Diary of John Quincy Adams, volume 2

250 5th. JQA 5th. Adams, John Quincy

Mrs. Cranch and Miss Betsey, went to Boston this morning, and propose not to return till Saturday. I read partly through, Wraxall's tour into the northern parts of Europe1 which is much inferior to Moore and Brydone.2 These letters are full of incidents which however interesting they may have been to the author, are not so in the least, to the public. His observations appear very superficial, and such as any youth might naturally make at the age of 19. We were going to walk in the evening, but were called back by the arrival of Mr. Tufts, and Miss Lucy Jones.3 They stay'd however but about a quarter of an hour, and proceeded to Weymouth.


Nathaniel William Wraxall, Cursory Remarks Made in a Tour through Some of the Northern Parts of Europe..., London, 1775.


Patrick Brydone, A Tour through Sicily and Malta..., 2 vols., London, 1774 (Harvard, Catalogus Bibliothecae, 1790, p. 73).


A niece of Cotton Tufts, who later married Joshua Cushman, one of JQA's classmates (Henry Wyles Cushman, A Historical and Biographical Genealogy of the Cushmans..., Boston, 1855, p. 185).

6th. JQA 6th. Adams, John Quincy

Finished Wraxall's tour, and am confirm'd in the opinion I had formed of it: the poor young man, is really to be pitied, when the tenderness of his heart, is always ready to overflow at the sight of a female. His great ardor in the pursuit of knowledge is very laudable, and would be equally meritorious if he had not said so much of it.

The weather was extremely warm.

Miss Charlotte Apthorp came in the evening and pass'd a couple of hours here.

7th. JQA 7th. Adams, John Quincy

Mrs. Cranch and Miss Betsey return'd from Boston this evening.

A ballad, founded on fact.1
Now ponder well, ye students sad, The words which I shall write, The people of the town are mad, And ready for the fight. 251 T'was once upon a sabbath day A day, which you shall rue That parson H——d2 could not pray And laid the fault to you, And when with melody of heart, The people rose to sing A noise was heard from every part, Which made the Church to ring. And, what can scarcely be believ'd Though I the truth attest E'en Foxcroft's3 voice was scarce perceiv'd Discordant with the rest. No wonder then his pious rage Burst forth into a flame, He vow'd an holy war to wage, And Winthrop4 did the same. Thus by the hand of mighty power Which good from evil draws, Men who were ne'er devout before Espouse religion's cause. “A seperation must ensue, Cries Winthrop all on fire, Or I will surely quit my pew, And from the church retire “What satisfaction can I reap From either pray'r or sermon If I am thus bereft of sleep, By this audacious vermin.” “My voice, no longer will I raise” The worthy Foxcroft said “The lord, no longer will I praise, If such a noise be made “No more the accents of my tongue, Shall you, with rapture hear No more the harmony of song Shall please the ravish'd ear.” 252 “Oh spare, (cried Winthrop,) spare that threat For should it once, be known, They soon would make a noise as great Or greater than your own. “Refer the matter to the laws And I can surely find, A Witness in the pious cause Just suited to my mind “On any two that we shall name, The punishment must fall, To save religion's injur'd fame Let them atone for all.” Yet after all, our pious friends, The people of the town, Found they could not obtain their ends And laid the matter down. A mountain once, as I am told, The pangs of child-birth felt, Her moanings frighten'd young and old Who near the borders dwelt. Full long the mountain had remain'd In this distressful plight, And when her pains were at an end, A mouse was brought to light.

Presumably this was written by JQA and is the piece to which he refers in his entry for 24 Jan. 1788 (below).


Rev. Timothy Hilliard, minister of the First Church in Cambridge.


John Foxcroft, a justice of the peace and county registrar of deeds, whose suspected sympathy for the British lost him his positions. Foxcroft continued to live in Cambridge a life of “luxurious idleness,'' and students remembered his loud voice while singing hymns and psalms in services at Hilliard's church (Sibley-Shipton, Harvard Graduates, 14:268–270).


James Winthrop, the college librarian. On student antipathy toward Winthrop, see his sketch in the Descriptive List of Illustrations, No. 3 2 .