteer Heavy
Artillery during the Civil War. The series is organized into the following
groups of papers: an undated company roll; miscellaneous forms, 1864-1865;
correspondence, 1864-1868 and 1877; ordnance forms, 1864-1865; muster rolls,
1864-1865; quartermaster forms, 1864-1865; discharge papers, 1862-1876; and
commissions, 1864 and 1875.
The undated company roll lists members of a company alphabetically by rank
and is signed by A.W. Tobie, First Sergeant 22nd H. A. Miscellaneous papers
include inventories of effects, telegrams, passes, pay requests and orders of
the day. Correspondence includes official communications between Fayerweather
and various army offices, including the Ordnance Office and the Quartermaster
General's Office. Ordnance forms document the munitions issued to and used by
the 4th Regiment, Mass Volunteer Heavy Artillery under Fayerweather and include
invoices, receipts, abstracts of materials expended, and quarterly ordnance
Muster rolls document the membership of the 4th Regiment, Mass Volunteer
Heavy Artillery. Muster-in rolls, muster rolls, quarterly returns, quarterly
returns of deceased soldiers, and muster-out rolls each contain portions of the
following information for individual soldiers: name, birthplace, occupation,
date and place of enlistment, person who enlisted them, period of service, eye
and hair color, complexion, height, muster-in date, payroll, and date, place,
and cause of death. Quartermaster forms include inventories of clothes, caps,
and basic equipage issued to soldiers. Some forms record what equipment was
issued to individual soldiers and other forms are quarterly summaries of
equipment issued to the company. Discharge papers include five for George T.
Fayerweather, dated 1862, 1863, 1864, and 1876, and one for Zebulon Ash dated
1865. Fayerweather's commissions are for the 4th Regiment Mass Volunteer Heavy
Artillery, August 1864, and the 3rd Brigade, Mass Volunteer Militia, August
|Box 2||Folder 1||Company roll, n.d.
|Box 2||Folder 2||Miscellaneous forms,
|Box 2||Folder 3-6||Correspondence,
|Box 2||Folder 7-11||Ordnance forms,
|OS Box 1||Folder 1-5||Muster rolls,
|OS Box 1||Folder 6-16||Quartermaster forms,
|Box 2||Folder 12||Discharge papers,
|Box 2||Folder 13||Commission,
|OS Box 1||Folder 17||Commission,
| D. Eleanor Appleton Fayerweather papers,
Arranged chronologically by type.
This series includes correspondence, lecture notes, a paper entitled "Waste
Not Want Not," brochures, newsclippings, a disbound scrapbook, and a disbound
sketchbook. The bulk of the correspondence is comprised of letters from Eleanor
Appleton Fayerweather to her family during two trips to Europe, to England,
Scotland, and Germany, from June to August 1928, and to Germany, Italy and
France, June to August 1930. Correspondence also includes letters from the
Museum of Fine Arts, Vose Galleries, Fogg Art Museum, and John Alan Waldo
regarding Fayerweather family portraits and genealogy.
Manuscript and typescript lecture notes are from art history surveys at
Harvard University and New York University. An undated and unsigned paper
entitled "Waste Not Want Not," probably written by Eleanor, traces the history
of textiles and quilts in New England. Brochures from the Rhode Island School
of Design, the New Haven Colony Historical Society, the Brown University
Theatre, and various newsclippings reflect Eleanor's interest in art and
costume history. A disbound scrapbook includes clippings, 1919-1933, relating
to Eleanor's involvement with Girl Scouts, Massachusetts Normal Art School, the
Kappa Phi and Sigma Phi Sororities, thespian activities, and Girls Club. An
undated disbound sketchbook contains anatomical sketches. Brochures,
itineraries, and notes document a trip to central Asia, Oct. 1969.
|Box 2||Folder 14-22||Correspondence,
|Box 2||Folder 23-25||Lecture notes
|Box 2||Folder 26||Paper "Waste Not Want Not"
|Box 3||Folder 1||Brochures
|Box 3||Folder 2||Newsclippings
|Box 3||Folder 3-13||Scrapbook,
|Box 3||Folder 14-23||Sketchbook, n.d.
|Box 3||Folder 24||Central Asia tour brochures, itineraries, notes,
|Box 3||Folder 25|| E. Diary,
A diary, by an unidentified author for the month of November 1853, records
daily activities, chores, and social engagements.
|II. Brown family papers,
This series is divided into three subseries containing the papers of Samuel
Harrison Brown, Ellen Elizabeth Brown and Harriet Augusta Brown.
| A. Samuel Harrison Brown papers,
Arranged chronologically by type.
This series includes three pieces of family correspondence dated 1831, 1858
and 1861. Of particular interest is a letter, dated Oct. 27, 1861, to Brown
from a former lodger at the Westboro Hotel who left an unsettled bill prior to
joining the Navy. The letter was written from the USS Cumberland while
blockading the James River. Boston Light Infantry records include company
orders, May 1853 - October 1855, a small volume containing the constitution and
by-laws annotated with a list of members, 1853, and Brown's membership
certificate for 1851. The series also includes an autograph book,
|Box 4||Folder 1||Correspondence,
|Box 4||Folder 2-3||Boston Light Infantry,
|OS Box 1||Folder 18||Boston Light Infantry certificate,
|Box 4||Folder 4||Autograph book,
| B. Ellen Elizabeth Brown (Fayerweather) papers,
Arranged chronologically by type.
Correspondence, 1857-1864, includes letters from Brenton B. Cook, Susan
Sprague, William Sprague, Grace and Sarah Hubbard, and cousin James Peck, 6th
Mass. Volunteer Infantry Regiment, "Company K." The series also includes a
small volume containing a catalog of library books with diary entries dated
November 1857 - June 1858 as well as a diary/memory book for 1859.
|Box 4||Folder 5-7||Correspondence,
|Box 4||Folder 8||Catalog/Diary,
|Box 4||Folder 9||Diary/Memo book,
|Box 4||Folder 10|| C. Harriet Augusta Brown autograph book,
This series contains an autograph book, 1864-1868.
|III. Biographical and genealogical materials,
This series contains five property deeds concerning the Fayerweather
family, 1807-1887, newsclippings, 1875-1948, and typed copies of genealogies
plus notes, Bible records, correspondence and marriage certificates for the
Brown, Fayerweather, Hinchcliffe and Wheelock families.
|Box 5||Folder 1||Deeds,
|Box 5||Folder 2||Newsclippings,
|Box 5||Folder 3||Brown family
|Box 5||Folder 4||Fayerweather family
|Box 5||Folder 5||Hinchcliffe family
|Box 5||Folder 6||Wheelock family
Fayerweather family papers, Massachusetts Historical Society.
This collection is indexed under the following headings in
the online catalog of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Researchers
desiring materials about related persons, organizations, or subjects should
search the catalog using these headings.
|Brown, Samuel Harrison,
|Fayerweather, Eleanor Appleton,
|Fayerweather, Ellen Elizabeth
|Fayerweather, George Thomas,
|Fayerweather, Thomas, 1724-1805.
|Fayerweather, Thomas, b. 1661.
|Richardson, Harriet Augusta
|Smith, Samuel Thomas.
|Van Horne, David,
|Boston Light Infantry.
|United States. Army.
Massachusetts Heavy Artillery Regiment, 4th (1864-1865).
|Diaries, 1720, 1853, 1857,
|Indians of North
|Real property, Exchange
War, 1861-1865--Equipment and supplies.
War, 1861-1865--Muster rolls.
War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives.
War, 1861-1865--Regimental histories--Massachusetts Artillery (Heavy), 4th
|Voyages and travels.
Photographs from this collection have been removed to the Fayerweather
family photographs, ca. 1858-1978. Photo. Coll. 47.
The following printed items have been removed for placement and cataloging
with the Massachusetts Historical Society printed materials:
The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current
English, adapted by H. W. Fowler and F. G. Fowler from the Oxford
Dictionary, Eighth Impression. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1921.
Coppee, Capt. Henry. The Field Manual for
Battalion Drill. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co.,
Duties of Guards and Sentinels.
Published for the use of the Troops comprising the 3rd Brigade. By order of
Gen. R. H. Chamberlain.
This Harbour of Boston...laid down as taken by
Capt. John Fayerweather. By Philip Wells
The Holy Bible. New York: Elam Bliss,
Instructions for Officers of the Adjutant
General's Department and Others of Kindred Duties. Washington:
Government Printing Office, 1864.
Kautz, August V. The Company Clerk: What to Do
and How to Do It. 12 edition. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co.
Manual of Loading and Firing the Peabody
Breech-Loading Rifle. Boston: Wright & Potter, State Printers,
Militia Laws: 1874-75. Published by the
Adjutant General. Boston: Wright & Potter, State Printers, 1875.
The Pastor's Gift to the Pupil's of the Bulfinch
Street Sunday School. Boston: Benjamin H. Greene, 1846.
Patten, George. Artillery Drill: Containing the
School of the Piece and Battery Manoeuvers. New York: J. W. Fortune,
Prince, Thomas, M.A. Mr. Prince's Sermon on the
Death of Mrs. Fayerweather. Boston: Printed by Edes & Gill, in King
Street for D. Henchman, in Cornhill, 1755.
Rules for the Management and Cleaning of the Rifle Musket, Model 1863.
Washington: Government Printing Office, 1863.
Tablet of Memory: A Chart of the United States,
Historical, Statistical and Political. Compiled by Richard S. Fisher,
New York 1846. New York: Published by J. H. Colton, 1846.
The Unique: or Biography of Many Distinguished
Characters; with fine portraits. Fourth Edition Improved. Hingham: C.
& E. B. Gill, 1834.
A Civil War Chest with the words "Co. F. 4th, Regt. Mass. Heavy Artillery"
was removed to the Museum Collection