Papers of John Adams, volume 14

To Benjamin Franklin

To Jean George Holtzhey


JA probably received Warren's letter on 8 April 1783 as part of a packet of “Lettres Américaines” that C. W. F. Dumas received at The Hague by way of London and immediately forwarded to JA at Paris under cover of a letter dated 3 April, below. Then it is likely that this letter, with Warren's criticism of Congress’ conduct of foreign affairs and mention of his election as a Massachusetts member of Congress, provoked JA's most sustained, comprehensive, and critical analysis of American foreign policy. The critique centered on Congress’ incompetence, French influence, and the machinations of Benjamin Franklin, for which see JA's letter to Warren of 9 April 1783, and note 2, below.