Adams Family Correspondence, volume 5

Abigail Adams 2d to Elizabeth Cranch

John Thaxter to Abigail Adams

1.

The document was the “Declarations for Suspension of Arms and Cessation of Hostilities” between the United States and Great Britain (Miller, ed., Treaties , 2:108–110), which JA signed first, as his commission to negotiate peace preceded that of Franklin. Letterbook copies of this document are in the Adams Papers. The Americans signed the “Declarations” on 20 Jan., immediately after the signing of preliminary articles of peace between Great Britain, France, and Spain. See Morris, Peacemakers , p. 408–409, and 541, note 92.