1. Benjamin Guild (1749–1792), Harvard 1769, had been serving as a tutor in Harvard College since 1776, “in which Office,” Rev. Samuel Cooper told JA in a letter of introduction dated 11 May
), “he has acquitted himself with Capacity and Honours and is much esteemed by his Acquaintance. He goes abroad to enlarge his Knowledge of the World, to extend his Connections and make useful Observations of which he is very capable.” Guild spent the better part of a year in the Netherlands and France, and then after only a short time in America returned to Europe early in 1782 on an unspecified errand. Returning to Boston in the fall of that year, he married in 1784 Elizabeth, daughter of Col. Josiah and Elizabeth (Waldron) Quincy. It is said that he was “for some time a preacher,” but by 1789 he was conducting a bookstore and circulating library on Cornhill (now Washington Street) in Boston. He was an incorporating member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and became a donor of books to the Massachusetts Historical Society, where his valuable though somewhat irregular MS
Diary for 1774–1779 was deposited in 1958. See AA to JA, 1 May
, below; Guild to JA, 18 Jan.
28 Nov. 1782 (both in Adams Papers
); JA to Elbridge Gerry, 19 Aug. 1782
: Gerry II Papers);
Harvard Quinquennial Cat.
; Charles Burleigh, The Genealogy and History of the Guild, Guile, and Gile Family
, Portland, Maine, 1887, p. 85; MHS, Procs.
, 1st ser., 1 (1791–1835): 33; New Select Catalogue of Benjamin Guild's Circulating Library . . .
, Boston, 1789; Adams Genealogy.