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Browsing: Papers of John Adams, Volume 2


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Docno: ADMS-06-06-02-0055-0002

Author: Vergennes, Charles Gravier, Comte de
Recipient: First Joint Commission at Paris
Recipient: Adams, John
Date: 1778-04-29

The Comte de Vergennes to the Commissioners: A Translation

I have submitted to M. de Sartine the communication you did me the honor to address to me1 regarding the obtaining of convoys to ensure the safety of commerce between the merchants of Nantes and Bordeaux and those of North America. I have enclosed a copy of his reply.2 You will see that the King has taken the most efficacious measures to protect the trade of the Americans as well as that of his own subjects, and I am sure, gentlemen, that you will find these measures a satisfactory proof of His Majesty's favorable disposition toward the United States. I have the honor to be very perfectly, gentlemen, your very humble and very obedient servant.
[signed] De Vergennes
RC (MH-H: Lee Papers)
1. See the Commissioners to Vergennes, 19 April, and Vergennes' reply of 20 April (both above).
2. In his letter to Vergennes of 26 April ( Dupl , MH-H: Lee Papers; LbC , Adams Papers; transl. in Wharton, ed., Dipl. Corr. Amer. Rev. , 2:564–565) Sartine stated that while measures were being taken to protect American and French ships from the depredations of Jersey and Guernsey privateers as they entered or left ports or rivers on the Bay of Biscay and a portion of the French coast facing the English Channel, the convoy of ships to America was impracticable. All that was possible was a limited convoy to and from the “Capes,” that is, to or from a line running approximately due north from the north-westernmost point in Spain. In any case, American ships were to receive the same treatment as those of France.

Docno: ADMS-06-02-02-0048

Author: Kent, Benjamin
Recipient: Adams, John
Date: 1774-09-23

From Benjamin Kent

Our enemies, for their own further security, as well as to bring the town into the most complete dependence on the army and navy, spare no labor or pains; they suffer no owner of powder to take a single grain out of the town's magazine, and there is none to be bought in the town. Two or three days ago, after the men of war had spiked up our cannon at the battery, they robbed us of six good pieces of large cannon, as we were carrying them in a gondola through the mill pond to Watertown. They take and keep the guns and cutlasses out of carts and wagons going over the Neck; and no doubt, if they thought they could disarm the town they would do it instantly. [He then mentions that their friends in Connecticut urged them to act before General Gage should receive the additional regiments which he expected —but that the people of Boston “would not undertake any thing material before they heard from the grand council of America, which { 171 } we hope will remain forever.”]1 He then expresses a wish that the congress would consider their case, and says, “we are not suspicious that it can possibly be disagreeable to the grand congress that we should do everything in our power towards our defence; but to lie still so long as in any measure to disable us to secure ourselves by and bye, when we can now prevent it, would be very unwise, and it may be fatal to the town.” “It is necessary for us, as far as we can, to prepare for the worst that can happen; that we may not be unhappily surprised when the worst shall come. Look into Europe and see how tyranny flourishes; and if the tyrants will but join their forces, in a little time not one free state will be left on the other side of the Atlantic—which God forbid!
In conclusion he says, “I2 do most heartily hope and desire, the body of representatives of all the colonies, may have eternity, for the glory of God, and the happiness of the American world. This is the prayer of the faith of your and their most cordial brother and friend.”
MS not found. Reprinted from extract in (Niles, Principles and Acts ), p. 322–323.
1. Niles is not consistent in providing quotation marks for Kent's words or brackets for his own.
2. Benjamin Kent (1708–1788) graduated from Harvard in 1727 and became a minister, a career that soon ended because of charges of heresy which resulted in his being dismissed from the Marlborough church in 1735. Thereafter he became a prominent lawyer and a leading citizen of Boston, where he sat on more committees after 1750 than any other person. Although he was a whig and served as Attorney General of Suffolk co. during the Revolution, the members of his family were loyalists, who made their way to Halifax. Kent joined them there in 1785 (Sibley-Shipton, Harvard Graduates , 8:220–230; JA, Diary and Autobiography , 1:passim).