had returned to Amsterdam from Paris by the end of July. On 24 Aug. he received a
letter from Franklin dated on the 16th
enclosing a packet from Congress that contained
's new joint commission and instructions to treat of peace as adopted by Congress
in June (Adams Papers
; JA, Works
replied next day, 25 Aug.
; JA, Works
, 7:459–461); but on 4 Oct.
he wrote again to Franklin in a letter that began: “Since the 25th of August, when
I had the honor to write You, this is the first Time that I have taken a Pen in hand
to write to any body, having been confined and reduced too low to do any kind of business
by a nervous Fever” (PPAmP
: Franklin Papers; printed from
, Adams Papers
, in JA, Works
, 7:465–466). The letter sent to Franklin is, however, actually in John Thaxter's
hand and only signed by
, as are the two or three other letters sent over his name during the preceding six
The illness was severe. In apology for having lately written so little to Congress,
told Pres. Thomas McKean on 15 Oct.
“[N]ot long after I got home I found myself attacked by a Fever, of which at first I made
light, but which increased very gradually and slowly, until it was found to be a nervous
Fever of a very malignant kind, and so violent as to deprive me of almost all sensibility
for four or five days, and all those who cared any thing about me, of the hopes of
my life. By the help however of great skill and all powerful Bark I am still alive,
but this is the first time I have felt the Courage to attempt to write to Congress.
Absence and Sickness are my Apologies to Congress for the few Letters they will receive
from me since June.
“Whether it was the uncommon Heat of the Summer, or whether it was the Mass of pestilential
Exhalations from the stagnant Waters of this Country that brought this disorder upon
me, I know not: but I have every Reason to apprehend, that I shall not be able to
re-establish my Health in this Country. A Constitution ever infirm, and almost half
an hundred Years old, cannot expect to fare very well amidst such cold damps and putrid
Steams as arise from the immense quantities of dead Water that surround it.” (PCC
, No. 84, III; Wharton, ed., Dipl. Corr. Amer. Rev.
, 4:780||; also printed in
For his later recollection of this illness, see JA, Corr. in the Boston Patriot
, p. 148, in which he says it resulted from “Anxiety concerning the state of my affairs
in Holland,” the “unwholesome damps of the night,” and “excessive fatigue” from travel
and work, and “brought me as near to death as any man ever approached without being
grasped in his arms.”