Adams Family Correspondence, volume 3

Abigail Adams to John Thaxter, 23 July 1778 AA Thaxter, John Abigail Adams to John Thaxter, 23 July 1778 Adams, Abigail Thaxter, John
Abigail Adams to John Thaxter
Dear Sir July 23 1778

I have not wrote you so soon as I should have done, if I had known where to have directed to you, but your kind favours of july 6 and 10 which reachd me yesterday leaves me no longer at a loss.

I will not leave you any longer in Suspence with regard to your worthy parent who has happily recoverd from the small pox. I omitted writing before not being willing to tell you that he had so plentifull a portion of the disease as he really had, he is very cleverly since; your Mamma is exceeding anxious about your Health, and fears that troublesome humor will be distructive to it. Let me at the same time add a caution to you at this very Hot Season of the year. Do not by carelessness or indiscretion rob your parents of a darling Son, some worthy Girl of a deserving tender partner, and the world of a promiseing and usefull citizen.

What says my young Friend, I have never inquired into this matter yet?1 Have you in York or Pensilviana found a favourd object? Your remarks have been wholy confined to your own Sex, not a Female has been mentiond any more than if you were intirely excluded from them. Diffident as you were, there are some attractions sufficent to draw your attention. Have you found no striking characters, no Ladies of Literature? Come Sir, shew your faculty at discription and let me know the accomplishments of the fair Sex in that part of the world.

I am very sorry that General Lee should disgrace himself and the cause he is engaged in. My opinion of him, was that he was a Friend to the Rights of Mankind and a Lover of Liberty where ever he found it without any perticuliar attachment to one country or climate more than an other.

“Honour is a sacred tie, The Noble mind's distinguishing perfection.” If he has forfeited that I know not what hold we can have of 65him. His principals with regard to religion were rather loose I believe.

I rejoice with every virtuous citizen in their return to the city, and hope from the account you give that tis throughly purged purified.

Write me an account of the French Ambassador's arrival and every other occurance you meet with worth communicating. The congratulations of my Friends were never more agreable to me. I have indubitable proofs of his safe arrival by two Letters under his own Hand, and Letters from Master John. They had rather a dissagreable Voyage but arrived at Bordeaux the beginning of April. The 4 sit of for Paris and arrived there in 4 days the distance 400 and 50 miles.2 Master John writes that he is placed at a School in Paris, where the discipline is pretty strict, his pappa resides about 2 miles out of town with Dr. Franklin at Passy. The Letters relative to their voyage I lost, the vessel being taken the Letters were thrown over.

And now sir I dare say you think I feel happy, comparitively I do—but this is a state of restless anxiety, and I find a “Craveing void left akeing in my Breast.” My Situation is Lonesome. Miss Nabby is at School in Boston. Myself, two Children and two domesticks comprise my family which used to consist of more than a dozen.

Tis reported here that Mr. Hancock is returning out of Health. Is it really or politically so? Did he expect an offer, which he never made himself. I fancy he did, and his Disease is mortification. A little of it will do no injury.3

We have lost one of our Neighbours since you left us. Mr. Bass died this week with the small pox in the natural way.4 My Father had it very lightly, was not absent quite 3 weeks.

Mr. Hardwick begs me to write and ask the favour of you to purchase him one Hundred of Needles No. 6 fit for his Buisness and enclose them to me by whom he will remit the money let it be what it will. I send forward by this conveyance Letters which have lain more than a week becaus we knew not how to direct.

Master Charles and Tommy send their regards. I expect to take a journey to Haverhill next week where I have not yet been.

Present my regards to Mr. Lovell with thanks for his favour convey'd by you. I shall find some excuse or other to scrible to him soon I suppose. I place a high value upon his Letters tho he will like the rest of you flatter.

Are you in the same office you first went into? How has your regulateing act succeeded? Is the price of things more moderate in Philadelphia than in York Town. Our Currency what shall we do with it? 66Lawfull money is not so good as old tennor used to be. My paper reminds me that tis time to close assuring you that I am with great regard Your Friend,


RC (MB); endorsed: “Mrs. Adams July 1778.” Accompanying letters not found or identified.


Thus punctuated in MS, admitting of several different readings.


The details in this sentence are not in any letter known to have been received by AA from France, but they could have been communicated by Sir James Jay and George Digges during their recent visit.


“Yesterday the Hon. John Hancock, Esq; one of [the] Delegates of this State; and the Hon. Richard Hudson [i.e. Hutson], Esq; one of the Delegates from the State of South Carolina, arrived here from Congress” (Boston Gazette, 27 July 1778). The “offer” which AA thought Hancock may have expected but “which he had never made himself” in similar circumstances must have related to the presidency of Congress.


Jonathan Bass (1729–1778), who lived only two or three doors away from the Adamses in Braintree and had served with JA on the town committee that laid out the North Commons in 1765 (JA, Diary and Autobiography , 1:301–302; 3:279–280; Pattee, Old Braintree and Quincy , p. 38; information from Mr. William C. Edwards, city historian of Quincy and a descendant of Bass).

John Adams to Abigail Adams, 26 July 1778 JA AA John Adams to Abigail Adams, 26 July 1778 Adams, John Adams, Abigail
John Adams to Abigail Adams
My dearest Friend Passi July 26. 1778

Yours of the Tenth of June by Captain Barnes was brought to me Yesterday, which is only the second that I have yet received from you. The other is of 25 March.1 I have written to you, several Times, as often as I could, and hope they will arrive. I have put on board one ship, all the Articles in your Minute. By Captain Niles I have sent you a smal Present of Tea.2 By Captain Barnes, I will send some few Things.

You enquire how you shall pay Taxes?—I will tell you.—Ask the favour of your Uncle Smith or Some other Friend to let you have Silver, and draw your Bills upon me. The Money shall be paid, in the instant of the sight of your Bill, but let it be drawn in your own Hand Writing. Any body who wants to remit Cash to France, Spain, Holland or England, will let you have the Money. You may draw with Confidence, for the Cash shall be paid here. I suppose however, that one hundred Pounds, a Year, sterling will be as much as you will have Occasion for. With silver, you may get your Father, or your Uncle or Brother Cranch to pay your Taxes.3

You have made your Son very happy by your Letter to him—he is writing a long Answer. He begins to read and speak French, pretty well. He behaves well, and is much esteemed here, which gives me 67constant Pleasure.—His Sister is to blame for not writing to him as well as to me.—He has been very good, is almost constantly writing to her, and his Brothers, and to his Cousins and his Friend Joshua Green,4 and many other Correspondents. He wrote a french Letter the other Day to his Grand Pa.5 He will write to his Grand ma, to whom present his and my most affectionate and dutiful Respects.

As to Politicks, The Emperor and King of Prussia are at War. France and England are the same altho there is yet no formal Manifesto. America, I think has nothing to fear from Europe. Let her chase away the broken Remnants of her Ennemies, now within her Limits, and lay on Taxes, with a manly Resolution, in order to raise the Credit of her Currency and she will do very well.

This is a delicious Country. Every Thing that can sooth, charm and bewitch is here. But these are no Enchantments for me. My Time is employed in the public Business, in studying French like a school Boy, and in fervent Wishes, that the happy Time may arrive soon, when I may exchange the Elegances and Magnificence of Europe for the Simplicity of Pens Hill, and the Glory of War, for the Obscurity of private Contemplation. Farewell.

LbC (Adams Papers). RC, presumably sent by Capt. Corbin Barnes in the Dispatch, along with “some few Things,” has not been found, was never acknowledged by AA, and must have been lost when Barnes was captured soon afterward; see JA to AA, 6 Nov., below.


Acknowledged by JA in his letter of 16 June, above, but unaccountably missing from the Adams Papers.


Capt. Robert Niles, of the Connecticut ship Spy, who had brought Congress' ratifications of the treaties with France, was also captured on the return voyage; see JA to AA, 6 Nov., below.


On 28 July JA repeated the substance of this paragraph and sent it off as a letter to AA by a different vessel. Apparently it too never reached her, for it was never acknowledged and remains only as a letterbook copy in the Adams Papers (Microfilms, Reel No. 95). It has been omitted from the present edition.


A letter from JQA to his friend Joshua Green, 5 July 1778, survives in the Adams Papers (LbC, Microfilms, Reel No. 96).


Not found.