Adams Family Correspondence, volume 5

John Thaxter to Abigail Adams, 9 October 1782 Thaxter, John AA John Thaxter to Abigail Adams, 9 October 1782 Thaxter, John Adams, Abigail
John Thaxter to Abigail Adams
Madam Hague 9th. October 1782

In receiving the Communication, that the Treaty of Amity and Commerce between the United States of America, and the seven United Provinces, was yesterday signed,1 You will at the same Time accept my sincere Congratulations upon this Event. It has been a long, tedious and troublesome Negotiation, and fortunately for our Country in very good Hands. Every Negotiation here takes up so much Time, even upon Matters of no great Pith or Moment. How much then was necessary to the Accomplishment of the great Object in view? The Nature of the Business, almost answers the Question. The dispute between Britain and America was to be laid open, the Progress of it stated, the Resources and Ability of America to defend and secure her Independence against the Force of her Enemies were to be clearly proved, and the Advantages of a friendly Connection between the two Countries were to be shewn in an indisputable manner. These were important Truths, and great Care, prudence and Delicacy were required in unfolding them to the public Eye. Unforeseen Events, that influence and impress the public Mind, were oftentimes occurring, and operated new difficulties to the progress of the Mission, produced Suspicions, or Fears and gave new Life and a 9fresh Recruit of Spirits to busy Anglomany,2 ever employed in strengthening its Party, and in Endeavours to obscure the Light of Truth. Add to all this, the falsehoods and Impositions that circulated from the British Magazine all over Europe. The English spared no Pains and hesitated at no Absurdities nor Impostures however gross and palpable, to work upon the Passions, mislead the Judgments, and pervert any good Dispositions that were manifesting themselves in this Country. There was an Advantage in having the first Intelligence of any Event in America, to avail oneself of the first Impressions. In this the English were successful and any trifling Advantage in no wise affecting the general Issue of the War, was trumpd up by them into a decisive Victory, and a Court Gazette could magnify the contemptible littleness of a Gnat to the Magnitude of a Mountain, till an American Account could furnish a true Medium to view the Affair. These are some of the difficulties, tho' but a few of the whole Number, which have embarrassed and perplexed this Negotiation. However the Dye was cast, and the lucky Number turn'd. Thank God for all things, and especially for that Degree of Faith Patience and Perseverance with which he inspired him, who had the Conduct of this Business. There is no negotiating here without these Virtues. Your dearest Friend has gained himself great Honor, and both his Ability and Firmness have been highly complimented and applauded. Give me Credit, Madam, for writing three sides soberly—more than I expected when I sat down to write. Now I would be saucy if I dare, and make You gay for a few Moments. I could launch into a little domestic History, and tell You the manner in which We live describe Characters &ca. but I must not. If the Letter should be taken the deuce would be played with me. So I must be silent. I shall not return this Season as I expected. I shall make a short Trip to another Country first. You will know the Reason why from your dearest Friend. 3 Tis a better Climate than this.

Gibralter is not yet taken nor will be I believe this Season. What Expence to no Purpose?

What would I give to embrace all the dear Girls? That is if they should be willing. I long to peep in upon them, and participate in the pleasures of their sweet Society.

I hope Master Charles will write to me. Does he want to come to Europe again? If he does, tell him he had better stay at home, till he is old enough to come here as Minister plenipo' and then I shall claim 10his Promise of appointing me his Secretary. My Love to him, Miss Nabby and Tommy and Respects to all friends. With an invariable Respect, Madam, your most humble Servant.

RC (Adams Papers).


This treaty culminated more than two years of diplomatic labors by JA. The climactic event was the Netherlands' decision, on 19 April, to recognize JA as the representative of an independent sovereign nation, an act that JA himself called “a signal Tryumph” for the United States (to AA, 1 July, vol. 4:338). Copies of the treaty, in English and Dutch, are in the Adams Papers, dated 8 October. See Thaxter to JA, 20 April (vol. 4:311–313); JA, Diary and Autobiography , 3:3–5, note 1, 8–9, note 1, 16–17, note 2; and Celeste Walker, John Adams & a “signal Tryumph”: The Beginning of 200 Years of American-Dutch Friendship, Massachusetts Historical Society, Picturebook, Boston, 1982.


Here, apparently, meaning the effort by English or Dutchmen to advance England's interest in the Netherlands. Thaxter had already used the word “Anglomanes,” in Aug. 1781, to describe Dutchmen sympathetic to England (vol. 4:205). JA quoted a similar use of “Anglomanes” by the Spanish minister to the Netherlands in his 28 April letter to Edmund Jenings (Adams Papers), and again in his 1 July letter to AA (vol. 4:339), and he used “Anglomanie” in his Diary on 5 Oct. 1782 to describe pro-British sentiment in Sweden ( Diary and Autobiography , 3:14). For later uses of this word and its variants by Thomas Jefferson and others, see OED .


A worn fold in the text has made a sentence of six or seven words illegible. Thaxter was shortly to accompany JA to Paris (JA to AA, 12 Oct., below).

Richard Cranch to John Adams, 10 October 1782 Cranch, Richard JA Richard Cranch to John Adams, 10 October 1782 Cranch, Richard Adams, John
Richard Cranch to John Adams
My dear Friend and Brother Boston Octr. 10th. 1782

I have just been inform'd by Uncle Smith that a Vessel will sail for Holland this Day; and as I wish to let you hear from your dearest Connections here by every oportunity, I hope you will excuse this Domestick Epistle. I left your Lady and Children all well this Week, your Mother and Brother and all our other Friends are as well as usual. I have had the happiness of receiving your esteemed Favours of June 17th. and July 2d,1 and heartily congratulate you on the most important Success of your Negotiation. You ask me how the news of our new Alliance is receiv'd? I answer that we had scarce heard any thing about it but meer uncertain Rumours untill I received your Letters of the above dates. It now begins to be generally known, and all that I have heard speak of it, express the highest sense of its importance, and of your indefatigable Labours and Exertions in bringing it about. I hope your Health will be restor'd, and that you will be return'd to your native Country, there to enjoy the Fruits of your most uncommon publick Virtue. I have been exceeding ill since I wrote you last, but am now, thro' the goodness of God, restor'd to a good degree of Strength and Health.


The Ship Apollo arriv'd here yesterday from Amsterdam, in which Mr. Guild came Passenger, who brought a Pacquet for your Wife which was sent up to Braintree last Evening. I have not yet seen Mr. Guild. The Publick has met with a great loss in the Death of Mr. Treasurer Gardner:2 He died last Tuesday Morning. Judge Sullivan has resign'd his office as one of the Justices of the supreme Judicial Court, and is return'd to the Barr. The Honorable Increase Sumner Esqr.3 is appointed in his room and has accepted. This appointment made a vacancy in the Senate which was fill'd up by our Friend the Honorable Cotton Tufts Esqr. (who faild of his Election in May by means of Court Influence as we think.) but he has resign'd, and now the Honorable Gen. Warren and, Caleb Davis Esqr.4 are the Candidates next in course; I think it probable that your Friend Gen. Warren will have the Choice; He now lives at Milton, having purchas'd the Estate that was Gov. Hutchinson's.

We have been visited with as severe a Drougth this Summer as ever was known, by which our Indian Corn has suffer'd much, and our after-feed has been entirely cut off in most places. The former part of the Summer was exceeding favourable for Grass, so that we have a great plenty of Hay. We have had a plenty of Rain for about a Week past, but it comes too late for the Grass. I hope you will excuse this hasty Letter, and believe me to be with the highest Esteem your ever affectionate Brother.

Richard Cranch

RC (Adams Papers).


See vol. 4:331–332, 339–340.


Henry Gardner, first treasurer and receiver general under the Massachusetts Constitution ( Sibley's Harvard Graduates , 12:558–560).


Increase Sumner was later governor of Massachusetts, 1797–1799 (same, 16:531–538).


Caleb Davis, first elected a representative from Boston in 1776, had corresponded with JA in 1777 (Mass., House Jour., 52:3; JA, Papers , 5:286).