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Diary of John Adams, Volume 4

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AutobiographyAutobiography of John Adams

1 December 1777 — 1 December 1806 Adams, John When I asked Leave of Congress to make a Visit to my Constituents and my Family in November ... 1 February 1778 — 28 February 1778 Adams, John I was almost out of Patience, in Waiting for the Frigate till the Thirteenth day of February ... 14 February 1778 — 15 February 1778 Adams, John Feb. 14. 1778. A fine morning, the Wind at North West. At day break orders were given for ... 16 February 1778 Adams, John On Monday February 16. 1778. We had for our mortification another Storm from the North East, ... 17 February 1778 Adams, John On Tuesday the Seventeenth of February 1778 I set a Lesson to my Son in Chambauds French ... 18 February 1778 Adams, John February 18. Wednesday. We had a fine Wind for twenty four hours; but the constant rolling ... 19 February 1778 Adams, John February 19. Thursday. 1778. Arose at four O Clock. The Wind and Weather still fair. The ... 19 February 1778 Adams, John February 19. 1778. In the morning We discovered three Vessells a head of Us. They appeared ... 20 February 1778 Adams, John February the 20th. Fryday. In the morning nothing to be seen: but soon after a Sail ... 21 February 1778 — 23 February 1778 Adams, John February 21. Saturday. 22. Sunday, and 23. Monday Monday exhibited such Scaenes as were new ... 24 February 1778 — 26 February 1778 Adams, John Tuesday. 24. Wednesday 25. and Thursday 26 of February. 1778. Our Mainmast and Maintopmast ... 27 February 1778 Adams, John February 27. Fryday. 1778. A calm. As soft and warm as Summer. A Species of black Fish, ... 28 February 1778 Adams, John February 28. Saturday. 1778. The last night and this day We enjoyed a fine easy breeze, the ... 1 March 1778 Adams, John March 1. 1778. Sunday. It was discovered that our Mainmast was sprung in two Places; one ... 2 March 1778 Adams, John March 2. Monday. 1778. A fine Wind still and a pleasant morning. The Colour of the Water ... 3 March 1778 Adams, John March 3. Tuesday. 1778. Our Wind had continued brisk and fresh all the last night and this ... 4 March 1778 Adams, John March 4. Wednesday. 1778. The Weather was fair, but We had an adverse Wind from the North ... 5 March 1778 Adams, John March 5. Thursday 1778. This morning We had the pleasantest prospect We had yet seen. An ... 6 March 1778 Adams, John March 6. Fryday. 1778. The Wind had continued in the same point all night; about South, and ... 7 March 1778 Adams, John March 7. Saturday. 1778. The same prosperous Wind and the same beautifull Weather continued. ... 8 March 1778 Adams, John March 8. Sunday. 1778. The same Wind and Weather continued and We went at the rate of seven ... 9 March 1778 Adams, John March 9. 1778. Monday. Last night the Wind shifted to the North West, and blew fresh. It was ... 10 March 1778 Adams, John Tuesday March 10. 1778. We espied a Sail and gave her chace. We soon came up with her, but ... 19 March 1778 Adams, John March 19. Thursday. Captain McIntosh assured Us that by his Reckoning when he was taken he ... 20 March 1778 Adams, John March 20 Fryday. 1778. Yesterday afternoon the Weather cleared up and the Wind came about ... 21 March 1778 Adams, John March 21. Saturday 1778. Five Weeks had elapsed Yesterday, since my Embarkation. We went ... 27 March 1778 Adams, John March 27. Fryday. On Wednesday Evening Mr. Barrons died, and Yesterday was committed to the ... 28 March 1778 Adams, John March 28. Saturday. 1778. Last night and this morning We were in the thoroughfare of all the ... 29 March 1778 Adams, John March 29. Sunday. 1778. Becalmed all the last night. This morning a vast number of Sails ... 30 March 1778 Adams, John March 30. Monday. 1778. This Morning the Officer came down and told the Captain that a lofty ... 31 March 1778 Adams, John March 31. Tuesday. 1778. Lying in the River, near Pouliac; a twenty four Gun Ship close by ... 31 March 1778 Adams, John March 31. Tuesday. 1778. Captain Palmes was sent to Blaye, in the Pinnace, to the Officer at ... 1 April 1778 Adams, John April 1. Wednesday. 1778. This Morning Mr. J. C. Champage, Merchant and Broker of the Marine ... 2 April 1778 Adams, John April 2 Thursday. Walked round the Town to see the Parliament which was sitting, where We ... 3 April 1778 Adams, John April 3. Fryday. 1778. We Visited the Intendant, dined at Mr. Bondfields and supped at Mr. ... 4 April 1778 Adams, John April 4. Saturday. 1778. About ten O Clock We commenced our Journey to Paris and went about ... 5 April 1778 Adams, John April 5th. Sunday 1778. Proceeded on our Journey more than an hundred Miles. ... 6 April 1778 Adams, John April 6. Monday 1778. Arrived at Poictiers, the City so famous for the Battle which was ... 7 April 1778 Adams, John April 7. Tuesday 1778. We travelled from Les Ormes, the splendid Seat of the Marquis ... 8 April 1778 Adams, John April 8th. Wednesday 1778. We rode through Orleans, and arrived at Paris about nine O Clock. ... 9 April 1778 Adams, John April 9. Thursday. 1778. Though the City was very silent and still in the latter part of the ... 10 April 1778 Adams, John April 10. Fryday. 1778. The first moment Dr. Franklin and I happened to be alone, he began ... 11 April 1778 Adams, John April 11. Saturday 1778. Went to Versailles with Dr. Franklin and Mr. Lee, visited the ... 12 April 1778 Adams, John April 12. Sunday. In the Course of the last Week, particularly on fryday, I was visited by a ... 12 April 1778 Adams, John April 12. Sunday On this day I had the honor to dine with the Prince de Tingry Duke de ... 13 April 1778 Adams, John Monday April 13. 1778 This morning the Dutchess Dayen and her Daughter the Marchioness de La ... 14 April 1778 Adams, John April 14. Tuesday 1778. I returned the Visits which had been made me by the American ... 15 April 1778 Adams, John April 15. Wednesday. 1778. Dined with Madam Helvetius. One Gentleman and one Lady, besides ... 16 April 1778 Adams, John April 16. Thursday 1778. From my first Arrival in France I had employed every moment of my ... 17 April 1778 Adams, John April 17. Fryday. We dined home with Company. Mr. Platt and his Lady, Mr. Amiel and his ... 18 April 1778 Adams, John April 18. Saturday. 1778. This morning, the Father of General Conway, a venerable Personage ... 19 April 1778 Adams, John April 19. 1778. Dined at home with Mr. Grand, our Banker, his Lady, his Niece and Ward ... 20 April 1778 Adams, John April 20. Monday 1778. My Son had been with me since Saturday. This was delicious repast for ... 21 April 1778 Adams, John April 21. Tuesday. 1778. Dined at Mr. Chaumonts, with the largest collection of great ... 22 April 1778 Adams, John April 22. Wednesday 1778 Dined at home and spent the day on Business with Mr. Lee. ... 23 April 1778 Adams, John April 23 Thursday. 1778. Dined at home with Company. ... 24 April 1778 Adams, John April 24 Fryday 1778. Dined at Mr. Buffauts with much Company. ... 25 April 1778 Adams, John April 25. Saturday. Dined at Mr. Chaumonts with Company. ... 26 April 1778 Adams, John April 26. Sunday 1778. Dined at home. ... 27 April 1778 Adams, John Monday April 27. 1778. Dined with Mr. Boulainvilliers, at his house in Passi, with Generals ... 28 April 1778 Adams, John April 28. Tuesday. 1778. Breakfasted at home with Mr. Chaumont, Mr. Dubourg, Mr. Chaumont ... 29 April 1778 Adams, John April 29. Wednesday. 1778. Dined with the Marshall De Maillebois, with a great deal of ... 30 April 1778 Adams, John April 30. Thursday. 1778. Dined with the Marshall Duke de Mouchy, with the Duke and Dutchess ... 1 May 1778 Adams, John May 1. Fryday. 1778. Dined with the Duke D'Ayen, the Brother of the Duke de Mouchy and the ... 2 May 1778 Adams, John May 2. Saturday. 1778. Dined at Mr. Izzards, with Mr. Lloyd and his Lady, Mr. Francois ... 3 May 1778 Adams, John May 3. 1778. The Business of the Commission had been delayed and neglected in a manner that ... 3 May 1778 Adams, John This day May 3. 1778 We had Company to dine with Us, Mr. Izzard and his Lady, Mr. Lloyd and ... 4 May 1778 Adams, John May 4. Dined at Mr. Chaumonts with his Family, and other Company. ... 5 May 1778 Adams, John May 5. Tuesday 1778. Dined at home without company, which was a great rarity and esteemed by ... 6 May 1778 Adams, John May 6. Wednesday. 1778. Franklin told Us one of his Characteristic Stories. A Spanish Writer ... 8 May 1778 Adams, John May 8. Fryday. 1778. Dr. Franklin and Mr. Lee went with me to Versailles to attend my ... 9 May 1778 Adams, John May 9. Saturday. 1778. This morning Mr. Joy, Mr. Johonnot, and Mr. Green Son of Mr. Rufus ... 10 May 1778 Adams, John May 10. Sunday. 1778. Messieurs Brattle, Waldo, Joy, Johonnot, Green and Austin, dined with ... 11 May 1778 Adams, John May 11. Monday. Dined at Mr. Sorins, at Passi. Here, if I mistake not I dined with a Bishop, ... 12 May 1778 Adams, John May 12. Tuesday. 1778. Mr. Deane had left the care of his Son Jesse with Dr. Franklin and Dr.... 13 May 1778 Adams, John May 13. Wednesday. 1778. Dined at Mr. Chaumonts, with a great deal of Company. After Dinner ... 14 May 1778 Adams, John May 14. Thursday. 1778. Under this date, I find in my private Letter Book, the following in ... 15 May 1778 Adams, John May 15. Fryday. 1778. Dined at Mr. Grands with all the Americans in Paris. ... 17 May 1778 Adams, John May 17. 1778. Dined at home. Dr. Dubourg, Mr. Parker and another Gentleman dined with me. ... 18 May 1778 Adams, John May 18. 1778. We wrote the following Circular Letter to all the Seaports. ... 19 May 1778 Adams, John May 19. 1778. We wrote to Congress, and to the Count De Vergennes. ... 19 May 1778 Adams, John May 19. Tuesday. 1778. We dined with Mr. De Challut, one of the Farmers General.... We were ... 20 May 1778 Adams, John May 20. Wednesday. 1778. I wrote the following Letter ... 21 May 1778 Adams, John May 21. Thursday 1778. The disputes between the Parties had by this time become so well ... 21 May 1778 Adams, John May 21. Thursday. 1778. Dined at home. ... 22 May 1778 Adams, John May 22 Fryday. We sent the following Letter. ... 23 May 1778 Adams, John May 23. Saturday. We wrote this Letter ... 24 May 1778 Adams, John May 24. Sunday 1778. I was so uneasy at the difficulty of getting any Business done and at ... 25 May 1778 Adams, John May 25. Monday. Business as well as disputes increased and multiplied upon Us, and there was ... 26 May 1778 Adams, John May 26. Tuesday. 1778. Dined at the Seat in the Country of Monsieur Bertin, a Secretary of ... 27 May 1778 Adams, John I must now, in order to explain and justify my own Conduct give an Account of that of my ... 29 May 1778 Adams, John When I dined again at Monsieur La Frétes at the foot of Calvare. And, We saw a great Rarity ... 30 May 1778 Adams, John Dr. Franklin, who had no Business to do, or who at least would do none, and who had Mr. ... 2 June 1778 Adams, John Went to Versailles, and found it deserted, the Court being gone to Marli....We went to ... 3 June 1778 Adams, John On this Day We sent the following Letters. ... 6 June 1778 Adams, John We wrote the following Letter ... 7 June 1778 Adams, John June 7. 1778. Went to Versailles in Company with Mr. Lee, Mr. Izard and his Lady, Mr. Lloyd ... 8 June 1778 Adams, John June 8. 1778. Dined with Mr. Alexander, and went to the Concert. There were two Gentlemen of ... 10 June 1778 Adams, John June 10. 1778. ... 16 June 1778 Adams, John June 16. 1778. ... 4 July 1778 Adams, John July 4. 1778. This being the Anniversary of the Declaration of American Independence, We had ... 5 July 1778 Adams, John July 5. 1778. I have neglected to introduce, in the proper time, because I cannot precisely ... 6 July 1778 Adams, John July 6. 1778. Dined with the Abbys De Chaillut and Arnoud. Mr. De Chaillut the Farmer ... 7 July 1778 Adams, John July 7. 1778. Dined at St. Lu, with the Farmer General De Chaillut. The aged Marshall Duke ... 8 July 1778 Adams, John July 8. I had long since determined to look at France, with a steady Eye and obtain as much ... 9 July 1778 Adams, John July 9. 1778. We wrote the following Letters ... 10 July 1778 Adams, John July 10. 1778. ... 11 July 1778 — 13 July 1778 Adams, John July 11. 1778 ... 14 July 1778 — 18 July 1778 Adams, John July 14. 1778. Dined at Chatou with Mr. Bertin, the Minister of State. Went to see the Park ... 25 July 1778 Adams, John July 25. 1778. I was much amused, among some People here who understand a little English, to ...

AutobiographyAutobiography of John Adams Part Three: 1779–1780

1 January 1779 — 31 December 1780 Adams, John The following is a litteral Translation of a Letter I received from His Excellency the ... 5 November 1779 Adams, John On the fifth of November 1779 I wrote to the Chevalier De Chavagne the Captain of the French ... 13 November 1779 Adams, John On the Thirteenth day of November 1779, I had again the melancholly Tryal of taking Leave of ... 24 November 1779 Adams, John November 24 1779. We were on the Grand Bank of Newfound Land, and about this time, We spoke ... 25 November 1779 Adams, John November 25. 1779. The Wind was fair and the Weather pleasant. We had passed the Grand Bank, ... 7 December 1779 Adams, John December 7. 1779. Tuesday. About Eleven O Clock We discovered Land. Two large Mountains, one ... 8 December 1779 Adams, John December 8. 1779. Wednesday. We got into Ferrol, where We found a Squadron of French Ships ... 9 December 1779 Adams, John December 9. 1779. Thursday. Went on Shore with all my Family, and took Lodgings. Dined with ... 10 December 1779 Adams, John 1779 December 10 Fryday. Breakfasted for the first time on Spanish Chocolate which fully ... 11 December 1779 Adams, John 1779 December 11. I wrote to Congress the following Letter and prepared a Duplicate and ... 12 December 1779 Adams, John 1779 December 12 Sunday. Walked about the Town, but there was nothing to be seen, excepting ... 13 December 1779 Adams, John 1779 December 13. Monday. The great Inconvenience of this Harbour is, the Entrance is so ... 14 December 1779 Adams, John 1779 December 14. Tuesday. Walked once more to the Barracks and dry Docks. The Stones with ... 15 December 1779 Adams, John 1779 December 15. Wednesday. This Morning We arose at five O Clock, went over the Water in a ... 16 December 1779 Adams, John December 16. 1779. Thursday. This Morning the Governor of the Province of Gallicia and the ... 17 December 1779 Adams, John 1779 December 17. Fryday. The Consul conducted me to the Souvereign Court of Justice where ... 18 December 1779 Adams, John 1779 December 18. Saturday. Walked all round the Town, the Wharves, Slips &c. on the Water ... 19 December 1779 Adams, John 1779 December 19. Sunday. Dined with Monsieur De Tournelle, with all my Family. The Regent, ... 20 December 1779 Adams, John 1779 December 20. Monday. We went to the Audiencia, where We found the four Judges sitting ... 22 December 1779 Adams, John 1779 December 22. Wednesday. Drank Tea at Senior Lagoaneres. Saw the Ladies drink Chocolate ... 24 December 1779 Adams, John 1779 December 24. Fryday. Dined on board the Bellepoule with the Officers of that Ship and ... 25 December 1779 Adams, John 1779 December 25. Saturday. Christmas. At Eleven O Clock I went to the Palace to take Leave ... 26 December 1779 Adams, John 1779 December 26. Sunday. The General, the Governor, the French Consul and Mr. Lagoanere, ... 27 December 1779 Adams, John 1779 December 27. Monday. We travelled from Betanzos to Castillano. The roads still ... 28 December 1779 Adams, John 1779 December 28. Tuesday. We went from Castilliana to Baamonde, and found the first part of ... 30 December 1779 Adams, John 1779 December 30 Thursday. We went to see the Cathedral Church at Lugo which is very rich.—A ... 31 December 1779 Adams, John 1779 December 31. Fryday. We rode from Galliego to Sebrero, seven Leagues. Our Journey was ... 1 January 1780 Adams, John 1780. January 1. Saturday. We arrived, from Sebrero, at Villa Franca, seven Leagues. The ... 2 January 1780 Adams, John 1780. January 2. Sunday. We rode from Villa Franca, da el Bierzo Rio Puente, passed through ... 3 January 1780 Adams, John 1780. January 3. Monday. We rode to Astorga. We passed through the Town and Country of the ... 4 January 1780 Adams, John 1780. January 4. Tuesday. At Astorga, We found clean Beds and no fleas for the first time ... 5 January 1780 Adams, John 1780 January 5. Wednesday. We rode from Astorga to Leon, Eight Leagues. This was one great ... 6 January 1780 Adams, John 1780 January 6. Thursday. We went to see the Cathedral Church at Leon which though ... 7 January 1780 Adams, John 1780 January 7. Fryday. From Mansillas We rode to San Juan Segun. ... 8 January 1780 Adams, John 1780 January 8 Saturday. We rode from San Juan Segun to Paredise de Nava. At the distance of ... 11 January 1780 Adams, John 1780 January 11. Tuesday. We arrived at Burgos, from Sellada el Caminos, four Leagues. We ... 12 January 1780 Adams, John 1780. January 12. Thursday. We passed through several Villages, rode along the Side of a ... 13 January 1780 Adams, John 1780. January 13. Thursday. We rode from Bribiesca to Pancourbo where We dined. We passed ... 14 January 1780 Adams, John 1780 January 14. Fryday. We rode from Ezpexo to Orduña, four Leagues. The Road had been made ... 15 January 1780 Adams, John 1780. January 15. Saturday. We followed the Road, by the Side of the River between two Rows ... 16 January 1780 Adams, John 1780 January 16. Sunday. Reposed and wrote. ... 17 January 1780 Adams, John 1780 January 17. Monday. We dined with the two Messieurs Gardoqui, and a Nephew of theirs. ... 18 January 1780 Adams, John 1780 January 18. Tuesday. We spent the Day in perambulating the Town. We visited the Wharves ... 19 January 1780 Adams, John 1780 January 19. Wednesday. By particular invitation We went down the River on a Visit to ... 20 January 1780 Adams, John 1780 January 20th Thursday. Although We endeavoured in Bil­bao to take as much Exercise as ... 23 January 1780 Adams, John 1780 January 23. We arrived at Bayonne. Here We paid off our Spanish Guide with all his ... 25 January 1780 Adams, John 1780 January 25. We commenced our Journey to Bourdeaux. There is so much heath and ... 29 January 1780 Adams, John 1780 January 29. Saturday. We arrived at Bourdeaux. We had met Couriers and received Letters ... 30 January 1780 Adams, John 1780 January 30. We dined at the Hotel D'Angleterre, at the Invitation of Mr. Bondfield, in ... 31 January 1780 Adams, John 1780 January 31. Monday. We dined at the Hotel D'Angleterre, again with Mr. Maccarty, Mr. ... 1 February 1780 Adams, John 1780 Feb. 1. Tuesday. We spent the day in rambling about the Town viewing the principal ... 2 February 1780 Adams, John 1780 Feb. 2. Wednesday. We took Post for Paris and on ... 4 February 1780 — 21 March 1780 Adams, John 1780 Feb. 4. Fryday We arrived at Coué. We passed by Angouleme and encircled almost the ...

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