1. This project, which in the end had no material result, was set in motion by La Luzerne, no doubt under direction from Paris. The original of JA's commission, endorsed by him “Commission of 16. August 1781.—to negotiate a triple or quadruple Alliance,” is in Adams Papers
, together with his instructions, endorsed “Instructions of Aug. 16. Holland.” For the background and printed texts see
, 21:846–848, 859, 876–880; Wharton, ed., Dipl. Corr. Amer. Rev.
, 4:636–638. See also Elbridge Gerry's comment in his letter to AA, 31 Aug.