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. The Act of 16 June 1699, c. 1, §1, 1 A&R
367, established the justices of the peace for each county as the Court of General
Sessions “impowred to hear and determin all matters relating to the conservation of
the peace, and the punishment of offenders, and whatsoever is by them cognizeable
according to law, and to give judgment and award execution therein.” The act provided
in §3, p. 368, “That it shall and may be lawful for any person agrieved at the sentence
of the justices in any court of general sessions of the peace, to make his appeal
from such sentence (the matter being originally heard and tryed in said court) unto
the next court of assize and general goal delivery to be held within or for the same
county, there to be finally issued,” if the appellant gave security, and filed reasons
of appeal and copies of the sentence appealed from and the evidence with the clerk
of the court to which the appeal was taken.