Adams Family Correspondence, volume 8

Abigail Adams to Lucy Cranch

Abigail Adams to Mary Smith Cranch

William Stephens Smith to Abigail Adams Smith, 26 April 1787 Smith, William Stephens Smith, Abigail Adams
William Stephens Smith to Abigail Adams Smith
York House, Dover, April 26th, 1787.1

I dare say, my friend, when you receive this, you will think I have moved with great rapidity.

There have but two things occurred on the road which are worth mentioning; the one is my having met Mr. Rucker; we stopped, jumped out of our carriages, I into the dust, and he out of it; he had a great coat on, and his beard he brought from Paris with him; I wonder how it passed the custom-house officers at this place, for they are as sharp as need be. As to the other, it happened between this and Canterbury; but I must insist in the first place that you do not receive it as a Canterbury story. Well, silence gives, or at least in this instance must pass for, consent, which being granted, I proceed to this ignus fatuus, or Jack-o-lanthorn story.

Curioni was perched, bolt upright, in front of the postillions, who were lashing their nags and clattering away, as if ten thousand musquetoes were after them, when behold, we found ourselves upon an extended plain, and the sable curtains of the night falling apace: what was to be done in this case? Some would attempt an answer here, but I, like Will-o-the-Wisp, am above this, and proceed to tell you what I did—I took out my little tin case, and with a match 28lighted the lamps. The horses stopped, Curioni rose perpendicular and cried: “Sir, I begged them not to be alarmed, but the one to set down, and the other to drive on, that no one would hurt them.” “Oh,” said the postillion, “what's this?” “Phosphor,” said I; crack went the whip, and they moved with such rapidity, it struck me they were anxious to arrive at some inhabited place, and wished themselves safe home again. I must not practise this in Spain or Portugal, or I may be detained.


W. S. S.

MS not found. Printed from AA2, Jour. and Corr. , 1:125–126.


Between late April and late August, while on a diplomatic journey to Portugal by way of France and Spain, WSS wrote at least 23 letters to AA2. They were dated 26 April, from Dover, England; 27 (2 letters) and 28 April, and 5, 10, 14, 19, and 20 May, from France; 25 and 31 May, 6, 10, 18, 21 [25], and 30 June, and 3 and 9 July, from Spain; 16 and 31 July, from Portugal; and 20, 22, and 27 Aug., from southwest England. All are printed in AA2, Jour. and Corr. , 1:125–202, which is their only extant source.

Three considerations have persuaded the editors to print only three of these letters (26 April, 6 June, and 22 Aug.) in AFC . First, no replies from AA2 have been found. Second, they give no information about the Adams family and its life in England. Finally, because no holographs have been located, the editors can add nothing textually to the printed source, beyond correcting a few obvious errors of date or fact that any perceptive reader can perform.