Adams Family Correspondence, volume 5


The Treaty of Amity and Commerce with the Netherlands, negotiated and signed by JA on 8 Oct. 1782, was ratified by Congress on 23 Jan., but JA did not learn of its ratification until late May. See vol. 4:381; JCC , 24:64–82; JA, Diary and Autobiography , 3:135–136, note 1; and JA to AA, 4 Feb., and note 2, above.