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. Art. 5 provided that Congress would “earnestly recommend” to the states the return
of confiscated property to “real British Subjects” and to loyalists “resident in Districts
in the Possession of his Majesty's Arms,” who had not borne arms against the United
States; and that others would be allowed to return for twelve months to seek restitution,
provided those who had purchased their property received compensation. No persons
who had “any Interest in confiscated Lands” were to be subjected to any “lawful Impediment”
in pursuing their “just Rights” to such property (Miller, ed., Treaties