Adams Family Correspondence, volume 6

Elizabeth Smith Shaw to Abigail Adams

John Adams to Richard Cranch


In Jan. 1785, at a time when Ireland was in great economic distress, the Pitt ministry proposed a new Anglo-Irish commercial relationship. Resistance from merchants in northern England, and amendments proposed by the Irish Parliament in February, forced Pitt to reconsider his plan. On 12 May, he submitted a heavily revised proposal to the British House of Commons, and this was altered further before passage by both houses of Parliament in July. But the entire proposal was rejected by the Irish Parliament in August, and no further reforms were attempted for several years. AA2 to JQA, 4 July, and note 31, below; Vincent T. Harlow, The Founding of the Second British Empire, London, 1952, vol. 1:558–616.