[Ipswich, 27 June 1774
to [ . . . ]leys Co [ . . . ]declining the [ . . . ]lend your kind h[ . . . ]I therefore by the Favour of [ . . . ]n, before [we under]take our Journey upon the Subject of our Commission.
What Measures are practicable, and expedient? The Sentiments of People are as various,
as the Colour of their Cloaths. Some are for Petitions, to the King, the Lords the
Commons; s[ome] for all some for none, Some for a Petition to the K[ing] Some are for bolder Councils. Some for Negociations, for building new Government,
Empire and War—in for bold and Spirited Resolutions—others for Symplicity, and Frugality,
Non Consumption and Nonim[portation] American Manufacturies. Companies for the Encouragement [of] Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce &c &c &c.
It Seems to me that the Ideas of Empire, and Negotiation, are [pre]valent. I wish they were less so. It should be a principal Objec[tive of] our Policy to avoid Extremities and Ruptures. The Division would cost too dear a
Price, and would be more than hazardous, it would be attended with almost a Certainty
Measures to check and interrupt the Torrent of Luxury, if any such are feasible are
most agreable to my sentiments at present.
[ . . . ]selfish [ . . . ] the hun [ . . . ]an that this [ . . . ]this of the few whose [ . . . ]ry great and usefull Effect.
A Union of the Colonies, in Sentiment and Affection [He]art and Hand is of indispensable Importance. Every Thought [ever]y Expedient for and cementing it, ought to be cherished.
Virginia and Rhode Island have recommended an annual Congress. Nothing can be better
calculated to Strengthen and brighten the Chain, than Such an Institution. And the
very Idea of it, will have an Influence in England, and all over Europe. The whole
Policy and Force of the Ministry will be bent against it, no doubt. But I dont See
how it is possible for them to prevent it, or to hinder its Effects.
It would be a Seminary of American Statesmen, a School of Politicians, perhaps at
no great Distance of Time, equal to a british Parliament, in wiser as well as better
I have thrown these Thoughts upon Paper, without any Care, in the hurry of Circuit,
but I beg your opinion, as a very great Favour.2
[salute] I am with great Esteem and Regard, your Freind and humble Servant,
[signed] John Adams