July Thursday very Pleasant W[ind] W[est] This day Independency
was Declard in Boston from the Balcony of the Council Chamber,
I dind at home with Mrs Rowe & Spent the Evening at home
with Jno Haskins Richd Greene, Major Chase & Mrs Rowe
a Great Confusion in Town"
Independence Declared in Boston
this diary entry, Boston merchant John Rowe describes the
first reading of the Declaration of Independence in Boston.
The Continental Congress, meeting in Philadelphia, voted to
declare independence from Great Britain on July 2, 1776. On
July 4, Congress approved the text of the official Declaration
of Independence and sent it John Dunlap, a Philadelphia printer,
who worked through the night printing copies to distribute.
spread outward to the colonies at the speed of horsepower:
in his diary entry for July 13, Rowe records that he heard
that "Independency was declard the 4th Instant at Philadelphia."
On July 18, Col. Thomas Crafts read the Declaration from the
balcony of the State House in Boston. Many of city's citizens
gathered in King Street to hear the proclamation. Abigail
Adams, who was present in the crowd, described the scene in
a letter to her husband: "Great attention was given to
every word. As soon as [Crafts] ended, the cry from the balcony
was 'God save our American States' and then three cheers which
rent the air."
John Rowe's diary entry in his own handwriting