Online: Massachusetts Maps

Manuscript map of Billerica, Mass., circa 1760

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Manuscript map of Billerica, Mass., circa 1760 Pencil and ink

This manuscript map of Billerica is rich in detail. The unidentified creator drew the town's borders, listing the locations of stakes, stones, and stumps, as well as different types of trees, such as White Oak, small Birch, Pine Tree, Red Oak, etc. The Concord River is a major landmark on the western portion of the town. Inside the town's boundaries, in pencil, are a series of grids and measurements. Some land is designated for private use, and some public, like the large Billerica Common in the center of the map. Governor John Winthrop was a major land owner in the town, with large plots of land, including a meadow, on both sides of the Billerica Common.

Attached to the verso of the map is a clipping from Hazens' History of Billerica, (page 510): "Mr. Merton Simonds, of Bedford, has favored me with the use of papers from the estate of an uncle, who was a surveyor. They include a chart of Billerica, drawn, as internal evidence shows, about 1760, which gives the important minor farm lines in the Billerica portion of that town. This, with Mr. Simonds approval, will also be placed in the case of the Historical Society." (Image of clipping on verso is not available within the online presentation.)