A website from the Massachusetts Historical Society; founded 1791.
close

Index

Browse by Letter

Adams, John (1735-1826, designated as JA in The Adams Papers):

Public Life

Diplomacy, 1780-1788, Mission to the Netherlands

Open / close all subentries.

subentries

Recognition of U.S.71

congratulated on13

Dutch celebrations of9

PJA13

publication and effect of 19 April 1781 memorial7

opposition to 19 April 1781 memorial4

PJA13

demands reply to 19 April 1781 memorial3

PJA13

medal commemorating3

PJA13
538 (illus.)

Battle of the Saints' effect on1

PJA13
433

characterizes 19 April 1781 memorial as “Harpoon-Iron (thrown by a Cape-Cod Whaleman)”1

PJA13
419

documents on1

PJA13

obstacles to1

PJA13
151

publicly received by States General1

PJA13
157

quotes Spanish minister on importance of1

PJA13
472

vessel named Heer Adams to honor1

PJA13
134

Dutch Loans69

contract with Neufville10

commission to raise9

PJA11

reports of8

signs coupons for7

Anglo-Dutch war and prospects of obtaining5

commissions (brokerage) on4

PJA11

mentioned4

PJA11

warned against dealing with Neufville1

PJA11

conclusion of tripartite alliance26

controversy over goods left by Gillon23

efforts to raise Dutch loan22

authorized to accede to armed neutrality17

confers with La Vauguyon16

proposes extending French alliance to others at war with England16

prospects for a Dutch loan16

commission as minister15

commissions to raise loan and negotiate treaty13

addresses A Memorial to Their High Mightinesses 12

need for Amer. minister in Netherlands12

negotiates 2d Dutch loan for U.S. (1784)12

negotiation of proposed tripartite alliance and12

acceptance of bills of exchange by11

and collapse of Amer. credit11

letters of credence to the States General and William V11

8 March memorial on armed neutrality11

negotiation of Dutch-Amer. treaty11

payment of bills of exchange and11

without public funds, provides aid for Amer. prisoners of war10

acts in place of H. Laurens9

dines at court and socializes with members of diplomatic corps9

unofficial mission—“militia diplomacy”9

criticism of8

evaluations of8

receives commission and instructions as minister8

recognition foreshadowed8

activities as propagandist7

AFC03
AFC04

credentials as minister taken under “advisement”7

efforts to find broker for Dutch loan7

recognition of Amer. independence achieved7

AFC03

secures recognition of U.S. and concludes treaty with7

and Henry Laurens6

PJA10

appointed minister plenipotentiary and conducts campaign for recognition of and financial aid to U.S.6

DJA02
323 (illus. facing)
DJA03

attempts to resign post6

AFC05
AFC06

confers with La Vauguyon about 19 April memorials6

efforts to forward Anglo-Dutch peace settlement6

factional divisions in Netherlands6

Laurens' 1779 commissions and6

Livingston on6

Livingston sends nomenclator code to6

negotiation of commercial treaty initiated and prosecuted6

obtains further loans to U.S.6

possible separate peace6

PJA13

and funds for prisoners5

anonymous letters and5

Armed Neutrality and5

assumption of public role5

Bicker advises on raising loan5

PJA09
PJA10

ceremonial and social events following recognition5

commercial dealings of Dutch with U.S.5

dating and presentation of 19 April memorials5

diplomatic corps sees U.S. independence as decided5

PJA13

Dutch support for U.S.5

PJA12

status of in Netherlands5

PJA12

van der Capellen advises on Dutch politics and raising loan5

PJA09

and Dumas' status and finances4

correspondence with Congress4

AFC03
AFC04

defends U.S. credit and resolve4

PJA11

desire to return to U.S.4

PJA12

Dutch mission obstructed by Vergennes4

AFC03
AFC04
33

instructions from Livingston4

need for commission as minister to Netherlands4

PJA11

negotiates treaty of amity and commerce4

DJA03
64 (illus. facing)
ix

powers to negotiate4

seeks appointment of minister to U.S.4

seeks appropriate residence in Amsterdam4

separate Anglo-Dutch peace4

PJA12

text of 19 April memorials4

PJA11
273 (illus.)
283

abortive efforts to negotiate Amer. loan with house of Neufville (1781)3

AFC04

achievements of, praised3

AFC05

and Dutch recognition of U.S.3

PJA11

announces Arts. of Confederation3

as Minister Plenipotentiary designs and issues passports3

AFC04
202
381 (illus. facing)
xv

attends party for Russian nobility3

PJA13

British influence in Netherlands3

PJA12

calls success “a signal Tryumph”3

AFC05
10
91
92

commission as minister to Netherlands3

PJA12

commissioned to negotiate commercial treaty vice Laurens3

AFC04

commission for Dutch-American treaty3

PJA10
449
450 (illus.)
ix

delayed in visiting Netherlands (1783) by peace negotiations3

AFC05

diplomatic corps at The Hague3

PJA12

gives Franklin legal advice3

PJA12

his diplomacy preserves dignity of U.S.3

PJA12

Joseph II reportedly seeks meeting with3

PJA11

nature of Dutch government3

PJA12

propaganda efforts3

PJA09
PJA10

use of codes and ciphers by3

PJA13

action taken on 19 April memorial to States General2

PJA11

advises Dana on mission to Russia2

PJA11

and Luzac's complaint of JA's failure to send news2

and the South Carolina 2

appeals to Congress on behalf of colleagues2

PJA13

asked for information on European armies2

PJA13

audience with Stadholder2

AFC03
AFC04
312

Congress appreciates achievements in2

AFC05

considers trip to The Hague (1785)2

AFC06

contrasts Dutch and Spanish governments and diplomacy suitable for dealing with2

PJA12

corr. with Curson and Gouverneur2

PJA11

decision to go to Netherlands in 17802

PJA07
xv
PJA08
213

denies funds to outfit South Carolina 2

PJA10

Dutch loan of 17822

PJA10

erroneous report on Amer. privateers and2

PJA13

France and La Vauguyon indebted to for furthering interests in Netherlands2

PJA13

goods left by Gillon in Netherlands and2

PJA13

has news from U.S. published2

PJA11

items in Politique hollandais about2

PJA13
64
65

letter of credence to States General2

PJA13

negotiation of Dutch-American Treaty of Amity and Commerce by2

PJA07

objectives of mission2

PJA11

obstacles faced in2

PJA13

on H. Laurens' taking his place2

PJA12

Patriot Party and2

PJA13

plan for Dutch-American treaty2

PJA10

plans to resign commission2

AFC07

Politique hollandais as vehicle to promote his diplomacy2

PJA12

possible recall of2

PJA12

proposed treaty of amity and commerce with Hanseatic League2

PJA12

proposes agreement to take prizes into U.S. and Dutch ports2

PJA11

publication and effect of Capellen tot den Pol pamphlet2

PJA12

public reception of 19 April memorial to States General2

PJA11

requests information on Crimean insurrection2

PJA13

Russian mediation of Anglo-Dutch war2

PJA12

stay in Netherlands extended2

AFC04
58
60

Thaxter proposed as secretary for Dutch mission2

PJA10

treaty of amity and commerce with Dutch Republic concluded (1782)2

AFC03
xxi
AFC04
381

AA on work of1

AFC07
333

account of conversation with S. Hartley regarding peace negotiations1

PJA12
412

Amer. privateers and1

PJA13

and appointment of secretary for foreign affairs1

PJA12
233

and Gillon's request for loan1

PJA11

and “militia diplomacy”1

PJA11
281

appointment continued1

AFC06
294

asked to redeem Continental Lottery ticket1

PJA13
171

as target of mob in wake of Dutch defeats1

PJA12
252

Brit. newspaper reports on1

PJA13
413

burdens of office1

PJA12

certifies Dumas' oath of allegiance1

PJA10
415

certifies status as minister to exempt from payment of duties1

PJA12
222

commends La Vauguyon for his assistance1

PJA12
352

commission to conclude tripartite alliance1

PJA11

compares current Dutch situation with that in 17th century1

PJA13
167

compares position before recognition with that of Jay in Spain1

PJA13
108

compares situation with that of De Witts1

PJA13
426

Congress' authorization of further European borrowing and1

PJA13
467

contrasts future of U.S. relations with Netherlands and England1

PJA13
117

conversations with E. F. van Berckel (1783)1

AFC07
99

conversation with Markov1

PJA13

correspondence captured and published in England1

PJA12

criticizes Dutch intelligence gathering1

PJA13

diplomatic activities evaluated1

PJA09

discusses Franco-Spanish operations against Gibraltar with Llano1

PJA13
486

Dutch Court a miniature Versailles1

AFC05
178

Dutch desire for peace1

PJA12
249

Dutch morale1

PJA12

Dutch regard for1

PJA12
415

Dutch reluctance to conclude treaties with France, Spain, or U.S.1

PJA12
275

effect of Yorktown on his diplomatic efforts1

PJA12
149

efforts in Netherlands influence his relations with France1

PJA12
98

efforts to inform Europeans about Amer. Revolution1

PJA12

efforts to salvage supplies consigned to Continental army1

AFC04
248

expenses of1

PJA12
3

failure of Armed Neutrality to recognize U.S.1

PJA12
398

Franklin as source of funds for1

PJA12
214

French compliments on his Dutch negotiations1

DJA03

gathers intelligence in Netherlands1

PJA10
69

Heefke seeks assistance in establishing glassworks1

PJA13

honored by French and Spanish ambassadors1

AFC05
16

informal and temporary missions1

DJA02

informs La Vauguyon of commission, instructions, and letters of credence as minister to the Netherlands1

PJA11
262

instructions for Dutch-American treaty1

PJA10

journey from Paris to Amsterdam1

AFC03
410

Lafayette on JA's efforts1

PJA12

La Vauguyon opposes presenting letter of credence1

PJA13
431

La Vauguyon seeks meeting with1

PJA11
390

letters of credence1

AFC04
108

letters of credence to States General1

PJA12

Livingston letter published1

PJA13
432

loan by Amsterdam banking syndicate negotiated (1782)1

AFC03

Massachusetts approves securing Dutch recognition1

AFC05
12

meets with Dutch ambassador to Great Britain1

AFC06
172

meets with Schiedam merchants1

PJA12

19 April memorial to William V, described1

PJA11
xii

minister from Liège and1

PJA13
421

need to coordinate policy in Netherlands with France1

PJA12
75

negotiates 1st Dutch loan for U.S. (1782)1

AFC05
20

negotiates 3d and 4th Dutch loans (1787, 1788)1

AFC05
89

negotiates loan from Dutch1

AFC07
320

plan for treaty with the Netherlands1

PJA11
3

possibility of Anglo-Dutch alliance1

PJA12

praised in Loosjes' Gedenkzuil 1

PJA13
457

proposal for issuance of pass for Danish ship to sail under U.S. flag1

PJA12

proposes admitting Spain to Franco-Amer. alliance1

PJA12

reason for going to Amsterdam in 17801

PJA13
125

recall and leavetaking1

DJA03

receives congratulatory visits on U.S. victories1

PJA12
93

receives medals from Netherlands for diplomacy1

AFC05
164

reception in Amsterdam1

PJA11

reception in Netherlands1

PJA11
214

recognition as minister to Netherlands1

PJA11
xi

replies to Calkoen effect diplomacy1

PJA13
420

reportedly meets with Markov1

PJA12
332

requests for help from as minister from U.S.1

PJA12

“Requisition Verbale” to States General (1782)1

PJA11
xix

returns letters to Neufville1

PJA13

revival of Dutch manufactures1

PJA12
304

rumored Dutch-American treaty1

PJA10
329

salary1

AFC07
450

seeks Dutch recognition against advice of friends1

PJA11

seeks intelligence from Mazzei1

PJA13
151

seeks names of Amsterdam mercantile houses1

PJA09
77

seeks return of U.S. sailor1

PJA11
363

sends Congress 19 April memorials1

PJA11
316

sends Franco-Dutch Convention on Recaptures to Congress1

PJA13
435

significance of tripartite alliance1

PJA12
99

takes leave for Paris1

DJA03

tenure of1

PJA13
425

to meet with Dumas1

PJA12
363

triumph in Netherlands not appreciated in U.S.1

AFC06
270

U.S. only power able to save Netherlands1

PJA12
245

visits Netherlands (1786) on business1

AFC05
137

wants M. Warren to give account of in proposed history1

PJA13
256

wartime disruption of Dutch trade1

PJA12
21

will spend more time at The Hague1

PJA12
247

Search for keyword/phrase in this entry: