Papers of John Adams, volume 15

To Elbridge Gerry, 3 September 1783 Adams, John Gerry, Elbridge
To Elbridge Gerry
My dear Mr Gerry Paris. September 3. 1783.

The third of September, will be more remarkable for the Signature of the definitive Treaties than for the Battle of Naseby or Worcester or the Death of Oliver Cromwell.—1 We could obtain no Alteration from the Provisional Articles. We could Obtain no explanation of the Articles respecting the Tories nor any Limitation respecting Interest or Execution for Debts. I am however less anxious about these Things than others.

Our first object is to secure the Liberties of our Citizens in the 243Seperate States. Our second to maintain and Strengthen the Confederation. Our Third to purge the Minds of our People of their Fears, their diffidence of themselves and Admiration of strangers, and our fourth to defend ourselves against the Wiles of Europe. My Apprehensions of the Importance of our foreign Affairs, have been much increased by a Residence of five or Six Years in Europe— I see so much Enmity to the Principle of our Governments, to the Purity of our Morals, the Simplicity of our Manners, the honest Integrity, and Sincerity of our hearts, to our Contentment with Poverty, our Love of Labour, our Affection for Liberty and our Country. I see so many Proofs of their Hatred of all this, and of their Dread of it, both as a dangerous Example among their own corrupted debauched Subjects, and as a sure and certain source of Power and Grandeur; I see so many Artifices practised to debauch every Body you send, or who comes to Europe; so many practised by them in America itself hidden, covered up, disguised under all shapes, and I see they will ever have it in their Power to Practice so many of these arts, and to succeed to such a Degree, that I am convinced no Pains or Expences should be spared to defend ourselves.

But how shall we defend ourselves? We cannot refuse to receive foreign Ministers from Sovereign Powers: Shall we recall, all our own Ministers from Europe? this is a serious Question— I confess I am for the affirmative, and would give my Voice for recalling every one, if I could not secure two Points. The first is to send Men of independent Minds, who will not be Tools, Men of Virtue and Conscience: the second is to perswade Congress to support them firmly. it is infintely better to have none in Europe, than to have Artfull unprincipled Impostors, or Men debauched with Women You may depend upon this, the Moment an American Minister gives a loose to his Passion for Women that Moment, he is undone, he is instantly at the Mercy of the Spies of the Court, and the Tool of the most profligate of the human Race. This will be called Pedantry but it is Sacred Truth, and our Country will feel it to her Sorrow if she is not aware of it in Season. if you make it a Principle that your Ministers should be agreeable, at the Court, and have the good Word of the Courtiers you are undone. No Man will ever be pleasing at a Court in General, who is not debauched in his Morals, or warped from your Interests. if therefore, you can carry Elections for Men of pure Intregrity, and unshaken firmness, it will be for your Interest to have a Number of them at the Principal Courts of 244Europe for some time, two or three years at least. if you cannot, you had better send none. Men of any other Character, will be called amiable, and be said to be beloved, & esteemed and to have your Confidence but they will be made the Instruments of the most insidious and destructive designs upon your Liberties, I mean upon your Morals and Republican Virtues, which are the only Qualities which can Save our Country. for myself I dont care a Farthing. the most agreeable Thing to me would be to come home. But I pray one Thing only for myself, it is that you would determine immediately, whether I may come home or not.

It is the true Interest of our Country, to cultivate the Friendship of the Dutch: We have nothing to fear from them, as we have from the French and English. it is their Policy as well as ours to cultivate Peace and Neutrality, & we may aid each other in it.

With Sincere Affection your Friend

John Adams2

RC in JQA’s hand (MHi:Gerry Papers II); internal address: “Mr: Gerry.” LbC (Adams Papers); APM Reel 106.


Clearly JA is linking the American victory over the British in the American Revolution with Oliver Cromwell and his decisive victories in the English Civil War. JA’s recollection of the dates of Cromwell’s death and the Battle of Worcester—3 Sept. 1658 and 3 Sept. 1651—is correct, but the other battle occurring on 3 Sept. was the Battle of Dunbar in 1650. The Battle of Naseby took place on 14 June 1645.


Closing and signature in JA’s hand.

From Antoine Marie Cerisier, 3 September 1783 Cerisier, Antoine Marie Adams, John
From Antoine Marie Cerisier
Monsieur Amsterdam ce 3 Septembre 1783

Je crois vous avoir fait connaitre que toute mon ambition se bornait à obtenir quelque place en France dans un Bureau.1 Une nouvelle attaque que je viens d’éprouver dans ma Santé me fait penser plus sérieusement que jamais au projet de revenir me fixer en France. Dans cette idée j’ai pris la liberté d’écrire directement à Mr le Comte de Vergennes; & j’ai ôsé lui marquer qu’il trouverait auprès de vous & de Mr le Duc de la Vauguyon tous les témoignages qu’il pouvait exiger, au cas qu’il voulût penser à moi. je pense que vous ne blamerez pas ce trait d’audace; Au contraire, s’il y a moyen de concerter quelque chose avec Mr le Duc, pour gagner l’arbitre Suprême des affaires en ma faveur, j’ose esperer que vous n’oublierez pas un honnête homme qui vous Sera éternellement devoué. J’ai l’honneur d’etre avec un profond respect / Monsieur votre très humble / & très obeissant Serviteur

A. M. Cerisier
Sir Amsterdam, 3 September 1783

I believe I made it known to you that all my ambition is limited to obtaining a position in an office in France.1 A new attack that I just suffered to my health makes me think more seriously than ever about my project of coming back to settle in France. With this idea in mind, I took the liberty of writing directly to the Comte de Vergennes, and I made bold to mention to him that he would find all the witnesses he might require in you and the Duc de La Vauguyon, in case he might want to consider me. I believe you will not blame me for this stroke of audacity. On the contrary, if there is a way of working together with the duke to make the supreme arbiter of affairs look favorably on me, I dare to hope that you will not forget an honest man who would be eternally devoted to you. I have the honor of being with deep respect, sir, your very humble and very obedient servant

A. M. Cerisier

RC (Adams Papers).


See JA’s reply of 11 Sept., below. Cerisier did not obtain a post in the foreign ministry.