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Yesterday a No. of the national Gazette was sent to me, by Phillip Freneau, printed
by Childs and Swaine. Mr. Freneau, I am told is made Interpreter.1
1. The first number of the National Gazette, edited by the poet journalist Philip Freneau, was published in Philadelphia on 31
Oct. 1791. The aim of Jefferson and Madison in encouraging Freneau in this venture
was to offset the influence of John Fenno's “tory” Gazette of the United States, which had moved from New York to Philadelphia in Nov. 1790 and to which
had contributed his “Discourses on Davila,” April 1790-April 1791. At the same time
that Freneau attacked Administration measures and especially Secretary of the Treasury
Alexander Hamilton, he held a small post as clerk for foreign languages in the State
Department, presided over by Thomas Jefferson. See Brant, Madison, 3:334–336.