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. Continuing his warfare upon JQA’s administration, William Branch Giles (1762–1830), the Virginia state-rights advocate, published on 7 September a confidential letter
which the aging Thomas Jefferson had written him on 26 December 1825, expressing his
“deep affliction” at the rapid usurpation of power by the federal government, a development
illustrated by JQA’s recent message to Congress (Bemis, JQA