. Senator Thomas led an Illinois faction hostile to JQA. An ally of Crawford, he
sought to embarrass and divide the Adams men by having the impending caucus offer
JQA the vice-presidential nomination. That he could be linked with Crawford,
chosen as second best, and, without consultation, made party to a deal infuriated
the Secretary of State. See Pease, Frontier State
, ch. 5, and JQA,
, 17, 20 Jan., 4 Feb. 1824.