Diary of Charles Francis Adams, volume 5


January. 1833. Tuesday. 1st.

xxxvi Guide to Editorial Apparatus Guide to Editorial Apparatus
Guide to Editorial Apparatus

In the first three sections (1–3) of the six sections of this Guide are listed, respectively, the arbitrary devices used for clarifying the text, the code names for designating prominent members of the Adams family, and the symbols describing the various kinds of MS originals used or referred to, that are employed throughout The Adams Papers in all its series and parts. In the final three sections (4–6) are listed, respectively, only those symbols designating institutions holding original materials, the various abbreviations and conventional terms, and the short titles of books and other works, that occur in volumes 5 and 6 of the Diary of Charles Francis Adams . The editors propose to maintain this pattern for the Guide to Editorial Apparatus in each of the smaller units, published at intervals, of all the series and parts of the edition that are so extensive as to continue through many volumes. On the other hand, in short and specialized series and/or parts of the edition, the Guide to Editorial Apparatus will be given more summary form tailored to its immediate purpose.

Textual Devices

The following devices will be used throughout The Adams Papers to clarify the presentation of the text.

[...], [....] One or two words missing and not conjecturable.
[...]1, [....]1 More than two words missing and not conjecturable; subjoined footnote estimates amount of missing matter.
[ ] Number or part of a number missing or illegible. Amount of blank space inside brackets approximates the number of missing or illegible digits.
[roman] Conjectural reading for missing or illegible matter. A question mark is inserted before the closing bracket if the conjectural reading is seriously doubtful.
<italic> Matter canceled in the manuscript but restored in our text.
[italic] Editorial insertion in the text.
Adams Family Code Names
First Generation
JA John Adams (1735–1826)
AA Abigail Smith (1744–1818), m. JA 1764
Second Generation
JQA John Quincy Adams (1767–1848), son of JA and AA
LCA Louisa Catherine Johnson (1775–1852), m. JQA 1797
CA Charles Adams (1770–1800), son of JA and AA
Mrs. CA Sarah Smith (1769–1828), sister of WSS, m. CA 1795
TBA Thomas Boylston Adams (1772–1832), son of JA and AA
Mrs. TBA Ann Harrod (1774?–1845), m. TBA 1805
AA2 Abigail Adams (1765–1813), daughter of JA and AA, m. WSS 1786
WSS William Stephens Smith (1755–1816), brother of Mrs. CA
Third Generation
GWA George Washington Adams (1801–1829), son of JQA and LCA
JA2 John Adams (1803–1834), son of JQA and LCA
Mrs. JA2 Mary Catherine Hellen (1806?–1870), m. JA2 1828
CFA Charles Francis Adams (1807–1886), son of JQA and LCA
ABA Abigail Brown Brooks (1808–1889), m. CFA 1829
ECA Elizabeth Coombs Adams (1808–1903), daughter of TBA and Mrs. TBA
Fourth Generation
JQA2 John Quincy Adams (1833–1894), son of CFA and ABA
CFA2 Charles Francis Adams (1835–1915), son of CFA and ABA
HA Henry Adams (1838–1918), son of CFA and ABA
MHA Marian Hooper (1842–1885), m. HA 1872
BA Brooks Adams (1848–1927), son of CFA and ABA
LCA2 Louisa Catherine Adams (1831–1870), daughter of CFA and ABA, m. Charles Kuhn 1854
MA Mary Adams (1845–1928), daughter of CFA and ABA, m. Henry Parker Quincy 1877
Fifth Generation
CFA3 Charles Francis Adams (1866–1954), son of JQA2
HA2 Henry Adams (1875–1951), son of CFA2
Descriptive Symbols

The following symbols will be employed throughout The Adams Papers to describe or identify in brief form the various kinds of manuscript originals.

D Diary (Used only to designate a diary written by a member of the Adams family and always in combination with the short form of the writer’s name and a serial number, as follows: D/JA/23, i.e. the twenty-third fascicle or volume of John Adams’ manuscript Diary.)
Dft draft
Dupl duplicate
FC file copy (Ordinarily a copy of a letter retained by a correspondent other than an Adams, for example Jefferson’s press copies and polygraph copies, since all three of the Adams statesmen systematically entered copies of their outgoing letters in letterbooks.)
Lb Letterbook (Used only to designate Adams letterbooks and always in combination with the short form of the writer’s name and a serial number, as follows: Lb/JQA/29, i.e. the twenty-ninth volume of John Quincy Adams’ Letterbooks.)
LbC letterbook copy (Letterbook copies are normally unsigned, but any such copy is assumed to be in the hand of the person responsible for the text unless it is otherwise described.)
M Miscellany (Used only to designate materials in the section of the Adams Papers known as the “Miscellany” and always in combination with the short form of the writer’s name and a serial number, as follows: M/CFA/32, i.e. the thirty-second volume of the Charles Francis Adams Miscellany—a ledger volume mainly containing transcripts made by CFA in 1833 of selections from the family papers.)
MS, MSS manuscript, manuscripts
RC recipient’s copy (A recipient’s copy is assumed to be in the hand of the signer unless it is otherwise described.)
Tr transcript (A copy, handwritten or typewritten, made substantially later than the original or than other copies—such as duplicates, file copies, letterbook copies—that were made contemporaneously.)
Tripl triplicate
Location Symbols
DLC Library of Congress
MB Boston Public Library
MBAt Boston Athenaeum
MH-Ar Harvard University Archives
MHi Massachusetts Historical Society
MQA Adams National Historic Site (“Old House”), Quincy, Massachusetts
MWA American Antiquarian Society
PHi Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Other Abbreviations and Conventional Terms
A set of genealogical charts and a concise biographical register of the Adams family in the Presidential line and of closely related families from the 17th through the 19th century. The Adams Genealogy is now being compiled and will be published as a part of The Adams Papers. Manuscripts and other materials, 1639–1889, in the Adams Manuscript Trust collection given to the Massachusetts Historical Society in 1956 and enlarged by a few additions of family papers since then. Citations in the present edition are simply by date of the original document if the original is in the main chronological series of the Papers and therefore readily found in the microfilm edition of the Adams Papers (see below). The location of materials in the Letterbooks and in the volumes of Miscellany is given more fully and, if the original would be hard to locate, by the microfilm reel number. The corpus of the Adams Papers, 1639–1889, as published on microfilm by the Massachusetts Historical Society, 1954–1959, in 608 reels. Cited xxxixin the present work, when necessary, by reel number. Available in research libraries throughout the United States and in a few libraries in Europe. The present edition in letterpress, published by The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. References to earlier volumes of any given unit will take this form: vol. 2:146. Since there will be no over-all volume numbering for the edition, references from one series, or unit of a series, to another will be by title, volume, and page; for example, JA, Diary and Autobiography , 4:205. “Farm Journal,” 13 vols., 1808–1848, a diary primarily devoted to matters relevant to his Medford estate but containing some entries of family concern; a part of the MSS of Peter Chardon Brooks Sr. in the Massachusetts Historical Society. The papers of Edward Everett in the Massachusetts Historical Society. Included are a diary, 62 vols., 1814–1864; letterbooks, 67 vols., 1825–1864; and a chronological file of letters received, 18 boxes, 1819–1865. The account book of CFA as manager of JQA’s business affairs in Boston, 1828–1846; Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 297. The payment of routine agency bills, the receipt of rents from tenants, fully recorded here and sometimes alluded to in CFA’s journal entries, have not ordinarily been specifically annotated in the text. The papers of the Quincy family, in the Massachusetts Historical Society. Included are 39 vols. and 27 boxes, 1635–1886.
Short Titles of Works Frequently Cited
Letters of Mrs. Adams, the Wife of John Adams. With an Introductory Memoir by Her Grandson, Charles Francis Adams, Boston, 1840. New Letters of Abigail Adams, 1788–1801, ed. Stewart Mitchell, Boston, 1947. Adams Family Correspondence, ed. L. H. Butterfield and others, Cambridge, 1963– . American Historical Review. American Philosophical Society, Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, Held at Philadelphia, for Promoting Useful Knowledge. xl Samuel Flagg Bemis, John Quincy Adams, New York, 1949–1956; 2 vols. [Vol. 1]:John Quincy Adams and the Foundations of American Foreign Policy; [vol. 2]:John Quincy Adams and the Union. Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774–1949, Washington, 1950. Boston Directory, issued annually with varying imprints. Alden Bradford, History of Massachusetts, Boston, 1822–1829; 3 vols. Catalogue of the John Adams Library in the Public Library of the City of Boston, Boston, 1917. Diary of Charles Francis Adams, Cambridge, 1964– . Vols. 1–2, ed. Aïda DiPace Donald and David Donald; vols. 3–4, ed. Marc Friedlaender and L. H. Butterfield. Charles Francis Adams [2d], Charles Francis Adams, 1835–1915: An Autobiography; with a Memorial Address Delivered November 17, 1915, by Henry Cabot Lodge, Boston and New York, 1916. Charles Francis Adams [2d], Charles Francis Adams, Boston and New York, 1900. Allen Chamberlain, Beacon Hill: Its Ancient Pastures and Early Mansions, Boston and New York, 1925. Colonial Society of Massachusetts, Publications. Congressional Globe, Containing the Debates and Proceedings, 1833–1873, Washington, 1834–1893; 109 vols. Allen Johnson and Dumas Malone, eds., Dictionary of American Biography, New York, 1928–1936; 20 vols. plus index and supplements. George Dangerfield, The Era of Good Feelings, New York, 1952. Arthur B. Darling, Political Changes in Massachusetts, 1824–1848: A Study of Liberal Movements in Politics, New Haven, 1925. Mitford M. Mathews, ed., A Dictionary of Americanisms on Historical Principles, Chicago, 1951. xli Leslie Stephen and Sidney Lee, eds., The Dictionary of National Biography, New York and London, 1885–1900; 63 vols. plus supplements. Martin B. Duberman, Charles Francis Adams, 1807–1886, Boston, 1961. William Churchill Edwards, Historic Quincy, Massachusetts, Quincy, 1954. William H. Gilman and others, eds., The Journals and Miscellaneous Notebooks of Ralph Waldo Emerson, Cambridge, 1960– . Paul Revere Frothingham, Edward Everett: Orator and Statesman, Boston, 1925. George C. Groce and David H. Wallace, The New-York Historical Society’s Dictionary of Artists in America, 1564–1860, New Haven and London, 1957. Henry Adams, The Education of Henry Adams: An Autobiography, Boston, The Massachusetts Historical Society, 1918. Documents Relating to New-England Federalism, 1800–1815, ed. Henry Adams, Boston, 1877. Harvard University, Quinquennial Catalogue of the Officers and Graduates, 1636–1930, Cambridge, 1930. The Diary of Philip Hone, 1828–1851, ed. Tuckerman, New York, 1889; 2 vols. Diary and Autobiography of John Adams, ed. L. H. Butterfield and others, Cambridge, 1961; 4 vols. The Earliest Diary of John Adams, ed. L. H. Butterfield and others, Cambridge, 1966. The Works of John Adams, Second President of the United States: with a Life of the Author, ed. Charles Francis Adams, Boston, 1850–1856; 10 vols. Memoirs of John Quincy Adams, Comprising Portions of His Diary from 1795 to 1848, ed. Charles Francis Adams, Philadelphia, 1874–1877; 12 vols. The Writings of John Quincy Adams, ed. Worthington C. Ford, New York, 1913–1917; 7 vols. The Writings of James Madison ..., ed. Gaillard Hunt, New York and London, 1900–1910; 9 vols. xlii The Massachusetts Register and United States Calendar, Boston, 1801–1847; 47 vols. Massachusetts Historical Society, Collections and Proceedings. Samuel Eliot Morison, The Life and Letters of Harrison Gray Otis, Federalist, 1765–1848, Boston and New York, 1913; 2 vols. Samuel Eliot Morison, Three Centuries of Harvard, 1636–1936, Cambridge, 1936. Niles’ Weekly Register, Baltimore, 1811–1849. North American Review, Boston, etc., 1815–1940. Edward T. James, ed., Notable American Women, 1607–1950, a Biographical Dictionary, Cambridge, Mass., 1971; 3 vols. George C. D. Odell, Annals of the New York Stage, New York, 1927–1949; 15 vols. The Oxford English Dictionary, Oxford, 1933; 12 vols. and supplement. Andrew Oliver, Portraits of John and Abigail Adams, Cambridge, 1967. Andrew Oliver, Portraits of John Quincy Adams and His Wife, Cambridge, 1970. Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography. Edmund Quincy, Life of Josiah Quincy of Massachusetts, Boston, 1868. Josiah Quincy [1802–1882], Figures of the Past, from the Leaves of Old Journals, ed. M. A. DeWolfe Howe, Boston, 1926. Register of Debates in Congress, 1824–1837, Washington, 1825–1837; 14 vols. in 29 pts. Letters of Benjamin Rush, ed. L. H. Butterfield, Princeton, 1951; 2 vols. Webster’s New International Dictionary of the English Language, Second Edition, Unabridged, Springfield, Mass., 1957. Justin Winsor, ed., The Memorial History of Boston, Including Suffolk County, 1630–1880, Boston, 1880–1881; 4 vols.