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Browsing: Legal Papers of John Adams, Volume 2


Docno: ADMS-05-02-02-0004-0002-0001

Author: Adams, John
Date: 1766-11

Adams' Copy of the Declaration, and Report1

Essex Superior Court, Salem, November 1766

Essex Ss. Novr. 1766. Sup[erio]r C[our]t.
Jenny Slew of Ipswich in the County of Essex Spinster Plaintiff vs. John Whipple Jnr. of said Ipswich Gentleman, Defendant, in a Plea of Trespass, for that the said John upon the 29th January 1762 at Ipswich aforesaid, with Force and Arms, took her the said Jenny, held and kept her in servitude as a Slave, in his service, and has restrain'd her of her Liberty from that Time to the fifth of March last, without any lawful Authority or Right so to do, and did her other Injuries against the Peace, and to the Damage of the said Jenny Slew as she saith, £25.
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Defendant pleaded, that there is no such Person in Nature as Jenny Slew of Ipswich aforesaid Spinster and this the said John is ready to verify, wherefore he prays Judgment &c.
Evidence was that she was originally called Jenny Slew, but that she had been severally Times married to slaves &c.
Writ did not abate. 2 Judges for Abatement and 2 against it. So being divided could not abate.2
1. In JA 's hand. Adams Papers, Microfilm, Reel No. 185. This document is in the same leaflet with Doc. II, but on a separate page. Because it repeats some of JA 's minutes, it may have been written later, perhaps with a view to inclusion in a collection of forms or pleadings.
2. Thomas Hutchinson, Chief Justice, and Chambers Russell were the members of the court not mentioned in JA 's minute (Doc. II). But Russell was at the time of this trial out of Massachusetts; he left the Province on 16 Oct. 1766 and died in Guilford, England, 24 November. 9 Sibley-Shipton, Harvard Graduates 86–87. It would seem that Hutchinson, C.J., and Lynde, J., favored abatement and Oliver and Cushing, JJ., opposed.