Adams Family Correspondence, volume 8

Abigail Adams to Lucy Cranch, 26 April 1787 Adams, Abigail Cranch, Lucy
Abigail Adams to Lucy Cranch
London April 26 1787— my dear Neice

I write you a few lines my dear Lucy to thank you for your kind Letter, and to inform you that I am a Grandmamma! my Grandson be sure is a fine Boy, & I already feel as fond of him as if he was my own son, nay I can hardly persuade myself that he is not, especially as I have been sick for six weeks, I cannot however Nurse him so well as his mamma, who is already so fond of him, that I sometimes quote mrs Storer to her. who could have thought it?

He was Christened last thursday1 by dr Price and called William after his pappa. in this Country Children are not carried to church, so we had the Christning in the House and about a dozen of our Friends together upon the occasion. we supped & drank the young Heroes Health, & that of our Country and Friends. Mrs Smith dinned below with us, the day 3 weeks frum her confinement, and I 25have carried little master to ride 3 or four times already. he is very quiet and good, but his pappa is already obliged to leave him, & yesterday morning very reluctantly set of on a journey to portugal, in his way to which he takes France & Spain, & will be absent we expect near four Months, but thus it must be with those who are in publick office. at the same time mr Adams set of for portsmouth in order to hear the examination of a set of villians who have been counterfeiting the paper money of the American States, and mr Cutting accompanied him, so that we are quite alone. as soon as mrs Smith is able we shall make a little excursion into the Country, which I hope will reestablish my Health. My disorder has been long accumulating, & arises from a Billious state of my Blood. it has afflicted me spring & fall for several years, and has at last produced a slow intemitting fever. some days I am able to go out, others not, but it has wholy prevented my attendance upon Routes dinners2 theatres &c and o Lamentable, I have not been able to go to saint James for more than two months. all this I could have borne with tolerable patience, but what has been really matter of regret to me, is that I have been dissapointed of Seven Lectures out of 12 to which I Subsribed, and which I fear I shall never have the opportunity of attending. they would have afforded me much matter for future recollection & amusement from a retrospect of the Beauties of Nature, and her various opperations manifested in the Works of creation, an assemblage of Ideas entirely new, is presented to the mind. the five Lectures which I attended were experiments in Electricity, Magnetism Hydrostatics optics pemematicks, all of which are connected with, and are subservient to the accommodation of common Life.3 it was like going into a Beautifull Country, which I never saw before, a Country which our American Females are not permitted to visit or inspect, untill dr Moyes visited America,4 all experimental Phylosophy was confined within the walls of our Colledges— The Study of Household Good, as milton terms it, is no doubt the peculiar province of the Female Character.5 Yet surely as rational Beings, our reason might with propriety receive the highest possible cultivation. knowledge would teach our Sex candour, and those who aim at the attainment of it, in order to render themselves more amiable & usefull in the world would derive a double advantage from it, for in proportion as the mind is informed, the countanance would be improved & the face ennobled as the Heart is elevated,6 for wisdom says Soloman maketh the face to shine.7 even the Luxurious Eastern Sage thought not of rouge or the milk 26of roses—but that the virtuous wife should open her mouth with wisdom & the law of kindness dwell upon her Tongue,8 nor did he think this inconsistant with looking well to the ways of her household, or suppose that she would be less inclined to superintend the domestick oeconomy of her family, for having gone beyond the limits of her dressing room & her kitchen I quote Soloman on this occasion, as we may naturally suppose the picture drawn of a virtuous wife to be the result of his experience & his wisdom, after ranging at large amongst the Eastern Beauties: he pronounces the price of a virtuous woman to be far above rubies & the only character on which the Heart of a Husband may safely rest—9 the present mode of fashionable education is not calculated to form the rising generation upon the system of soloman. futile accomplishments are substituded in stead of rational improvements settled principals of Truth integrity & Honour are little attended to, Laudible motives of action & incentives to virtue, give place to the form of the Body, the Grace of motion, and a conscious air of superiority which knows neither the Blush of modesty, or diffidence. a Boarding school miss, that should discover either would be thought quite a novice—

But whither has my subject led me? I must return to the Female sphere & talk to you of fashions— the Sandals which I send, I fear will prove too large, but the shoe maker says they are according to the measure. the Novelty of taste has brought the immitation of the Scotch plad into vogue, Waistcoats Bonets & ribbons are all plad, sashes &C I send you a specimin of their Beauty and must quit my Pen to pay my devotions to the kind goddess of Health; whom I am to seek in the Park, or if warm enough in kensington gardens. Flora & Virtumnus10 will meet me there. adieu my dear girl. may the best of Heavens blessings rest upon you

Your ever affectionate

Aunt A Adams May 6th

from the Character of the reviewers I bought Louissa a novel11 the story of which is very interesting I send it you for your amusement

RC (MWA:Abigail Adams Letters). Dft (Adams Papers), filmed at 25 April.


19 April.


In the Dft AA adds “Card parties, &c.” here.


Robert Young taught a twelve-week lecture series discussing “the Mechanism and Motions of the Universe,” which began on 30 January. The lectures were held at No. 43, Gerard Street, in Soho (London Daily Universal Register, 27 Jan. 1787).


Dr. Henry Moyes, a blind “philosopher of Natural History” from Britain, had lectured in Boston in fall 1785 (vol. 6:419, 420, 501).

27 5.

Milton, Paradise Lost, Book IX, line 233.


The Dft ends the paragraph on a more secular note: “& thus may she become a pleasing companion to the man of Science & of Sensibility, enabled to form the minds of her children to virtue & to knowledge & not less capable or willing to superintend the domestick oeconomy of her family for having wanderd beyond the limits of the dressing room & the kitchen, to which even some men of sense have been illiberal enough to wish us confined but as mankind appear in the present age to acquire more freedom of thought & action in politicks in Phylosophy & in religion, it is to be hoped that the liberality of their Sentiments with extend to the cultivation & improvement of the Femal mind which stands much in need of motives & incentives to draw it from the present pernicious modes of fashionable Levities & polite accomplishments—as they are termed to more rational & durable improvements, what is life, or its enjoyments without setled principals Laudable purposes & mental exertions, a mere vapour indeed & as pope expresses it

'Born to no end, they worse than useless grow as waters poison when they cease to flow'”

The quotation is not from Pope but from William Whitehead, “On Ridicule,” Poems on Several Occasions, London, 1754, lines 45–46.


Psalms, 104:15, and Ecclesiastes, 8:1.


Proverbs, 31:26.


Proverbs, 31:10–11.


Flora was the Roman goddess of flowering plants; Vertumnus was the Roman god of seasons and plant life, especially orchards (J. Lempriere, A Classical Dictionary, N.Y., 1816).


Elizabeth Helme, Louisa; or, The Cottage on the Moor, London, 1787. The Critical Review described Louisa as “a pleasing little artless tale, much superior, both in its plan and conduct, to the numerous productions of this class. Curiosity is skilfully excited, expectation kept momentarily alive, and, at last, the intricacies are unravelled very satisfactorily” (63:308 [April 1787]).

William Stephens Smith to Abigail Adams Smith, 26 April 1787 Smith, William Stephens Smith, Abigail Adams
William Stephens Smith to Abigail Adams Smith
York House, Dover, April 26th, 1787.1

I dare say, my friend, when you receive this, you will think I have moved with great rapidity.

There have but two things occurred on the road which are worth mentioning; the one is my having met Mr. Rucker; we stopped, jumped out of our carriages, I into the dust, and he out of it; he had a great coat on, and his beard he brought from Paris with him; I wonder how it passed the custom-house officers at this place, for they are as sharp as need be. As to the other, it happened between this and Canterbury; but I must insist in the first place that you do not receive it as a Canterbury story. Well, silence gives, or at least in this instance must pass for, consent, which being granted, I proceed to this ignus fatuus, or Jack-o-lanthorn story.

Curioni was perched, bolt upright, in front of the postillions, who were lashing their nags and clattering away, as if ten thousand musquetoes were after them, when behold, we found ourselves upon an extended plain, and the sable curtains of the night falling apace: what was to be done in this case? Some would attempt an answer here, but I, like Will-o-the-Wisp, am above this, and proceed to tell you what I did—I took out my little tin case, and with a match 28lighted the lamps. The horses stopped, Curioni rose perpendicular and cried: “Sir, I begged them not to be alarmed, but the one to set down, and the other to drive on, that no one would hurt them.” “Oh,” said the postillion, “what's this?” “Phosphor,” said I; crack went the whip, and they moved with such rapidity, it struck me they were anxious to arrive at some inhabited place, and wished themselves safe home again. I must not practise this in Spain or Portugal, or I may be detained.


W. S. S.

MS not found. Printed from AA2, Jour. and Corr. , 1:125–126.


Between late April and late August, while on a diplomatic journey to Portugal by way of France and Spain, WSS wrote at least 23 letters to AA2. They were dated 26 April, from Dover, England; 27 (2 letters) and 28 April, and 5, 10, 14, 19, and 20 May, from France; 25 and 31 May, 6, 10, 18, 21 [25], and 30 June, and 3 and 9 July, from Spain; 16 and 31 July, from Portugal; and 20, 22, and 27 Aug., from southwest England. All are printed in AA2, Jour. and Corr. , 1:125–202, which is their only extant source.

Three considerations have persuaded the editors to print only three of these letters (26 April, 6 June, and 22 Aug.) in AFC . First, no replies from AA2 have been found. Second, they give no information about the Adams family and its life in England. Finally, because no holographs have been located, the editors can add nothing textually to the printed source, beyond correcting a few obvious errors of date or fact that any perceptive reader can perform.