MHS Press Releases
The Private Jefferson: From the Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society
Published: Friday, 29 January, 2016, 10:00 AM
Through the Society’s collections, uncover one of the most famous yet enigmatic and private Americans, Thomas Jefferson.
Thomas Jefferson has been described as an "American Sphinx." As the drafter of the Declaration of Independence and the third President of the United States, he is one of the most famous Americans. Nevertheless, he is an enigmatic figure. Through a selection of architectural drawings, writings and correspondence, and record books from the collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, a new exhibition at the MHS seeks to pull back the veil and uncover the private Jefferson. Kicking off a year-long 225th anniversary celebration, The Private Jefferson: From the Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society is on display through May 20, Monday through Saturday, from 10:00 AM to 4:00 PM.
Divided into four sections—architecture, writings, politics, and farm and garden—the exhibition will enable visitors to explore different aspects of Jefferson’s complex personality. The public can discover how Jefferson used architecture to work out practical and technical design issues as well as larger philosophical issues. They can see how his political ideas are expressed through his writings and select correspondence between family and friends. They can gain insight into Jefferson’s personal story of writing the Declaration of Independence and see how the text celebrated today evolved from his original draft. And visitors can understand how Jefferson’s role as plantation owner, experimental gardener, and meticulous record-keeper shaped his beliefs in how the nation would achieve economic and political independence.
The MHS holds more than 400 of Thomas Jefferson's architectural drawings, the earliest comprehensive record of the career of an American architect. While other collections of his drawings document a single building or building program, the MHS collection contains drawings for all of Jefferson's major architectural projects. A dedicated disciple of Venetian architect Andrea Palladio, Jefferson designed his home, Monticello, to be a model of the correct use of the classical orders of architecture. He also busied himself with drawings to illustrate the proper shape for a molding, how to hang window curtains, or the correct way to construct a staircase. Drawings of Monticello, including the ca. March 1771 final elevation of first version (above); a ca. 1778 drawing of an Ionic portico and dome for a decorative outbuilding (left); and the ca. August 4, 1772, “Final drawing of the basement and dependencies” (subterranean work rooms) are on display. There are preliminary plans for Poplar Forest, the octagonal retreat that Jefferson built for himself in Bedford County, Virginia as well as drawings for the original design of the Virginia State Capitol in Richmond, a modern government building in the form of a classical temple, and studies for the University of Virginia, Jefferson's vision of what an academic community should be.
The Society’s collection includes thousands of letters written to Jefferson as a private citizen (and copies of his replies). It also holds one of the most celebrated literary exchanges in American history—Jefferson’s correspondence with John and Abigail Adams found in a total of 380 letters. A selection of these letters, along with his letters to family and friends, allow visitors to begin to understand Jefferson’s personal and political views. Included is Jefferson’s last letter to John Adams, written March 25, 1826, in which he compares their roles in the Revolution to the Argonauts of Greek mythology as well as a letter to Abigail Adams written August 9, 1786, in which Jefferson discusses shopping for her in Paris as well as what she has bought for him in London. This section also highlights the much-annotated manuscript of his only book, Notes on the State of Virginia, and Jefferson’s catalog of his immense personal library.
The exhibition continues with the most public of all American historical documents, the Declaration of Independence. Visitors are able to glimpse the personal story of the creation of the document that lies behind the official story that we celebrate today. Jefferson was so concerned with the manner in which the Continental Congress had "mutilated" his draft of the Declaration that he circulated copies of his original manuscript (left) to show friends and colleagues what he had intended. John Adams’s handwritten copy demonstrates—perhaps even better than Jefferson’s copy—the evolution of the text from Jefferson’s original rough draft. The first printing of the Declaration of Independence by John Dunlap on July 4-5, 1776, as well as a broadside printing of Pres. Thomas Jefferson’s first inaugural address on March 4, 1801, in which he calls for national reconciliation, are also on display.
Farm and Garden
Jefferson was a plantation owner—an agriculturalist on a very great scale—and an experimental gardener. His farm and garden books contain detailed records of his estates, calculations and observations of planting and construction, and his notes on experimental and decorative planting over the course of almost sixty years. Both will be on display. His farm records are primarily an account of agricultural business affairs, and therefore contain information about the central dilemma of American history—slavery—on almost every page. These records are supplemented by drawings and sketches for slave quarters, planting beds, agricultural equipment, and decorative details and architectural follies for his garden. Included in this section are letters between Jefferson and his granddaughters Anne and Ellen Randolph about his gardening plans in retirement.
The Coolidge Collection of Thomas Jefferson ManuscriptsOne of the Society’s greatest treasures is the Coolidge Collection of Thomas Jefferson Manuscripts. The collection is comprised of letters, journals, record books, accounts, and more than 400 architectural drawings—almost 9,500 documents in all—collected by Jefferson’s descendants who lived in Massachusetts and donated them to the Society.
The Private Jefferson: Perspectives from the Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, a full-color, extensively illustrated publication with essays by Henry Adams, Peter S. Onuf, and Andrea Wulf, and published by the MHS is available for purchase online or at the Society.
First Peter J. Gomes Memorial Book Prize Awarded
Published: Friday, 30 October, 2015, 8:00 AM
Mary Babson Fuhrer recognized for the compelling story of small-town New England transformed between 1815 and 1848 as told in her book A Crisis of Community
At an award ceremony on 29 October 2015, the Massachusetts Historical Society presented the first Peter J. Gomes Memorial Book Prize to Mary Babson Fuhrer for her book A Crisis of Community: The Trials and Transformation of a New England Town, 1815-1848, published in 2014 by the University of North Carolina Press. The Peter J. Gomes Memorial Book Prize is given to the best nonfiction work on the history of Massachusetts published during the preceding year.
In A Crisis of Community, Fuhrer brings to life the troublesome creation of a new social, political, and economic order centered on individual striving and voluntary associations in an expansive nation. Blending family records and a rich trove of community archives, she examines the "age of revolutions" through the lens of Boylston, Mass., a rural community that was swept into the networks of an expanding and urbanizing New England region. This finely detailed history lends new depth to our understanding of a key transformative moment in Massachusetts and American history.
The selection committee received 21 submissions that interpret the history of Massachusetts through an exciting range of subjects, from colonial history to biographies of iconic figures, to politics, art, and sport. The submissions came from a dozen academic, trade, and specialty publishers. "It is certainly appropriate that the first annual prize in memory of someone rooted in his hometown as firmly as Rev. Peter Gomes was should go to the author of a town history," commented MHS Worthington C. Ford Editor and Director of Research Conrad E. Wright. He continued, "Beautifully crafted, gracefully written, Mary Fuhrer’s relation of the development of the small town of Boylston, Massachusetts, is a most worthy recipient of the first annual Peter J. Gomes Memorial Book Prize."
Mary Babson Fuhrer is a public historian who specializes in the social history of New England. She has a B.A. in History from Princeton, an M.A. in Public History from George Mason University, and a Ph.D. in American History from the University of New Hampshire. An accomplished scholar, Fuhrer is recognized among historical societies, museums, and school systems throughout eastern Massachusetts for her stellar work in historical interpretation and educational curricula. She is the consulting historian for the Society's Saltonstall-funded educational program "Old Towns/New Country," which engages teachers, librarians, and local history enthusiasts in connecting their community's resources to the history of the new nation. She has also served as a consultant and presenter for MHS programs funded by the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati and the NEH. In 2013, the Society's Short-term Fellowship Committee awarded its Cushing Academy Environmental History Fellowship to Fuhrer, and in 2014, the New England Regional Fellowship Consortium granted her support to visit four additional repositories for her current project, "The Experience and Meaning of Tuberculosis in Rural New England, 1800-1850." In addition to A Crisis of Community, Fuhrer is the author of several articles, including “The Worlds of Lexington and Concord Compared,” which appeared in The New England Quarterly in 2012.
About the Peter J. Gomes Memorial Book Prize
The Peter J. Gomes Memorial Book Prize, for the best nonfiction work on the history of Massachusetts published during the preceding year, honors the memory of a respected Harvard scholar and beloved Fellow of the MHS. Peter J. Gomes (1942-2011) was elected to the MHS in 1976 and joined the Board of Overseers in 2010. He was the Plummer Professor of Christian Morals at Harvard Divinity School and the Pusey Minister of Memorial Church.
Terra Firma: The Beginnings of the MHS Map Collection on View at the MHS
Published: Friday, 2 October, 2015, 10:00 AM
The MHS map collection—one of the Society’s most diverse and interesting—includes landmarks of map publishing.
As the MHS approaches its 225th anniversary, Terra Firma celebrates the beginnings of one of its most diverse and interesting collections. Among the maps on display are landmarks of map publishing that include the first published map of New England, the first map of Massachusetts published in America, and a unique copy of the earliest separate map of Vermont, as well as maps of important battles and maps and atlases from the United States and beyond. The exhibition is on display at the Society through 9 January 2016, Monday through Saturday, from 10:00 AM to 4:00 PM.
Started with gifts of six manuscript maps from James Freeman and three (two published, one manuscript) from Thomas Wallcut, the MHS map collection grew quickly, with 130 maps and seven atlas volumes listed in the Society’s 1811 Catalogue of the Books, Pamphlets, Newspapers, Maps, Charts, Manuscripts, &c. Today, the map collection numbers more than 2,000 separate maps and more than 100 atlases.
While maps of New England and its six states represented the lion’s share of the collection in 1811, the Society's founders widely collected maps—both printed and manuscript—that allow researchers to track the development, progress, and history of the United States. Each map provides a unique look at the concerns of the mapmaker and his time—from the isolated and far flung settlements of John Foster’s 1677 map of New England to the looming threat of French fortifications in
in Maine to the scientific and statistical knowledge displayed in Lewis Evans’s maps of Pennsylvania and the middle colonies.
Several rare examples of early battle maps are on display, the earliest being Philip Durell’s 1740 Plan of the Harbour, Town, and Forts of Porto Bello, and a 1746 map of the fortifications of Louisbourg. Detailed and important maps of Revolutionary War battles were donated to the collection by early members. Sebastian Bauman’s elegant map of the Battle of Yorktown was drawn in the days immediately following the decisive American victory and provides a vivid account of the battle.
Although most the early collection was acquired by gift, the MHS took up a subscription to purchase the monumental Atlantic Neptune in 1796. Begun in 1763 by Swiss cartographer Joseph Frederick Wallet Des Barres, if was hailed as “the most splendid collection of charts, plans, and views ever published.” Several plates are on display including Chart of New York Harbour, Plan of the posts of York & Gloucester, and South Carolina to East Florida; Plan of the Siege of Savannah.The Society's initial map collecting efforts were far from provincial. Members provided early printed maps from all corners of the globe. Featured maps display the range of the mapmaker’s art from the finely engraved city plan of Hamburg to the views of English seaports surrounding the New Map of England & Wales to the on-the-scene reportage of William Frazer's Correct Ground Plan of the Dreadful Fire at Radcliff.
The Atlas du Voyage de La Pérouse is a remarkable pictorial record of the doomed voyage of Jean François de Galaup, comte de La Pérouse. A veteran of the Seven Years' War and American Revolution, La Pérouse was appointed by Louis XVI to lead an expedition that would chart previously unknown waters and provide the basis for future voyages of discovery. Encountering members of the British fleet at Botony Bay, Australia, he sent his journals, charts, and letters back to Europe by a returning British ship, a decision that proved fortuitous. He set sail from Australia in March 1788 and was never seen again. In addition to detailed maps and charts, the volume includes wonderfully evocative engravings. The atlas is on display along with a slide show highlighting a selection of the engravings.
God Save the People! From the Stamp Act to Bunker Hill Opens at the MHS on 27 February
Published: Friday, 13 February, 2015, 10:00 AM
Immerse yourself in the tumultuous times leading to revolution with an exhibition of letters, diaries, political cartoons, newspapers, maps, artifacts, and portraits.
To tell the story of the coming of the American Revolution in Boston, God Save the People! From the Stamp Act to Bunker Hill follows the evolution of colonial thought and political action through the letters and diaries of men and women caught up in the conflict, together with political cartoons, newspapers, maps, artifacts, and portraits. The exhibition is on display at the Society February 27 through September 4, Monday through Saturday, from 10:00 AM to 4:00 PM.
The story of the coming of the Revolution in Boston is found not only in records that tell us the views of political opponents and military leaders; it also appears in letters and diaries that indicate what events meant to the ordinary men and women who experienced them. Along with celebrated Sons and Daughters of Liberty, this is the story of forgotten patriots who died for a country-to-be, brothers who served against each other in the courtroom, propagandists and war profiteers, merchants whose enterprise was threatened by political chaos, young lovers divided by battle lines, and a teenage African American poet who had to sail to England to secure her freedom.
MHS Announces Publication of What's New About the "New" Immigration? Traditions and Transformations in the United States since 1965
Published: Tuesday, 6 January, 2015, 12:00 AM
BOSTON, January 2014—As debates over immigration reform echo from local communities to the halls of Congress, the Massachusetts Historical Society is pleased to announce the publication of What's New about the "New" Immigration? Traditions and Transformations in the United States since 1965, co-edited by professors Marilyn Halter of Boston University, Marilynn S. Johnson of Boston College, and Director of Research Conrad Edick Wright and Research Coordinator Katheryn P. Viens of the MHS. The book is available from the publisher Palgrave MacMillan.
Through the ten essays in this collection, readers will discover a wide range of experiences that will inform their understanding of immigration today. Newcomers share the stuff of daily life as they cope with teenagers, worship together, and maintain long-distance family ties using new social media. In other instances, their experiences have been marked by the passage of the 1965 Hart-Celler Act, which ushered in the current immigration system. In this new context, the men and women in these pages eke out a living below minimum wage, or practice a profession and contribute to political campaigns. They seek asylum through the federal bureaucracy and navigate the meaning of citizenship. They are Bosnian, Chinese, Mexican, Asian Indian, and Nigerian. They reside in Boston suburbs, the Nuevo South in Georgia, affluent Dallas suburbs, and the heart of Los Angeles. But they are representative of newcomers to communities throughout the United States.
What's New about the "New" Immigration? presents the work of recognized immigration scholars. It is the latest in a series of essay collections based on conferences held at the Society. Founded in 1791, the MHS is an independent research institution that promotes the study of the history of Massachusetts and the nation. It strives to enhance the understanding of our nation’s past and its connection to the present, demonstrating that history is integral to our daily lives. The MHS collections, which include more than 12 million manuscripts and several hundred thousand books, are particularly well-known for extensive holdings of personal papers from three presidents: John Adams, John Quincy Adams, and Thomas Jefferson. Moreover, the MHS offers many other ways for the public to engage with history, including its publications, exhibitions, and an extensive range of programs including public lectures, tours, academic seminars and conferences, brown-bag lunch talks, and teacher workshops.
What’s New about the "New" Immigration? Traditions and Transformations in the United States since 1965. Marilyn Halter, Marilynn S. Johnson, Katheryn P. Viens, and Conrad Edick Wright, eds. (Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 2014. x, 306 pp. Maps, tables, index. $90.00.) ISBN 978-1-137-48386-7