Papers of John Adams, volume 10

180 From Thomas Digges, 26 September 1780 Digges, Thomas Dundas, T. JA From Thomas Digges, 26 September 1780 Digges, Thomas Dundas, T. Adams, John
From Thomas Digges
Dr. Sir London Sepr. 26. 1780

My Friend Mr. B——1 will give you the news by the Cartel I some time ago mentiond to you to have arrivd from Boston at Bristol, as well as the proceedings here relative to that Cartel. I send you also by Him a Book and seven lately publishd Pamphlets. There has been a dearth of these sort of publications during the summer, but probably by the meeting of Parliament several political writers will put forth their works.

I mentiond to you in my late letters2 that the receivd opinion here was the Cabinet had determind to abandon the American war, for several days past the reports and conversations among a certain description of men seems to give weight to this opinion; most likely it is the general state of things in this Country and not their will which assents to such a measure.

Some little alarm was given a few days ago by the arrival of a Privateer from Lisbon, which reported an Embargo had been laid on all English Ships in the ports of Portugal—this could not be accounted for here, consequently it was not beleivd. Today they are a little more alarmd and fearful for a general prevailing report, that a French Squadron had arrivd at Lisbon to demand of that court an acquiesence to the northern Confederacy or immediately declare which side they would take in the present war.3 People who are unwilling to beleive any thing say that the numerous insults offerd by Commodr. Johnson4 to neutral ships and the captures carryd into Lisbon may provoke some such desperate measure. I do not know how it effected the Stocks or the wise acres about Loyds Coffee House coming so immediately upon the back of what they all term unfavorable news from America. If Englishmen would speak candidly they should say England ought to trust as little as possible to the fidelity and firmness of a power situated as Portugal is, subject to the immidiate controul and even compulsion of arbitrary, powerful and daring Enemys—most likely the account may be premature, yet there may be some foundation for it from the Complexion of things between Spain and Portugal.

Every day produces some new instance of the wretched State both of the English army and navy in the Leeward Islands. The English fleet seems fixd to the quarter of St. Christophers inactive till some rienforcements are sent thither. Eight Ships are preparing to go there 181with all expedition, and Sir Hugh Paliser is talkd of as the Commander—this fleet goes in consequence of intelligence being received that a like number of French were dispatchd there about 5 weeks ago.

The Virginia Frigate is arrivd express from N York with Dispatches born by a Coll. Dalrymple, and a Navy Officer and is said to have brought passengers—Gov. Tryon, Genl. Matthews and others. The account only getting out this afternoon, there is no getting at the truth and probably we never shall for no bad accounts are now given to the publick in the Gazette. If there is one given tonight Mr. B. will carry one. By every Torey phisiognomy and appearance the news is lookd upon as bad; and reports state it that the frigate saild the 30th Augt. and that an attack was expected upon N York the next day, Washington with the French Army having possessd the heights of Brooklyne, the fleet of France off the hook5 and other movements from the quarters of Kings bridge and the Jerseys; also that they had certain intelligence the French fleet from the West Indies was hourly expected to join that of Ternay. This frigate is said to bring bad tidings also from Chas. Town—such as that a large body of Americans who had joind the British having taken an opportunity had securd a number of Officers who commanded them and gone off to the side of their Country, that there was excessive want and sickness in the Town &ca. &ca.6 There are innumerable other reports, all of which from their corroboration, and the remarkable silence on the part of the Kings friends and ministerial people is sufficient to indicate the news is bad, and I wish them their belly full of it.

There is a lad (son to a good friend Mr. Champion7 of Bristol) living at the House of Mr. Martin's in Amsterm. who is finally meant to fix in America. The Father, who is a very valuable Man, hearing you had two Sons about his age in Amsm., is anxious they should know each other and begs of me to be a means of making them acquainted, that his may hereafter find some acquaintance in America and imbibe some of the Political Sentiments which He supposes your boys to inherit from the Father. I submit this to you, and subscribe myself with the highest Esteem Dr Sir Yr obligd & Obt. Ser.


RC (Adams Papers); endorsed: “M. Church Septr. 26.”


Henry Bromfield Jr.; see Digges' letter of 29 Aug., note 3 (above). The book and pamphlets carried by Bromfield have not been identified.


Of 15 and 20 Sept. (both above).


This false report appeared in the London newspapers of 26 Sept. and indicated that the Comte d'Estaing, representing France and 182Spain, had arrived at Lisbon in the ship of the line Terrible. His mission was to convince Portugal to join the war against Great Britain or, if it did not, to declare war against Portugal on behalf of France and Spain (London Courant, 26 Sept.; London Chronicle, 23–26 Sept.).


Como. George Johnstone, formerly of the Carlisle Commission, commanded a small squadron that operated off the Portuguese coast for most of 1780 ( DNB ).


That is, Sandy Hook at the mouth of New York Harbor.


Clinton's quartermaster general, Brig. Gen. William Dalrymple, carried the dispatches (David Syrett, Shipping and the American War, 1775–83, London, 1970, p. 228). Digges' account of the news brought by the vessel generally agrees with reports published in the London newspapers on or about 27 Sept., including the unfounded rumors regarding Washington's capture of Brooklyn Heights and the French fleet at Sandy Hook (London Courant, 27 Sept.; London Chronicle, 26–28 Sept; but see also Digges' letter of 29 Sept., below).


Probably Richard Champion (JQA, Diary , 1:204). Digges wrote again on 22 Oct. (Adams Papers), indicating that Champion's son would call on him, but see JA's letter of 7 Nov. (below).

From Edmund Jenings, 27 September 1780 Jenings, Edmund JA From Edmund Jenings, 27 September 1780 Jenings, Edmund Adams, John
From Edmund Jenings
Sir Brussels Septr. 27. 1780

I have just this Moment receivd your Excellencys Letter of the 23d. Instant, it Honors and flatters me much and is a fresh Proof of your Excellencys Partiallity for me. Your Wishes that I was better known to my Countrymen proceeds from your Goodness to me—I well Know that you have taken every pains in your Power, that I should be so, but whether they are acquainted with me or not I shall serve them faithfully and affectionately.

I am happy to see the Massachusetts Constitution translate in all the foreign Papers—it must necessarily draw the Attention of Europe to the new Legislators. It must see with Admiration that the Science of Government, founded on the Nature of Man is so well understood in the New World. They will Confess that the English Know nothing of it, and if your Excellencys Recommendation is Attended to, the Americans will improve the very language of that haughty People.

I will press to have the Translation come out as Soon as possible and beg to have some Copies thereof.

I yesterday receivd a Letter from Mr. Carmichael of the 11th Instant—Things go Slowly there. He tells me I shall soon hear of an Agreable Change in a certain Quarter—I suppose He means Portugal.1

Give me leave to send to your Excellency a Couple of Letters to be transmitted to the Carolinas—I shall send them by Mr. Serle, whom I am told will pass through this Town in About ten days. I shall send too by him some Pamphlets, which your Excellency may make what Use of you please.2


I flattered myself much when I saw Mr. Dana here that you woud soon return through this Town and have waited with much Impatience, however I shall set off tomorrow for my long intended Journey to Boulogne sur Mer. I shall be Absent About a fortnight.

I beg my best Respects to Mr. Dana.

I am Sir your Excellencys Most Faithful & Obedient Humble Servt.

Edm: Jenings

RC (Adams Papers).


William Carmichael's letter has not been found, but in his letter of 9 Sept. to the Committee for Foreign Affairs, he had mentioned the report that Portugal was about to close its ports to all belligerent warships (Wharton, ed., Dipl. Corr. Amer. Rev. , 4:51–54).


Neither the letters nor pamphlets to be carried by James Searle have been identified.