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    June 1st 1864 Wednesday 1st We began our career
    at Camp Sumter, Andersonville, Ga. We had a thunder
    shower to usher us in but it cleared off before night.
    R.L. Tinker & myself took up our quarters with some of our old
    shipmates chums. The hut or "Chebang" as our fellows
    call it, in which we live is roofed with four blankets &
    with logs for walls at the sides. Our "Chebang mates" are
    Martin Bannon, Jos. Conneton, John Foley, Thos. Mc.Carty
    N.K. Suydam, Alexander Clark, besides Tinker & myself.
    We are located upon a hill side sloping to the south.
    A small brook runs through the center of the lot from
    west to east, & another hill side sloping to the north forms the
    other side of the enclosure. The lot contains 18 acres & is fenced
    in with a solid stockade of hard pine logs about 10 or 12 feet high
    A light railing runs around inside, 20 feet from the
    stockade fence. It is called the dead line, & any one who ventures
    into the forbidden space is liable to be shot by the sentries.
    Between 19 & 20,000 prisoners are now here, which comprises about all of
    the prisoners held by the Sesesh, except officers who are con–
    fined at Macon. The rations here are of corn bread & bacon with
    now & then a few beans & some wood. Five 2nd Mass. Heavy Artillery
    men, captured at Plymouth N.C. April 20th occupy an extension of
    our "Chebang" built onto the east end thereof. It is roofed
    with a couple of blankets & makes the whole length of our establish–
    -ment three blankets or about 20 feet. We saw at Augusta
    several Blue Jackets who were on duty on board the "Housatonic"
    after we were captured & at the time she was sunk. They
    came here in a train that followed an hour or two behind ours.
    After the "Housatonic" was blown up they were transferred to
    the tug "Columbine," employed as a tender at Port Royal.
    She was attacked while on a foraging trip & being disabled
    was set on fire & burned by her crew, & they were captured.
    The Camp is flooded with greenbacks & their prices "cur
    -rent" range very high. Butter is $2.00 for a small cup full, say
    2/3 of a pint, Beans .35 for a pint, Salt .25 for two desert spoonsful
    Flour 1.00 to 1.50 per lb., Dried apples 1.00 per pint, molasses 1.50 per pint
    Brown Soap 3.00 for a bar = to about 1/3 of a Yankee bar. Onions
    1.00 each &c &c. Other peculiarities will be noted down from
    time to time as they are observed. Thursday 2nd Pleasant
    A.M. Thunder Shower P.M. which nearly drowned us out.
    Washed out my under clothes & took a thorough bath.
    The water here is quite good though a trifle riley. We fall in
    for roll call once a day at 6 o'clock A.M. Friday 3d Pleas
    ant AM. Thunder shower P.M. We partly rebuilt our
    "Chebang", in the morning, so that we have not much
    to fear from the rain in future. Saturday 4th Rainy
    with some thunder. The weather is not very hot as
    yet -- we have a little breeze every day & the nights are quite cool

    Saturday June 11th Sunday 5th Showery with now
    & then a streak of sunshine. Monday 6th Pleasant in the
    A.M. Shower in the evening. Wrote a letter to my wife but did
    not mail it, as I cannot ascertain when the mail is
    to leave. Tuesday 7th Showery, with considerable sun
    at intervals Stewed beans were issued to some of the messes
    yesterday & today. Wednesday 8th Pleasant & rather hot. Boiled
    rice was served out today. About a thousand prisoners came
    in yesterday from Grant's army, Belle Island, (among whom were
    some of our crowd of "blue jackets" who have been at work in the
    Richmond hospitals, & the crew of the U.S.S. Water Witch
    captured about a week ago near Savannah by seven barges.
    We had soup for dinner today made of ham, rice &
    young cabbages. Quite a number of ovens have been built
    lately of red earth or clay. They are about the size of a
    medium range oven, set on the top of the ground & the tops are
    turned on twigs. A hot fire hardens the clay by the time
    the twigs are burned out. Biscuit three inches in diameter
    are baked in these & sell for .50 each Thursday 9th Showers
    & sunshine as usual. Friday 10th Showers and Sunshine again.
    Saturday 11th Weather today follows the suit of the pre
    ceding days of the week. We have had more or less
    thunder with our showers every day. The rain washes &
    purifies our camp, & is quite a benefit to us in this way.
    Many of our men are so filthy & careless in their habits that
    these showers are quite necessary for the prevention of
    the breaking out of a plague. Saturday June 18th
    Sunday 12th Pleasant in the morning showers in the
    evening which held on all night. Read my bible &
    some monthly Journals, from home. Our rations
    today consisted of a small bit of ham, a gill of rice,
    (raw). Monday 13th cloudy & rainy, with the wind N.E.
    & quite chilly. Read all day, as it was too stormy for a
    washing day. Raw rice instead of bread again, today.
    Tuesday 14th Stormy & chilly with the wind still N.E.
    We had boiled rice for breakfast & stewed beans for supper today
    Wednesday 15th Warmer with a heavy close air & drizzling
    clouds. A prisoner who was trying to persuade others to go
    out & work at shoemaking was caught & half of his head
    shaved, when he begged to be allowed to take an oath that
    he would desist & not go out himself either, & so he
    saved his beard from a similar fate. The squad
    who shaved him were deprived of their rations today
    by way of punishment. Thursday 16th Stormy until about
    an hour before sunset When the sun came out, for
    a rarity. I washed out an undershirt & a pair
    of socks & got them nearly dry. Bannon, Clark
    Tinker, Suydam & Mc.Carty went out to work at the

    hospital, as police &c, today. Hyde & White also went.
    We went had stewed turnips & rice today for supper.
    Friday 17th Stormy again. Read, & mended my socks.
    Had turnips & squash for supper Saturday 18th Stormy tho.
    we had now & then a streak of sunshine. Stewed
    some rice for supper. Saturday June 25th Sunday 19th
    opens the week with a pleasant forenoon & evening, tho
    we had quite a thunder shower at 3 P.M. Read "Contem
    -plations of Sacred History", by Joseph Hall, sometime Lord
    Bishop of Norwich", & liked it very much. Monday 20th
    Pleasant & quite warm in the forenoon; heavy rain
    after two o'clock P.M. We had no roll call yesterday
    nor today & it is said that we are to have none until
    the enlargement of the stockade is completed.
    Stewed some rice for supper & had molasses with it.
    Tuesday 21st Pleasant in the morning. Had boiled eggs
    for breakfast: also fried rice & hot corn dodger.
    Slight shower in the afternoon. Had a cake made of
    irish potatoes & onions, boiled, mashed & then fried
    Hewed a lot of firewood off of a large log that forms a
    part of the lower side of our "Chebang" Wednesday 22nd
    Comfortable & pleasant in the morning tho a little cloudy.
    For a wonder it did not rain in the afternoon. Had
    boiled eggs for breakfast & potatoe cake for supper. Joe
    bought a sack of flour today & we made some "wheat
    & indian" bread for tomorrow. Thursday 23d Pleasant
    Had potato cake again for supper & also some nice summer
    squashes, boiled & squeezed. Friday 24th Pleasant, tho hot.
    We had fresh beef rations today for yesterday & today.
    Had beef steak for breakfast & rice soup for supper.
    Recd. a note from Tinker last evening, & sent an answer
    out this morning. Saturday 25th Pleasant, but hot, again
    Sunday 26th Pleasant. Began to mess by myself today. Made a
    short cake of indian meal & pork fat. Read "Contempla-
    tions of sacred history". Monday 27th Pleasant & hot.
    Washed out my shirts, drawers, & socks. Made some
    beef soup of my ration of fresh beef & then made it
    into mush Tuesday 28th "Pleasant & hot," again in the
    forenoon, with a smart thunder shower at noon, &
    another at night. Wednesday 29th Pleasant. Last night
    a gang of raiders committed some desperate acts in the
    robbing & stabbing line & today there has been quite a
    commotion in camp, caused by the arrest of 50 or 60 of the
    guilty. We got no rations today in consequence of this trouble.
    Thursday 30th Pleasant. More raiders were arrested today.
    They are to be tired by a jury of our own men. We got our
    rations as usual. Raised a little money today on books
    & had some nice white beans for supper.