Adams Family Correspondence, volume 10

Abigail Adams to John Adams, 19 November 1794 Adams, Abigail Adams, John
Abigail Adams to John Adams
my dearest Friend Quincy 19 November 1794

I received by Saturdays post Yours of Novbr 8th, and was happy to find that you had got well to Philadelphia, and that there was a fair prospect of Peace on all sides. I was fearfull that they would make a senate before you reachd Philadelphia. Butlers conduct is much like the Man, unsteady and wavering. the Democrats have found a spirit in the Body of the people too enlightned, & too Sensible to their own happiness, and the welfare of the Country, to Second their views; in the manner they flatterd themselves. mr Amess Election has dampd their spirits here; and tho Jones upon the Stage in Portsmouth, in the Character of a servant who was puzling his wits for his masters support, Breaks out, that he knew not what to do now unless to invent Lies for the Boston Chronical. (Ben Still goes on lying.) this peice of wit, in the actor, produced a Roar of Laughter through the whole house, which was followd by a Clap in unison, and proved more fully than fifty essays the Estimation in which that paper is held.1 Tis said Genll Shepard is Elected in the Eastern district, instead of Lyman2

I made my visit last week to Haverhill and found my sister as well as I expected, tho at times Low in Spirits. She desired me to make her gratefull acknowledgments to you for the aid afforded to her son. without that assistance She should not have ventured to have continued him at Colledge—after the present Year. I am assured that the overseers will grant him every aid in their power, so that he will not be any great expence to his Mother for his Education. Captain Brooks says that the Tennant cannot live in the Farm House at Medford an other Year—that the House is now propd up with Timber & stakes, and that they are in danger every storm. I talkd with mrs shaw. she would sell her part, if she could vest the property in any real estate equally productive, but She has referd herself wholy to dr Tufts to do for her as he would act for a Daughter of his own in the same circumstances. She says, if she Builds she must morgage the interest—for a Number of Years, which under her present circumstances, she knows not how to do without. May Dr Tufts be collecting material this winter for Building.?3


with regard to Home, the last week our people finishd the potatoes, carted Manure one day brought up three scow loads of seaweed making 18 loads and would have, got an other, but mrs Pope took it into her Head that bringing off the Sea weed, would leave the Farm exposed to be washd away with the sea, so our people lost a tide being obliged to remove to an other place to load the westerly winds & high tides had carried it off from our own ground. last Saturday & several days through the week we had severe weather, and considerable Snow. the Ice has made round the shoar so that at present no more sea weed can be got in that way. savil & Nightingale have cleard the shore hire. the latter brought his account yesterday 28. Load for which I payd him. Bracket & Savil have not yet brought theres. we have got home our new wheels. Splitting Hills, & getting out the remainder of the Manure will be the next object. the Winter however approaches fast. Shaw Suits me exactly— the 5 oclock hour does not find me in Bed the Sun is just now rising & promising a fine day—

to your ever affectionate

Abigail Adams

Mrs Brisler and Family are well and are to keep thanksgiving here tomorrow

RC (Adams Papers); endorsed: “Mrs Adams Nov. 19 / Ansd Decr. 1. 1794.”


Mr. Jones was one of the original actors of the Boston Theatre Company. In 1795 he relocated to Charleston, S.C., and became the manager of the City or Church Street Theatre there. Described as “matchless” for “humour and comic gesture,” he performed in Portland, Maine, on 3 Nov. 1794, which may be the event to which AA refers (George O. Seilhamer, History of the American Theatre: New Foundations, Phila., 1891, p. 280, 335–336; Portland, Maine, Eastern Herald, 3 Nov.).


AA was mistaken. William Lyman retained his seat in Congress; Gen. William Shepard (1737–1817), a major general in the Massachusetts militia and a member of the governor’s council, was not elected to Congress until 1797 ( Biog. Dir. Cong. ).


For the Medford, Mass., property owned jointly by AA and Elizabeth Smith Shaw, see vol. 5:247, 249. Its tenant was Benjamin Teal (vol. 8:201). For Capt. Thomas Brooks, see vol. 5:195; CFA, Diary, 3:70.

John Adams to Abigail Adams, 19 November 1794 Adams, John Adams, Abigail
John Adams to Abigail Adams
My Dearest Friend Nov. 19. 1794

The Presidents Speech is so important to the Public that I know you will be anxious to See it as early as possible. When the Answers of the two Houses come to be debated We shall See whether there are any Apologists for Rebellion, in these Sanctuaries.1

As Mr Edwards of Kentucky appeared in Senate to Day, We can do Business if one Member should be Sick, but it will be very 266 inconvenient to have so small a Majority. Mr Potts of Maryland and Mr Taylor of Virginia have resigned.2 The Senate Seems really to be too Small a Body for So important a Branch of the Legislature of so great a People.

I feel, where I am, the Want of the society of Mr Otis’s Family, but much more that of my own. I pore upon my Family at Quincy, my Children in Europe, and my Children and Granchildren in New York, till I am Melancholly and wish myself a private Man. That event however would not relieve me, for my Thoughts would be at the Hague and at N. York if I was with you at Quincy. Your Meditations cannot be more chearful than mine and your Visit to our afflicted sister will not I fear brighten your Views or soften your Anxiety. I hope We shall be Supported. But there is no Plan, that occurs to me that can relieve Us from our solicitude. We must repose ourselves upon those Principles in which We were educated and which I hope We have never renounced nor relinquished.

I would resign my office and remain with you, Or I would bring you next Winter with me but either of these Plans, the Publick out of the Question, would increase our Difficulties perhaps rather than lessen them. This Climate is Disease to me, and I greatly fear would be worse to you, in the present State of your Health. Mrs Jay, poor Lady is more distressed than We are.

I pray you to take Care of your Health and of Louisa’s too. she is a good Girl: but I Sometimes wish she would run about a little more if it was even to look at the young Men.


J. A

RC (Adams Papers).


For the Senate’s and House’s responses, see JA to AA, 23 Nov., and note 1, and JA to AA, 1 Dec., and note 1, respectively, both below.


John Taylor of Caroline resigned on 11 May and was replaced as a Virginia senator by Henry Tazewell, who did not arrive until 29 December. Richard Potts of Maryland apparently considered resigning but ultimately retained his Senate seat until Oct. 1796 ( Biog. Dir. Cong. ; DAB ).