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    Washington
    8th Jan. '61

    My Dear Andrew,

    Yr message is
    clear, strong, & right.
    I feel happy that Mass.
    at last has found
    her voice.

    I deplore every back-
    ward step, whether here

    or in Boston.

    The cotton states are
    doomed. Even the com-
    promisers, who have been
    here from New York, ad-
    mit that nothing can
    be done to arrest them.
    They are trying on the
    tobacco states; I think
    in vain. They will

    all go.

    Therlow Weed came
    to see me Sunday evng
    with Seward. He
    admitted that he was
    "alone", -- found that
    he was "not wel-
    come here"-- & that
    the Republicans had
    made up their mind
    to have no compromises.
    Good! I always like

    Mr. Weed when I see him;
    but he is a politician
    -- not a statesman. I
    think we are in too
    deep water for him.
    True; we are now
    away from shore, &
    can only steer by the
    sun & stars -- God
    given guides.

    The President’s change
    of policy disorganizes

    the traitors, who curse
    him as a "black Repub-
    lican.” Genl. Scott
    says the President’s
    change occurred on
    the “2nd Jan”; -- "yes
    sir, since the 2nd Jan
    the Presdt has done well."

    If possible, we
    must avoid civil
    war; indeed to
    avert this dread ca-
    lamity, I will give

    up, if necessary,
    territory & state; but
    I will not give up
    our principles.

    But the slave masters
    hurry to their doom.

    Goodbye! God Bless you!
    Ever Yours,
    Charles Sumner

    The sense of insecurity
    here seems to have passed
    away. Had not some-
    thing been done, I do
    not doubt that the
    capitol could have
    been taken -- like the
    other posts in Southern
    territory.
    Virginia will go
    & will carry with her

    Maryland & Ky.
    There is intestine
    unrevealed trouble
    in Tennessee which
    I do not yet com-
    prehend.

    [Endorsement]

    [Placed at bottom left of page; writing is perpendicular to main text of letter.] S
    C. Sumner
    January 8. 1861